Aroor

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Aroor
Aroor bypass.jpg
Aroor bypass
India Kerala location map.svg
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Aroor
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Aroor
Aroor (India)
Coordinates: 9°53′N76°18′E / 9.88°N 76.3°E / 9.88; 76.3
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Alappuzha
Area
  Total15.15 km2 (5.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total39,214
  Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
688534
Telephone code0478
Vehicle registration KL-32
Lok Sabha constituency Alappuzha
Niyamasabha constituency Aroor
Aroor-Edakochi bridge, a night view Edakochi Aroor Bridge a night view DSW.JPG
Aroor-Edakochi bridge, a night view

Aroor is a fishing village located at the northern end of Alappuzha district in Cherthala taluk of Kerala, India. It lies on both sides of National Highway 66 and acts as an entry point between Kochi and Alappuzha. Surrounded by Vembanad, Kaithappuzha, and Kumbalangi backwaters, Aroor is known for its seafood export industry. [1] The Aroor-Kumbalam Bridge is the second-longest bridge in Kerala.

Contents

History

Sunrise from Aroor bridge Sunrise Beauty of Nature.jpg
Sunrise from Aroor bridge

The name "Aroor" traces its origins to the phrase "Arayarude Oor", which means the place of Hindu fishermen, mainly the sub class Vaalarayar or Vaala, deriving their name from their unique fishing equipment, "Dragon Tailed" (Vaal in Malayalam) net used in their legal fishery. It was later shortened as "Arayaroor" and subsequently to the present version.

Location

Aroor is the northernmost tip of Alappuzha district. The Aroor-Kumbalam Bridge is the second-longest bridge (now the bridge is doubled with four-lane traffic) in Kerala, spanning about 993 m.The bypass opened to traffic in 1987.

Politics

Aroor assembly constituency is part of Alappuzha (Lok Sabha constituency). Aroor is known for having elected K. R. Gowri Amma for a record of eight times to the Kerala Legislative Assembly.

Industries

A seafood export processing plant. Aroor is known for its seafood industry. Aroorseafood.jpg
A seafood export processing plant. Aroor is known for its seafood industry.

Seafood export is a major industry of the area, given that Aroor is near Vembanad lake, a part of Kerala backwaters. This ecosystem helps large-scale prawn and shrimp farming to be an alternative to the low-lying paddy fields, which have the interlocked water system connected to the Kerala backwaters. Secondly the Cochin fishing harbour and port is just 15 km away from Aroor. The abundance of marine wealth and logistical advantages have helped the seafood export to grow, especially around Aroor. There are many marine food processing units in Aroor which provide employment to a number of people. The raw seafood catch is also purchased by large seafood export firms from North Kerala, Kollam, South Karnataka, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu, processed and preserved in cold storages, and then trans-shipped through Cochin port.

Another large business is Keltron Controls, [2] which is the control and instrumentation division of Keltron.

Demographics

As of 2011 Indian census, [3] Aroor had a population of 39,214. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Its average literacy rate is of 84% higher than the national average of 59.5%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

YearMaleFemaleTotal PopulationChangeReligion (%)
HinduMuslimChristianSikhsBuddhistJainOther religions and persuasionsReligion not stated
2001 [4] 174441783935283-61.7012.2026.050.000.020.000.010.02
2011 [5] 19431197833921411.14%58.8114.3026.750.010.010.000.020.10

Prominent hospitals

Religious institutions

St. Augustine's Church Aroor Church.JPG
St. Augustine's Church

St. Augustine's Church under Diocese of Cochin is a major attraction, on the highway in the heart of Aroor. The parish is also the part of Mundamveli Parish and separated in the early 1900s. The saint, originally from Africa, has been given an almost Aroorian identity, with countless stories of how he takes a walk around Aroor at night with his staff, visiting every neighbourhood, to keep the place safe. The current church, over 138 years old, was built on land donated by the Aelavanthara family. [6]

Aroor Puthuvaranad Temple is a famous temple in Aroor. The idol of Kali is similar to the Kali idol of Dakshineswaram Kolkatha. Aroor Karthyayani Temple is another main temple in Aroor. The name "Aroor" is derived from this temple.[ citation needed ] It is on the National Highway. Arookutty road starts from the Aroor junction. Aroor Cheruvally Temple and the Kavu with the temple, known as Paradevatha Kavu and Kizhakkedathu Kavu are scenic attractions in the temple. The banyan tree at the southwestern corner of the temple, and the Ganapathi idol known as the Aaltharra Ganapathi, are other attractions of the temple. The Ganapathi idol is similar to the idol of Pillayarpatti Ganapathi. Pillayara patti is a place near Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu. Kottilakkattu Kudumpa Paradevatha is also near the Cheruvally Temple. The long Pala Maram of the Devasthanam is a main attraction. Aroor Vattakkeril Temple is the secular temple of Aroor. The Garuda Vahana Ezhunnalleth and Thadi Thullal are the main attractions in the festival.

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The following are some of the industries in Cherthala, Kerala, India.

References

  1. "Revenue Portal". village.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 9 April 2024.
  2. Keltron Controls Archived 2010-06-19 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
  4. Census India 2001.
  5. Census India 2011.
  6. Website of St. Augustine's Church Archived 14 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine