Kodanad

Last updated

Kodanad
town
Elephant Kraal, Kodanad.jpg
Elephant Kraal at Kodanad
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kodanad
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kodanad
Kodanad (India)
Coordinates: 10°11′N76°31′E / 10.18°N 76.51°E / 10.18; 76.51 Coordinates: 10°11′N76°31′E / 10.18°N 76.51°E / 10.18; 76.51
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
Population
 (2011)
  Total14,244
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
683544
Telephone code0484
Vehicle registration KL-40
2011 census code627941
Nearest cityCochin

Kodanad is a rural riverside village of Ernakulam district in Kerala, South India. It is 18 km from Angamaly. Kodanad is situated on the south bank of Periyar river, about 42 kilometers east of Kochi. The village is a major tourist destination because it houses an Elephant training center. [1]

Contents

Location

Transportation

Kodanad has got private bus services to places inside and outside Ernakulam District and run into several neighbouring towns. There are frequent bus services to Perumbavoor from here. AutoRickshaws are commonly used for small distances. The nearest railway stations are Angamaly and Aluva. The Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is only 16 km from the Kodanad Elephant training centre. KL-40 is the RTO code for Kunnathunad Taluk and Perumbavoor. Perumbavoor JRTO is at Pattal.

Kodanad is surrounded by many small but populous commuter villages, notably Koovappady, Thottuva, Alattuchira, Panamkuzhy, Cheranalloor, Kurichilakode, Kaprikad, etc. Vallam town, is one of the main interchange points for public transport.

The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport which is about 20 km (12 mi) by road.

History

In the 1950–60s, Kodanad used to be the largest of several elephant training centres for captured elephants from the adjoining forest regions. They were trained using Mahouts, specially skilled people also known as 'Paappaan' in Malayalam language. In the 1970s, there was a ban to elephant capture by Government of India and from then on, Kodanad was primarily used as a rescue training centre. As of 2017, all the animals have been shifted to nearby Abhayaranyam facility.[ citation needed ]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census of India, Kodanad has 3502 households. The literacy rate of the village is 84.63%. [2]

Demographics (2011 Census) [2]
TotalMaleFemale
Population1424470367208
Children aged below 6 years1284655629
Scheduled caste 206610051061
Scheduled tribe 1065353
Literates1205460905964
Workers (all)584240521790
Main workers (total)429732511046
Main workers: Cultivators39735245
Main workers: Agricultural labourers618403215
Main workers: Household industry workers927220
Main workers: Other31902424766
Marginal workers (total)1545801744
Marginal workers: Cultivators1167838
Marginal workers: Agricultural labourers484232252
Marginal workers: Household industry workers1144272
Marginal workers: Others831449382
Non-workers840229845418

Kaprikkad Ecotourism project

Kodanad is in the list of Ecotourism destination projects sponsored by the Government of India. As a part of this project, Kaprikkad, a village lying 3 km adjacent to Kodanad on the river bank has been set up in 2006 for entertaining visitors in the most natural and environmental friendly way.

Abhayaranyam Mini Zoo, Kaprikkad

Most of the animals from Kodanad elephant centre including the elephants have been recently rehabilitated to Kaprikkad, as the part of Ecotourism project named as Abhayaranyam, which is spread across 200 acres of natural forest. The project was inaugurated on 18 February 2011 by the Minister of Forestry and Housing, Shri. Binoy Vishwom. You can find Spotted deers, Sambar deers and young elephants here. [3] Abhayaranyam extends for an area of 2.5 acres on the bank river of river periyar . [4]

Education

Baselius Augen Public School, Kodanad

Places of worship

Temples
Churches

Nearby places

Related Research Articles

Ernakulam district District in Kerala, India

Ernakulam, IPA: [erɐɳɐːguɭɐm]; ISO: Eṟaṇākuḷaṁ, in Malayalam: എറണാകുളം), is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala, that takes its name from the eponymous city division in Kochi. It is situated in the central part of the state, spans an area of about 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), and is home to over 9% of Kerala's population. Its headquarters are located at Kakkanad. The district includes Kochi, also known as the commercial capital of Kerala, which is famous for its ancient Churches, Hindu temples, synagogues and mosques. The district includes the largest metropolitan region of the state: Greater Cochin. Ernakulam is the district that yields the most revenue and the largest number of industries in the state. Ernakulam is the third most populous district in Kerala, after Malappuram and Thiruvananthapuram. The district also hosts the highest number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala state.

Angamaly Kochi UA, Kerala, India

Angamaly (Aṅkamāli), IPA: [ɐŋgɐmɐːli], is a municipality and the northernmost tip of Ernakulam district. Situated about 30 km (19 mi) north of the city centre, the town lies at the intersection of Main Central Road and National Highway 544. MC Road, which starts from Thiruvananthapuram ends at Angamaly at its intersection with NH 544. Also Known as the Airport City as Cochin International Airport is Less than 10KM away from the town of Angamaly.

St. Thomas Syro-Malabar Church, Malayattoor Church in Kerala, India

The St Thomas Syro Malabar Catholic International Shrine, Malayattoor is one of the eight international shrines in the world, situated in Malayattoor Angamaly, Ernakulam district of Kerala, India.

Aluva Region in Kochi City in Kerala, India

Aluva is a region in the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. It is also a part of the Kochi metropolitan area and is situated around 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city center on the banks of Periyar River. A major transportation hub, with easy access to all major forms of transportation, Aluva acts as a corridor which links the highland districts to the rest of Kerala. Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is 11.7 km from Aluva. Aluva is accessible through rail, air, metro along with major highways and roadlines. Aluva KSRTC bus station is an important transport hub in Kerala and one of the busiest stations in central part of the state.

Perumbavoor Neighbourhood in Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Perumbavoor is a historic place located at Bank of Periyar in Ernakulam District in the Indian state of Kerala. It lies in the north-eastern tip of the Greater Cochin area and is also the headquarters of Kunnathunad Taluk. Perumbavoor is famed in the state for wood industries and small-scale industries. Ernakulam lies 30 km southwest of Perumbavoor. The town lies between Angamaly and Muvattupuzha on the Main Central Road (MC), which connects Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly through the old Travancore part of Kerala. Perumbavoor lies in the banks of river Periyar.

Puthenvelikara is a village at North end of the Ernakulam district, situated in the Paravur Taluk of Kerala, India. The Chalakkudy River merges with the Periyar River at Elenthikara in the village of Puthenvelikkara. Puthenvelikkara is on the banks of the river Periyar, Chalakudy and Kottapuram lagoon. It is a centre of agricultural production in the region with its many rice paddy fields.

North Paravur Municipality in Kerala

North Paravur. formerly known as Paravur or Parur, is a municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is a northern suburb of the city of Kochi and is situated around 20 km from the city centre. It is also the first place in India to use electronic voting machine during the by-elections in 1982.

Piravom is a Municipality in Ernakulam district and a suburb of Kochi in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located with in 31 km southeast of Kochi city center, at the boundary of the Ernakulam and Kottayam districts. Piravom is famous for its Hindu temples and Christian churches. Piravom has a river-front, verdant hills, and paddy fields.

Chengamanad, Ernakulam district Town in Kerala, India

Chengamanad is a small town in Aluva, Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India. It is situated on the banks of the river Periyar.

Chowwara Town in Kerala, India

Chowara is a small town in Aluva in the Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India.

Valayanchirangara Village in Kerala, India

Valayanchirangara is a village in the Ernakulam district of Kerala state, India. It is 7 km away from Perumbavoor. The name Valayanchirangara means "Valanja Chirayude Kara", a land on the shore of a curve shaped pond. Valayanchirangara is under Kunnathunadu Taluk and a converging place of three Panchayats: Vengola, Mazhuvanoor and Rayamangalam. Here exists an 'A' graded library, Schools from KG levels to +2, a college under MG University, traditional temples, churches, mosques, Drama theater called Suvarna Theaters, banks, a telephone exchange, post office & electricity board, hospitals, various shops and business ventures. The main central road connecting to NH-47 at Angamaly is ½km away running parallel to Valayanchirangara.

Kunnukara Town in Kerala, India

Kunnukara is a census town and panchayat in Paravur Taluk of Ernakulam district, Kerala, India. The village is situated on the airport road connecting North Paravur (NH66) and Nedumbassery (NH544). North Paravur is the nearest town, 7 km from this village. Aluva (10 km) and Angamaly (12 km) are also near to Kunnukara. Its administrative headquarters is in Kunnukara Town itself. The Mini Civil Station has four hospitals, all the Govt. offices, a Khadi Unit Supermarkets etc.

Panayikulam is a small village which falls in the Alangad Grama Panchayat, Paravur Taluk, Kerala, India. It is just near to Aluva town. A nice place to live in, easily accessible to Aluva Railway Station at 7 km, Nedumbassery International Airport 10 km and the Kochi City at 15 km. It is a preferred residential locality due to its proximity to the industrial areas, viz Binanipuram, Eloor and Kalamassery, where major factories like FACT, HMT, HIL, TCC, Binani, CMRL etc., are situated. Can commute on daily basis to the InfoPark, Kochi which is almost 12 km away. The place is providing its residents with pure water with no salinity in it and plain beautiful land very close to the Periyar River.It is the birthplace of film director/actor Althaf Salim

Kuruppampady Village in Kerala, India

Kuruppampady is situated about five kilometers from Perumbavoor on the Aluva-Munnar road, in Kunnathunad Taluk, Ernakulam district, Kerala, India.

Alattuchira is in Ernakulam district, Kerala, India, is situated 2 km east of Kodanad.

Pallippuram, Ernakulam Village in Kerala, India

Pallippuram is a village on Vypeen island, in Kochi, Kerala, south India. The village is located approximately 25 km from Ernakulam and 20 km from Cochin International Airport. The east border is Periyar River, and the Arabian Sea in the west.

Marampilly is a village in the Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala.

Malayattoor Village in Kerala, India

Malayattoor is a village in Angamaly Block Panchayth. It is situated around 15 km (9 mi) north-east of Angamaly in Ernakulam District in the state of Kerala in South India. The name `Malayattoor' is an amalgamation of three small words. Mala (Mountain) Arr (River) Oore (Place). This is to say, Malayattoor is a meeting place of mountain, river, and land.

Kaprikad is a rural riverside village of Ernakulam district, Kerala, southern India. Kaprikad is situated on the south bank of Periyar river, about 42 kilometers east of Kochi. The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport which is about 18 km (12 mi) by road. The village is a major tourist destination in the district because it houses the Kodanad Abhayaranyam animal shelter and elephant training centre.

Ernakulam district is blessed with all types of transport. It has the most number of Regional Transport Offices in the state.

References

  1. Kurian, Shiba (2015). "Kodanad: The land of elephants". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 26 May 2015.
  2. 1 2 "Ernakulam district census data". 2011 Census of India . Directorate of Census Operations. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  3. http://www.abhayaranyam.com
  4. "Travel".