Kundara

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Kundara
Kundara
Census Town
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Clockwise from top: Technopark Kollam, Kundara ValiyaPally, Kundara Proclamation Memorial, Kundara ALIND - Aluminium Industries Limited, Kundara railway station(KUV), Ashtamudi Lake near Kundara
Coordinates: 8°59′48.84″N76°52′19.56″E / 8.9969000°N 76.8721000°E / 8.9969000; 76.8721000 Coordinates: 8°59′48.84″N76°52′19.56″E / 8.9969000°N 76.8721000°E / 8.9969000; 76.8721000
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Government
  Type Panchayati Raj (India)
  BodyKundara Grama Panchayat
Area
  Total11.07 km2 (4.27 sq mi)
Elevation
37 m (121 ft)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total14,651
  Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
691501
Telephone code+91 (0)474
ISO 3166 code IN-KL
Vehicle registration KL-02
Nearest city Kollam (13 km)
Sex ratio 1096 /
Literacy93.99%
Civic agencyKundara Panchayat
Climate Am/Aw (Köppen)
Avg. annual temperature27.2 °C (81.0 °F)
Avg. summer temperature35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature24.4 °C (75.9 °F)

Kundara is a census town in Kerala and is part of the Kollam Metropolitan Area, India. [2] Kundara is situated 13 km east of Kollam city, 14 km west of Kottarakkara, and 24 km north of Paravur. Kundara is significant for its historic involvement in the Indian independence movement. [3]

Contents

Kundara was once the industrial hub of Southern Kerala, which was the home to prominent industrial companies including Kerala Electrical and Allied Engineering Company, The Aluminium Industries Limited, Kundara(commonly known as ALIND), The Kerala Ceramics Limited and the Lakshmi Starch company. Many of these companies have closed down or turned into sick industries. Kundara is attempting to revive this industrial tradition and glory of bygone era now by developing Technopark Kollam and The Kerala Ceramics Limited. [4] [5] [6]

Kundara is also famous for backwater fishing since it is located on the shores of Kanjiracode Lake, a branch of Ashtamudi Lake. This lake recently received Marine Stewardship council recognition for sustainable fishing. [7]

History

Kundara has a prominent place in the history of Kerala and the independence struggle of India. The place witnessed the historic Kundara proclamation made by then Dalava of Travancore, Velu Thampi Dalawa on 1809 January 11. [8]

Kundara Proclamation

Velu Thambi Dalawa, the Prime Minister/Diwan (Dalava) to King Balarama Varma of Travancore in present-day Kerala was one of the earliest opponents of British rule. Velu Thampi dalawa in January 1809 made a proclamation known as the Kundara Proclamation. It was an open call to arms, exhorting the common people to rise up against the British and to overthrow them. There was a massive response to his rallying call. Dalawa had to commit suicide on exile later at Mannadi near Adoor. [9]

In the year 2007, the then Education Minister of Kerala, Shri. M A Baby, unveiled the 'Kundara Vilambaram' memorial at Ellampallor from where the proclamation was made two centuries ago. [10]

The memorial of Kundara Proclamation near Elamballoor, Kundara Kundara Vilambaram Memorial.jpg
The memorial of Kundara Proclamation near Elamballoor, Kundara
Religion in Kundara [11]
ReligionPercentage
Hinduism
63%
Islam
18%
Christianity
18%
Others
1%
Distribution of religions
Includes Not Stated, Sikhs (<0.01%), Buddhists (<0.01%).

Industrial history

Since early days Kundara developed as a market place for trade due to 21 feet wide Quilon Sengotta Road that connected Travancore to Madras Presidency and proximity to water transport through Ashtamudi Lake. In 1904 the Kollam-Sengottai rail line opened up through Kundara. This development facilitated ease of transportation of man, machine and raw material for industrial production to Kollam through rail line from Madras.

In the 1920s Cashew industry boomed in and around Kollam. This gave the first taste of modern industry to Kundara and adjoining areas.

In the 1930s an industrialist hailing from Virudhunagar named Natarajan started a factory for producing Caustic Soda and Bleaching powder named Vellimon Alkalies limited. This unit availed help from German technicians and the return of experts due to World War II forced conversion of this industrial unit to cotton for brief period and later on 1946, it got converted to Laxmi Starch Ltd, Kundara. It was Asia's largest starch factory during its helmdays. In late 1980s labour unrest and electricity shortage led to fall of this industry.

Kundara had abundant reserves of China-clay the key raw material for Ceramic and Porcelain. In 1937 during reign of Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma the clay processing industry was started in Kundara. In the 1960s this developed into The Kerala Ceramics Limited. [12]

The backbone of modern industrialisation of Kundara was setting up of a 66kV Electrical substation at Kundara on 3 May 1940 which complemented the Pallivasal project, the first hydroelectric project in Kerala. [13] This was part of the network of first eight substations established in Travancore between Thrissur and Trivandrum in order to transmit hydroelectricity generated to households towns and industries. The Kundara substation was later upgraded to 220kV capacity and today it is vital in providing electricity to Kollam City and Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line of Southern Railways.

The power of availability of cheap hydroelectricity in Kundara then was such that, it prompted the famous Nobel Laureate, C. V. Raman and his close associate, P. Krishnamurti to set up the first ever unit of their newly formed company, Travancore Chemical & Manufacturing Company Ltd (TCM Ltd) at Kundara in 1943. [14] The unit produced Potassium chlorate an ingredient used in Safety match. [15] This unit once existed near Elampalloor Masjid on present day NH 183 and today it no longer exist

The setting up of substation also helped start Aluminium Industry in Kundara. On the invitation of C. P. Ramaswami Iyer the Diwan of travancore, on 2 January 1946, Seshasayee Brothers Group of Madras started the famous ALIND, Kundara. [16] The company was pioneers in aluminium electrical cable manufacturing in the region and has manufactured cables more than 1 crore km in length. The company slipped into crisis in the late 1980s due to labour issues and poor management. [17] [18]

The industrial prowess of Kundara lead to establishment of Kerala Electrical and Allied Engineering Company unit in Kundara for manufacturing train lighting alternator in 1964. [19]

After two lost decades the industrial sector in Kundara received a renewed attention since the early 2010s. The setting up of Technopark Kollam at Kundara in February 2011 and renewed emphasis on revival of ALIND KEL and Kerala Ceramics since 2016 are currently happening. [20]

Kallumala Samaram

Kallumala Samaram a historic event in Renaissance in Kerala also took place in Perinad near Kundara.

Demographics

As of the 2011 Census of India, [21] Kundara is a census town in Kollam District in the state of Kerala with a total population of 33,959. The population of children aged 0–6 is 3243, representing 9.55% of the total population of Kundara. The female sex ratio is 1096 per 1000 males, against state average of 1084 and the child sex ratio is 993 females per 1000 males, compared to the Kerala state average of 964. Kundara's literacy rate is 93.99%, lower than the state average of 95%. The male literacy is 96.42% and the female literacy rate is 91.80%.

Politics

Kundara is one among the 11 legislative assembly constituencies in the district of Kollam. P. C. Vishnunadh is the current elected member from Kundara constituency.

Transport

Railways

Kundara and Kundara East are the railway stations in Kundara town. In Kerala it is very rare to have more than one railway station in a town. [22] [23] These stations are part of the Kollam–Sengottai branch line.

Roadways

Kundara Railway Station (KUV) Kundara Railway.jpg
Kundara Railway Station (KUV)

The National Highway 744 (India) and National Highway 183 (India) connect the city of Kollam with places in Tamil Nadu such as Madurai and Theni, pass through Kundara.

The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport which is 67 km by road.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Travancore</span> Kingdom in southern India from 1729 to 1949

The Kingdom of Travancore (/ˈtrævənkɔːr/), also known as the Kingdom of Thiruvithamkoor, was an Indian kingdom from c. 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, and later Thiruvananthapuram. At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of the south of modern-day Kerala, and the southernmost part of modern-day Tamil Nadu with the Thachudaya Kaimal's enclave of Irinjalakuda Koodalmanikyam temple in the neighbouring Kingdom of Cochin. However Tangasseri area of Kollam city and Anchuthengu near Attingal in Thiruvananthapuram district, were British colonies and were part of the Malabar District until 30 June 1927, and Tirunelveli district from 1 July 1927 onwards. Travancore merged with the erstwhile princely state of Cochin to form Travancore-Cochin in 1950. The five Tamil-majority Taluks of Vilavancode, Kalkulam, Thovalai, Agastheeswaram, and Sengottai were transferred from Travancore-Cochin to Madras State in 1956. The Malayalam-speaking regions of Travancore-Cochin merged with the Malabar District and the Kasaragod taluk of the South Canara district in Madras State to form the modern Malayalam-state of Kerala on 1 November 1956, according to the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 passed by the Government of India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kollam</span> Metropolis in Kerala, India

Kollam, also known by its former name Quilonpronunciation , is an ancient seaport and city on the Malabar Coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea, which is a part of the Arabian Sea. It is 71 km (44 mi) north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The city is on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake and the Kallada river. It is the headquarters of the Kollam district. Kollam is the fourth largest city in Kerala and is known for cashew processing and coir manufacturing. It is the southern gateway to the Backwaters of Kerala and is a prominent tourist destination.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ashtamudi Lake</span> Lake in India (Gateway to the backwaters)

Ashtamudi Lake, in the Kollam District of the Indian state of Kerala, is the most visited backwater and lake in the state. It possesses a unique wetland ecosystem and a large palm-shaped water body, second only in size to the Vembanad estuary ecosystem of the state. Ashtamudi means 'eight braids' in the local Malayalam language. The name is indicative of the lake's topography with its multiple branches. The lake is also called the gateway to the backwaters of Kerala and is well known for its houseboat and backwater resorts. Ashtamudi Wetland was included in the list of wetlands of international importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands.

Kollam district, is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake. The district has many water bodies. Kallada River is one among them, and the east side land of river is East Kallada and the west side land is West Kallada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Velu Thampi Dalawa</span> Diwan of Travancore

Velayudhan Chempakaraman Thampi ofThalakulam (1765–1809) was the Dalawa or Prime Minister of the Indian kingdom of Travancore between 1802 and 1809 during the reign of Bala Rama Varma Kulasekhara Perumal. He is best known for being one of the earliest individuals to rebel against the British East India Company's authority in India.

The Thiruvananthapuram - Shoranur canal is a historic canal in India, from Trivandrum to Shoranur. It was one of the most arterial transportation mode in erstwhile Travancore princely state. Most of the trade, commerce and freight traffic in Travancore used to happen through this canal. The canal used to pass through rice bowl of the state, Kuttanad, centre of Coir trade i.e. Alappuzha, centre of Cashew business, Kollam, Changanassery market, strategic Thevally, Kayamkulam, Varkala etc. and used to connect Thiruvithamkoor with Cochin State and Malabar.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perumpuzha</span> Town in Kerala, India

Perumpuzha is a small suburban town in Kollam district of Kerala, India.The junction is the meeting place of Kottiyam-Kundara & Kollam-Veliyam roads. Distance from Kollam city is about 16 km. Near to the town junction there is a market called Perumpuzha market. Assissi Attornment Hospital is just one or two minutes walk from the junction. A three-minute walk from junction towards north, a cashew factory is there. Previously it was under the Dalmia Management. The local name for the company was 'Sayippinte Company'. But now it is under CAPEX.

Elampalloor is an urban village in Kollam district in the state of Kerala and is a part of Kollam Metropolitan Area, India. It is 12 km away from Kollam city, 23 km away from Paravur and 13 km away from Kottarakkara.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perinad</span> Village in Kerala, India

Perinad is a village in Kollam district in the state of Kerala, India. As of 2001 India census, Perinad had a population of 32,864 with 16,032 males and 16,832 females.

Mannadi is a village in Kadampanad grama panchayat at Adoor Taluk, Pathanamthitta District of Kerala, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chandanathope</span> Town in Kerala, India

Chandanathope is a town located in the city of Kollam, Kerala. It lies 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Paravur town and 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Kollam city centre on the Kollam–Thirumangalam National Highway 744. In Malayalam, the name denotes a place with sandalwood plantations. It is also known for cashew processing and its exports two major cashew exporters of Kollam namely VLC Cashews and MARK has their facilities in the town.

Kanjiracode in Kundara lies on the banks of the Kanjiracodu Kayal of Kollam district in Kerala, India.

Keralapuram is a suburban town in Kollam District of Kerala, India. It is located on National Highway 744 (India) at a distance of around 10 kilometers from Kollam City in the direction of Kottarakkara.

Kundara railway station is a railway station in the historic industrial town of Kollam, Kundara, Kerala. Kundara railway station falls under the Madurai railway division of the Southern Railway zone, Indian Railways. The station is one of two railway stations in the industrial town of Kundara. Other one is Kundara East railway station.

The Battle of Quilon was fought on the 15 January 1809 at Cantonment Maidan in Quilon, an important port city and business hub on the southwest coast of India. The conflict involved troops of the Indian kingdom of Travancore, led by the then Dewan of Travancore, Velu Thampi Dalawa, and a detachment of the British East India Company under Colonel Chalmers. The battle lasted for only six hours and is closely associated with the social and political history of Kerala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Economy of Kollam</span>

Kollam or Quilon is an old seaport and a city on the Laccadive Sea coast in Kerala, India, on Ashtamudi Lake. The city remains notable as the ancient commercial capital of Kerala and the southwestern Indian coast, in addition to its fame as the "Cashew Capital of the World". The Kollam Municipal Corporation has the second largest budget in Kerala in terms of revenue and expenditure.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transport in Kollam</span>

Transport in Kollam includes various modes of road, rail and water transportation in the city and its suburbs. State-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation buses, private buses, Indian Railways, state-owned Kerala State Water Transport Department boats & ferry, taxis and auto rickshaws are serving the city of Kollam. The city had a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. Ibn Battuta mentioned Kollam Port as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four year travels.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Kerala Ceramics Limited</span>

The Kerala Ceramics Limited is a fully owned Government of Kerala ceramics products manufacturing company, situated at Kundara in Kollam city, India. The company produce earthenware and spray dried coating grade as well as filler grade Kaolin for paint, paper manufacturing industries.

Waterways have always been an important mode of transport in Kerala. The total length of navigable route in Kerala was 1,900 kilometres and the navigable rivers constitute about 54 per cent of the waterways. The 41 West-flowing rivers together with the backwaters are an integrated part of the inland navigation system in Kerala. In Kerala water transportation through these channels are mainly small distant passenger services, informal country boats, freight transportation to PSU's such as Fertilisers and Chemicals Travancore, Kochi etc.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Technopark Kollam</span>

Technopark, Kollam is an industrial park in Kundara, Kollam, It is a satellite park of Technopark that is situated 63 km away from the Trivandrum Campus. This is the first district level IT Park established in Kerala. The Technopark Kollam is situated in 44.47 acres of land beside scenic Kanjiracode Lake. This park is developed as a Special Economic Zone. Technopark's IT building with a built-up space of 100,000 sq.ft is complete and 21 companies have commenced operation from the campus.

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