Cherthala

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Cherthala
Taluk/Municipality
Nickname: 
കരപ്പുറം
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Cherthala
Location in Kerala, India
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Cherthala
Cherthala (India)
Coordinates: 9°41′13″N76°20′10″E / 9.68694°N 76.33611°E / 9.68694; 76.33611 Coordinates: 9°41′13″N76°20′10″E / 9.68694°N 76.33611°E / 9.68694; 76.33611
Country India
State Kerala
District Alappuzha
Government
   MLA P. Prasad
Area
  Total16.18 km2 (6.25 sq mi)
Elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total45,827
  Rank11 (Cherthala Urban Agglomeration)
  Density2,800/km2 (7,300/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
688524 (town)
Telephone code0478
Vehicle registration KL-32 or KL-04
Sex ratio 1030 /
Lok Sabha constituencyAlappuzha
Vidhan Sabha constituency Cherthala

Cherthala, IPA:  [t͡ʃeːrt̪ːɐlɐ] , (formerly Shertalai, Shertallai or Shertallay) is a Municipal town and a Taluk located at National highway 66 in the district of Alappuzha, in the state of Kerala, India. Cherthala is the satellite town and industrial hub of Kochi

Contents

In the local administration, Cherthala is a municipality, while in the state administrative structure Cherthala is a taluk and its headquarters are in the district of Alappuzha.

Etymology

According to local legend, Vilwamangalam Swamiyar, the Kerala Hindu saint, while travelling through Cherthala, found an idol of the Devi with its head immersed in a muddy pond. The swami understood the divinity of the idol, took it out of the mud, cleaned it and consecrated it in a temple near the pond. Thus the place is believed to have gotten its name as cher meaning "mud" and thala meaning "head" in Malayalam. The deity of the temple has the name Cherthala Karthiyayani. [1]

Climate

Climate data for Cherthala, Kerala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)31.8
(89.2)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
32.7
(90.9)
29.4
(84.9)
28.8
(83.8)
28.8
(83.8)
29.3
(84.7)
29.3
(84.7)
29.9
(85.8)
30.5
(86.9)
31.3
(88.3)
30.5
(86.9)
Average low °C (°F)22.4
(72.3)
23.4
(74.1)
24.8
(76.6)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.2
(73.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23.6
(74.5)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
22.7
(72.9)
23.8
(74.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)25
(1.0)
39
(1.5)
56
(2.2)
145
(5.7)
351
(13.8)
705
(27.8)
621
(24.4)
392
(15.4)
297
(11.7)
317
(12.5)
199
(7.8)
53
(2.1)
3,200
(125.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org [2]

Demographics

According to 2011 census report, Cherthala Municipality had population of 45,827 of which 22,192 are males while 23,635 are females.

Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3988 which is 8.70% of total population of Cherthala (M). In Cherthala Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 1065 against state average of 1084. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Cherthala is around 911 compared to Kerala state average of 964. Literacy rate of Cherthala city is 97.02% higher than state average of 94.00%. In Cherthala, Male literacy is around 98.58% while female literacy rate is 95.59%. [3]

Educational organizations

Industries

Landmarks

Cherthala Town Municipality has 35 wards. [4] The town is well known after the Karthyayani Devi temple, located in the center of the town. Two more sub-temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu are also located on the northern side of the main temple. A sub-temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa, also known as Kaavudayan and another dedicated to Kshethrapalakan believed to be Devi's temple caretaker are located on the southern corner of the main temple. Thousands of devotees coming from different 'karas' (localities) of Cherthala participate in the Padayani, vela thullal and pooram pattu, the main rituals conducted during the temple festival. A large pond exists in front of the Taluk office that belongs to the Karthyayani Devi temple. One can see many roosters flocking around the temple premises. These roosters are the offerings of the devotees, an ancient custom followed in many devi temples of Kerala. The temple is administered by Travancore Devaswom Board.

Cherthala Back waters at 1960s Chertala 1960.jpg
Cherthala Back waters at 1960s

Another temple in Cherthala town is the Muttathu Thirumala Devaswam temple. Lord Narasimha presiding in the form of Saligrama and Sree Venkatachalapathy Moorthy with bhoo devi and sree devi are the deities of this temple. The temple conducts its annual festival either ahead of the Karthyayani Devi's festival or soon after that. The Pallivetta is a procession where it is believed that Goddess is going for the divine hunting. The annual festival lasts for eight days.

Notable people

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References

  1. Namboothiri Websites Calicut (3 October 2003). "Vilwamangalam Swaamiyaar". Namboothiri.com. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  2. "CLIMATE: CHERTALA", Climate-Data.org. Web: .
  3. Cherthala Municipality City Population Census 2011-2021 | Kerala
  4. http://www.cherthalamunicipality.in Cherthala Municipality