Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Last updated
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IEEE logo.svg
FoundedJanuary 1, 1963;58 years ago (1963-01-01)
Type Professional association
13-1656633 [1]
Legal status 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization
FocusElectrical, electronics, communications, computer engineering, computer science and information technology [2]
OriginsMerger of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers
MethodIndustry standards, conferences, publications
Key people
Stephen Welby (Executive director & COO)
Susan K. (Kathy) Land (President & CEO)
US$563 million
Website OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association for electronic engineering and electrical engineering (and associated disciplines) with its corporate office in New York City [4] and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey. It was formed in 1963 from the amalgamation of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers. [5]


Due to its expansion of scope into so many related fields, it is simply referred to by the letters I-E-E-E (pronounced I-triple-E), except on legal business documents. As of 2018, it is the world's largest association of technical professionals [6] with more than 423,000 members in over 160 countries around the world. [7] Its objectives are the educational and technical advancement of electrical and electronic engineering, telecommunications, computer engineering and similar disciplines. [4] [8]



The IEEE traces its founding to 1884 and the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. In 1912, the rival Institute of Radio Engineers was formed. Although the AIEE was initially larger, the IRE attracted more students and was larger by the mid-1950s. [9] The AIEE and IRE merged in 1963.

The IEEE headquarters is in New York City at 3 Park Ave, but most business is done at the IEEE Operations Center [10] in Piscataway, NJ, first occupied in 1975.


The AIEE and the IRE merged to create the IEEE on January 1, 1963. At that time, the combined group had 150,000 members, 93% in the United States. By 1984 there were 250,000 members, 20% of whom were outside the U.S.[ citation needed ]

The Australian Section of the IEEE existed between 1972 and 1985. After this date, it split into state- and territory-based sections. [11]

As of 2021, IEEE has over 400,000 members in 160 countries, with the U.S. based membership no longer constituting a majority. [12]


Huawei ban

In May 2019, IEEE restricted Huawei employees from peer reviewing papers or handling papers as editors due to the "severe legal implications" of U.S. government sanctions against Huawei. [13] As members of its standard-setting body, Huawei employees could continue to exercise their voting rights, attend standards development meetings, submit proposals and comment in public discussions on new standards. [14] [15] The ban sparked outrage among Chinese scientists on social media. Some professors in China decided to cancel their memberships. [16] [17]

On June 3, 2019, IEEE lifted restrictions on Huawei's editorial and peer review activities after receiving clearance from the United States government. [18] [19] [20]


IEEE produces over 30% of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, publishing approximately 200 peer-reviewed journals [21] and magazines. IEEE publishes more than 1,200 conference proceedings every year.

The published content in these journals as well as the content from several hundred annual conferences sponsored by the IEEE are available in the IEEE Electronic Library (IEL) [22] available through IEEE Xplore [23] platform, for subscription-based access and individual publication purchases. [24]

In addition to journals and conference proceedings, the IEEE also publishes tutorials and standards that are produced by its standardization committees. The organization also has its own IEEE format paper. In writing IEEE papers, it is not just a matter of mentioning the author's name or the page number or the date an article was published. The most important aspect is referring to the source by indicating its number in a square bracket and ensure it corresponds with the full citation as mentioned in the reference list. [25]

Educational activities

The IEEE provides learning opportunities within the engineering sciences, research, and technology.

IEEE offers educational opportunities such as IEEE e Learning Library, [26] the Education Partners Program, [27] Standards in Education [28] and Continuing Education Units (CEUs). [29]

IEEE eLearning Library is a collection of online educational courses designed for self-paced learning. Education Partners, exclusive for IEEE members, offers on-line degree programs, certifications and courses at a 10% discount. The Standards in Education website explains what standards are and the importance of developing and using them. The site includes tutorial modules and case illustrations to introduce the history of standards, the basic terminology, their applications and impact on products, as well as news related to standards, book reviews and links to other sites that contain information on standards. Currently, forty states in the United States require Professional Development Hours (PDH) to maintain a Professional Engineering license, [30] [31] [32] encouraging engineers to seek Continuing Education Units (CEUs) for their participation in continuing education programs. CEUs readily translate into Professional Development Hours (PDHs), with 1 CEU being equivalent to 10 PDHs. Countries outside the United States, such as South Africa, similarly require continuing professional development (CPD) credits, and it is anticipated that IEEE Expert Now courses will feature in the CPD listing for South Africa.

IEEE also sponsors a website designed to help young people better understand engineering, and how an engineering career can be made part of their future. Students of age 8–18, parents, and teachers can explore the site to prepare for an engineering career, ask experts engineering-related questions, play interactive games, explore curriculum links, and review lesson plans. This website also allows students to search for accredited engineering degree programs in Canada and the United States; visitors are able to search by state/province/territory, country, degree field, tuition ranges, room and board ranges, size of student body, and location (rural, suburban, or urban).

Through the Student Activities Committee, IEEE facilitates partnership between student activities and all other IEEE entities. [33]

Membership grades

Most IEEE members are electrical and electronics engineers, but the organization's wide scope of interests has attracted people in other disciplines as well (e.g., computer science, software engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, biology, physics, and mathematics).

An individual can join the IEEE as a student member, professional member, or associate member. In order to qualify for membership, the individual must fulfill certain academic or professional criteria and abide to the code of ethics and bylaws of the organization. There are several categories and levels of IEEE membership and affiliation:

Technical societies

Various technical areas are addressed by IEEE's 39 societies, each one focused on a certain knowledge area. They provide specialized publications, conferences, business networking and sometimes other services. [36]

IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society

The IEEE Technology Engineering and Management Society (TEMS) has its origins in the IRE Professional Group on Engineering Management had been established under the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) in 1951. This group had become the Engineering Management Society (EMS) of the IEEE in 1955. In 2007, this group became the IEEE Technology Management Council (TMC); and in January 2015 is finally acquired the current name. [37] [38] TEMS was formerly one of seven councils of the IEEE, established 1 January 2015. [39]

The society's field of interest encompasses the management sciences and practices required for defining, implementing, and managing engineering and technology. [40]

The society publishes two peer-reviewed journals: the IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management [41] [42] and the IEEE Engineering Management Review. [43] The society also publishes a newsletter, the IEEE Leader, which covers issues ranging from education to entrepreneurship. [44]

The society is governed by a board of governors consisting of officers and members-at-large, [45] most of whom are elected by the membership. In addition, the society has Technical Committees dealing with the major management issues. [46]

The society sponsors and co-sponsors a number of internationally held conferences and events on subjects relevant to its field of interest [47] [48] the flagships being TEMSCON [49] [50] and ICTE [51] [52] )

Technical councils

IEEE technical councils are collaborations of several IEEE societies on a broader knowledge area. There are currently seven technical councils: [53]

Technical committees and initiatives

To allow a quick response to new innovations, IEEE can also organize technical committees on top of their technical societies and technical councils. There are currently over twenty such technical committees. [55]

IEEE develops communities around particular technology challenges or cutting-edge subject areas. [56] Their areas of coverage may be general in nature, which include multi-disciplinary topics or emerging concepts.

IEEE Regions, Sections and local Subunits

IEEE Geographically consists of Regions and Sections, which include local Subunits (Chapters and Affinity Groups). [57]

IEEE Foundation

The IEEE Foundation is a charitable foundation established in 1973 [58] to support and promote technology education, innovation and excellence. [59] It is incorporated separately from the IEEE, although it has a close relationship to it. Members of the Board of Directors of the foundation are required to be active members of IEEE, and one third of them must be current or former members of the IEEE Board of Directors.

Initially, the role of the IEEE Foundation was to accept and administer donations for the IEEE Awards program, but donations increased beyond what was necessary for this purpose, and the scope was broadened. In addition to soliciting and administering unrestricted funds, the foundation also administers donor-designated funds supporting particular educational, humanitarian, historical preservation, and peer recognition programs of the IEEE. [59] As of the end of 2014, the foundation's total assets were nearly $45 million, split equally between unrestricted and donor-designated funds. [60]

See also

Related Research Articles

The Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) was a professional organization which existed from 1912 until December 31, 1962. On January 1, 1963 it merged with the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) to form the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Technology governance means the governance, i.e., the steering between the different sectors—state, business, and NGOs—of the development of technology. The concept is based on the notion of innovation and of techno-economic paradigm shifts according to the theories of Joseph A. Schumpeter, Christopher Freeman, Carlota Perez, etc. The thought is that sure periods in economic development are commanded by a worldview driving innovation that impacts through finance components, hierarchical change, more prominent returns, and so forth. Likewise, the financial and social circle to such a degree, that a whole paradigm is begat by them. Right now, that worldview driving innovation is information and communications technology (ICT). As per Development Hypothesis, states, areas, or different networks don't consequently advance, or even go into, these key innovations, but instead should be guided there by dynamic intervention, by the State part. Innovation administration, is hence about how this is hypothetically and essentially done, which institutions are ideal for such a scene, how the education of administrators need to look like on the off chance that they will have the authoritative ability to manage such issues, and so on. Technology governance is a public policy concept; it is not to be confused with inner-corporate arrangements of organisation and IT arrangements, sometimes called "Information Technology Governance" or Corporate governance of information technology.

The American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) was a United States-based organization of electrical engineers that existed from 1884 through 1962. On January 1, 1963, it merged with the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) to form the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Eta Kappa Nu Honor society of the IEEE

Eta Kappa Nu (ΗΚΝ) or IEEE-HKN is the international honor society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). "The organization promotes excellence in the profession and in education through an emphasis on scholarship, character, and attitude." Membership is a lifelong designation for individuals who have distinguished themselves as students or as professionals in electrical engineering, computer engineering, computer science, and other fields of IEEE interest.

Institution of Engineering and Technology Professional engineering institution

The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) is a multidisciplinary professional engineering institution. The IET was formed in 2006 from two separate institutions: the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE), dating back to 1871, and the Institution of Incorporated Engineers (IIE) dating back to 1884. Its worldwide membership is currently in excess of 158,000 in 153 countries. The IET's main offices are in Savoy Place in London, England and at Michael Faraday House in Stevenage, England.

Vidya Academy of Science and Technology, Thrissur

Vidya Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) is a privately financed engineering college in Thrissur District in Kerala. The college offers a degree in Bachelor of Technology and courses in six branches of engineering - Production, Civil, Computer Science, Electrical and Electronics, Electronics and Communication, Mechanical. The college also offers a degree in Masters in Computer Application. From the year 2011, the college has offered four MTech courses and two PhD programmes in Electrical engineering & Computer science engineering. The college was established and is administered by Vidya International Charitable Trust (VICT), a body formed by more than a thousand non-resident Keralites mostly based in the Arab States of the Persian Gulf.

College of Engineering, Adoor

The Government College of Engineering, Adoor (CEA) is a college in Adoor, Pathanamthitta District, Kerala, India, located 3 km from the town centre at Manakala. It is affiliated with the APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University and is run under the aegis of the Institute of Human Resources Development, an institute of the government of Kerala. The College was inaugurated in 1995 by the Chief Minister of Kerala A K Antony. College of Engineering Adoor is recognized by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). Recently the college has been selected in Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP) Phase II. It is one of the major engineering colleges in Pathanamthitta District and is one of the eight engineering colleges in the District.

The IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society (NPSS) is a transnational group of about 3000 professional engineers and scientists. The IEEE-affiliated Society sponsors five major annual, and 12 biennial conferences and symposia. It also sponsors or co-sponsor four peer-reviewed academic journals.

The IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IES) is one of the 39 Society of the IEEE. It is one of the oldest societies within IEEE with its roots going back to the early 1950s. The focuses of this Society are on the theory and application of electronics, controls, communications, instrumentation, and computational intelligence to industrial and manufacturing systems and processes. The society oversees the publication of three scientific periodicals that are consistently listed in the top 500 journals worldwide annually ranked according to their impact factor.

College of Engineering, Perumon Engineering college in Perinad, Kerala, India

The College of Engineering Perumon was started in 2000 under the Co-operative Academy of Professional Education Society. The society was formed to establish educational institutions to provide education and training, research and development, and consultancy. The society is promoted by the Co-operation Department of the government of Kerala and is an autonomous society.

The American Engineers' Council for Professional Development or simply the Engineers' Council for Professional Development (ECPD), established in June 1932, was an engineering professional body dedicated to the education, accreditation, regulation and professional development of the engineering professionals and students in the United States. ECPD grew and has changed its name to ABET, Inc. and its focus solely to accreditation.

The IEEE Circuits and Systems Society is a society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). In the hierarchy of IEEE, CAS is one of almost 40 technical societies organized under the IEEE's Technical Activities Board.

IEEE Computer Society is a professional society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). Its purpose and scope is "to advance the theory, practice, and application of computer and information processing science and technology" and the "professional standing of its members". The CS is the largest of 39 technical societies organized under the IEEE Technical Activities Board.

IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Society

The IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Society (EMCS) is an organizational unit and professional society of academic professors and applied engineers with a common interest, affiliated with the IEEE. The 64-year-old Society has members and chapters in nearly every country throughout the world. As an active entity within the IEEE, benefits are provided to members as detailed below.

IEEE Education Society

The IEEE Education Society (EdSoc) is a society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) that is focused on the theory and practice of education and educational technology needed to deliver effectively domain knowledge in the fields of interest of IEEE. The society is an international organization concerned with information and resources related to engineering education and with professional development within academia and industry. Membership is open to professionals in an IEEE-designated field as evidenced by educational background or by experience as well as to students who are pursuing undergraduate or graduate education in an IEEE-related field.

The IEEE Information Theory Society, formerly the IEEE Information Theory Group, is a professional society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) focused on several aspects of information: its processing, transmission, storage, and usage; and the "foundations of the communication process".

IEEE Xplore digital library is a research database for discovery and access to journal articles, conference proceedings, technical standards, and related materials on computer science, electrical engineering and electronics, and allied fields. It contains material published mainly by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and other partner publishers. IEEE Xplore provides web access to more than 5 million documents from publications in computer science, electrical engineering, electronics and allied fields. Its documents and other materials comprise more than 300 peer-reviewed journals, more than 1,900 global conferences, more than 11,000 technical standards, almost 5,000 ebooks, and over 500 online courses. Approximately 20,000 new documents are added each month. Anyone can search IEEE Xplore and find bibliographic records and abstracts for its contents, while access to full-text documents may require an individual or institutional subscription.

College of Engineering Karunagappally

The Government College of Engineering Karunagappally (CEK) is a public institute of engineering and technology in Karunagappally, in the north-west of Kollam district, Kerala, India. Established in 1999 by the Government of Kerala, it is the second engineering college in Kollam district the fourth engineering college under the aegis of the state government's Institute of Human Resources Development in Electronics. The institute is affiliated to the A P J Abdul Kalam Technological University, Recognized by AICTE and Accredited by National Board of Accreditation(NBA). It is the second engineering College in the Kerala Section to win the prestigious IEEE Region 10(Asia - Pacific) Exemplary Student Branch Award, Only student branch in Asia Pacific Region to win the IEEE MGA Regional Exemplary Student Branch Award twice in a row.

IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Society. It covers the organization, design, development, integration, and operation of complex systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environment. The editor-in-chief is Michael Rice. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2020 impact factor of 4.102.


  1. "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax 2019" (PDF). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  2. "IEEE Technical Activities Board Operations Manual" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved February 17, 2021., section 1.3 Technical activities objectives
  3. "IEEE - IEEE Contact & Support". Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  4. 1 2 "IEEE". (MIT College of Engineering SB, Pune). Archived from the original on 2019-10-21. Retrieved 2020-01-22. MIT College of Engineering SB, Pune represents the student branch for an ... (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City
  5. "IRE - Institute of Radio Engineers (old name for IEEE)". AcronymFinder . IRE is defined as Institute of Radio Engineers (old name for IEEE) ... Engineers (AIEE) and the Institute of Radio Engineers (IRE) in 1963.
  6. "IEEE". PES University. Archived from the original on 2018-09-23. Retrieved 2019-10-09. IEEE, an association dedicated to advancing innovation and technological excellence for the benefit of humanity, is the world's largest technical professional ...
  7. "About IEEE".
  8. "History of". IEEE. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  9. "Formation of IEEE by the Merger of AIEE and IRE". Engineering and Technology History Wiki. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  10. "IEEE Operations Center".
  11. "History of IEEE in Australia". Engineering and Technology History Wiki. 16 August 1939. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  12. "IEEE At a Glance". IEEE.
  13. Mervis, Jeffrey (2019-05-29). "IEEE, a Major Science Publisher, Bans Huawei Scientists from Reviewing Papers". Science. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  14. "IEEE 新闻 | IEEE China". Archived from the original on 2019-06-03. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  15. Reichert, Corinne. "Huawei scientists reportedly banned from reviewing IEEE science papers". CNET. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  16. "知名学术组织IEEE排斥华为,北大清华学者当即抗议". (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  17. "Science publisher IEEE bans Huawei but Says Trade Rules will have 'Minimal Impact' on Members". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  18. "IEEE 新闻". Retrieved 2019-06-03.[ permanent dead link ]
  19. Lee, David (2019-06-03). "IEEE Lifts Ban on Huawei Employees". Pandaily. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  20. "IEEE Says It May Have Gone about Things the Wrong Huawei, Lifts Ban after US Govt Clearance".
  21. "About". IEEE. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  22. "IEEE Xplore Help". Retrieved 2020-09-04.
  23. "IEEE Xplore". Retrieved 2020-09-04.
  24. "IEEE Xplore Digital Library Subscriptions". Retrieved 2020-09-04.
  25. "The IEEE Paper Format". 13 February 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
  26. "IEEE Xplore Subscription Options | IEEE eLearning Library". 28 February 2014. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  27. "Education". IEEE. Archived from the original on 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  28. "Standards". IEEE. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  29. "Education". IEEE. Archived from the original on 2009-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  30. "PDH License Renewal Requirements for Professional Engineers by State, US Territories and the District of Columbia". Forty states now require continuing education for license renewal. Note that some states including Nebraska and Wisconsin have reduced the requirements temporarily due to Covid-19. Retrieved 2020-10-07
  31. "Professional Engineering CE Requirements by State". Effective March 1, 2015 Florida Professional Engineers are required to complete 18 hours of continuing education to renew their licenses
  32. "Maintaining a License". (National Society of Professional Engineers). For dedicated professional engineers, earning a PE license is just the beginning. ... Continuing Education Requirements for Professional Engineers ...
  33. "MGA Student Activities Committee (SAC)". IEEE. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  34. "About the IEEE Fellow program". Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  35. "IEEE Honorary Membership".
  36. "IEEE Societies". IEEE. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  37. "IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society - Engineering and Technology History Wiki". ETHW. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  38. Malkinson, Terrance; Condry, Michael (2016). "The New IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society" (PDF). IEEE Canadian Review. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  39. Malkinson, Terrance (30 March 2015). "World Bytes: Technology and Engineering Management". IEEE-USA InSight. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  40. "About Us". IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society. IEEE. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  41. "Current issue - IEEE TEM". IEEE Xplore.
  42. "IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management". Scimago Lab.
  43. "IEEE ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT REVIEW - 0360-8581 | MIAR 2020 live. Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals". IEEE Engineering Management Review (in Spanish). MIAR: Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals. University of Barcelona. doi:10.1109/EMR.46.
  44. "Only 0.25% of the Software Developers are Suited to Work on Blockchain". IEEE TEMS LEADER. 15 May 2018.
  45. "IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society". IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. 67 (3): C2. August 2020. doi: 10.1109/TEM.2020.3006640 .
  46. "2020 Board of Governors". IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society. IEEE TEMS.
  47. "IEEE Global Conference on Artificial Intelligence & Internet of Things".
  48. "8th Digital Africa Conference 2020". Digital Africa Group.
  49. "TEMSCON".
  50. Ibaraki, Stephen. "Engaging Innovation In Times Of Constant Change With GTRI & IEEE TEMS". Forbes. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  51. "ICTE".
  52. "L'Italia ospita la conferenza IEEE dalla scienza all'impresa con ospiti della Silicon Valley - Instago - In Evidenza". (in Italian). 20 January 2020.
  53. "IEEE Technical Councils". IEEE. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  54. "ICCE 2017 RFID Technical Track". 8 June 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2018. The IEEE Council on RFID ... a technical track at ...
  55. "Technical Committees Alphabetical • IEEE Computer Society". Archived from the original on 28 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  56. "IEEE - IEEE Technical Communities". Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  57. "IEEE - IEEE at a Glance". Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  58. "IEEE Foundation". InsidePhilanthropy. Established in 1973, the IEEE Foundation is ...
  59. 1 2 "IEEE Foundation - Home Page - IEEE Foundation, Inc". Archived from the original on 2014-02-18. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  60. "IEEE Foundation Overview". Archived from the original on July 16, 2006.