Haripad

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Haripad
Harigeethapuram
Town/Municipality
Haripad
Haripad Subramanya temple.JPG
Nickname(s): 
Kshethranagari
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Haripad
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Haripad
Haripad (India)
Coordinates: 9°18′0″N76°28′0″E / 9.30000°N 76.46667°E / 9.30000; 76.46667 Coordinates: 9°18′0″N76°28′0″E / 9.30000°N 76.46667°E / 9.30000; 76.46667
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Alappuzha
Established1921;101 years ago (1921)
Government
  TypeMunicipality
  BodyHaripad Municipality
  ChairpersonK M Raju
  MLA Ramesh Chennithala
Area
  Total19.24 km2 (7.43 sq mi)
Population
  Total30,977
  Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
690514
Telephone code0479
Vehicle registration KL-29
Nearest city Alappuzha
Lok Sabha Constituency Alappuzha
Website https://haripadmunicipality.lsgkerala.gov.in/en/
Mannarasala Temple Mannarasala temple.jpg
Mannarasala Temple
Vettikkulangara Temple Vettikulangara Devi temple 3.JPG
Vettikkulangara Temple
Manacattu Temple Mana03.jpg
Manacattu Temple

Haripad is a Municipality in Onattukara region of Alappuzha District, Kerala, India located between Alappuzha and Kollam on the National Highway 66. Haripad is bordered on the east by Pallippad, Veeyapuram and Karuvatta to the north, Kumarapuram and Karthikappally to the West, and on the south by Cheppad. [1] It is known as the land of art, artists, land of snake boats, land of music, dance and drama. It is also popularly known as Kshetranagari (Town of Temples) in which Haripad Temple being the chief one among them.

Contents

Pampa Melam at Panachamoodu temple [kavadi] Sreyas92022.jpg
Pampa Melam at Panachamoodu temple [kavadi]

A main feature of Haripad which attracts even the foreigners is the "Payippad Jalolsavam". It is believed that the currently worshiping idol of Lord Subrahmanya was brought from Kandalloor with escort of snake boats and Valla Sadya. [2] The Rajiv Gandhi Combined Cycle Power Plant (NTPC, Kayamkulam) is located in Haripad Assembly Constituency.

Haripad derived its name from either Aripad (Ari meaning Rice), or "Harigeethapuram". [3] The population of Haripad is 16,445, as of the 2011 census. [4]

History

Earlier it was known as Arippatt, the name Haripad came into prominence only in the 20th century. Some scholars say that it means place near water (ari- arike pat place). During the period of European colonization, In the opinion of the Dutch Governor Gollanez the sea coast between Quilon and Purakkad which the Dutch called 'Martha" and which region was known as Karthikappally consisted of two regions or nation states, Karnoppally (present-day Karunagapally) and Karimpali. [5] [6] More specifically, Haripad was located in Karimpali which was the area between Kayamkulam and Purakkad and was also known as Vettimana.

The capital of Vettimana was Karimpalil palace (near the present-day Haripad Railway Station), but at some point it was moved to Karthikappally. In 1742 Marthanda Varma defeated Karthikappally region and added it to Travancore State. During the period of the kingship, Haripad was a town, the remaining town hall stands as proof. [5] Also during this period, Haripad was the administrative center of Karthikappally Taluk, and it was from Haripad that the major portion of rice for the state was produced. [5] It is believed that famous poet Kerala Varma Valiakoi Thampuran was kept under house arrest in Haripad Ananthapuram Palace and during his stay at Haripad he wrote 'Mayoora Sandesham' in which he expressed his grief of being separated from his dear wife.

In 1921 Haripad got municipal town status, however in 1941 it was downgraded to a non-municipal town. Finally, in 1954 it was changed into a Panchayat. [2] [5] In 2015, it was again upgraded to municipality. Prof. Sudha Suseelan is the 1st chairperson in Haripad Municipality.

Geography

Haripad is a town and municipality in Alappuzha District of Kerala State in India. Its coordinates are Latitude: 9°18′0″N and Longitude: 76°28′0″E, and lies at an elevation of 13 meters. [7] It is bordered on the east by Pallippad, Karuvatta to the north, Kumarapuram and Mahadevikadu to the West, and on the south by Nangiarkulangara. Haripad is close to the Arabian Sea and connects Mavelikkara and Thrikkunnappuzha. Haripad Railway station is located in the heart of the town. Kayamkulam Junction is one of the major Railway stations which is at a distance of 14 kilometers. The nearest airport is at Kochi which is at a 3 h 5 min away (114.1 km) via NH66.

Being located in southwestern India, the summer months are characterized by moderately high temperature and high humidity. Monsoon brings rains between late April and July with the best weather being from November to March. As Haripad locates close to the coast heavy annual rainfall is received. [8]

Arts and culture

The two most famous temples in Haripad are Subrahmanya Swamy temple and Mannarasala Temple. [9]

The Subrahmanya Swamy temple in Haripad is one of the oldest temples in Kerala. Dedicated to Subrahmanya Swamy, it is believed that the temple was established even before the advent of Kali Yuga. The temple was consecrated on the Pushya star of Makara Masa. This day is celebrated as the founding day of the temple every year. It is believed that Lord Vishnu appreaded as a saint to consecrate the temple. In 1096 of the Malayalam calendar, the temple caught fire, but the golden flag mast (erected 1067) and the Koothambalam were saved from the fire. The current temple was built during the period of King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who reigned from 1930 to 1949 (Gregorian Calendar). [10] This temple holds three festivals yearly. [11] The Chithira Ulsavam which starts on the day of Vishu and lasts ten days.

The Mannarasala Temple is a Nagaraja temple situated near Haripad. Like most snake temples, it is nestled in a forest glade, and has over 30,000 images of snakes along the paths and among the trees. It is the largest such temple in Kerala. Women seeking fertility come to worship there, and upon the birth of their child, they come again to hold thanksgiving ceremonies, often bringing new snake images as offerings. [9] Sri Ramakrishna Asram at Haripad is the first one in the State of Kerala established in 1913.

Another main feature of Haripad which attracts even the foreigners is the Payippad Jalolsavam, a three-day water festival conducted on the nearby Payippad Lake. It is believed the current idol of Lord Subrahmanya was brought from Kandalloor with escort of snake boats and vallasadya. Payippad Jalolsavam is conducted to renew this memory. [6]

Government

Haripad is the headquarters of Karthikappally taluk, which includes 18 small villages: Arattupuzha, Cheppad, Cheruthana, Chingoli, Haripad, Kandallor, Mahadevikad, Karthikappally, Karuvatta, Keerikkad, Krishnapuram, Kumarapuram, Muthukulam, Pallippad, Pathiyoor, Puthuppally, Thrikkunnapuzha and Veeyapuram. [3]

These all places come together to form the Haripad Legislative Assembly Constituency. The current MLA of Haripad Assembly Constituency is Shri Ramesh Chennithala of Indian National Congress .

The Haripad Assembly Constituency is part of Alappuzha (Lok Sabha constituency). A.M.Ariff of Communist Party of India(Marxist) is the current MP of Alappuzha. [12]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Kayamkulam Town in Kerala, India

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Payippad Vallaarattu, or Jalotsavam, is a three-day water festival conducted in Payippad Lake, 6 km from Haripad of Kerala state in south India. There is a close relation between this Payippadu Vallam Kali and Haripad Sree Subrahmanya Swamy temple.

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Muthukulam is backwater village near Haripad in Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala.

Pallippad is a village near Haripad in Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. The name Pallippad is believed to be derived from Buddhist terminology.The famous River Achankovil Aar passes by Pallippad before it reaches Veeyapuram. The village has abundant water resources, small lakes, and water paths that connect to Alappuzha.

Ramapuram is a small village in the Karthikappally Taluk of Alappuzha district in Kerala, India.

Haripad Sree Subrahmanya Swamy Temple Hindu temple in Kerala, India

The Sree Subrahmanya Swamy temple (Perumthrikkovil) in Haripad is one of the largest and oldest temples in Kerala. It is dedicated to Subrahmanya Swamy, and is also known as Kerala Palani or Dakshina Palani. It is believed that the temple was established even before the advent of Kali Yuga. It is the largest Subrahmanya Swami Temple in Kerala with longest golden flagpost or dhwajastambha. It is widely believed that Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu also reside in the idol, and thus the deity is considered extremely powerful.

Administration of Alappuzha district

Alappuzha District has four types of administrative hierarchies:

Haripad Assembly constituency Constituency of the Kerala legislative assembly in India

Haripad State assembly constituency is one of the 140 state legislative assembly constituencies in Kerala state in southern India. It is also one of the 7 state legislative assembly constituencies included in the Alappuzha Lok Sabha constituency. As of the 2021 assembly elections, the current MLA is Ramesh Chennithala of INC.

Kumarapuram, Alappuzha Village in Kerala, India

Kumarapuram is a village in Alappuzha District of Kerala State of India. This place is mentioned in the famous Malayalam CBI and is the setting of Oru CBI Diary Kurippu.

References

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  2. 1 2 "Haripad Overview". Blessings on the Net.
  3. 1 2 "About Haripad". Haripad.in.
  4. "Veethi".
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "History of Haripad". Haripad.in.
  6. 1 2 "History of Haripad". Blessings on the Net.
  7. "About Haripad". holidayiq.com.
  8. "Climate in India". topindiatour.com.
  9. 1 2 "Haripad". Touristlink.com.
  10. "Legands". haripadsubrahmanyaswamytemple.com.
  11. "Festivals". haripadsubrahmanyaswamytemple.com.
  12. "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
  13. "Swami Nirmalananda: His life and teachings" (PDF). vivekananda.net.
  14. LexisNexis