Aroor

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Aroor
Suburb of Kochi city
Aroor bypass.jpg
Aroor bypass
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Aroor
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
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Aroor
Aroor (India)
Coordinates: 9°53′N76°18′E / 9.88°N 76.3°E / 9.88; 76.3 Coordinates: 9°53′N76°18′E / 9.88°N 76.3°E / 9.88; 76.3
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Alappuzha
Government
   MLA Daleema
   MP A.M. Ariff
Area
  Total15.15 km2 (5.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total39,214
  Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
688534
Telephone code0478
Vehicle registration KL-32
Lok Sabha constituency Alappuzha
Niyamasabha constituency Aroor
A beautiful sunrise from Aroor bridge Sunrise Beauty of Nature.jpg
A beautiful sunrise from Aroor bridge
St. Augustine's Church, Aroor Aroor Church.JPG
St. Augustine's Church, Aroor
Aroor-Edakochi bridge, a night view Edakochi Aroor Bridge a night view DSW.JPG
Aroor-Edakochi bridge, a night view
A seafood export processing plant at Aroor. The coldstorage shipment containers are seen in the front of the plant. Aroorseafood.jpg
A seafood export processing plant at Aroor. The coldstorage shipment containers are seen in the front of the plant.

Aroor is a census town at the northern end of Alappuzha district and the southern suburb of the city of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. It is a seafood related industrial area of Alleppey district, and acts as the Southern entry point into Kochi city.

Contents

Aroor is at present a municipality located just south of Kochi Urban Agglomeration. It is expected to be a part of Kochi UA in the upcoming census, since its urban growth is now continuous with Kochi city.

Location

Aroor is the northernmost tip of Alappuzha district and lies on the National Highway 66 at the south end of Kochi Bypass. It is around 14km south of Ernakulam, the city centre of Kochi, [1] which is the largest city in Kerala [2] widely known as its commercial hub.

Aroor is linked to the nearby land Kumbalam island in Kochi, through a bridge. The Aroor-Kumbalam Bridge is the second-longest bridge (now the bridge is doubled with four-lane traffic) in Kerala, spanning about 993 m. It links Aroor with Kochi city at Kumbalam through the Kochi Bypass. The bypass opened to traffic in 1987.

St. Augustine's Church is a major attraction, on the highway in the heart of Aroor. The parish is also the part of Mundamveli Parish and separated in the early 1900s. The saint, originally from Africa, has been given an almost Aroorian identity, with countless stories of how he takes a walk around Aroor at night with his staff, visiting every neighbourhood, to keep the place safe. The current church, over 138 years old, was built on land donated by the Aelavanthara family. [3]

Demographics

As of 2011 Indian census, [4] Aroor had a population of 39,214. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Its average literacy rate is of 84% higher than the national average of 59.5%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

YearMaleFemaleTotal PopulationChangeReligion (%)
HinduMuslimChristianSikhsBuddhistJainOther religions and persuasionsReligion not stated
2001 [5] 174441783935283-61.7012.2026.050.000.020.000.010.02
2011 [6] 19431197833921411.14%58.8114.3026.750.010.010.000.020.10

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History

The name "Aroor" traces its origins to the phrase "Arayarude Oor", which means the place of Hindu fishermen, mainly the sub class Vaalarayar or Vaala, deriving their name from their unique fishing equipment, "Dragon Tailed" (Vaal in Malayalam) net used in their legal fishery. It was later shortened as "Arayaroor" and subsequently to the present version.

Aroor provides the former Travancore and Cochin states with a history. In the pre-independence days, the coastal tip was known for its adventurous youngsters who would try to get goods past the vigilant customs (one state to another). Much later, in independent India, Aroor was famous for having elected K. R. Gowri Amma, the indomitable lady politician of Kerala, for a record of eight times, to the Kerala Legislative Assembly position.

Temples

Aroor Puthuvaranad Temple is a famous temple in Aroor. The idol of Kali is similar to the Kali idol of Dakshineswaram Kolkatha. The temple belongs to the Chirammel Kambakkaran Family, the landlords in Aroor. Hundreds of acres of land were surrendered during the time of land reforms.

Aroor Karthyayani Temple is another main temple in Aroor. The name "Aroor" is derived from this temple. It is on the National Highway. Arookutty road starts from the Aroor junction. Aroor Cheruvally Temple and the Kavu with the temple, known as Paradevatha Kavu and Kizhakkedathu Kavu are scenic attractions in the temple. The banyan tree at the southwestern corner of the temple, and the Ganapathi idol known as the Aaltharra Ganapathi, are other attractions of the temple. The Ganapathi idol is similar to the idol of Pillayarpatti Ganapathi. Pillayara patti is a place near Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu. Kottilakkattu Kudumpa Paradevatha is also near the Cheruvally Temple. The long Pala Maram of the Devasthanam is a main attraction. Aroor Vattakkeril Temple is the secular temple of Aroor. The Garuda Vahana Ezhunnalleth and Thadi Thullal are the main attractions in the festival.

Politics

Aroor assembly constituency is part of Alappuzha (Lok Sabha constituency).

Prominent hospitals

Industries

Seafood export is a major industry of the area, given that Aroor is near Vembanad lake, a part of Kerala backwaters. This ecosystem helps large-scale prawn and shrimp farming to be an alternative to the low-lying paddy fields, which have the interlocked water system connected to the Kerala backwaters. Secondly the Cochin fishing harbour and port is just 15 km away from Aroor. The abundance of marine wealth and logistical advantages have helped the seafood export to grow, especially around Aroor. There are many marine food processing units in Aroor which provide employment to a number of people. The raw seafood catch is also purchased by large seafood export firms from North Kerala, Kollam, South Karnataka, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu, processed and preserved in cold storages, and then trans-shipped through Cochin port.

Another large business is Keltron Controls, [7] which is the control and instrumentation division of Keltron

Related Research Articles

Alappuzha district District in Kerala, India

Alappuzha district, is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala. It was formed as Alleppey district on 17 August 1957, the name of the district being changed to Alappuzha in 1990, and is the smallest district of Kerala. Alleppey town, the district headquarters, was renamed Alappuzha in 2012, even though the anglicised name is still commonly used to describe the town as well as the district.

Ernakulam district District in Kerala, India

Ernakulam, IPA: [erɐɳɐːguɭɐm]; ISO: Eṟaṇākuḷaṁ, in Malayalam: എറണാകുളം), is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala, that takes its name from the eponymous city division in Kochi. It is situated in the central part of the state, spans an area of about 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), and is home to over 9% of Kerala's population. Its headquarters are located at Kakkanad. The district includes Kochi, also known as the commercial capital of Kerala, which is famous for its ancient Churches, Hindu temples, synagogues and mosques. The district includes the largest metropolitan region of the state: Greater Cochin. Ernakulam is the district that yields the most revenue and the largest number of industries in the state. Ernakulam is the third most populous district in Kerala, after Malappuram and Thiruvananthapuram. The district also hosts the highest number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala state.

Perumbavoor Neighbourhood in Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Perumbavoor is a historic place located at Bank of Periyar in Ernakulam District in the Indian state of Kerala. It lies in the north-eastern tip of the Greater Cochin area and is also the headquarters of Kunnathunad Taluk. Perumbavoor is famed in the state for wood industries and small-scale industries. Ernakulam lies 30 km southwest of Perumbavoor. The town lies between Angamaly and Muvattupuzha on the Main Central Road (MC), which connects Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly through the old Travancore part of Kerala. Perumbavoor lies in the banks of river Periyar.

Alappuzha City in Kerala, India

Alappuzha also known as Alleppey is the administrative headquarters of Alappuzha district in state of Kerala, India

Cheranallur Suburb in Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Cheranallur or Cheranellore or Cheranelloor is a suburb of Kochi city in the state of Kerala, India and lies on the banks of the Periyar River. According to tradition, the area was named by its earlier inhabitants who found this place very fertile and beautiful. The name in its local language Malayalam means "Good Village of Cheras".

Chittur-Thathamangalam Municipality in Kerala, India

Chittur-Tattamangalam is a green town in Palakkad district of Kerala State, India. It is the headquarters of Chittur taluk, 13 km (8.1 mi) away from Palakkad towards the south-east, on the banks of Kannadipuzha, a major headstream of Bharathapuzha, the second longest river in Kerala. It was once part of the erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin.

Panavally Cherthala in Kerala, India

Panavally is a village in India that is north part of Cherthala taluk and Alappuzha district in Kerala state. It is about 25 minutes(19km) drive from Kochi city.

Kuthiathode Village in Kerala, India

Kuthiathode is a gram panchayat in Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala.

Chandiroor is a village in Alappuzha district, Kerala, India. It is situated on National Highway 47 between Eramalloor and Aroor. It is under Aroor Assembly constituency and Alappuzha Parliamentary constituency. It was part of the Travancore kingdom. Chandiroor is the Birthplace of Navajyothy Sree Karunakara Guru Founder of Santhigiri Ashram. Chandiroor is known as Siddha village in Kerala. It is also the birthplace of megastar Mammootty.

National Waterway 3 National waterway of India

The West Coast Canal or National Waterway No 3 is a 205-km stretch of this inland navigational route located in Kerala, India and runs from Kollam to Kottapuram and was declared a National Waterway in 1993. In addition to the main stretch, Champakara and Udyogmandal canals are navigable and connect the industrial centers of Kochi to Kochi port Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) under the Ministry of Shipping is coordinating the task for developing, monitoring and administering national waterways. It is the first National Waterway in the country with 24-hour navigation facilities along the entire stretch. It has been extended to Kozhikode as per National Waterways Act, 2016. The National Waterway 3 is passing mainly through the alignment of erstwhile Thiruvananthapuram–Shoranur canal.

Thevara is a place in central Kochi in Kerala, India.

Nettoor is a region in the city of Kochi. It is around 5 km (3.1 mi) from Vytilla Junction and around 8 km (5.0 mi) from Ernakulam Junction Railway Station. Nettoor is located on Panangad Island and is a part of Maradu Municipality.

Kochi Bypass Segment of highway in Kerala, India

The Kochi Bypass is a segment of NH66(National Highway 66) that bypasses the CBD of the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. The highway stretches 17 km from Edapally in the Ernakulam district to Aroor in Alappuzha district, via. Palarivattom, Vyttila, Kundannoor, Madavana, Kumbalam. The Government of Kerala began the preliminary works in 1973. After a slow progress, it was partially opened for traffic in the beginning years of the 1980s. The section between Edapally and Vyttila had four lanes from the beginning. The rest of the carriageway was also upgraded to different sections of 4 lane, 5lane and 6 lanes by 2010

Edakochi is one of the oldest districts in southern Kochi, India. It borders Palluruthy to the northwest and is separated from Aroor to the south and Kumbalam, Ernakulam to the east by the Kerala backwaters.

Parayakad, Alappuzha is a village in Kuthiathode gram panchayat, India. in Cherthala Taluk in Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. There is another place known as Parayakad or Parayad in Ernakulum District. This is a small area / block (muri) in Chittattukara Village in North Paravoor. Parayakad Village in Alleppey district is listed in the Central Government Indian Village Directory. Kuthiathode comes under the Pattanakad Block in Aroor Assembly constituency.

Pallithode is a village in the Alappuzha district, in the state of Kerala, India, on the shores of the Arabian Sea. Pallithode is within the Gram Panchayat of Kuthiathode, Pattanakad Block, of Cherthala Taluk. During the 20th century, more than half of its width was eroded away by the action of river backwaters and the sea. The village is very densely populated and has a wet, maritime tropical climate. It has an important role in the fishing industry.

Ernakulam–Kayamkulam coastal line Railway line runs along coastal areas of Alappuzha

Ernakulam–Kayamkulam coastal line is a railway line which runs along the coastal areas of Alappuzha, Ernakulam districts in Kerala state of India. The coastal railway line starts as a branch line from Ernakulam Junction railway station towards Alappuzha and joins with the route via Kottayam at Kayamkulam Junction. This is the only main track in Kerala yet to be doubled and the single line traffic causes major delays in the route. The coastal line has a total distance of 102 km (63 mi).

The following are some of the industries in Cherthala, Kerala, India.

Panangad is a suburban village in Kochi, Kerala state in India. It lies in the skirts of Kochi Bypass. Located only 7.5 km from Vytilla junction and accessible through the national highway 66(N.H.66) by taking a left from Madavana junction while travelling south along the Kochi Bypass. Panangad is one of the suburban villages that make up the urban agglomeration of Kochi.

References

  1. Google map
  2. ": आवासन और शहरी कार्य मंत्रालय, भारत सरकार". Mohua.gov.in. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  3. Website of St. Augustine's Church Archived 14 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  4. "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
  5. Census India 2001.
  6. Census India 2011.
  7. Keltron Controls Archived 2010-06-19 at the Wayback Machine