Garissa University College

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Garissa University College (GUC) is a public university in Garissa, Kenya.

A public university is a university that is publicly owned or receives significant public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country to another, largely depending on the specific education landscape.

Garissa Town in Garissa County, Kenya

Garissa is the capital of Garissa County, Kenya. It is situated in the former North Eastern Province.

Kenya republic in East Africa

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with 47 semiautonomous counties governed by elected governors. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 52.2 million people, Kenya is the 27th most populous country. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third largest city and a critical inland port at Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret.

Contents

Overview

Garissa University College was founded in 2011 as a constituent college of Moi University, in the facilities of the former Garissa Teachers Training College. [1]

Moi University is a public university located in Kesses, Uasin Gishu county, in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya. It was established in 1984 by the Moi University Act of the Parliament of Kenya, after recommendations from the McKay Commission.

The school's library was established in 1996, as a resource for the former teacher training college. It was later staffed in 2006. [2]

It was the first and only public post-secondary school to offer approved university degree courses in the North Eastern Province. [1] The institution provides courses in the schools of education, information science, and arts and social sciences.

Garissa University was granted a Charter for a fully-fledged university status on 23/10/2017 by President Uhuru Kenyatta.

The school principal is Prof. Ahmed Warfa, the Deputy Principal (Finance & Administration) is Prof. Nganga Stephen Irura, and the Deputy Principal (Academics) is Prof. Hussein A. Golicha. The university college has 75 staff members. [3]

2015 attack

On April 2, 2015, gunmen stormed Garissa University College, killing 148 people and wounding 79 or more. [4] The attackers claimed to be from the Al-Shabaab militant group and indicated that they were retaliating over non-Muslims occupying Muslim territory. [5] The militants took several Christian students hostage, but freed most Muslims. [6] The following day, national and county leaders agreed to suspend courses at the college indefinitely, to allow security services to investigate the attack. Buses were also hired to return students to their homes, and several students insisted they would not return to the university. [7]

Al-Shabaab (militant group) Somalia-based cell of the militant Islamist group al-Qaeda

Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen, more commonly known as al-Shabaab, is a jihadist fundamentalist group based in East Africa. In 2012, it pledged allegiance to the militant Islamist organization Al-Qaeda. In February 2012, some of the group's leaders quarreled with Al-Qaeda over the union, and quickly lost ground. Al-Shabaab's troop strength was estimated at 7,000 to 9,000 militants in 2014. As of 2015, the group has retreated from the major cities, however al-Shabaab still controls large parts of the rural areas.

Approximately 650 surviving students of the University College were absorbed into courses at the main Moi University campus at Eldoret. [8] Jacob Kaimenyi, Kenya's Education cabinet secretary, urged students from the teacher training college to return to the Garissa campus which was re-opened on 5 May 2015 with improved security. Many students, however, have refused to return. [9] The governor of Homa Bay County, Cyprian Awiti, decided to award 30,000 Kenyan shillings to each of the 16 surviving students from that county, in order to help students overcome their trauma and to make arrangements to attend school in Eldoret. [10]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Facts and Figures Archived 2015-04-03 at the Wayback Machine ., Garissa University College
  2. Library Archived 2015-04-03 at the Wayback Machine ., Garissa University College
  3. Garissa University College Archived 2015-04-03 at the Wayback Machine .
  4. "Death toll from Kenyan attack rises to 148". RTÉ.ie . 3 April 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  5. "Nearly 150 dead in Al-Shabaab school attack, Kenyan officials say". FoxNews. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  6. "Kenya attack: Garissa University assault 'killed 147'". BBC News. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  7. Mutambo, Aggrey (3 April 2015). "Students leave Garissa University after Al-Shabaab kills over 147, injures 79". Daily Nation.
  8. "Garissa survivors report for studies at Eldoret campus". Daily Nation. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  9. Gicobi, Maryanne (15 May 2015). "Return to Garissa college, CS says". Daily Nation. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  10. "Homa Bay governor gives Ksh 480,000 to 'forgotten' sixteen Garissa University students joining Moi". 14 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.

Coordinates: 0°27′5″S39°39′41″E / 0.45139°S 39.66139°E / -0.45139; 39.66139