House of Sobieski

Last updated
Sobieski
POL COA Janina.svg
Janina
Country Poland
Founded 1674 Free election
Current headExtinct
Final ruler John III Sobieski
Titles
Estate(s)Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine, Belarus

Sobieski (plural: Sobiescy, feminine form: Sobieska) was a prominent magnate family of Polish nobility in the 16th and 17th centuries. The family used the Janina coat of arms.

Contents

History

According to the family's legend, disproved by modern historians, it traced its lineage to a Polish duke, Leszek II the Black. Another family legend said that they were the descendants of Duke Sobiesław, the son of Leszko III, a legendary ruler of the Popielids dynasty. The family reached the height of its power and importance in the late 16th and 17th centuries, when one of its members was elected King of Poland: John III Sobieski (Jan III Sobieski). The last male member of the branch of the family that began with John's grandfather, Marek Sobieski, in the 16th century was Jakub Ludwik Sobieski (1667–1737).

Coat of arms

The Sobieski family used the Janina coat of arms, and their motto was Vel cum hoc, vel super hoc.

Apotheosis of John III Sobieski surrounded by his family. Gascar Apotheosis of John III Sobieski.jpg
Apotheosis of John III Sobieski surrounded by his family.
John III Sobieski, the victor of the Battle of Vienna. Siemiginowski Sobieski at the Battle of Vienna.jpg
John III Sobieski, the victor of the Battle of Vienna.
John III Sobieski, the victor of the Battle of Chocim. Stech Kessel Bitwa pod Chocimiem.jpg
John III Sobieski, the victor of the Battle of Chocim.
Scutum Sobiescianum, a constellation created by Jan Heweliusz to commemorate the victory of the Polish forces led by King John III in the Battle of Vienna. Scutum Sobiescianum.PNG
Scutum Sobiescianum, a constellation created by Jan Heweliusz to commemorate the victory of the Polish forces led by King John III in the Battle of Vienna.

Notable members

PictureNameBornDeathParentsConsortsFunctions and Offices
POL COA Janina.svg Stanisław Sobieski c. 14501508/1516Mikołaj Sobieski
Jadwiga
Małgorzata Krzyniecka Szlachcic, owner of Sobieszyn
POL COA Janina.svg Piotr Sobieski c. 1460after 1508Mikołaj Sobieski
Jadwiga
Unknown by Name heiress
of the village Bychawka
Szlachcic, owner of Lędo
POL COA Janina.svg Sebastian Sobieski c. 14861557 Stanisław Sobieski
Małgorzata Krzyniecka
Barbara Giełczewska Szlachcic
POL COA Janina.svg Jan Sobieski c. 15181564 Sebastian Sobieski
Barbara Giełczewska
Katarzyna Gdeszyńska Rotmistrz of Cavalry
POL Marek Sobieski.jpg Marek Sobieski c. 15501605 Jan Sobieski
Katarzyna Gdeszyńska
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Katarzyna Tęczyńska
Voivode of Lublin Voivodship
Great Chorazy of the Polish Crown.jpg Sebastian Sobieski c. 15521614 Jan Sobieski
Katarzyna Gdeszyńska
Anna Zebrzydowska Court Standard-Bearer of the Crown
Portrait of Polish nobleman Jakub Sobieszyn.jpg Jakub Sobieski 15901646 Marek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Marianna Wiśniowiecka
Zofia Teofila Daniłowiczówna
Magnate
Deputy of the Sejm
Alaksandra Viesialouskaja (Sabieskaja). Aliaksandra Vesialouskaia (Sabeskaia).jpg Aleksandra Sobieska c. 15901645 Marek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Krzysztof Wiesiołowski Wife of Great Marshal of Lithuania
POL COA Janina.svg Zofia Sobieskac. 1586unknown Marek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Jan Mikołaj Wodyński Wife of Voivode of Podlasie
POL COA Janina.svg Katarzyna Sobieskac. 1582unknown Marek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Stanisław Radziejowski Wife of Voivode of Rawa and Łęczyca
castellan of Rawa Mazowiecka
POL COA Janina.svg Gryzelda Sobieskac. 15881621 Marek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Dadżbóg Karnkowski
Jan Rozdrażewski
Voivode of Dorpat
Carver of Queen Constance of Austria
Marek Sobieski.JPG Marek Sobieski 16281652 Jakub Sobieski
Zofia Teofila Daniłowiczówna
none Starost of Jaworów and Krasnystaw
Rotmistrz of the Crown Army
Jan Tricius - Portrait of John III Sobieski (ca. 1680) - Google Art Project.jpg John III Sobieski 16291696 Jakub Sobieski
Zofia Teofila Daniłowiczówna
Marie Casimire Louise King of Poland
Katarzyna Radziwill nee Sobieska.PNG Katarzyna Sobieska 16341694 Jakub Sobieski
Zofia Teofila Daniłowiczówna
Władysław Dominik Zasławski-Ostrogski
Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł
Wife of Deputy Chancellor of Lithuania
and Field Hetman of Lithuania
Gascar Jakub Ludwik Sobieski.jpg Jakub Ludwik Sobieski 16671737 Jan III Sobieski
Marie Casimire Louise
Jadwiga Elżbieta Amalia Sobieska Pretender to the thrones of:
Poland
Prussia
Moldavia
Hungary
Troy Teresa Kunegunda Sobieska.jpg Teresa Kunegunda Sobieska 16761730 Jan III Sobieski
Marie Casimire Louise
Maximilian II Emanuel Wife of Elector of Bavaria
Hyacinthe Rigaud (circle of) - Portrait of Aleksander Benedykt Sobieski - Google Art Project.jpg Aleksander Benedykt Sobieski 16771714 Jan III Sobieski
Marie Casimire Louise
nonePrince of Poland
Rigaud Konstanty Sobieski.jpg Konstanty Władysław Sobieski 16801726 Jan III Sobieski
Marie Casimire Louise
Maria Józefa WesselPrince of Poland
Anonymous Marie Charlotte Sobieska.jpg Maria Karolina Sobieska 16971740 Jakub Ludwik Sobieski
Jadwiga Elżbieta Amalia Sobieska
Frédéric Maurice Casimir de La Tour d'Auvergne
Charles Godefroy de La Tour d'Auvergne
Princess of Turenne
Duchess of Bouillon
Last surviving member of the family
Maria Klementyna Sobieska (1702-1735).jpg Maria Klementyna Sobieska 17011735 Jakub Ludwik Sobieski
Jadwiga Elżbieta Amalia Sobieska
James Francis Edward Stuart Wife of a pretender to the thrones of:
Scotland
Ireland
England

Palaces

Famous descendants

Among the descendants of John III Sobieski were one Holy Roman Emperor (simultaneously one King of Bohemia and one King of Germany), seven Kings of Saxony (simultaneously one Duke of Warsaw), one King of Bavaria, two Kings of Italy (simultaneously one Emperor of Ethiopia and one King of the Albanians), one Tsar of Bulgaria, one Emperor of Austria (simultaneously one King of Hungary), one Queen consort of Spain and one titular Queen consort of England, Ireland and Scotland.

Tree

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References

  1. Title of Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska
  2. Title of Maria Karolina Sobieska
  3. Title of Maria Karolina Sobieska
  4. Title of Maria Clementina Sobieska (titular)
  5. Title of Maria Clementina Sobieska (titular)
  6. Title of Maria Clementina Sobieska (titular)