Georgetown Neighborhood Library

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Georgetown Neighborhood Library
Georgetown Neighborhood Library, Washington, D.C LCCN2012630010.tif
CountryUnited States
Type Public library
Established1935 (1935)
Architect Nathan C. Wyeth
Location3260 R St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20007
Coordinates 38°54′48″N77°03′57″W / 38.9134447°N 77.0658109°W / 38.9134447; -77.0658109 [1] Coordinates: 38°54′48″N77°03′57″W / 38.9134447°N 77.0658109°W / 38.9134447; -77.0658109 [1]
Branch of District of Columbia Public Library
Website www.dclibrary.org/georgetown

The Georgetown Neighborhood Library is a branch of the District of Columbia Public Library located in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Established by an act of Congress in 1934, the library houses the collection of its predecessor Peabody Library, which was founded in 1872 by a donation of George Peabody. The library opened in 1935 upon completion of the building, designed by Nathan C. Wyeth in the Colonial Revival style. It holds the only collection of materials in the public library system relating to Georgetown's history.

District of Columbia Public Library library system serving Washington, D.C.

The District of Columbia Public Library (DCPL) is the public library system for residents of Washington, D.C. The system includes 25 individual libraries including Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library.

Georgetown (Washington, D.C.) neighborhood and historic district in Washington, D.C.

Georgetown is a historic neighborhood and a commercial and entertainment district located in northwest Washington, D.C., situated along the Potomac River. Founded in 1751 in the Province of Maryland, the port of Georgetown predated the establishment of the federal district and the City of Washington by 40 years. Georgetown remained a separate municipality until 1871, when the United States Congress created a new consolidated government for the whole District of Columbia. A separate act passed in 1895 specifically repealed Georgetown's remaining local ordinances and renamed Georgetown's streets to conform with those in the City of Washington.

Washington, D.C. Capital of the United States

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, the first President of the United States and a Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is also one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

Contents

History

The first attempts at creating a public library in Georgetown came in 1867, when the financier George Peabody donated funds to a Board of Trustees of the Peabody Library Association for the purpose of establishing a library for the citizens of Georgetown. The board, chaired by William Wilson Corcoran, invested Peabody's $15,000 donation until March 1872, when they opened the Peabody Library inside the Curtis School on O Street, across from St. John's Episcopal Church. The District of Columbia Public Schools offered them a room in the school, free of charge. [2]

George Peabody American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist

George Peabody was an American financier and philanthropist. He is widely regarded as the father of modern philanthropy.

William Wilson Corcoran American banker

William Wilson Corcoran was an American banker, philanthropist, and art collector. He founded the Corcoran Gallery of Art.

St. Johns Episcopal Church, Georgetown Church in Washington, D.C.

St. John's Episcopal Church, Georgetown is a parish of the Episcopal Church located in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Original plans for the church date to 1769, and the parish church was officially founded by Walter Dulany Addison in 1796. The church building was designed by architect William Thornton in the Federal style and was structurally completed in 1804, to be consecrated in 1809.

Eventually, the library outgrew its location, and local citizens' associations sought to build a larger library. [2] In 1934, Congress appropriated $150,000 for the construction of a branch of the District of Columbia Public Library in Georgetown. [3] A site was selected atop a hill, on the corner of Wisconsin Avenue and R Street, the location of the former reservoir. [4] Consequently, the hill and the park that occupies its southern slope became known as Book Hill. [5] The reputed municipal architect for the District of Columbia, Nathan C. Wyeth, [2] designed the Colonial Revival building, [6] whose architecture was designed to blend into the surrounding neighborhood. The library opened in October 1935. [2]

United States Congress Legislature of the United States

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal Government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Wisconsin Avenue major thoroughfare in Washington, D.C., and its Maryland suburbs, United States

Wisconsin Avenue is a major thoroughfare in Washington, D.C., and its Maryland suburbs. It starts in Georgetown just north of the Potomac River, at an intersection with K Street under the Whitehurst Freeway. The section of Wisconsin Avenue in Georgetown was called High Street before the street names in Georgetown were changed in 1895 to conform to those of the L'Enfant plan for the federal city.

Reservoir A storage space for fluids

A reservoir is, most commonly, an enlarged natural or artificial lake, pond or impoundment created using a dam or lock to store water.

West reading room Georgetown Neighborhood Library, Washington, D.C LCCN2012630006.tif
West reading room

The Georgetown Neighborhood Library was renovated to modernize the building in 1976. With the reorganization of the D.C. Public Library system into regions, each centered on one large hub branch, the Georgetown library was designated a regional library in 1977. The Board of Trustees of the Peabody Library Association was dissolved in 1979, and donated its holdings to the D.C. Public Library, on the condition that they remain in the Georgetown branch. The library continues to maintain a Peabody Room, which houses materials related to the history of Georgetown, including the collection of the former Peabody Library, and is the only special collection related to Georgetown's history in Washington. This is also the only collection on local history in any neighborhood library in the city. [2]

In 2007, a large fire broke out at the library, severely damaging much of the building and causing the roof to collapse. Irreparable damage was done to some of the library's holdings and artwork, including to the historic Peabody collection. [7] Repairs and a major renovation were completed in 2010. [6]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "District of Columbia Public Library-Georgetown Neighborhood Branch". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey. March 1, 1991. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Georgetown Library History". District of Columbia Public Library. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  3. 48  Stat.   850
  4. "Brick Georgian Edifice to Cost $150,000, to Be Started in Fall". The Washington Post . August 25, 1934. p. 6.
  5. Koncius, Jura (February 20, 2013). "Destination Design: Georgetown's Book Hill". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
  6. 1 2 "Georgetown Neighborhood Library". U.S. Commission of Fine Arts. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  7. Hilson, James (May 1, 2007). "Flames Destroy Parts of Georgetown Library". The Hoya . Archived from the original on October 1, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2019.