Perinthalmanna

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Perintalmanna
Town
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Perintalmanna
Location in Kerala, India
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Perintalmanna (India)
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Perintalmanna (Earth)
Coordinates: 10°58′36″N76°13′37″E / 10.9765415°N 76.2269231°E / 10.9765415; 76.2269231 Coordinates: 10°58′36″N76°13′37″E / 10.9765415°N 76.2269231°E / 10.9765415; 76.2269231
CountryIndia
State Kerala
District Malappuram
Taluk Perinthalmanna
VillagesPerintalmanna
Pathaikkara
Government
  Type Municipality
  BodyPerinthalmanna Municipal Council
  Municipal ChairmanP. Shaji (CPI-M)
  Vice ChairpersonNaseera. A
  M.L.A Najeeb Kanthapuram (UDF)
Area
[1]
  Total34.41 km2 (13.29 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total49,723
  Density1,445/km2 (3,740/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
679322
Telephone code04933
Vehicle registration KL-53
State Assembly Constituency Perinthalmanna
Lok Sabha Constituency Malappuram
Website www.perinthalmannamunicipality.lsgkerala.gov.in

Perinthalmanna is a major town and municipality in Malappuram district, Kerala, India. It serves as the headquarters of the Perinthalmanna Taluk, and a block and a Revenue Division by the same name. [2] It was formerly the headquarters of Valluvanad Taluk, which was one of the two Taluks in the Malappuram Revenue Division of the erstwhile Malabar District during the British Raj. [3] The town is located 23 kilometres (14 mi) southwest to the city of Malappuram at the centre of the KozhikodeMalappuram–Perinthalmanna–Palakkad National Highway 966. [4]

Contents

It is one of the major commercial centers in the Malappuram district but is not a part of the Malappuram metropolitan area.

The town is home to several medical institutions and one of the three branches of Aligarh Muslim University in India, which is popularly known as AMU Malappuram Campus. [5] [6] [7]

History

Map of Valluvanad Taluk in Malabar District (1909) Geography of Malabar1.jpg
Map of Valluvanad Taluk in Malabar District (1909)

Perinthalmanna and the neighbouring town of Angadipuram served as the capital of the Valluvanad Swaroopam dynasty. [8] Valluvanad was ruled by a Samanthan Nair clan known as Vellodis, similar to the Eradis of neighbouring Eranad and the Nedungadis of Nedunganad. The rulers of Valluvanad were known by the title Valluvakonathiri or Vellattiri.

According to local legends, the last Cheraman Perumal ruler gave a vast expanse of land in South Malabar to one of the Valluvakonathiri before going on pilgrimage to Mecca. [8] Valluvanad was famous for the Mamankam festivals (held once every 12 years) and chronic wars against the Zamorin of Calicut. [8]

During the last decades of the eighteenth century, the region came under the control of the vast Kingdom of Mysore. The town served as the headquarters of the Valluvanad Taluk in the erstwhile Malabar District during the British Raj. [3] Perinthalmanna, along with the towns of Malappuram, Manjeri, and Tirurangadi, was one of the main centres of the Malabar Rebellion of 1921. [9] Now it is one of the important commercial centre in Malappuram district.

Poonthanam Nambudiri, a prominent 16th century Malayalam poet and the author of Jnanappana , and E. M. S. Namboodiripad, the first Chief Minister of Kerala, were born in Perinthalmanna.

Geography

Kodikuthimala hill station, east of Perinthalmanna Kodikuthimala, Malappuram.jpg
Kodikuthimala hill station, east of Perinthalmanna

Thuthapuzha, a tributary of Bharathappuzha (Ponnani River), which is also the longest river of Kerala, passes through Perinthalmanna. [10] The Western Ghats mountain range begins east of Perinthalmanna. [10] Kodikuthimala hillstation is located in the Thazhekode village of Perinthalmanna Taluk, which also shares its boundary with the municipality of Perinthalmanna. [10] Melattur village of Perinthalmanna Taluk is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. [10]

Angadipuram Laterite is a notified National Geo-heritage Monument located about two kilometres (1.2 mi) west of the Perinthalmanna town centre. [11] [12] [13]

Gulmohar flowering trees are widely seen in the Perinthalmanna area. [14]

Geostatistics

Perinthalmanna became a Grama Panchayat in 1933 under the Malabar District board. The town was later upgraded to a municipality on 10 February 1990. [5] As of the 2011 India census, Perinthalmanna had a population of 49,723 spread over an area of 34 km2 (13 sq mi). [1]

Perinthalmanna serves as the headquarters of one of the two revenue divisions in Malappuram district, having jurisdiction over Perinthalmanna, Eranad, and Nilambur taluks.

Civic administration

Perinthalmanna
Perinthalmanna Municipality

The town is administered by the Perinthalmanna Municipality, headed by a chairperson. For administrative purposes, the municipality is divided into 34 wards, [15] from each of which members of the municipal council are elected for five years. These wards are: [16]

  1. Cheerattamanna
  2. Manathumangalam
  3. Kakkooth
  4. Valiyangadi
  5. Kulirmala
  6. Chembankunnu
  7. Kumaramkulam
  8. Laksham Veedu
  9. Idukkumugham
  10. Manazhi Stand
  11. Panjama
  12. Kuttippara
  13. Manappadi
  14. Pathaikkara UP School
  15. Kovilakampadi
  16. Olingara
  17. Kizhakkekara
  18. Thekkekara
  19. Anathanam
  20. Padinjarekara
  21. Kunnappalli South
  22. Kalathilakkara
  23. Marukara Parambu
  24. Valayam Moochi
  25. Asarikkara
  26. Thottakkara
  27. J N Road
  28. J N Road Central
  29. Thekkinkode
  30. Kavungal Parambu
  31. Puthur
  32. Sangeetha
  33. Aalikkal
  34. Lemon Valley

Perinthalmanna Municipality election 2020 [17]

S.No.Party nameParty symbolNumber of councillors
01 LDF LDF LOGO.png 17
02 UDF UDF logo.png 09
03Independents No flag.svg 08

Law and order

The municipality comes under the jurisdiction of the Perinthalmanna Police Station, which was formed on 1 September 1988. [18] The station has the jurisdiction over the villages of Perinthalmanna, Pathaikara, Angadipuram, Elamkulam, Aliparamba, Anamangad, Arakkuparamba, Thazhekode, and parts of Pulamantol and Valambur. [18]

The border police stations are headquartered at Kolathur, Mankada, Melattur, Pattambi, and Nattukal. [18]

Perinthalmanna is also the headquarters for one of the six subdivisions of Malappuram District Police. [19] The police stations at Perinthalmanna, Kolathur, Mankada, Melattur, Pandikkad, and Karuvarakundu come under jurisdiction of Perinthalmanna subdivision of district police. [19] Perinthalmanna Traffic Enforcement Unit also comes under the Subdivision. [19]

Jurisdictional courts of Perinthalmanna Police Station [18]

  • Judicial First Class Magistrate Court - I, Perinthalmanna
  • Munsif Magistrate Court, Perinthalmanna
  • Fast Track Special Court, Perinthalmanna

Demographics

Religion in Perinthalmanna (2011) [20]

   Islam (58.54%)
   Hinduism (38.38%)
   Christianity (2.97%)
  Other (0.11%)

The population of Perinthalmanna was 49,723 as of the 2011 census. [1] Males constituted 47.3% and females 52.7%. [1] Malayalam is the most spoken language in the town. Perinthalmanna has been a multi-ethnic and multi-religious town since the early medieval period. Muslims form the largest religious group, followed by Hindus and Christians. [20] The municipality of Perinthalmanna has an average literacy rate of 95.3%, which is higher than the state average of 94.0%. [1]

Notable people

Transportation

Road

Comrade Govindan Nambiar Junction, Perinthalmanna Comrade Govindhan Nambiar Junction, Perinthalmanna, Malappuram Dt, India.jpg
Comrade Govindan Nambiar Junction, Perinthalmanna

Perinthalmanna is situated at the centre of Kozhikode–Malappuram–Palakkad National Highway 966. [5] Additional notable roads in Perinthalmanna include:

The town is facilitated by a KSRTC Sub Depot, and three private bus stands. [5]

Rail

Angadipuram railway station DR0034DSC 6627.jpg
Angadipuram railway station

The Nilambur–Shoranur line has three stations near Perinthalmanna: a major station at Angadipuram, which is located 2.5 km (1.6 mi) west of the town, and two minor stations at Pattikkad and Cherukara.

Trains are available from here to Nilambur, Shornur, Palakkad, Kottayam, and Kochuveli.

Air

The nearest airport to Perintalmanna is Karipur Airport, 45 km (28 mi) from Kondotty.

Perinthalmanna Block

Perinthalmanna Block Panchayat is the local body responsible for the block-level administration of the following Gram panchayats: [2]

See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ponnani taluk</span> Taluk in Kerala, India

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Malappuram is one of the 14 districts in the South Indian state of Kerala. The district has a unique and eventful history starting from pre-historic times. During the early medieval period, the district was the home to two of the four major kingdoms that ruled Kerala. Perumpadappu was the original hometown of the Kingdom of Cochin, which is also known as Perumbadappu Swaroopam, and Nediyiruppu was the original hometown of the Zamorin of Calicut, which is also known as Nediyiruppu Swaroopam. Besides, the original headquarters of the Palakkad Rajas were also at Athavanad in the district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Malabar</span> Geographical / Historical Area in Kerala, India

South Malabar refers to a geographical area of the southwestern coast of India covering some parts of the present-day Kerala. South Malabar covers the regions included in present-day Kozhikode taluk of Kozhikode district, the whole area of Malappuram district, Chavakkad taluk of Thrissur district, and Palakkad district, excluding parts of Chittur taluk. The Fort Kochi region of Kochi city also historically belongs to South Malabar. The term South Malabar refers to the region of the erstwhile Malabar District south to the river Korapuzha, and bears a high cultural similarity to both the Cochin and the North Malabar region.

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