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|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
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|Lok Sabha constituency||Ponnani|
Thrithala is a village in Pattambi taluk in Palakkad District of Kerala state, South India. The village is located along the banks of Bharathapuzha and is famed for its Shiva temple and Trithala Juma Masjid.
The legend of 'Parayi petta panthirukulam' is centred on Trithala. According to this story, a Brahmin named Vararuchi, married a lower caste woman without knowing her true identity(?). After the marriage, they set out on a long journey. During the course of the journey, the woman became pregnant several times, and every time she delivered a baby, the husband asked her to leave it there itself. Each of the babies was taken up by people of different castes (totally 12), thus they grew up in that caste, making the legendary 'Panthirukulam'. They all became famous in their lives and many tales are attributed to them. The eldest was Agnihothri, a Brahmin, whose place is Mezhathur in Trithala. The others are Pakkanar (basket weaver), Perumthachan (Master carpenter), Naranathu Bhranthan (an eccentric but divine person), Vayillakunnilappan (a child without mouth, whom the mother wanted to keep with her) and so on. Their stories are mentioned in the well known book 'Eithihyamala' by Kottarathil Sankunni.
The Siva temple, probably built during the 9th and 10th century, marks the transition from the Chola to the Pandya style of architecture. According to a legend, the child Agnihotri was bathing in the river along with his mother. He heaped the sand in the form of a mound on a plate ('thalam' in Malayalam). When the mother tried to remove the sand, she found that it has solidified in the form of a 'Siva Lingam'. Thus the deity is known as 'Thalathilappan', meaning God in a plate. The idol is said to have the constitution of sand. It is believed that the sharp bend in the river in the area was formed due to the river changing its course on its own, to give space for the temple to be built.
It belongs to Ponnani Loksabha Constituency (formerly Ottappalam Loksabha Constituency), current MP is E. T. Mohammed Basheer. Thrithala is the 49th legislative assembly constituency, current MLA is Adv VT Balram of INC.
Major political parties are the Indian National Congress (INC), the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM), the Indian Union Muslim League (IUML), the Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Taliparamba or Thaliparamba is a city and municipality in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is spread over an area of 43.05 square kilometres (16.62 sq mi) and is inhabited by 72,500 people.
Aluva is a municipality and a northern suburb of the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. It is a part of the Kochi Metropolitan area and is situated around 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city center on the banks of Periyar River. A major transportation hub, with easy access to all major forms of transportation, Aluva acts as a corridor which links the highland districts to the rest of the state. Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is 11.7 km from Aluva. Aluva is accessible through rail, air and metro.
Perumthachan (പെരുന്തച്ചന്), also spelled as "Perunthchan", meaning the master carpenter or the master craftsman ', is an honorific title that is used to refer to an ancient legendary carpenter, architect, woodcarver and sculptor (stone/wood) from Kerala, India. However Perumthachan is an important figure in the folklore of Kerala and many a wondrous structure and architecture that still stand are attributed to him.
Perumbavoor is a historic place located at Bank of Periyar in Ernakulam District in the Indian state of Kerala. It lies in the north-eastern tip of the Greater Cochin area and is also the headquarters of Kunnathunad Taluk. Perumbavoor is famed in the state for wood industries and small-scale industries. Ernakulam lies 30 km southwest of Perumbavoor. The town lies between Angamaly and Muvattupuzha on the Main Central Road (MC), which connects Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly through the old Travancore part of Kerala. Perumbavoor lies in the banks of rivers Periyar and Muvattupuzha.
Karamana is a suburb of Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), the capital city of Kerala, India. It is one of the most densely populated, but green part of Thiruvananthapuram. The land of Karamana is made fertile by the river, Karamana River which starts from the southern tip of the Western Ghats at "Agastyakoodam". The river flows 68 km westward and merges into the Arabian Sea at Thiruvallom-Karumam area near Kovalam.The Juma Masjid in Karamana is a famous landmark. Karamana is also known for its busy "Daily market" and is a major transit point for both trade and people travelling to or coming in from the Kanyakumari district of neighbouring Tamil Nadu.
Karaikal Ammaiyar, one of the three women amongst the 63 Nayanmars, is one of the greatest figures of early Tamil literature. She was born at Karaikal, South India, and probably lived during the 6th century AD. She was a devotee of Shiva.
Muthuthala is a village and gram panchayat. It lies northwest of Pattambi in Palakkad district, of the state of Kerala, India. It is located on the banks of the Bharathapuzha River. The infrastructure of the panchayath is divided into Kodumunda and Muthuthala.Muthuthala, Kodumunda and Karakkuth are important centres. The adjacent villages to Muthuthala are Pallippuram, Koppam and Pattambi.The major institutions are GOHSS Pattambi, GHSS Kodumunda, GLPS Kodumunda AMLP Kodumunda, Aups muthuthala, Aups perumudiyoor, SBI muthuthala etc.Also there are temples such as sree muthassiyar kavu, ayappan kavu, Ganapthi temple muthuthala. Siva temple perumudiyoor, kozhikottii temple etc. The main Islamic symbol of this village is Muhyidheen Juma Masjid located at Muthuthala centre. An Islamic educational institution named as Thanveerul Islam Madrassa is also running near to this. Thes agnostoma somayagam is conducted at perumudiyoor on 2016. Lakhs of people visited there. Major cultivation is paddy here .Banana and rubber plantations are also abundant here.
Thrissur is a revenue district of Kerala situated in the central part of that state. Spanning an area of about 3,032 km2 (1,171 sq mi), Thrissur district is home to over 9% of Kerala's population.
Erattupetta is a municipal town located in Kottayam district of the state of Kerala, India. It is located 38 km east of Kottayam, the district capital. The "Eraaru" part in all the variation of the names arose from the geographical location, where the two rivers (aru) merge as single one. Erattupetta is situated in the foothills of High Ranges. Earlier, the town was known as "Eerappili" or "Eerappuzha". The Muslim migration happened many centuries back. Erattupetta is a secular place with good religious harmony.
Parayi Petta Panthirukulam, is a popular folktale in Kerala. According to this folktale, Vararuchi, one of the nine wise men of Emperor Vikramaditya’s court married a girl belonging to Paraya, a lower caste. The couple set out a long pilgrimage. On the way, they were blessed with 12 children. Upon each delivery, Vararuchi enquired whether the baby had a mouth. If the wife said "yes", he would say, "God will appease the one with mouth" and would ask the wife to abandon the baby then and there and proceed. Eleven children were deserted, since they had a mouth. However, these children were adopted and brought up by 11 different families, varying from the aristocratic upper caste to very low caste. Following are the name of the families who are believed to have adopted the children, with their caste affiliation in parenthesis:
Chengamanad is a small town in Aluva, Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India. It is situated on the banks of the river Periyar.
Koottanad is an Indian village in Pattambi taluk of Palakkad district,in the state of Kerala.It is situated at the border of Thrissur, Palakkad and Malapuram districts. It is located 32 km from the Thrissur and 65 km from Palakkad, on the road between Guruvayoor and Palakkad. It is connected by road to other parts of Kerala and the nearest Railway station is Pattambi 9 km away. Bharathapuzha Nila Riverflows through Thrithala, 5 km away. The Pakkanar Memorial, a tribute to the Pariah saint of Parayi petta panthirukulam can be found at Thrithala. The Kattil Madam Temple, a small granite Buddhist monument on the Pattambi-Guruvayoor road, is of great archaeological importance. It is believed to date back to the 9th/10th century AD. The debris of a Fort can be seen behind Juma Mazjid, Koottanad between Koottanad and Chalissery Road.
Mezhathol Agnihothri revived the traditions of the ancient Shrauta traditions in Kerala, India the 4th century AD. At that time, Buddhism and Jainism had eroded the ancient Vedic Religion culture of India. Mezhathol rejuvenated the ancient customs by performing 99 Yaagams. The Shrauta traditions still remain intact in Kerala today, maintained by the rigidly orthodox Nambudiri Brahmins.
Perumthachan is a 1991 Indian Malayalam-language drama film directed by Ajayan and written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair. It is based on Perumthachan of the Parayi Petta Panthirukulam, a legend in the Kerala folklore. The problems caused by the generation gap are explored through the relationship between a skilled carpenter and his tradition-breaking son. The film won the National Film Award for Best First Film of a Director and Filmfare Award for Best Film - Malayalam. It was nominated for the Golden Leopard Award.
Mezhathur is an Indian village in the state of Kerala situated at Pattambi taluk of Palakkad district at the border of Thrissur, Malappuram and Palakkad districts. It is a historical and cultural village in Kerala. It is known for traditional Ayurveda physicians like Chatharu Nair and Vaidyamadom Valiya Narayanan Namboodiri. It is also the native place of renowned writer and social reformer V. T. Bhattathiripad.
Vararuci is a name associated with several literary and scientific texts in Sanskrit and also with various legends in several parts of India. This Vararuci is often identified with Kātyāyana. Kātyāyana is the author of Vārtikās which is an elaboration of certain sūtrās in Pāṇini's much revered treatise on Sanskrit grammar titled Aṣṭādhyāyī. Kātyāyana is believed to have flourished in the 3rd century BCE. However, this identification of Vararuci with Kātyāyana has not been fully accepted by scholars. Vararuci is believed to be the author of Prākrita Prakāśa the oldest treatise on the grammar of Prākrit language. Vararuci's name appears in a verse listing the 'nine gems' (navaratnas) in the court of one Samrat Vikramaditya. Vararuci appears as a prominent character in Kathasaritsagara, a famous 11th century collection of Indian legends, fairy tales and folk tales as retold by a Saivite Brahmin named Somadeva.The Aithihyamala of Kottarathil Shankunni states that Vararuchi was the son of Govinda Swami i.e. Govinda Bhagavatpada. It also states that King Vikramadithya, Bhatti- minister of King Vikramaditya and Bhartruhari were his brothers.
Aroli is a village of Pappinisseri Panchayat in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala.
Pakkanar is a character in Malayalam Folklore. Pakkanar was born as the son of Vararuchi, the famous astrologer who adorned the court of King Vikramaditya. Pakkanar was second among the twelve offspring or the Parayi petta panthirukulam. Just a shout away from Mezhathol Agnihothri's home Vemancheri Mana in Thrithala, is the Paakkanar colony otherwise known as Eerattinkal Paraya colony adjoining Arikkunnu mentioned earlier. In the traditional caste hierarchy in Kerala, the Paraya caste was considered a lower caste. Families of Paakkanaar lineage live in this colony in 18 houses. The story goes that it was Paakkanar who actually made a "Thampraakkal" out of "Azhvanchery Thamprakkal", who is considered as the head of the Namboothiris of the region.
Kodumunda is a small village in Muthuthala and Parudur gramapanchayath, Pattambi Taluk, Palakkad district Kerala. It is a minor trading center in Muthuthala Panchayath. The portions of Kodumunda in Parudur Panchayath are called west Kodumunda. The only railway station in Muthuthala is situated in Kodumunda and is home to four significant temples, Muthassiyarkavu,Cheruneerkara Shiva Temple,Manniyampathoor Saraswathi temple, Madayil lakshminarasimha temple. Muthassiyarkavu thalapoli, Kodumunda nercha,are the major festivals in this village.
Trithala Maha Siva Temple is an ancient Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is situated on the banks of the Bharathappuzha river at Thrithala of Palakkad District in Kerala state in India. References to this temple are found in Aithihyamala of Kottarathil Sankunni and many classics of Malayalam Literature. The place where the idol is worshiped in the temple resembles the addition of sand. Legend has it that the Shiva Linga was made by Agnihotri by using the sand from Bharathapuzha river. Anointing is not performed because it is a Shivling of sand. The Shivalinga sits slightly oblique, as the mother of Agnihotri held on to the force, there was a slight tilt. The temple is a part of the 108 famous Shiva temples in Kerala. According to historians, the Trithala Siva Temple, built in the 9th or 10th century, marks the transition from Chola to Pandya style architecture.
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