14th New Zealand Parliament

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14th Parliament of New Zealand
13th Parliament 15th Parliament
Overview
Legislative body New Zealand Parliament
Term21 June 1900 – 3 October 1902
Election 1899 New Zealand general election
Government Liberal Government
House of Representatives
14th New Zealand Parliament Seating.png
Members74
Speaker of the House Maurice O'Rorke
Premier Richard Seddon
Leader of the Opposition William Russell
Legislative Council
Members45 (at start)
42 (at end)
Speaker of the Council Henry Miller
Sovereign
Monarch HM Edward VII
— HM Victoria until 22 January 1901
Governor HE Rt. Hon. The Earl of Ranfurly

The 14th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1899 general election in December of that year.

Contents

1899 general election

The 1899 general election was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates and on Tuesday, 19 December in the Māori electorates, respectively. [1] The last electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1896 for the 1896 election, and the same electorates were used again. [2] A total of 74 MPs were elected; 34 represented North Island electorates, 36 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. [3] 373,744 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 77.6%. [1]

Sessions

The 14th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 5 November 1902. [4]

SessionOpenedAdjourned
first21 June 190021 October 1900
second1 July 19018 November 1901
third1 July 19023 October 1902

Overview of seats

AffiliationMembers
At 1899 election At dissolution
Liberal 4647
Liberal–Labour 55
Government total5152
Conservative 1614
Independent Liberal 56
Independent 22
Opposition total2322
Total7474
Working government majority2830

Ministries

The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891. [5] The Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon had taken office in 1893 during the term of the 11th Parliament. [6] The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906. [7]

Initial composition of the 14th Parliament

The table below show the results of the 1899 general election:

Key

  Liberal     Conservative     Independent Liberal     Liberal–Labour     Independent   

Electorate results for the 1899 New Zealand general election [8]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Edward George Wright John McLachlan 802Charles John Harper [9]
Ashley Richard Meredith 751Thomas Caverhill
Auckland, City of Thomas Thompson William Joseph Napier 1,440 James Job Holland
James Job Holland William Crowther 938
William Crowther George Fowlds 94
Avon William Tanner 148 Arthur Rhodes
Awarua Joseph Ward 1,732W. T. Murray [10]
Bay of Islands Robert Houston 67Norman Alexander McLeod [11]
Bay of Plenty William Herries 132 David Lundon [12]
Bruce James Allen 364 Crawford Anderson
Buller Patrick O'Regan James Colvin 552Patrick O'Regan
Caversham Arthur Morrison 1,108William Henry Warren [13]
Christchurch, City of Charles Lewis William Whitehouse Collins 1,760 Tommy Taylor
George Smith Charles Lewis 418
Tommy Taylor Harry Ell 221
Clutha James William Thomson 497Finlay McLeod [14]
Dunedin, City of Alexander Sligo John A. Millar 2,319 Scobie Mackenzie
John A. Millar James Arnold 1,564
Scobie Mackenzie Alfred Richard Barclay 637
Eden John Bollard 4 Malcolm Niccol [15]
Egmont Walter Symes 268William Monkhouse
Ellesmere William Montgomery Heaton Rhodes 104William Montgomery
Franklin William Massey 1,180W Findlay Wilson
Geraldine Frederick Flatman 1,556Charles Nicholson McIntosh
Grey Arthur Guinness 786Michael Hannan
Hawera Felix McGuire 55 Charles E. Major
Hawke's Bay William Russell Uncontested
Invercargill James Kelly Josiah Hanan 4,640James Kelly
Kaiapoi Richard Moore David Buddo 481Richard Moore
Lyttelton John Joyce George Laurenson 1,813William Jacques
Manawatu John Stevens 148 Robert Bruce
Manukau Maurice O'Rorke 1,031John Edward Taylor [16]
Marsden Robert Thompson 1,314 George Alderton
Masterton Alexander Hogg 1,191Charles Cockburn-Hood [17]
Mataura Robert McNab 159Irven Willis Raymond [18]
Motueka Roderick McKenzie 1,066 Walter Moffatt
Napier Douglas Maclean Alfred Fraser 38Douglas Maclean
City of Nelson John Graham 581 Richmond Hursthouse
Oamaru Thomas Young Duncan 1,254 John Andrew MacPherson [19]
Ohinemuri Alfred Cadman Jackson Palmer 295 Edward Moss
Otaki Henry Field 305 Charles Morison
Pahiatua John O'Meara 369 Harold Smith
Palmerston Frederick Pirani 515 William Wood
Parnell Frank Lawry 840Hugh Campbell
Patea George Hutchison 129 Arthur Remington
Rangitikei Frank Lethbridge 532James Jervis Bagnall
Riccarton William Rolleston George Russell 1William Rolleston
Selwyn Cathcart Wason Charles Hardy 140John Rennie
Taieri Walter Carncross 460 Alexander Campbell Begg [20]
Taranaki Henry Brown Edward Smith 127Henry Brown
Thames James McGowan 1,184 Henry Greenslade [21]
Timaru William Hall-Jones 2,275James Stephen Keith [nb 1] [22]
Tuapeka Charles Rawlins James Bennet 386Charles Rawlins
Waiapu James Carroll 1,329 Cecil Fitzroy [23]
Waihemo John McKenzie Uncontested
Waikato Frederic Lang 322John Hosking [24]
Waikouaiti Edmund Allen 332John White [25]
Waipawa George Hunter Charles Hall 557George Hunter
Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan J. T. Marryat Hornsby 156Walter Clarke Buchanan
Wairau Charles Mills 1,373 Walter Clifford
Waitaki William Steward 1,427John Campbell [26]
Waitemata Richard Monk 450Charles Newman
Wakatipu William Fraser 169James Kelly [nb 2]
Wallace Michael Gilfedder 219Allen Carmichael [27]
Wanganui Gilbert Carson Archibald Willis 709Gilbert Carson
Wellington, City of John Hutcheson 1,116 Kennedy Macdonald [28]
Robert Stout Arthur Atkinson 383
George Fisher 122
Suburbs of Wellington Charles Wilson Thomas Wilford 536 Alfred Newman
Westland Richard Seddon Uncontested
Māori electorates [nb 3]
Eastern Maori Wi Pere 907 Mohi Te Atahikoia
Northern Maori Hone Heke 1,086 Eparaima Te Mutu Kapa
Southern Maori Tame Parata 168Taituha Hape
Western Maori Henare Kaihau 1,812 Tureiti Te Heuheu Tukino V

Table footnotes:

  1. Note that in many newspapers, Keith is labelled as belonging to the opposition
  2. Not to be confused with James Whyte Kelly, who was defeated that election in the Invercargill electorate
  3. Note that the affiliation of many Māori candidates is not known.

By-elections during 14th Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 14th Parliament.

Electorate and by-electionDateIncumbentCauseWinner
Otaki 1900 6 January Henry Augustus Field [29] Death William Hughes Field [29]
City of Auckland 1900 27 April William Crowther [30] Death Joseph Witheford [31]
Waihemo 1900 18 July John McKenzie [32] Resignation Thomas Mackenzie [32]
Northern Maori 1901 9 January Hone Heke Ngapua BankruptcyHone Heke Ngapua
City of Christchurch 1901 18 July Charles Lewis Resignation George Smith
Patea July 1901 18 July George Hutchison Resignation Frederick Haselden
Patea November 1901 6 NovemberFrederick HaseldenElection voided on petition [33] Frederick Haselden
Caversham 1901 19 December Arthur Morrison Death Thomas Sidey

Notes

  1. 1 2 "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 63.
  3. Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  4. Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
  5. Scholefield 1950, p. 40.
  6. Scholefield 1950, pp. 40–41.
  7. Hamer, David. "Seddon, Richard John - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  8. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  9. "Electoral District of Ashburton". Ashburton Guardian . XXI (4977). 28 November 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  10. "Farewell to Mr and Mrs W. T. Murray and Mr and Mrs B. W. R. Dunn". The Southland Times (14743). 12 September 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  11. "Electoral District of Bay of Islands". Auckland Star . XXX (280). 25 November 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  12. "The Electoral District of Bay of Plenty". Bay Of Plenty Times. XXIV (3932). 1 December 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  13. "Electoral District of Caversham". Otago Daily Times (11604). 12 December 1899. p. 6. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  14. "Clutha Electoral District". Mataura Ensign (669). 2 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  15. Scholefield 1940b, p. 124.
  16. "Electoral District of Manukau". Observer. XVIII (1094). 16 December 1899. p. 19. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  17. "Masterton Electorate". Wairarapa Daily Times . XVI (6410). 4 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  18. "Electoral District of Mataura". Mataura Ensign (673). 12 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  19. "Electoral District of Oamaru". The Oamaru Mail . XXIV (7695). 12 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  20. Scholefield 1940a, p. 55.
  21. "Electoral District of Thames". Thames Advertiser. XXIX (9510). 13 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  22. "The General Election". Daily Telegraph (9729). 30 November 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  23. "Notice of Nominations". Poverty Bay Herald . XXVI (8683). 30 November 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  24. "Official Declaration of Poll". Auckland Star . XXX (296). 30 November 1899. p. 5. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  25. "Otago". The Star (6661). 6 December 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  26. "Waitaki Electoral District". The Timaru Herald . LXII (3123). 1 December 1899. p. 1. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  27. "Orepuki". Otago Witness (2385). 23 November 1899. p. 34. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  28. "Untitled". The Evening Post . LVIII (136). 6 December 1899. p. 6. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  29. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 105.
  30. Scholefield 1950, p. 102.
  31. Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  32. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 123.
  33. "The Patea Election Petition". XXXV (10465). Wanganui Herald. 9 October 1901. p. 3. Retrieved 13 August 2011.

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References