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|• Official||Malayalam, English|
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Thiruvankulam (Malayalam: തിരുവാങ്കുളം) is a suburb of the city of Kochi, in the state of Kerala, India. It is a part of Tripunithura Municipality and Kochi metropolitan area. In the days of the Kochi and Travancore kingdoms, Thiruvankulam was a border village. The Kavaleeshwaram stream, now a canal, separated the two kingdoms. The Kochi - Madurai National Highway (NH 49) passes through Thiruvankulam. It is a major fork junction on the highway from Kochi, going east towards Muvattupuzha and south towards Kottayam. Karingachira serves as a terminus of the Airport–Seaport road connecting Nedumbaseery and the Kochi port.
Though Thiruvankulam was an idyllic village, its proximity to the city as well as industrial areas comprising the Kochi refineries and allied industries have contributed to its growth. The economic spurt in Kochi has resulted in Thiruvankulam emerging as a preferred residential area. This has resulted in a large increase in the village population, bringing it into a status of a small town.
The name "Thiruvankulam" is derived from the word Thiru-vayaram-kulam.[ citation needed ] The legend behind this name is related to Lord Shiva and Parasurama Muni. The Siva temple at Thiruvankulam is one out of four other Siva temples, Parasurama Muni had built consecutively. Other 3 temples are Kureekkad, Perunninakulam and Trikkathara. It is believed that Muni saw Siva lying spread across all these places. So he built temples at places where he saw Siva’s head, nabhi, stomach and leg. The "Prathishta" in Thrivankulam Temple is considered as "Swayambhoo" - self-born.
Thiruvankulam is a census town in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. As of 2001 India census,Thiruvankulam had a population of 21,713. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Thiruvankulam has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 88%, and female literacy is 84%. In Thiruvankulam, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Thiruvankulam was administered by a special grade panchayat (village or non-urban habitation) under the Kerala Panchayati Raj Act. In 2010, as a result of the re-organization of administrative divisions in Kerala, Thiruvankulam panchayat merged with the neighbouring Tripunithura Municipality. But it is notable that Thiruvankulam is still part of the Piravom assembly constituency.
Hill Palace is a large archaeological museum in Kerala situated in Thirivankulam. It was the administrative office of the princely state of Kochi. Built in 1865, the palace complex that occupies a hill consists of 49 buildings in the traditional architectural style, spreading across in 54 acres (220,000 m2). The complex has an archaeological museum, a heritage museum, a deer park, a 'prehistoric' park and a children’s park. The land surrounding the Hill Palace has rare Medicinal Plants as it used to be a medicinal garden nurtured by the royal gardeners.
The palace has been converted into a museum and is open to public all days except Mondays from 9:00 am to 12:30 pm and 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm.
A Jacobite Syrian Church was built in 722 AD near Hill Palace, Tripunitura. The church is named after Saint George. The Katthanar (Vicar) of Karingachira was considered the representative of the Nazarani community of the erstwhile Cochin State. The Saint Parumala Thirumeni was ordained as a deacon in this church in 1857 AD.
This church was elevated as a Cathedral by Patriarch Ignatius Zakka I Iwas in 2004.
The village is home to large petroleum corporations as well as numerous small scale and cottage industries. TRACO Cable Company, a cable manufacturer, as well major oil corporations like BPCL, IOC, HPCL have their presence there. Agriculture, though it has fallen from the status of the prime means of livelihood in Thiruvankulam, is still in good shape. The major produces include coconuts, arecanuts, nutmeg, and pepper. Rice cultivation is on the decline.
Most people are employed in the city of Kochi, major employers being the Kochi Refineries, HOC, FACT and the government of Kerala.[ citation needed ]
Chendamangalam is a small town and a panchayat in Paravur Taluk, Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India.
Ernakulam is a district of Kerala, India situated in the central part of that state. Spanning an area of about 2,407 km2, Ernakulam district is home to over 12% of Kerala’s population. Its headquarters is located at Kakkanad, Thrikkakkara municipality in Ernakulam. Ernakulam district includes Kochi city, which is known as the commercial capital of Kerala. The district is famous for its ancient temples, churches, and mosques. The district includes the largest metropolitan region of the state, Greater Cochin. Ernakulam district is the highest revenue yielding district and the district with most number of industries in the state, and hence called the financial, industrial and commercial capital of Kerala. All these factors make Ernakulam district to contribute around 60% of the annual state revenue. It is the third most populous district in Kerala, after Malappuram and Thiruvananthapuram .. Ernakulam district also hosts the highest number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala state.
Nedumangad is a Major Town and municipality in Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area of Thiruvananthapuram district in the Indian state of Kerala, It's also the headquarters of Nedumangad (tehsil) and Nedumangad Revenue Division (RDO). It is a suburb of the extended metropolitan region of Thiruvananthapuram city. It is located around 18 km to the north-east of Thiruvananthapuram city on the Thiruvananthapuram — Shencottah. It is an Important commercial center in the district. It is a growing commercial, educational hub and important Government institutions are situated in the Town. Nedumangadu Market is one of the Important Market in Kerala. It is an important centre for the commercial trade in Hill products Such as pepper and rubber. A wholesale market set up by the Department of Agriculture is also situated there.
Thrippunithura or Tripunithura is a prominent historical and residential region in the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. Located about 8 km (5 mi) from the city centre, Tripunithura was the capital of the erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin. The descendants of the Cochin royal family still live here. The Hill Palace situated in Tripunithura was the palace of Maharaja of Cochin, the ruler of Kingdom of Cochin.
Puthenvelikkara is a village in the Paravur Taluk Ernakulam district of Kerala, India. The Chalakkudy River merges with the Periyar River at Elenthikara in the village of Puthenvelikkara. Puthenvelikkara is on the banks of the river Periyar, Chalakudy and Kottapuram lagoon. It is a centre of agricultural production in the region with its many rice paddy fields.
Ernakulam refers to the central, mainland portion of the city of Kochi in central Kerala, India and has lent its name to the Ernakulam district. The Kerala High Court, the office of the Kochi Municipal Corporation and the Cochin Stock Exchange are situated here. The Ernakulam Junction is a major railway station of the Indian Railways. Initially, Ernakulam was the headquarters of the Ernakulam District but was later shifted to Kakkanad. Ernakulam was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin. It is located 220 kilometres (137 mi) north-west of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The city has served as an incubator for many Malayali entrepreneurs and is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala.
Kalamassery is municipality in the Ernakulam district and a major industrial region in the city of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. It houses companies like Apollo Tyres and HMT; IT/Electronics Parks like KINFRA Hi Tech Park, Startup Village, and Electronics City. Kalamassery is also home to establisments like Ernakulam Medical College, Cochin University of Science and Technology, and National University of Advanced Legal Studies. The Thrikkakara temple, Unichira and Eloor industrial township, are in the vicinity of Kalamassery.
Chengamanad is a small town in Aluva, Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India. It is situated on the banks of the river Periyar.
Kadungalloor is a census town, just 1km from Aluva Town, It is in Paravur Taluk, Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. The industrial estate of Muppathadam and Edayar is situated in this panchayat. Pottuvellari is widely cultivated in this panchayat. Panchayat consists of notable peoples in cultural and local arts. Famous personalities include actor Sathar,writer Sethu and award-winning Malayalam novelist Gracy. Recently Kadungallor panchayath, previously in Paravur Taluk joined Aluva Taluk. Muppathadam is the main Commercial Center of Kadungalloor.
Kumarapuram is a panchayat town in Kanyakumari district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Maradu is a region in the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. It is located at about 7 km (4.3 mi) from the city center. It was formed in May 1953 as a Grama Panchayath and was upgraded to the level of municipality in November 2010. National highways NH 85, NH 966 B and NH 66 passes through Maradu and has played a vital role in the development of the area. Maradu is well connected by waterways as well.
Mulanthuruthy, also spelt Mulamthuruthy, is a south-eastern suburb of the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. A historic Marthoman church is located here. Chottanikkara Temple is situated nearby.
Pattuvam is a village in Kannur district, Kerala, India. It is bounded by Kuppam river on the north-west-south directions. It shares border with Taliparamba municipality on the east. A joint-less bridge over Kuppam river which connects Pattuvam to Kottakkeel of Ezhome village in northwest direction was inaugurate by Chief Minister of Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan in January 2017.
Hill Palace is the largest archeological museum in Kerala, located at Tripunithura, Kochi. It was the imperial administrative office and official residence of Cochin Maharaja. Built in 1865, the palace complex consists of 49 buildings in the traditional architectural style, spreading across 54 acres (220,000 m2). The complex has an archaeological museum, a heritage museum, a deer park, a pre-historic park and a children’s park. The campus of the museum is home to several rare species of medicinal plants. Presently the palace has been converted into a museum by The Kerala State Archaeology Department and is open to public. The palace is about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the city centre and is approachable by road and rail.
Eroor is a suburb of the city of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. It is located at around 7 km from the city center.
Vallikkunnu is a village in Malappuram district in the state of Kerala, India with an area of 25 km2. Its latitude and longitude are 11'07" N and 7'51"E respectively. Vallikkunnu was awarded the best panchayath of Kerala in 1997.
Irumpanam or Irimpanam is an important industrial region in the city of Kochi in the Indian state of Kerala. Located about 9 km (5.5 mi) from the city centre, it is a part of Tripunithura Municipality and lies between Tripunithura and Kakkanad. The Seaport-Airport Road passes through this place. Oil giants like Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum have plants located at Irumpanam.
Tripunithura railway station is a railway terminal located at Tripunithura, Kochi, in the Indian state of Kerala.The station is on the rail route between Thiruvananthapuram Central and Ernakulam Junction via Kottayam.
Chakkamkulangara Siva Temple is an ancient Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and Devi Parvathi is situated at Thrippunithura of Ernakulam District in Kerala state in India. The Chakkamkulangara temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva however temple is equally famous for the Navagraha pratishta. The Lord Shiva of the temple represents the Swayamvara moorthy though originally it was in the form of "Mrityunjaya" in his fierce ('ugra') form, facing west, featuring eight hands with various attributes. Thrippunithura is one of the Brahmin settlement in the ancient Kerala and Capital of Cochin kingdom. The temple structure is made kerala-dravidian architecture style and is more than 1000 years old. According to folklore, sage Parasurama has installed the idol of Lord Shiva. The sage Parasurama is the sixth incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu. The temple is a part of the famous 108 Shiva temples of Kerala and references to this temple (Adampalli) is found in 108 Shivalaya sothram.