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An image of Pandalam Palace.
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Location in Kerala, India
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Pandalam (India)
Coordinates: 9°13′30″N76°40′44″E / 9.225°N 76.679°E / 9.225; 76.679 Coordinates: 9°13′30″N76°40′44″E / 9.225°N 76.679°E / 9.225; 76.679
IndiaFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Pathanamthitta District
  Body Pandalam Municipality
  Municipal chairpersonT. K. Sathi [1]
  Total28.72 km2 (11.09 sq mi)
  Density1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registration KL 26(Adoor Sub RTO)

Pandalam is a municipal town in Kerala, India. Pandalam is considered a holy town due to its connection with Lord Ayyappa and Sabarimala. Rightly recognised as the educational and cultural headquarters of Central Travancore, Pandalam hosts educational institutions ranging from reputed schools to post graduate, training, ayurveda, [2] and engineering colleges. There are seven colleges and 23 schools at Pandalam, including N. S. S. College, Pandalam. The Kerala state government plans to make the place a special Township, [3] by including the Pandalam municipality and Kulanada panchayat. [4]


The centuries-old Kurunthottayam market (now known as the Pandalam market) is one among the largest agricultural markets in central Travancore. Kerala's widest suspension bridge was constructed in Pandalam over the Achankovil river. [5] The bridge is 70 metres long and 2.5 metres wide. [5]

There are several devotional places at Pandalam. The most famous are Valiyakoikkal Temple, Mahadeva Temple, Puthenkavil Bhagavathi Temple, Pattupurakkavu Bhagavathi Temple, Thumpamon Vadakkumnatha Temple, Kadakkad Sree Bhadrakali Temple, Thattayil Orippurathu Bhagavathi Temple, Kadakkad Juma Masjid, India Pentecostal Church of God[IPC], Assemblies of God Church[AG], Thumpamon St. Mary's Orthodox Cathedral, Cherickal Juma Masjid St. Bursouma's Orthodox Church, St Thomas Orthodox Church and St Peter's malankara Catholic Church.


According to legend, Lord Ayyappan, the presiding deity of Sabarimala, had his human sojourn at Pandalam as the adopted son of the King of Pandalam. [6] [7] During Sabarimala pilgrimage season, devotees come to Pandalam in large numbers to worship the deity of Valiyakoikkal Temple near the Pandalam Palace. [8] [9] This temple is on the banks of river Achenkovil. Three days prior to the Makaravilakku festival, the Thiruvabharanam (sacred ornaments) are taken in a procession from Pandalam to Sabarimala. [10]


It is believed that the Pandya kings of Tamil Nadu fled to Pandalam in the face of an attack from Cholas [11] and settled there in the land they bought from Kaipuzha Thampan, a landlord. The Pandya dynasty had provinces on either sides of the Western Ghats. The King of Pandalam helped Marthanda Varma to conquer the Kayamkulam province. In return for this help, Marthanda Varma did not attempt to attack and conquer Pandalam during the expansion of his kingdom. The princely state of Pandalam had extended up to Thodupuzha in Idukki district once. Pandalam was added to Travancore in 1820. Before the formation of Pathanamthitta district, Pandalam was in Mavelikara taluk of Alappuzha district.


Pandalam has higher literacy rate compared to Kerala. In 2011, literacy rate of Pandalam village was 96.74% compared to 94.00% of Kerala. In Pandalam, Male literacy stands at 97.84% while female literacy rate was 95.80%.





Pandalam Bridge

Pandalam Bridge, popularly known as Kurunthottayam Bridge, is situated in Pandalam junction. [12] [13]

Pandalam Suspension Bridge

Pandalam Suspension Bridge, is a pedestrian suspension bridge in Pandalam, that connects Pandalam with Kulanada. [14]

Pandalam Palace

Pandalam Palace, placed on the banks of Achankovil river, was home to the royal family of Pandalam.The royal family of this palace enjoys a significant position in the history of Kerala. It is believed that they have descended from the Pandya kings of Madurai. Pandalam Palace carries not just historical importance, but a considerable religious magnitude as well. According to legends, Lord Ayyappa was born to the King of Pandalam.There is a temple on the banks of Achankovil river which is dedicated to Lord Ayyappa. The sacred ornaments of Lord Ayyappa are carried from Pandalam Palace to Sabarimala as a grand procession three days prior to the makaravilakku festival.

Notable people

Pandalam Kerala Varma Pandalam Kerala Varma.jpg
Pandalam Kerala Varma

Related Research Articles

Ayyappan a yogi-warrior Hindu deity found particularly in Kerala and other South Indian states

Ayyappan is a Hindu deity, particularly popular in the South Indian state of Kerala. Although devotion to Ayyappan has been prevalent in Kerala for hundreds of years, in the rest of South India, it has become popular only in the late 20th century. According to Hindu theology, he is the son of Harihara and Shiva. Ayyappan is also referred to as Ayyappa, Sastavu, Hariharasudhan, Manikantan, Shasta or Dharma Shasta and sabri.

Pathanamthitta District is a district in the southern part of Kerala, India. The district headquarters is in the town of Pathanamthitta. There are four municipalities in Pathanamthitta: Tiruvalla, Adoor, Pathanamthitta and Pandalam.

Sabarimala Temple dedicated to Ayyappan in the Pathanamthitta District of Kerala, India

The Śabarimala Temple is a temple complex located at Sabarimala inside the Periyar Tiger Reserve in the Perinad Village, Pathanamthitta district, Kerala, India. It is one of the largest annual pilgrimage sites in the world with an estimate of over 40 to 50 million devotees visiting every year. The temple is dedicated to a Hindu celibate deity Ayyappan also known as Dharma Shasta, who according to belief is the son of Shiva and Mohini, the feminine incarnation of Vishnu. The traditions of Sabarimala are a confluence of Shaivism, Shaktism, Vaishnavism, and other Śramaṇa traditions.

Achankovil river in India

Achankovil is a river in Kerala, India, created towards the southern tip of the peninsula by the confluence of the Rishimala, Pasukidamettu, and Ramakkalteri Rivers. The Anchankovil enriches the Pathanamthitta district of Kerala state. It joins with the Pamba River at Veeyapuram, in the Alappuzha district of Kerala. Achankovil is also the name of the forest area, which is the catchment area for this river, and of a small town situated in the Achenkovil forest area. The Achankovil village is not easily accessible; however, it can be reached through forest routes.

Pathanamthitta Town in Kerala, India

Pathanamthitta is a fast growing town and a municipality situated in the Central Travancore region in the state of kerala, India, spread over an area of 23.50 km2. It is the administrative capital of Pathanamthitta district. The town has a population of 37,538. The Hindu pilgrim centre Sabarimala is situated in the Pathanamthitta district; as the main transport hub to Sabarimala, the town is known as the 'Pilgrim Capital of kerala '. Pathanamthitta. District, the thirteenth revenue district of the State of Kerala. It was formed with effect from 1 November 1982 vide G.O. (M.S) No.1026/82/RD dated 29 October 1982, with headquarters at Pathanamthitta. Forest covers more than half (1396.95 km2.) of the total area of the District. Pathanamthitta District ranks the 7th in area in the State.

Makaravilakku Holy festival

Makaravilakku is an annual festival held on Makar Sankranti in Kerala, India at the shrine of Sabarimala. The festival includes the Thiruvabharanam procession and a congregation at the hill shrine of Sabarimala. An estimated half a million devotees flow to Sabarimala every year to have a darshan (vision) of this ritual this day.

Padanilam is a small town located in Alappuzha district of Kerala. The word Padanilam means "land of battles" .It is located on the banks of river Achankovil. The Padanilam temple is one of the important centres of worship in Kerala.

Vallicode village in Kerala, India

Vallicode is a village in Pathanamthitta district in Kerala, India. It is situated at about 7 km from the district headquarters of Pathanamthitta at south-east direction.

Devaswom are socio-religious trusts in India that comprise members nominated by both government and community. Their aim is to manage Hindu temples and their assets and to ensure their smooth operation in accordance with traditional rituals and customs. The devaswom system notably exists in the state of Kerala, where most temples are either managed by Government of Kerala-controlled devaswoms or formed by private bodies/families. The properties of each temple are deemed to be the personal property of the presiding deity the temple and are managed through a body of trustees who bear allegiance to the presiding deity.

Pandalam Thekkekara is a panchayath and also a cultural - spiritual village town in Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala, India. Thattayil Orippurathu Bhagavathi Temple, Vrindavanam Venugopala Temple, Thattayil Ayyappa Temple, Thirumangalam Mahadeva Temple,Varikolil Vishnu Temple, Kandalanthara Shiva Temple, Anakuzhi Malanada Temple, Mynagappallil Anapoorneshwari Temple,Gurunadankkavu Temple are the main religious centres located here. Orippuram Meenabharani, Meenakarthika and Meena Thiruvathira festivals are the major festivals in Pandalam Thekkekkara Panchayath.Also there are some important festivals happens in panchayath including Parappetty Pettathullal. NSS Polytechnic College Pandalam and NSS Higher Secondary School, Thattayil are situated in the panchayath.St.John's School (CBSE) is also situated near to Keerukuzhy ward of Pandalam Thekkekkara. Mannath Padmanabhan statrted Nair Service Society Karayogam reform from here.The No.1 and No.2 NSS Karayogams are situated in Pandalam Thekkekkara.Mannath Padmanabhan also quoted about the Nairs of Thatta in his autobiography book "Ente Jeevitham Smaranakal".Mohanlal starred famous Malayalam feature film Appu shot in Pandalam Thekkekkara. There are currently 14 Wards in Pandalam Thekkekkara Panchayath. Major political party is BJP. BJP is currently the largest single party in the panchayath. BJP again comes first in panchayath at the 2019 India General Elections. Agriculture is the main occupation in the Panchayath. Pandalam Thekkekkara Panchayath is bordered with 2 Municipalities and other 3 panchayaths. Kulanada grama panchayath is also near to Pandalam Thekkekkara Panchayath. Pandalam Thekkekkara comes under Pathanamthitta Loksabha Constituency and Adoor Legislative Assembly Constituency. National Highway NH 183A Kollam - Vandiperiyar - Madurai passes through Pandalam Thekkekkara Panchayath.

Valiyakoikkal Temple Hindu temple in Kerala

Valiakoikkal Temple is the family temple of the Pandalam Royal Family. The temple is located at Pandalam in Pathanamthitta District, Kerala. It is situated within the Pandalam Palace premises. The main deity is Ayyappan. Procession of the Thiruvabharanam towards Sabarimala shrine starts from the Valiyakoikkal temple every year before the Makaravilakku festival. Millions of devotees visit this temple every year during the Makaravilakku festive season.

Thiruvabharanam is the sacred ornaments of Ayyappan, the presiding deity of Sabarimala temple. The ornaments are made of gold. It is believed that these ornaments are made at the orders of the Pandalam King, who adopted Ayyappan as his child. Thiruvabharanam is kept at Srambickal Palace, which is close to the Valiyakoikkal Temple, inside the Pandalam Palace premises. At the end of the pilgrim season every year, the ornaments are taken to Sabarimala as a procession and poojas are performed on the idol adorned with the ornaments. After the season, the ornaments are taken back to the Srambickal Palace for safe custody. Thiruvabharanam and the caskets are made available for darshan at Srambickal palace during the pilgrim season and at Valiyakoikkal Temple on the day of the procession.

Kudassanad village in Kerala, India

Kudassanad is a village near Pandalam in the State of Kerala in India. Geographically it is situated in the eastern ending of Alappuzha District and western part of Pathanamthitta District. The southern end of Kudassanad is on the verge of Kollam District. Part of Palamel Panchayat and Mavelikara Taluk, Kudassanad comes under the Mavelikara Parliamentary and Mavelikara Assembly Constituencies.

Gurunathanmukadi Sri Ayyappaguru temple is situated on a hill in a beautiful landscape, near the banks of Achankovil River, on the opposite side of Pandalam Sri Valiyakoickal Dharma Sastha temple. The legend of Ayyappaguru temple is intertwined with Pandalam kingdom. The legend says when Sri Manikandan was brought up at Pandalam palace, he learned ‘vidya’ from the guru called Sri Gurunathan who was an incarnations of Sivachaithanya and was a Mahayogi. Sri Gurunathan reached Pandalam as guided by Lord Siva in a dream.

Kulathupuzha Sastha Temple Sastha temple in Kollam district

Kulathupuzha Sastha Temple is a Hindu temple located on the banks of Kulathupuzha river, a tributary of Kallada River. It is located in Kulathupuzha in Pathanapuram tehsil of Kollam district in the Indian state of Kerala. The presiding deity there is Lord Ayyappa in the form of Balasastha. It is also one among the pancha sastha shrines and one of the 108 Sastha shrines in Kerala. The idol there is believed to be installed by Lord Parashurama, and is made up of eight pieces of stones.

Poonjar dynasty was one of the royal dynasties in medieval Kerala descended from the Pandya kings of Madurai. History has it that Manavikrama Kulasekara Perumal, a Pandya king as the sole founder of the dynasty. It was a minor principality in the central Travancore region which covered the parts of present-day Dindigul, Cumbum, Kudallor, Bodinayakkanur, Vandiperiyar, Peerumedu and Kannan Devan hills.

This is the history of Pathanamthitta district.

Pandalam dynasty Early dynasty in Kerala

Pandalam dynasty a royal dynasty emerged from a branch of pandya kingdom which existed in Kerala during the Kollam era. They came to Kerala fearing the assault of a ruler. In Kerala they were given land and status by Kaipuzha Thampan (Kunjunni Varma Thampan of Nilambur Kovilakam a landlord who lived in Amanthur Palace at Kaipuzha from Kottayam Kerala. Today Pandalam is part of Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India.

Achankovil Sree Dharmasastha Temple Hindu temple in Kerala

Achankovil Sastha Temple is a Hindu temple and one of the 108 Sasthalayas, located in Pathanapuram tehsil of Kollam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is also one among the famed Pancha Sastha temples in Kerala, the other four being Kulathupuzha, Aryankavu, Sabarimala and Kanthamala temples. The temple is near the origin of the famous Achankovil river, named after the locality.

Pandalam Suspension Bridge is a pedestrian suspension bridge which crosses the Achankovil River in the state of Kerala, India. It connects Ayyappa Temple with Kaippuzha Sreekrishna Temple.


  1. "The Left Democratic Front candidate T.K. Sathi has been elected the maiden municipal chairperson of the newly formed Pandalam municipality". The Hindu . Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  2. "Ayurveda varsity taking shape at Pandalam — Defunct sugar mill's brush with health". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  3. "Pandalam to be made a special township: V.S. Sivakumar". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  4. "Government to set up township at Pandalam". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  5. 1 2 "Suspension bridge at Pandalam gets ready". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
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  7. Caroline Osella, Filippo Osella (2006). Men and Masculinities in South India . Anthem Press. p.  145. ISBN   1843312328.
  8. "Pandalam Palace decries government affidavit". The Hindu . Retrieved 21 April 2017.
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  13. "Pandalam Suspension Bridge Ready to be used". Kerala News. Kerala. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  14. "Suspension bridge at Pandalam gets ready". The Hindu . Retrieved 13 August 2017.