Last updated

Koyikkal palace-Front.jpg
Koyikkal Palace
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 8°36′12″N77°00′10″E / 8.60333°N 77.00278°E / 8.60333; 77.00278 Coordinates: 8°36′12″N77°00′10″E / 8.60333°N 77.00278°E / 8.60333; 77.00278
Country India
State Kerala
District Thiruvananthapuram
  BodyNedumangadu Municipality (Rating: A Grade since 2014)
  Total32.52 km2 (12.56 sq mi)
68 m (223 ft)
 (2011) [1]
  Density1,850/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
695541, 695561
Area code 0472
Vehicle registration KL-21
Sky view of Nedumangad Town Sky view of nedumangad town.jpg
Sky view of Nedumangad Town
Koyikkal palace Koyikkal Palace Nedumangadu.jpg
Koyikkal palace

Nedumangad is a town and municipality in Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area of Thiruvananthapuram district in the Indian state of Kerala, and is the headquarters of Nedumangad tehsil and Nedumangad Revenue Division (RDO). It is a suburb of the extended metropolitan region of Thiruvananthapuram city. It is located around 16 km to the north-east of Thiruvananthapuram city on the ThiruvananthapuramShenkottah (State Highway 2). It is an important commercial center in the district. It is a growing commercial and educational hub and all important government institutions are situated in the town. Nedumangadu Market is important in South Kerala.


It is an important centre for commercial trade in hill products such as pepper and rubber. A wholesale market set up by the Department of Agriculture (with the assistance of the European Union) is also situated there.


Nedumangad panchayat was formed in 1936. It was one among the four Panchayats sanctioned by Sir C.P.Ramaswamy Iyer (Diwan-Thiruvithamcore). The others were Paravur, Boothapandi and Perumbavoor. [2] In 1978 Nedumangad Municipality was established.

Nedumangad Chantha Revolt [3]

Nedumangad was a main center of trade in Thiruvananthapuram. Lower caste people were not allowed to enter in the trade markets (Chantha) of Nedumangad and items brought by them from their farms have to be placed outside and used to get a lower price. A group of people under the leadership of Ayyankali questioned this social injustice which resulted in a great revolt and fought back their rights to enter and sell the goods of lower caste people in Nedumangad market and the trade markets nearby. This is known as Nedumangad Chantha revolt.

Behind the name Nedumangad

There are still many opinions as to how the taluk Nedumangad got its name. It is said that there is a fruit called Neduvan and that it is the land of a local ruler named Neduvan. According to some historical sources, the old name of Nedumangad was Ilavallur Nadu.

Social and cultural history

The adivasis are the tribal people of the region. From 1677 to 1689 AD, Umayamurani, who ruled Travancore, lost a battle and escaped to Koyikkal Palace, Nedumangad. The queen sought the help of Kerala Varma to defeat the Mukkappappa. History has indicated that Kerala Varma defeated Mukulapada in Thiruvattar and took Umayamma Rani to Trivandrum. With the arrival of Umayamma Rani to Koyikkal Palace, merchants, gold smiths and the Tamil Brahmins who became Puajaris also settled here. The Tamil Brahmins became the heirs of most land in the area. The palace at Karipur, Pulellunthu Mallan's family head, Karippur Mudipura are some of the historical places linked to the ancient history of Nedumangad. Nedumangad Koyikkal palace is one of the few buildings that was built in the 15th century Kerala Architectural style. The historic Koyikkal Palace has been maintained since 1979 by the Kerala State Department of Archaeology. Nedumangad Street struggle was one of the historical struggles of the national movement during Independence. The LLA LP School, which started as "Pallalu school", is the first school to be established here. The first library was the Guruvayur Vidyalaya. Karimbikkavu Sree DharmaSastha Temple, Thirichittoor Siva-Vishnu Temple, Mannamkonam Sree Bhagavathy Temple, Indalayappan Temple, Ardhanarisheshwara Temple, Muthumariamman Temple, Melamcode Temple, Mutharamman Temple, Pathadavu, Pazhavadi Ganapati Temple, Paranthokha Bhagwati Temple, Nedumangad Town Muslim Jamaath Complex and the Christian Church are some of the oldest shrines in the region. Nedumangad's commercial history is connected with agriculture. Nedumangad Public Market is the largest market in the district of Thiruvananthapuram. It is the largest market for the hill stations and agricultural commodities. The Agrarian Sales Complex, by the Department of Agriculture, is set up with the help of the European Economic Community. Thiruvananthapuram - Chenkotta (State Highway 2) and Shorlakode – Nedumangad State Highway (SH 3) are the most important interstate routes passing through Nedumangad. The road that connects Ponmudi to Thiruvananthapuram City passes through Nedumangad. The distance from Nedumangad to the capital city is only 18 km. The first Folklore Museum and the Museum of Numismatics in Kerala was established at Nedumangad Koyikkal Palace on 27 March 1992. The Koyikkal Palace is located next to the municipal office. Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), a research and development centre functioning under Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is located at Valiyamala near Nedumangad.


Nedumangad is located at 8°36′N77°00′E / 8.6°N 77.0°E / 8.6; 77.0 . [4] It has an average elevation of 68 metres (223 feet).

It lies 18 km from Thiruvananthapuram (or Trivandrum) on the way to Thenkasi and Ponmudi hill resort. It is the capital of the taluk and is unique for lacking a coastal belt and railway lines.[ clarification needed ]

It is bounded on the west by Trivandrum Taluk, on the east by the State of Tamil Nadu, on the south by Neyyattinkara Taluk and on the north by Kollam District.

Places of interest [5]

Nedumangad is a gate way of various tourist places in Trivandrum. The main attractions are: Agasthyarkoodam, a mountain preserve famous for its abundant ayurvedic herbs and medicinal plants is around 50 km away. About 32 km from Nedumangad, en route to the Ponmudi Hill Resort lies the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, which is of particular interest to ornithologists. Near Nedumangad town another Monolithic – Thirichittoor Rock (Thiruchittapara) is located. With Siva Vishnu Temple, many monkeys congregated here. The name Nedumangadu means kadu (forest) of Vishnu, who was called Neduman, Neduvan, and Nediyavan in ancient texts like Chilappadikaram.

Kerala's Numismatic museum is at Koikkal Palace within Nedumangad Town. The palace was the residence of one of the prominent matriarchal lines of Travancore.


Road Transport

Nedumangad has well road network which connect nearby towns and cities. Four important State Highways (SH) pass through Nedumangad. There is no National Highway through Nedumangad . The main interstate Road through Nedumangad is ThiruvananthapuramThenmala (State Highway 2) is connecting the city of Trivandrum with Tenkasi and other major roads are SH 3 connecting Surulacod / Kanyakumari / Aralvaimozhi, SH 45 connecting Ponmudi hill station and SH 47 connecting Attingal NH 66 / Vembayam SH 1 / Main-Central Road and also SH 1 |Main-Central Road is only 9 km from Nedumangad Town. Bus service is operated by Kerala state Road Transport Corporation (Ksrtc). KSRTC operate services from Nedumangad to high ranges, all parts of district and major towns and cities of Kerala and Outside.



No railway lines pass through Nedumangadu. The nearest railway station is Thiruvananthapuram – 18 km. The next nearest railway station is Chirayinkeezhu near Attingal – 31 km.Thenmala Railway station 54 Km


Population of Children with age of 0–6 is 5676 which is 9.43% of total population of Nedumangad (M). In Nedumangad Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 1073 against state average of 1084. Moreover, the Child Sex Ratio in Nedumangad is around 926 compared to Kerala state average of 964. Literacy rate of Nedumangad city is 93.28% lower than state average of 94.00%. In Nedumangad, Male literacy is around 95.80% while female literacy rate is 90.97%.

Religious census



Nedumangad (tehsil) is bounded on the west by Thiruvananthapuram Taluk, on the east by the State of Tamil Nadu, on the south by Kattakada Taluk and on the north by Kollam District. Nedumangad Taluk has 25 villages and one Municipality headed by tehsildar. It is the second-most-populous and largest taluk in Thiruvananthapuram District


Anad, Aruvikkara, Aryanad, Kallara, Karakulam, Karippooru, Koliyakode, Kurupuzha, Manikkal, Nedumangad, Nellanad, Palode, Panavoor, Pangode, Peringamala, Pullampara, Theakada, Thennoor, Tholicode, Uzhamalackal, Vamanapuram, Vattappara, Vellanad, Vembannur, Vembayam, Vithura.


There is only one municipality, Nedumangad, which is also the headquarters of the taluk. In 1978 Nedumangad panchayath is upgrade into Municipality. The municipality has 39 electoral wards. Sreeja CS of CPIM is chairperson of Nedumangad Municipality.

Assembly constituencies

Nedumangad (tehsil) comprises the constituencies of Nedumangadu, Aruvikkara and Vamanapuram. These assembly constituencies are part of Attingal (Lok sabha constituency)

Revenue Division

Thiruvananthapuram district is divided into two revenue divisions, Thiruvananthapuram and Nedumangad. Nedumangad revenue division comprises Nedumangad and Kattakada taluks headed by Revenue Divisional officer.

Block panchayath

Nedumangad taluk comprises three block anchayaths: Nedumangad, Vellanad, and Vamanapuram. Nedumangad block panchayath consists of five grama panchayaths.

Educational institutions


Nedumangad assembly constituency is part of the Attingal (Lok Sabha constituency). G R Anil of CPI is MLA of Nedumangad assembly constituency and Adoor Prakash of INC is MP of Attingal Lok Sabha constituency. Nedumangad assembly constituency includes:

Places of worship


See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Attingal</span> Town in Kerala, India

Attingal is a municipality in Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area in Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala state, India. It was the location of the Attingal kingdom, under Travancore. It is the headquarters of Chirayinkeezhu Taluk, and the important government institutions of the taluk such as the Taluk office, court complex, office of the deputy superintendent of Police, civil station, and treasuries are situated in Attingal. It is one of the oldest municipalities of Kerala which was constituted prior to its independence in 1924. In 1914 itself Attingal Town Improvement Authority (TIA) was formed which was the term used before the municipality regulation act of 1922. Attingal Town is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Thiruvananthapuram. Attingal is the 3rd densely populated municipality in the district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neyyattinkara</span> Suburb of Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Neyyattinkara, is a Municipal Town and a major industrial and commercial hub located at the southern tip of Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area in Trivandrum, the capital of Kerala State, and also the headquarters of Neyyattinkara Taluk. The town is situated on the banks of Neyyar River, one of the principal rivers in the district and hence its name. Neyyatinkara in Malayalam literally means "the shore of the river Neyyar". Neyyattinkara is the second most densely populated municipality in the district after Varkala.

Ponmudi Hill station in Kerala, India

Ponmudi also known as Kashmir of Kerala is a hill station in the Peringamala gramapanchayath of Trivandrum District of Kerala in India. It is located 22km west of Vithura town, 53 km north-east of Trivandrum City, 78 km south-east of Varkala town and 69 km north-east of Kovalam Beach at an altitude of 1,100 m (3,600 ft). Ponmudi (Varayadumotta) peak is a part of the Western Ghats mountain range that runs parallel to the Arabian Sea. Ponmudi is a popular honeymoon destination in South India. The normal temperature of Ponmudi is between 18 and 25 °C.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thiruvananthapuram district</span> District of Kerala in India

Thiruvananthapuram District, is the southernmost district in the Indian state of Kerala. The district was created in 1949, with its headquarters in the city of Thiruvananthapuram, which is also Kerala's administrative centre. The present district was created in 1956 by separating the four southernmost Taluks of the erstwhile district to form Kanyakumari district. The city of Thiruvananthapuram is also known as the Information technology capital of the State, since it is home to the first and largest IT park in India, Technopark, established in 1990. The district is home to more than 9% of total population of the state.

Vithura Town in Kerala, India

Vithura Town, also known as the Hill Town of Trivandrum, is located 36 km from Thiruvananthapuram capital of the Kerala state in India. Vithura is the culmination of the crossroads to many tourist, cultural, and religious centres. Surrounded by the Western Ghats (Sahyadris), Vithura is a prime tourist spot. The village is rich with a very scenic beauty and a good climate year-round. The Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram campus, one of the leading public science universities in the country, is situated here.

Aryanadu is a village town in Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala, India, lying under the foothills of the Agastyarkoodam of the Sahya mountains. The village is spread along the sides of Karamana River in the western ghats of Agasthya Mountains. The Aryanad Panchayath has border with Uzhamalakkal, Vellanad, Poovachal, Kuttichal, Vithura, Tholickode panchayaths. Aryanad is residing Nedumangad Taluk and Aruvikkara Legislative Assembly. It is situated around 25 km from Thiruvananthapuram. G. Steephen is the current sitting MLA of Aryanad.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kilimanoor</span> Town in Kerala, India

Kilimanoor is a panchayat and a town in the Chirayinkeezhu taluk of Trivandrum district in Kerala, India. It is located on MC/SH 1 Road, 33 kilometres (21 mi) North-west of the city of Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), 14 km east of Attingal and 20 km (12 mi) east of Varkala.

Karakulam is a panchayat in Nedumangad Taluk in Tiruvananthapuram District in the state of Kerala, India. It is the most populated panchayat in the district according to 2011 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palode</span> Town in Kerala, India

Palode is a town in Thiruvananthapuram district in the Indian state of Kerala. Palode town is 35 km (22 mi) from Thiruvananthapuram city and 17 km (11 mi) from Nedumangad municipality.There is a Helipad in palode. Palode is surrounded by Western Ghats. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute is situated near Palode. Mankayam Ecotourism near Brimore is 11 km (6.8 mi) away. Brimore has tea estate and plantations make Palode a gateway for tourism destination.Thenmala is 38 km (24 mi) from Palode and Ponmudi hills is 35 km. Palode is town in Thiruvananthapuram-Thenmala -Shenkottai State Highway 2 (Kerala). Tenkasi is 75 km (47 mi) from Palode. Palode is a town located in Nedumangad Taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district in Kerala.

Peringamala is a grama panchayat in Thiruvananthapuram district in the state of Kerala, India. There are two places named Peringammala, the other one is between Balaramapuram and Venganoor which is on the southern side of the Thiruvananthapuram district.There is two villages Peringammala and Thennoor.

Vellarada is a border village situated in Thiruvananthapuram district in the state of Kerala, India. It is 42 km from Thiruvananthapuram. It is the southernmost part of Kerala state, sharing its border with Tamil Nadu. Vellarada is said to be the threshold to the high-range areas of the eastern part of Thiruvananthapuram district. The southernmost point of Western Ghats in Kerala is near Vellarada.

Kallambalam is a suburb of Varkala Town situated in Varkala Taluk. Kallambalam joins Varkala with National Highway 66. It is 36 km north from state village Trivandrum, 30 km south of Kollam city, 8 km East of Varkala and 12 km West of Kilimanoor.

Venjaramoodu is a north-east suburb of Trivandrum city, the capital of Kerala. It is 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Attingal, 11 km (6.8 mi) northwest of Nedumangad, 12 km (7.5 mi) northeast of Trivandrum City and 26 km (16 mi) south-east of Varkala.

Cheriya Konni(ചെറിയ കൊണ്ണി) is a small village in the suburbs of the Thiruvananthapuram City in Kerala, India. It is located 14 km from the Kerala Legislative Assembly and 15 km from the Kerala Government Secretariat. The Karamana River, which starts near the southern tip of the Western Ghats at Agastyar Koddam and flows 66 km westward, flows through the village. Cheriyakonni has been included in the proposed alignment of the Trivandrum outer ring road project. Major educational institutions such as the College of Architecture (CAT), the GV Raja Sports School and IMDR College of Advanced Studies (I-CAS) are situated near the area.

Ponganadu is a village in the Thiruvananthapuram district, situated in the Indian state of Kerala. Madavoor (5 km), Nagaroor (6 km), Karavaram (7 km), Pulimath (7 km), Navaikulam (7 km) are other villages near Ponganadu. Ponganadu is surrounded by Chadayamangalam Taluk to the north, Varkala Taluk to the west, Vamanapuram Taluk to the east and Chirayinkeezhu Taluk to the south.

State Highway 2 is a State Highway in Kerala, India that starts from Thiruvananthapuram Peroorkada and ends near Thenmala Kollam by joining with Kollam-Tirumangalam NH-744. The highway is 73.2 km long. The major towns in this highway are Nedumangad, Palode and Kulathupuzha.It is a major road connecting Thiruvananthapuram the Capital City of Kerala to Tamil Nadu. In 2016 NHAI approved in principle this road as National highway.

State Highway 47 is a State Highway in Kerala, India that starts in Attingal and ends in Nedumangadu. The highway is 18.5 km long. It is a major highway in thiruvananthapuram district that interconnect two important towns Attingal and Nedumangad, And also the Road is the only way to connect the SH 1 |Main-Central Road and National Highway 66 from the north - eastern hilly areas of Nedumangad.

Nedumangad Taluk is a Taluk (tehsil) in Thiruvananthapuram district in the Indian state of Kerala. It situated in the eastern part of the Thiruvananthapuram district. It comprises 23 villages and one municipality.

Kuttichal is a village in Thiruvananthapuram district in the state of Kerala, India. The Kuttichal panchayath has borders with Aryanad, Poovachal, Kallikkad, panchayaths and Thiruneveli District of Tamil Nadu India. Kuttichal is part of Kattakada Taluk, Vellanad block panchayath and Aruvikkara Legislative Assembly. Kuttichal also has the kottor Elephant rehabilitation centre which is famous among tourists.


  1. "Nedumangad Municipality" . Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  2. Historic Paravur.
  3. "Ayyankali: A Detailed Study for PSC | PSC Arivukal". Retrieved 4 August 2022.
  4. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nedumangad
  5. "Koyikkal Palace, Thiruvananthapuram". Kerala Tourism. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  17. "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2008.