Chendamangalam

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Chendamangalam
town
Jewish Synagogue Kottayil Kovilakam North Pravaoor DSC 1891.jpg
Chendamangalam Jewish Synagogue
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Chendamangalam
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Chendamangalam
Coordinates: 10°10′47″N76°12′35″E / 10.1797°N 76.2097°E / 10.1797; 76.2097 Coordinates: 10°10′47″N76°12′35″E / 10.1797°N 76.2097°E / 10.1797; 76.2097
CountryIndia
StateKerala
District Ernakulam
TalukParavur
Area
  Total10.83 km2 (4.18 sq mi)
Population
  Total28,133
  Density2,477/km2 (6,420/sq mi)
Languages
  OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
683512
Telephone code0484
Vehicle registration KL-42
Website http://lsgkerala.in/chendamangalampanchayat
Chennot Shree Venugopalaswamy temple Chennot sree venugopalaswamy temple.jpg
Chennot Shree Venugopalaswamy temple
Puthiyathrikovu Shiva temple ChenthamangalamKunnathurthaliSivaTemple.jpg
Puthiyathrikovu Shiva temple

Chendamangalam (or Chennamangalam) is a small town and a panchayat in Paravur Taluk, Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India.

Contents

Location

It is about 23 km from Ernakulam. It has three rivers, seven inlets, hillocks and large expanses of green plain. The historic city of Kodungallur is about 9 km from the village.

Attractions

The Paliam Palace, residence of the Paliath Achans, hereditary Prime Ministers to the former Maharajas of Kochi, is one of the architectural splendours of Kerala. The Palace is over 450 years old and houses a collection of historic documents and relics.

History

The hillocks at Kottayil Kovilakam are unique as the site of a Hindu temple, a Syrian Christian church, a mosque and a restored Jewish synagogue, [1] all within 1 km of each other. The synagogue was built in 1614 AD and is in a peaceful wooded area. In the courtyard behind the synagogue, it is possible to find old Jewish graves, including one of a Jewish woman, dated 1264 AD.

The Jews arrived in Chendamangalam after the destruction of the second temple and the final desolation of Jerusalem in (AD 69) and founded a colony. They moved to Fort Kochi in 1341 AD after the Great flood. All the 8 synagogues in Kerala built during the recent centuries — located at Chendamangalam, Paravoor, Mala, Kochi and Ernakulam — have similar traditional architectural features:

Also here are remains of the Vypeenakotta Seminary built for Syrians in the 16th century by the Portuguese. Adjacent to the seminary is an old Syrian Catholic Church built in 1201. It is also the site of the first printing press in India.

Chendamangalam was part of Kanayanur taluk, of the erstwhile Cochin State. The panchayat was formed in 1914. Bordered by rivers on the north, east and south, it is a meeting place of cultural diversity. Jews, Christians, Muslims and several of the distinct Hindu castes lived here harmoniously. The presence of immigrant communities like Konkinis (Gowda Saraswatha Brahmins) Moopans (Kudumbis) and the craftsmen categories viz. Kallasari (masons), Marassari (carpenters), Moosari (moulders), Kollan (blacksmiths), Thattan (goldsmiths), Chalian (weavers), and Kusavan (potters) to this day reminds of past industrial and business importance.

The Jewish community migrated to Israel in the 1950s and 1960s. Their synagogue is presently maintained by the archaeology department. There is also an abandoned Jewish cemetery behind the mosque, about 400 m from the synagogue, which has not been restored yet. [2]

Mar Sleeva Church was established in 1075. The special fortified construction of the old block of the church is believed to have been constructed at the time of Tippu Sultan's invasion of Malabar.

Paliyam Satyagraha resulted in the temple entry proclamation in Cochin State. Mattachanda (Barter Market), an annual fair conducted every year on the eve of Vishu, is reminiscent of past history when people came from near and far to buy their domestic needs such as food ingredients, condiments, cutlery, pottery and furniture in exchange for their agricultural produce or hand made products, even though now all transactions are in cash.

From 1663 to 1809, Prime Ministers of Cochin, Paliath Achans, resided at Chendamangalam.

Places of Worship

Synagogue at Kottayil Kovilakam Chendamangalam synagogue.JPG
Synagogue at Kottayil Kovilakam
Mosque at Kottayil Kovilakam Chendamangalam Juma masjid.JPG
Mosque at Kottayil Kovilakam

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, [3] Chendamangalam had a population of 28,133. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Chendamangalam has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 87% and female literacy of 85%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education

Health

Localities

Chendamangalam, Gothuruth, Kottayilkovilakam, Vadakkumpuram, Karimbadam, Kochangady, Kurumbathuruth, Valiya Pazhampilly Thuruth, C P Thuruth, Kizhakkumpuram, Thekkumpuram, Chathedam, Manakodam, Kootukad, Kadalvathuruth, Palathuruth, Kunjvarathurth, Bharanimuku, Kottatal.

Places of interest

The synagogue has been restored and has an exhibit open to visitors from 9:30 to 5:00 during the week. Chendamangalam Synagogue

See also

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References

  1. The Synagogues of Kerala: Architecture
  2. "Minor Synagogues of Kerala". Minor Sights. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  3. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.