Kilimanoor

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Kilimanoor
Town
Kilimanoor nadaka sala.JPG
Kilimanoor Nadakashala
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kilimanoor
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kilimanoor
Kilimanoor (India)
Coordinates: 8°46′01″N76°52′48″E / 8.767°N 76.88°E / 8.767; 76.88 Coordinates: 8°46′01″N76°52′48″E / 8.767°N 76.88°E / 8.767; 76.88
CountryIndia
State Kerala
District Thiruvananthapuram
Government
  TypeLocal Self Government
  BodyKilimanoor grama panchayat & Pazhayakunnummel Gramapanchayath
Area
  Total19.1 km2 (7.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total20,515
  Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
695601
Telephone code0470
Vehicle registration KL 16
Civic agencyKilimanoor Panchayath
The details are for Kilimanoor Panchayath Town
Ancient arch in Kilimanoor Archkilimanoor.jpg
Ancient arch in Kilimanoor
Studio of Raja Ravi Varma Studio of Raja Ravi Varma.jpg
Studio of Raja Ravi Varma
Puthen Malika putt[?] maallik.jpg
Puthen Malika

Kilimanoor is a panchayat and a town in the Chirayinkeezhu taluk of Trivandrum district in Kerala, India. It is located on MC/SH 1 Road, 33 kilometres (21 mi) North-west of the city of Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), 14 km east of Attingal and 20 km (12 mi) east of Varkala.

Contents

History

Kilimanoor ("land of the bird and the deer") was ruled by a Pillai ruling chief and was forfeited to Travancore by Maharaja Marthanda Varma. The estate comprising several villages was then handed over to the family of the father of the King who had come south from Parappanad in Malabar around 1718. [1] was ruled by a chief during time of the Ettuveetil Pillamar in the kingdom of Travancore. The chief rebelled against the Maharajah Marthanda Varma, and the region was annexed and later given to the Royal House of Kilimanoor. [2]

This Royal House of Kilimanoor has a history of more than 300 years. In 1705 (ME 880), the son and two daughters of Ittammar Raja of Beypore Thattarikovilakam, a Parappanad royal house, were adopted by the Royal house of Venad. Parappanad was actually the ruling family of Parappanangadi in present-day Malappuram district. Ittammar Raja's sister and her sons, Rama Varma and Raghava Varma, settled in Kilimanoor and married the now-adopted sisters. Marthanda Varma, the founder of the Kingdom of Travancore was the son of Raghava Varma. Raghava Varma's nephew, Ravi Varma Koil Thampuran, married Marthanda Varma's sister. Their son came to be known as Dharma Raja Kartika Thirunnal Rama Varma. In 1740, when an allied force led by Dutch Captain Hockert supporting the Deshinganadu king attacked Venad, an army from Kilimanoor tactfully resisted and then defeated them. Although a small victory, this was the first time an Indian army defeated a European power. In recognition of this feat, Marthanda Varma, in 1753, exempted the areas under control of Kilimanoor Palace from taxes and proclaimed autonomous status. The present palace complex was also built during this time along with the Ayyappa temple for the family deity.

Velu Thampi Dalawa held meetings at the Kilimanoor Palace, planning his revolts against the British. He handed over his sword at the palace before going for his final battle against the British. India's First President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad received the sword from the palace, and it is now kept at the National Museum, New Delhi. Subsequently, placed at the Napier Museum in the capital city of Kerala.

Politics

The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) and Communist Party of India (CPI) have a strong base. Attingal Constituency (Scheduled Caste reserved) is part of Attingal (Lok Sabha constituency). [3]

Transportation

Kilimanoor is on the Main Central Road. It is connected to the whole major destination by buses run by KSRTC from the Kilimanoor bus depot. Kilimanoor is only 33 kilometres (21 mi) away from Thiruvananthapuram. The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport. The nearest major railway station is Varkala Railway Station which is 20 km (12 mi) from Kilimanoor.

Educational organizations

Climate

Climate data for Kilimanoor, Kerala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.0
(86.0)
30.9
(87.6)
32.1
(89.8)
32.1
(89.8)
31.9
(89.4)
29.7
(85.5)
29.2
(84.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.9
(85.8)
29.7
(85.5)
29.3
(84.7)
29.4
(84.9)
30.3
(86.6)
Average low °C (°F)22.5
(72.5)
23.2
(73.8)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.5
(77.9)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75.0)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
23.9
(75.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)21
(0.8)
30
(1.2)
56
(2.2)
142
(5.6)
218
(8.6)
382
(15.0)
295
(11.6)
195
(7.7)
184
(7.2)
283
(11.1)
207
(8.1)
61
(2.4)
2,074
(81.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org [7]

Notable people

Tourist attractions

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Travancore</span> Kingdom in southern India from 1729 to 1949

The Kingdom of Travancore (/ˈtrævənkɔːr/), also known as the Kingdom of Thiruvithamkoor, was an Indian kingdom from c. 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, and later Thiruvananthapuram. At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of the south of modern-day Kerala, and the southernmost part of modern-day Tamil Nadu with the Thachudaya Kaimal's enclave of Irinjalakuda Koodalmanikyam temple in the neighbouring Kingdom of Cochin. However Tangasseri area of Kollam city and Anchuthengu near Attingal in Thiruvananthapuram district, were British colonies and were part of the Malabar District until 30 June 1927, and Tirunelveli district from 1 July 1927 onwards. Travancore merged with the erstwhile princely state of Cochin to form Travancore-Cochin in 1950. The five Tamil-majority Taluks of Vilavancode, Kalkulam, Thovalai, Agastheeswaram, and Sengottai were transferred from Travancore-Cochin to Madras State in 1956. The Malayalam-speaking regions of Travancore-Cochin merged with the Malabar District and the Kasaragod taluk of the South Canara district in Madras State to form the modern Malayalam-state of Kerala on 1 November 1956, according to the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 passed by the Government of India.

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Kilimanoor Palace

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Rajah Rama Varma was the ruler of the Indian kingdom of Venad, later known as Travancore, in the modern day state of Kerala, India between 1724 and 1729, having succeeded his brother Unni Kerala Varma. He is better known as the uncle of Maharajah Padmanabha Dasa Vanchi Pala Marthanda Varma Kulasekhara Perumal, the "maker of modern Travancore". He was born into the Royal Family of Kolathunadu, as the second son of Rajah Ittamar of Thattari Kovilakam. It was princes from the Parappanadu family who customarily married Kolathunadu princesses. Rama Varma's entire family, including himself, two sisters and his elder brother Unni Kerala Varma, were adopted into the Venad house as members of the Travancore Royal Family by Rajah Ravi Varma, nephew of Umayamma Rani due to the failure of heirs there. Ittammar Raja's sister and her sons, Rama Varma and Raghava Varma, settled in Kilimanoor and married the now adopted sisters. Of the adopted sisters, one died soon after her adoption while the other was the mother of the Maharajah Marthanda Varma.

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Parappanad was a former feudal city-state in Malabar, India. The headquarters of Parappanad Royal family was at the town Parappanangadi in present-day Malappuram district. In 1425, the country divided into Northern Parappanad and Southern Parappanad. Southern Parappanad included parts of Tirurangadi Taluk and the town Parappanangadi. Northern Parappanad included Panniyankara, Beypore, and Cheruvannur of Kozhikkode Taluk. Parappanad royal family is a cousin dynasty of the Travancore royal family.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bharani Thirunal Parvathi Bayi</span>

Rani Bharani Thirunal Parvathi Bayi was a junior Rani of Travancore as known as ' Attingal Elaya Rani ' Her consort was Kilimanoor Kerala Varma Koyi Thampuran. Parvathi Bayi was born in 1850 as the daughter of Bharani Thirunal Amma Thampuran of Utsava Madom Palace in Mavelikara.

Koyi Thampuran

Koyi Thampuran was the title of the Prince Consorts of the Queens and Princesses of Travancore. The Koyi Thampurans' gained prominence and prestige in Kingdom of Travancore as they were the fathers of the then reigning Kings. In Travancore, there were ten clans of Koyi Thampurans. The most ancient were the ones settled at Kilimanoor ; others were Kirthipuram, Pallam, Paliyakkara and Nirazhi, Ananthapuram, Chemprol, Cherukol, Karazhma and Vatakkemadham.

References

  1. (See page 4 in Madras Presidency Records, 1915, Supt, Government Press, Madras.)
  2. Aiya 1906, p. 329.
  3. "Assembly Constituencies — Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  4. http://riet.edu.in/
  5. http://www.sreesankaratrust.org/ssvk.htm
  6. http://vidyatcklmr.ac.in/
  7. "CLIMATE: KILIMANOOR", Climate-Data.org. Web: .
  8. "Raja Ravi Varma Art Gallery Opened- The New Indian Express".
Bibliography