Ottapalam

Last updated

Ottapalam
Town
Ottapalam near Bustand.jpg
Ottapalam bus stand
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ottapalam
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 10°46′N76°23′E / 10.77°N 76.38°E / 10.77; 76.38 Coordinates: 10°46′N76°23′E / 10.77°N 76.38°E / 10.77; 76.38
CountryIndia
State Kerala
District Palakkad
Assembly constituencyOttapalam
Government
  Body Municipality
   MLA Adv. K. Premkumar
   Chairperson K Janaki Devi
Area
  Total32.7 km2 (12.6 sq mi)
Elevation
54 m (177 ft)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total53,790
  Rank2nd in Palakkad district
  Density1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN code
679 101-679 104
Telephone code0466
Vehicle registration KL-51
Sex ratio 1000:1121 /
Literacy Rate 91%
Website www.ottapalammunicipality.lsgkerala.gov.in

Ottapalam, (also spelled Ottappalam) is a town, taluk and municipality in the Palakkad District, Kerala, India. [2] It is the administrative headquarters of the Ottapalam taluk. [3] Ottapalam is located about 36 km from district headquarters Palakkad. Ottapalam is located along the banks of Bharathapuzha, second longest river of the state.

Contents

It is one of the major commercial centres in the district. Ottapalam was raised as a municipality in 1934, making it one of the municipalities that were formed before Indian independence and third oldest municipality in the district after Palakkad and Chittur-Thathamangalam. [4] It is one of the major filming locations in Kerala.

History

The area was formerly known as Ayirur Thekkummuri Desam. The present-day Ottapalam, Pattambi and Cherpulassery areas were part of the medieval Nedunganad kingdom. [5] Nedunganathiripad (Nedungadi) was the main ruler of Nedunganad. The headquarters was at Makovilakam near Kodikunnu, Chembulangad. Nedunaganad was ruled by the Nairs of Kavalappara, [6] Thrikkadeeri, Kannambra, Vattakkavil Perumbada under the leadership of Nedunganathiripad. Ottappalam was the administrative area of Thrikkadeeri Nair. Its north side starts at Ayirur-Vadakkummuri near Mannarkkad and ends at Ayirur-Thekkummuri. [7] After passing Ayirur-Thekkummuri, crossing the 'Ottapalam of Kanniyampuram river', then it comes the place to pay a toll for Kavalappara Nair.

Around 1487 AD, the region was annexed to the kingdom of the Zamorin of Calicut. The Zamorin appointed his chieftain at Kavalappara Kovilakam. [5] After the long rule of the Zamorin of Calicut, it became a part of the Kingdom of Mysore around 1766. [8] It came under the rule of East India Company with the Treaty of Seringapatam in 1792. The British formed the Malabar District and built their headquarters at Kozhikode. [9] The headquarters of North Malabar was at Thalassery and that of South Malabar was at Cherpulassery. The headquarters of South Malabar was later changed to Ottapalam. [10] Ottapalam was a part of Walluvanad Taluk of Malappuram Revenue Division in Malabar District with its Taluk headquarters at Perinthalmanna during British Raj. The railway was installed and the town was renamed as Ottappalam. The South Malabar Special Court started functioning at Ottappalam by 1880, and with that Ottappalam became the common name for the town. Gradually, the name Ayirur-Thekkummuri was confined to the land records.

Before Indian Independence, present-day Kerala state was scattered in South Canara and Malabar Districts of British India and two princely states namely Cochin and Travancore. The first All-Kerala conference of Indian National Congress was held in 1921 at Ottapalam, which was the then capital of South Malabar, on the bank of the river Bharathappuzha, which also later demanded a separate state for the Malayalam-speaking regions in future Independent India. Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee was formed in that conference. Before that, Malabar District, Cochin, and Travancore had separate Congress committees.

Geography

Ottapalam is located at 10°46′N76°23′E / 10.77°N 76.38°E / 10.77; 76.38 . [11] It has an average elevation of 54 m (177 ft).

Climate

Climate data for Ottapalam, Kerala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)32.8
(91.0)
34.5
(94.1)
35.8
(96.4)
35.1
(95.2)
33.2
(91.8)
29.5
(85.1)
28.6
(83.5)
29.1
(84.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.8
(87.4)
31.6
(88.9)
32.0
(89.6)
31.9
(89.5)
Average low °C (°F)22.3
(72.1)
23.2
(73.8)
24.8
(76.6)
25.7
(78.3)
25.2
(77.4)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
22.4
(72.3)
23.7
(74.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)2
(0.1)
12
(0.5)
27
(1.1)
103
(4.1)
211
(8.3)
566
(22.3)
687
(27.0)
349
(13.7)
203
(8.0)
264
(10.4)
136
(5.4)
23
(0.9)
2,583
(101.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org [12]

Administration

Ottapalam Minicivil Station Otp mini civil.jpg
Ottapalam Minicivil Station

Ottapalam is sub district of the Palakkad District. Over the last 10 years, the population growth has been 9.2%. The town is listed in the top 18 most populous Urban Agglomeration in Kerala. The First Defence Park in India is established in Ottapalam KINFRA industrial park. [13]

Ottapalam town area Ottpalam town4.jpg
Ottapalam town area
Paddy fields, Ottapalam Palakkad-Ottapalam.jpg
Paddy fields, Ottapalam

The Ottapalam assembly constituency is part of Palakkad Lok Sabha constituency. [14]

Ottapalam Taluk

Ottapalam is one of the six Taluks of Palakkad district.

Transport

Road

The Palakkad-Shoranur (Kulappully) State Highway passes through the town. [15] Government buses as well as private bus services operate between Ottapalam and other major towns, such as Palakkad,Thrissur,Mannarkkad,Pattambi,Guruvayoor,Perinthalmanna,Thiruvilwamala,Chelakkara (through the Ottapalam-Mayanur Bridge, inaugurated on 22 January 2011.) [16]

Rail

The town is served by the Ottapalam railway station, which lies between Palakkad and Shoranur Junction on the Jolarpettai–Shoranur line. Forty-nine Indian Railways trains stop at the station. [17]

Notable people

The following people were either born in and/or are residents of Ottapalam:

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malappuram district</span> District in Kerala, India

Malappuram, is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala, with a coastline of 70 km (43 mi). It is the most populous district of Kerala, which is home to around 13% of the total population of the state. The district was formed on 16 June 1969, spanning an area of about 3,554 km2 (1,372 sq mi). It is the third-largest district of Kerala by area, as well as the largest district in the state, bounded by Western Ghats and Arabian Sea to either side. The district is divided into seven Taluks: Eranad, Kondotty, Nilambur, Perinthalmanna, Ponnani, Tirur, and Tirurangadi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palakkad district</span> District in Kerala, India

Palakkad is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala. It was carved out from the southeastern region of the former Malabar District on 1 January 1957. It is located at the centre of Kerala. It is the largest district in the state since 2006. The city of Palakkad is the district headquarters. Palakkad is bordered on the northwest by the Malappuram district, on the southwest by the Thrissur district, on the northeast by Nilgiris district, and on the east by Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu. The district is nicknamed "The granary of Kerala". Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap, in the Western Ghats. The 2,383 m high Anginda peak, which is situated in the border of Palakkad district, Nilgiris district, and Malappuram district, in Silent Valley National Park, is the highest point of elevation in Palakkad district. Palakkad city is located just 50 km away from Coimbatore, a major city in Tamil Nadu state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shoranur</span> Town in Kerala, India

Shornur is a town and a municipality located in the Palakkad district, in the Indian state of Kerala, located on the banks of the Bharathapuzha River. The town covers an area of 32.28 km2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingdom of Valluvanad</span>

Valluvanad was an independent chiefdom in present-day central Kerala that held power from the early 12th century to the end of the 18th century. Prior to that, and since the late 10th century, Valluvanad existed as an autonomous chiefdom within the kingdom of the Chera Perumals. The disintegration of the Chera Perumal kingdom in early 12th century led to the independence of the various autonomous chiefdoms of the kingdom, Valluvanad being one of them.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malabar District</span> Administrative district of British India

Malabar District, also known as Malayalam District, was an administrative district on the southwestern Malabar Coast of Bombay Presidency (1792-1800) and Madras Presidency (1800-1947) in British India, and independent India's Madras State (1947-1956). It was the most populous and the third-largest district in the erstwhile Madras State. The British district included the present-day districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram, Palakkad, Chavakad Taluk and parts of Kodungallur Taluk of Thrissur district, and Fort Kochi area of Ernakulam district in the northern and central parts of present Kerala state, the Lakshadweep Islands, and a major portion of the Nilgiris district in Tamil Nadu. The detached settlements of Tangasseri and Anchuthengu, which were British colonies within the kingdom of Travancore in southern Kerala, also formed part of Malabar District until 1927. Malayalam was the administrative as well as the most spoken lingua franca of Malabar District during British Rule. Jeseri, a distinct dialect of Malayalam, was spoken in the Laccadive Islands. Malabar District merged with the erstwhile state of Travancore-Cochin (1950-1956) to form Kerala according to the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. On the same day, the present Kasaragod district of South Canara District was also attached to Malabar, and the Laccadive & Minicoy Islands of Malabar were reorganised to form a new Union Territory. Malabar was trifurcated to form the districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, and Palakkad, on 1 January 1957.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pattambi</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Pattambi is a town taluk and municipality in the Palakkad district of the state of Kerala, India. It is also the administrative headquarters of the Pattambi Taluk. Pattambi is located along the banks of Bharathappuzha river. A Mini Civil Station also functions here to provide government related services.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mannarkkad</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Mannarkkad, formerly known as Mannarghat, is a municipal town in Palakkad district of the Indian state of Kerala. The Silent Valley National Park and the Attappadi Reserve Forest are located in Mannarkkad Taluk. Mannarkkad is situated 36 km away from district headquarters Palakkad on National Highway 966.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palakkad</span> City in Kerala, India

Palakkad, formerly known as Palghat, historically known as Palakkattussery is a city and municipality in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the administrative headquarters of the Palakkad District. Palakkad is most densely populated municipality and fourth densely populated city in Kerala. It was established before Indian independence under British rule and was known by the name Palghat. Palakkad is famous for the ancient Palakkad Fort, which is situated at the heart of the city and was captured and rebuilt by Hyder Ali in 1766. The city is situated about 347 kilometres (216 mi) northeast of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cherpulassery</span> Town in Kerala, India

Cherpulassery is a town and municipality in the Palakkad district, of Kerala, India. Cherpulassery is often called the Sabarimala of Malabar as the famous Ayyappankavu temple is located here. The Puthanalakkal Bhagavathi temple and the Kalavela and Pooram associated with it is one of the largest festivals in the region. The town is located about 43 km (27 mi) west of the district headquarters at Palakkad on State Highway 53. Cherpulassery is known among the football enthusiasts all across the state thanks to the football team AL Madeena,Cherpulassery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chittur-Thathamangalam</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Chittur-Thathamangalam is a town and municipality in Palakkad district of Kerala State, India. It is the headquarters of Chittur taluk, 13 km (8.1 mi) south-east of Palakkad, on the banks of the Kannadipuzha, a major headstream of the Bharathapuzha, the second longest river in Kerala. It was once part of the former Kingdom of Cochin. The municipality consists of Chittur, Thathamangalam, Pallimokku, Kannanthara, Puzhampalam, Kacherimedu, Anicode, Thekkegramam and Kadambidi.

Vellinezhi is a small but culturally crucial village located in Palakkad district of Kerala in southern India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shoranur Junction railway station</span> Railway station in Kerala, India

Shoranur Junction is the railway station located at Shoranur, Palakkad District, Kerala. It comes under the Palakkad Railway Division of the Southern Railway. It is the largest railway station in the state of Kerala in terms of area. It is an important junction because it is the point at which the line from Chennai via Jolarpettai, Erode and Palakkad meets the coastal line from Mangalore to Kanyakumari. Further, Shoranur junction is the node from which a separate Branch line goes to the town of Nilambur, about 66 km to the north. The Nilambur–Shoranur line, which connects two tiny hill-towns, is one of the most picturesque in India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perinthalmanna taluk</span> Taluk in Kerala, India

Perinthalmanna Taluk, formerly known as Walluvanad Taluk, comes under Perinthalmanna revenue division in Malappuram district of Kerala, India. Its headquarters is the town of Perinthalmanna. Perinthalmanna Taluk contains Perinthalmanna Municipality and 15 Gram panchayats. Most of the administrative offices are located in the Mini-Civil Station at Perinthalmanna.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of Kerala</span> Overview of and topical guide to Kerala

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Kerala:

Perinthalmanna is a major town and municipality in Malappuram district, Kerala, India. It serves as the headquarters of the Perinthalmanna Taluk, and a block and a Revenue Division by the same name. It was formerly the headquarters of Valluvanad Taluk, which was one of the two Taluks in the Malappuram Revenue Division of the erstwhile Malabar District during the British Raj. The town is located 23 kilometres (14 mi) southwest to the city of Malappuram at the centre of the Kozhikode–Malappuram–Perinthalmanna–Palakkad National Highway 966.

Kuruvattoor is a village in Palakkad district in the state of Kerala, India. The village shares its borders with Kailiyad, Mundakottukurussi, Vallappuzha and Kanayam. The village comes under Vallapuzha Panchayat, Pattambi block and Pattambi Taluk. The village is encouraging arts and sports, especially football. Many clubs and local bodies create events for boosting cultural aspects.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Political Divisions of Palakkad District</span>

Palakkad District has four types of administrative hierarchies:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Education in Palakkad district</span>

Palakkad District is one of the main centre of education in Kerala state India. Palakkad District has Prominent Educational Institutions provide platform for various level of education. The district is home to the only Indian Institute of Technology in Kerala state. Palakkad District has three educational districts namely Palakkad, Ottappalam and Mannarkkad. There are several educational institutions working across the district. Government Victoria College, Palakkad, Government Engineering College, Sreekrishnapuram, NSS College of Engineering, Government Medical College, Palakkad, Chembai Memorial Government Music College, and many more higher level of educational institutions are located in Palakkad District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pattambi Taluk</span> Taluk in Kerala, India

Pattambi is a taluk at the western end of the Palakkad district of the state of Kerala, India. Town of Pattambi is the administrative headquarters of the taluk. Pattambi taluk is bounded by Ottapalam Taluk of Palakkad district to the east, Ponnani taluk of Malappuram district to the west, Tirur and Perinthalmanna Taluks of Malappuram district to the north, and Kunnamkulam Taluk of Thrissur district to the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Malabar</span> Geographical / Historical Area in Kerala, India

South Malabar refers to a geographical area of the southwestern coast of India covering some parts of the present-day Kerala. South Malabar covers the regions included in present-day Kozhikode taluk of Kozhikode district, the whole area of Malappuram district, Chavakkad taluk of Thrissur district, and Palakkad district, excluding parts of Chittur taluk. The Fort Kochi region of Kochi city also historically belongs to South Malabar. The term South Malabar refers to the region of the erstwhile Malabar District south to the river Korapuzha, and bears a high cultural similarity to both the Cochin and the North Malabar region.

References

  1. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. "Ottapalam".
  3. "Taluks | Palakkad | India" . Retrieved 29 August 2022.
  4. Keralam, Digital. "Ottappalam Municipality Ottappalam Palakkad Kerala India". Digital Keralam. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  5. 1 2 S. Rajendu (2012). The History of Nedunaganad. Perinthalmanna.
  6. O. P. Balakrishnan (2014). Kavalappara- History and Heredity.
  7. Ottapalam (2014). "Ottapalam Vayanasala Suvaneer".{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. S. Rajendu (2016). 250 years of Mysore conquest. Sukapuram: Vallathol Vidyapeedam.
  9. Logan (1887). Malabar (2 vols). Madras.
  10. Malabar District Gazatteer (1908). "C.A. Innes".{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Ottappalam, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  12. "CLIMATE: OTTAPPALAM", Climate-Data.org. Web: .
  13. The Hindu. "Ottapalam To Have India's First Defence Park" . Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  14. "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2008.
  15. "Kerala State Highways". Kerala PWD Department. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  16. "Kerala News : Mayyannur bridge to be opened on Saturday". The Hindu . 20 January 2011. Archived from the original on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  17. "Trains to OTP/Ottappalam Station - 49 Arrivals SR/Southern Zone - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 1 February 2023.
  18. "Biography" (PDF). Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research. 3 June 2018. Retrieved 3 June 2018.