|• Revised Romanization||Hwangju-gun|
Map of North Hwanghae showing the location of Hwangju
|Province||North Hwanghae Province|
|Administrative divisions||1 ŭp, 28 ri|
Hwangju County is a county in North Hwanghae province, North Korea.
North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands.
Hwangju is bordered to the northwest by Sariwŏn, to the northeast by Songrim and Kangnam, to the southwest by Yŏnt'an, to the south by Pongsan, and to the southeast by Ŭnch'ŏn
Songrim is a city on the Taedong River in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea. It had a population of 100,000 in 1991.
During the Joseon Dynasty, Hwangju was one of the most important cities in the area, leading to the first character of its name to be used in naming North Hwanghae Province. In 1930 its importance increased when Songrim, then a township of Hwangju County, was promoted to town status and renamed Kyomipo (Kenjiho in Japanese). There, the Japanese built a flourishing steel plant, which brought much prosperity to Hwangju. In 1947 Songrim was separated from Hwangju and made a city; since then, the county has been mostly agricultural. The old core of the city is still surrounded by its ancient walls.
Kumchon had a fairly severe climate, with an average temperature of 10.2 degrees. Inland, the average January temperature is -7 degrees, while the average August temperature is 25.6 degrees. The county receives an average of 1,100mm of rain per year.
The county is served by the Pyongbu Railway Line, which stops in at Hwangju Station. There is also a highway which runs through Hwangju Town.
The P'yŏngbu Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway running from P'yŏngyang to Kaesŏng in North Korea and further south across the DMZ to Seoul in South Korea; the name comes from the two (theoretical) termini of the line: P'yŏngyang and Pusan.
Hwangju Station is a railway station in Hwangju County, North Hwanghae Province, North Korea. It is the junction point of the P'yŏngbu Line, which runs from P'yŏngyang to Kaesŏng, and the Songrim Line, which begins at Hwangju and runs to Songrim.
The county is divided into one town (ŭp) and 14 villages (ri).
|Hwangju-ŭp||황주읍||黃 州 邑|
|Changch'ŏl-li||장천리||長 川 里|
|Changsa-ri||장사리||長 沙 里|
|Ch'imch'ol-li||침촌리||沈 村 里|
|Ch'ŏldo-ri||철도리||鐵 島 里|
|Ch'ŏngryong-ri||청룡리||靑 龍 里|
|Ch'ŏngul-li||청운리||靑 雲 里|
|Ch'ŏnju-ri||천주리||天 柱 里|
|Hŭkkyo-ri||흑교리||黑 橋 里|
|Inp'o-ri||인포리||仁 浦 里|
|Koyŏl-li||고연리||高 淵 里|
|Kŭmsŏng-ri||금석리||金 石 里|
|Kup'o-ri||구포리||九 浦 里|
|Kwangch'ŏl-li||광천리||光 川 里|
|Naeoe-ri||내외리||內 外 里|
|Oesang-ri||외상리||外 上 里|
|P'onam-ri||포남리||浦 南 里|
|Ryongch'ŏl-li||룡천리||龍 川 里|
|Ryonggung-ri||룡궁리||龍 宮 里|
|Samhul-li||삼훈리||三 勳 里|
|Samjŏl-li||삼전리||三 田 里|
|Samjŏng-ri||삼정리||三 井 里|
|Sinsang-ri||신상리||新 上 里|
|Sokchŏng-ri||석정리||石 井 里|
|Sŏksal-li||석산리||石 山 里|
|Sŏnbong-ri||선봉리||仙 峰 里|
|Sunch'ŏl-li||순천리||順 天 里|
|Taedong-ri||대동리||大 東 里|
|Unsŏng-ri||운성리||雲 城 里|
North Korea is located in east Asia on the northern half of the Korean Peninsula.
The administrative divisions of North Korea are organized into three hierarchical levels. These divisions were discovered in 2002. Many of the units have equivalents in the system of South Korea. At the highest level are nine provinces, two directly governed cities, and three special administrative divisions. The second-level divisions are cities, counties, wards, and districts. These are further subdivided into third-level entities: towns, neighborhoods, villages, and workers' districts.
Korea's provinces have been the primary administrative division of Korea since the mid Goryeo dynasty in the early 11th century, and were preceded by provincial-level divisions dating back to Unified Silla, in the late 7th century.
Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. Its name, Gyeonggi means "the area surrounding the capital". Thus Gyeonggi-do can be translated as "province surrounding Seoul". The provincial capital is Suwon. Seoul—South Korea's largest city and national capital—is in the heart of the province but has been separately administered as a provincial-level special city since 1946. Incheon—South Korea's third-largest city—is on the coast of the province and has been similarly administered as a provincial-level metropolitan city since 1981. The three jurisdictions are collectively referred to as Sudogwon and cover 11,730 km2 (4,530 sq mi), with a combined population of 25.5 million—amounting to over half of the entire population of South Korea.
Hwanghae was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon. Hwanghae was located in the northwest of Korea. The provincial capital was Haeju. The regional name for the province was Haeseo.
South Hwanghae Province is a province in western North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Haeju.
North Hwanghae Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Sariwon. The province is bordered by Pyongyang and South Pyongan to the north, Kangwon to the east, Kaesong Industrial Region and South Korea's Gyeonggi Province to the south, and South Hwanghae southwest. In 2003, Kaesong Directly Governed City became part of North Hwanghae.
Sangwŏn County is a county of North Hwanghae, formerly one of the four suburban counties located in east P'yŏngyang, North Korea. Prior to 1952, Sangwŏn was merely a township of Chunghwa County. In 1952 it was separated as a separate county, and in 1963 it was added as a county of Pyongyang. It is north of North Hwanghae's Hwangju, Yŏntan, and Suan counties, south of the Nam River and Kangdong county west of Yŏnsan county, and east of Chunghwa county. In 2010, it was administratively reassigned from P'yŏngyang to North Hwanghae; foreign media attributed the change as an attempt to relieve shortages in P'yŏngyang's food distribution system.
Kangnam County is one of the four suburban counties of Pyongyang, North Korea. It is north-west of Songrim, north-east of Hwangju County, west of Chunghwa County, and south of Nakrang-guyok. It is the location of cooperative farms and smaller industrial complexes. It became part of Pyongyang in May 1963, when it was separated from South P'yŏngan. In 2010, it was administratively reassigned from Pyongyang to North Hwanghae; foreign media attributed the change as an attempt to relieve shortages in Pyongyang's food distribution system. However, it was returned to Pyongyang in 2012.
Chunghwa County is a county of North Hwanghae, formerly one of the four suburban counties of East Pyongyang, North Korea. It sits north of Hwangju-gun, North Hwanghae, east of Kangnam-gun, North Hwanghae, west of Sangwŏn-gun, North Hwanghae, and south of Ryŏkp'o-guyŏk, Pyongyang. It became part of Pyongyang in May 1963, when it separated from South P'yŏngan Province. Chunghwa-gun is the location of a few historic sights, such as the Chunghwa Hyanggyo, as well as a few KPA weapons units. In 2010, it was administratively reassigned from Pyongyang to North Hwanghae; foreign media attributed the change as an attempt to relieve shortages in Pyongyang's food distribution system.
Ch'imch'on Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station (Chosŏn'gŭl: 침촌청년역) is a passenger railway station located in Ch'imch'ol-li, Hwangju County, North Hwanghae Province, North Korea. It is on located on the P'yŏngbu Line, which was formed from part of the Kyŏngŭi Line to accommodate the shift of the capital from Seoul to P'yŏngyang; though this line physically connects P'yŏngyang to Pusan via Dorasan, in operational reality it ends at Kaesŏng due to the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
Kindŭng Station is a railway station in Ryonggung-ri, Hwangju County, North Hwanghae Province, North Korea. It is on located on the P'yŏngbu Line, which was formed from part of the Kyŏngŭi Line to accommodate the shift of the capital from Seoul to P'yŏngyang; though this line physically connects P'yŏngyang to Pusan via Dorasan, in operational reality it ends at Kaesŏng due to the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
Hŭkkyo Station is a railway station located in Hŭkkyo-ri, Hwangju county, North Hwanghae province, North Korea. It is on located on the P'yŏngbu Line, which was formed from part of the Kyŏngŭi Line to accommodate the shift of the capital from Seoul to P'yŏngyang; though this line physically connects P'yŏngyang to Pusan via Dorasan, in operational reality it ends at Kaesŏng due to the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
Kŭmch'ŏn County is a county in the North Hwanghae province of North Korea. It has a population of 68,216.
Chaeryŏng County is a county in South Hwanghae province, North Korea.
The Songrim Line is a partially electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea, running from Hwangju on the P'yŏngbu Line to Songrim.
"Hwanghae Province" or "Hwanghae-do" is, according to South Korean law, a province of the Republic of Korea, as the South Korean government formally claims to be the legitimate government of whole of Korea. The area constituting the province is under the de facto jurisdiction of North Korea.
Jaeahn Hwang clan is one of the Korean clans. Their Bon-gwan is in Hwangju County, North Hwanghae Province. According to the research held in 2015, the number of Jaeahn Hwang clan’s member was 3098. Their founder was Hwang Eul gu, a great grandchild of Hwang Seok gi. Hwang Eul gu’s ancestor was Hwang Bo who was a Lu (state) people in China. Hwang Eul gu passed Imperial examination during Goryeo period. Then, he worked as Ijo. After that, he became one of the Gongsin members and became Prince of Jaeahn. Hwang Eul gu’s descendants founded Jaeahn Hwang clan and made their Bon-gwan Hwangju because Hwangju was a Prince of Jaeahn’s place name.
Hwangju Byeon clan was one of the Korean clans. Their Bon-gwan was in Hwangju County, Hwanghae Province. According to the research in 2015, the number of Hwangju Byeon clan was 8037. Their founder was Byeon Ryeo. He was from Longxi Commandery, China. After Song dynasty was collapsed, he was naturalized in Goryeo and was settled in Hwangju.