Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Last updated
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IEEE logo.svg
FoundedJanuary 1, 1963;58 years ago (1963-01-01)
Type Professional association
13-1656633 [1]
Legal status 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization
FocusElectrical, electronics, communications, computer engineering, computer science and information technology [2]
Location
OriginsMerger of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers
MethodIndustry standards, conferences, publications
Members
419,000+
Key people
Stephen Welby (Executive director & COO)
Susan K. (Kathy) Land (President & CEO)
Revenue
US$563 million
Website www.ieee.org OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association for electronic engineering and electrical engineering (and associated disciplines) with its corporate office in New York City [4] and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey. It was formed in 1963 from the amalgamation of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers. [5]

Contents

Due to its expansion of scope into so many related fields, it is simply referred to by the letters I-E-E-E (pronounced I-triple-E), except on legal business documents. As of 2018, it is the world's largest association of technical professionals [6] with more than 423,000 members in over 160 countries around the world. [7] Its objectives are the educational and technical advancement of electrical and electronic engineering, telecommunications, computer engineering and similar disciplines. [4] [8]

History

Origins

The IEEE traces its founding to 1884 and the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. In 1912, the rival Institute of Radio Engineers was formed. Although the AIEE was initially larger, the IRE attracted more students and was larger by the mid-1950s. [9] The AIEE and IRE merged in 1963.

The IEEE headquarters is in New York City at 3 Park Ave, but most business is done at the IEEE Operations Center [10] in Piscataway, NJ, first occupied in 1975.

Growth

The AIEE and the IRE merged to create the IEEE on January 1, 1963. At that time, the combined group had 150,000 members, 93% in the United States. By 1984 there were 250,000 members, 20% of whom were outside the U.S.[ citation needed ]

The Australian Section of the IEEE existed between 1972 and 1985. After this date, it split into state- and territory-based sections. [11]

As of 2021, IEEE has over 400,000 members in 160 countries, with the U.S. based membership no longer constituting a majority. [12]

Controversies

Huawei ban

In May 2019, IEEE restricted Huawei employees from peer reviewing papers or handling papers as editors due to the "severe legal implications" of U.S. government sanctions against Huawei. [13] As members of its standard-setting body, Huawei employees could continue to exercise their voting rights, attend standards development meetings, submit proposals and comment in public discussions on new standards. [14] [15] The ban sparked outrage among Chinese scientists on social media. Some professors in China decided to cancel their memberships. [16] [17]

On June 3, 2019, IEEE lifted restrictions on Huawei's editorial and peer review activities after receiving clearance from the United States government. [18] [19] [20]

Publications

IEEE produces over 30% of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, publishing approximately 200 peer-reviewed journals [21] and magazines. IEEE publishes more than 1,200 conference proceedings every year.

The published content in these journals as well as the content from several hundred annual conferences sponsored by the IEEE are available in the IEEE Electronic Library (IEL) [22] available through IEEE Xplore [23] platform, for subscription-based access and individual publication purchases. [24]

In addition to journals and conference proceedings, the IEEE also publishes tutorials and standards that are produced by its standardization committees. The organization also has its own IEEE format paper. In writing IEEE papers, it is not just a matter of mentioning the author's name or the page number or the date an article was published. The most important aspect is referring to the source by indicating its number in a square bracket and ensure it corresponds with the full citation as mentioned in the reference list. [25]

Educational activities

The IEEE provides learning opportunities within the engineering sciences, research, and technology.

IEEE offers educational opportunities such as IEEE e Learning Library, [26] the Education Partners Program, [27] Standards in Education [28] and Continuing Education Units (CEUs). [29]

IEEE eLearning Library is a collection of online educational courses designed for self-paced learning. Education Partners, exclusive for IEEE members, offers on-line degree programs, certifications and courses at a 10% discount. The Standards in Education website explains what standards are and the importance of developing and using them. The site includes tutorial modules and case illustrations to introduce the history of standards, the basic terminology, their applications and impact on products, as well as news related to standards, book reviews and links to other sites that contain information on standards. Currently, forty states in the United States require Professional Development Hours (PDH) to maintain a Professional Engineering license, [30] [31] [32] encouraging engineers to seek Continuing Education Units (CEUs) for their participation in continuing education programs. CEUs readily translate into Professional Development Hours (PDHs), with 1 CEU being equivalent to 10 PDHs. Countries outside the United States, such as South Africa, similarly require continuing professional development (CPD) credits, and it is anticipated that IEEE Expert Now courses will feature in the CPD listing for South Africa.

IEEE also sponsors a website designed to help young people better understand engineering, and how an engineering career can be made part of their future. Students of age 8–18, parents, and teachers can explore the site to prepare for an engineering career, ask experts engineering-related questions, play interactive games, explore curriculum links, and review lesson plans. This website also allows students to search for accredited engineering degree programs in Canada and the United States; visitors are able to search by state/province/territory, country, degree field, tuition ranges, room and board ranges, size of student body, and location (rural, suburban, or urban).

Through the Student Activities Committee, IEEE facilitates partnership between student activities and all other IEEE entities. [33]

Membership grades

Most IEEE members are electrical and electronics engineers, but the organization's wide scope of interests has attracted people in other disciplines as well (e.g., computer science, software engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, biology, physics, and mathematics).

An individual can join the IEEE as a student member, professional member, or associate member. In order to qualify for membership, the individual must fulfill certain academic or professional criteria and abide to the code of ethics and bylaws of the organization. There are several categories and levels of IEEE membership and affiliation:

Technical societies

Various technical areas are addressed by IEEE's 39 societies, each one focused on a certain knowledge area. They provide specialized publications, conferences, business networking and sometimes other services. [36]

IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society

The IEEE Technology Engineering and Management Society (TEMS) has its origins in the IRE Professional Group on Engineering Management had been established under the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) in 1951. This group had become the Engineering Management Society (EMS) of the IEEE in 1955. In 2007, this group became the IEEE Technology Management Council (TMC); and in January 2015 is finally acquired the current name. [37] [38] TEMS was formerly one of seven councils of the IEEE, established 1 January 2015. [39]

The society's field of interest encompasses the management sciences and practices required for defining, implementing, and managing engineering and technology. [40]

The society publishes two peer-reviewed journals: the IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management [41] [42] and the IEEE Engineering Management Review. [43] The society also publishes a newsletter, the IEEE Leader, which covers issues ranging from education to entrepreneurship. [44]

The society is governed by a board of governors consisting of officers and members-at-large, [45] most of whom are elected by the membership. In addition, the society has Technical Committees dealing with the major management issues. [46]

The society sponsors and co-sponsors a number of internationally held conferences and events on subjects relevant to its field of interest [47] [48] the flagships being TEMSCON [49] [50] and ICTE [51] [52] )

Technical councils

IEEE technical councils are collaborations of several IEEE societies on a broader knowledge area. There are currently seven technical councils: [53]

Technical committees and initiatives

To allow a quick response to new innovations, IEEE can also organize technical committees on top of their technical societies and technical councils. There are currently over twenty such technical committees. [55]

IEEE develops communities around particular technology challenges or cutting-edge subject areas. [56] Their areas of coverage may be general in nature, which include multi-disciplinary topics or emerging concepts.

IEEE Regions, Sections and local Subunits

IEEE Geographically consists of Regions and Sections, which include local Subunits (Chapters and Affinity Groups). [57]

IEEE Foundation

The IEEE Foundation is a charitable foundation established in 1973 [58] to support and promote technology education, innovation and excellence. [59] It is incorporated separately from the IEEE, although it has a close relationship to it. Members of the Board of Directors of the foundation are required to be active members of IEEE, and one third of them must be current or former members of the IEEE Board of Directors.

Initially, the role of the IEEE Foundation was to accept and administer donations for the IEEE Awards program, but donations increased beyond what was necessary for this purpose, and the scope was broadened. In addition to soliciting and administering unrestricted funds, the foundation also administers donor-designated funds supporting particular educational, humanitarian, historical preservation, and peer recognition programs of the IEEE. [59] As of the end of 2014, the foundation's total assets were nearly $45 million, split equally between unrestricted and donor-designated funds. [60]

See also

Related Research Articles

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