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Location in Kerala, India
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Mallappally (India)
Coordinates: 10°01′50″N76°40′31″E / 10.0305000°N 76.675270°E / 10.0305000; 76.675270 Coordinates: 10°01′50″N76°40′31″E / 10.0305000°N 76.675270°E / 10.0305000; 76.675270
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
  Total24.34 km2 (9.40 sq mi)
  Density790/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code91-485
Vehicle registration KL 17 for Muvaattupuzha, KL 44 for Kothamangalam

Pothanikkad or Pothanicad is a village in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. [1] It's also the first village to achieve 100% literacy in India. However, In 2011, literacy rate of Mallappally village was 96.92 % compared to 94.00 % of Kerala, the highest in India. In Mallappally Male literacy stands at 96.85 % while female literacy rate was 96.99 %. [2] Back to the village, the name Pothanikkad derives from the Malayalam words poth, meaning buffalo, anaa, meaning elephant, and kaddu, meaning forest, as it was originally a forest with wild buffalos and elephants. Now, this small village has developed into one of the most educated and culturally advanced villages in Kerala. St. Mary's High School is the oldest high school in Pothanicad, where very prominent people in the society and many local politicians have been educated. St. John's Higher Secondary school Pulinthanam is a pioneering educational institution in the village. A government Lower Primary school and two other private Senior Secondary High schools, following CBSE curriculum, also provides better educational opportunities for the young community.

Pothanikkad is 16 km away from Thommankuthu Water Falls , the nearest tourist location and approximately 22 km from well known Thattekad Bird Sanctuary near Kothamangalam. It is also known for churches like Pothanicad St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Church, Ummanikkunnu St. Mary's Orthodox Syrian Church and St Xavier's Catholic Church. The village is also known for the festival of ‘ilaneerattam’ hosted by the Thrikkeppadi Sri Mahadev Temple.

Prominent Indian industrialist C J George hails from Pothanikkad.


As of 2011 India census, Pothanikkad had a population of 19,309 with 9,620 males and 9,689 females. [3]

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  1. "Census of India : Villages with population 5000 & above". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 December 2008.
  2. "Kerala State - [ERNAKULAM] Gods Own Country... Provides info on Kerala, Kerala India, Kerala news, Kerala hotels, Malayalam news, Kerala resorts, Kerala history".
  3. "District Census Handbook 2011: Ernakulam" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. 2011. p. 217.