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|• Type||Block Panchayat|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Aranmula|
Elanthoor is a village in Pathanamthitta district of the Southern State of Kerala, India.Situated halfway between Kozhencherry and Pathnamthitta, the area was part of the Kingdom of Travancore presumably since 1820. This peaceful rural belt has a significant place in the history of the freedom movement of the country and has made notable contributions to the film industry. It has been argued that the expression "Ellangalude Oor" shortened by over has become "Elanthoor". "Ellangalude Oor" would mean "aggravation of settlements" or a region of concentration of houses.
As of the 2001 India census, Elanthoor had a population of 15,344 with 7135 males and 8209 females.
Elanthoor is located between Pathanamthitta and Kozhencherry. The T. K. Road (Thiruvalla-Pathanamthitta-Kumbazha Road / SH - 07) connects Elanthoor to major towns. The village is easily accessible from the Main Eastern Highway passing through Pathanamthitta.
Nearest Police Stations: Elavumthitta (6 km), Aranmula (8.6 km), Pathanamthitta (8.6 km)
Nearest Railway Station: Chengannur (CNGR) at approximately 18 km
Airports: Trivandrum International Airport (approximately 115 km)
Gandhi toured Travancore in 1937. This was in connection with the culmination of the Temple Entry Movement. During the tour which Gandhi preferred to call a "pilgrimage", he visited Elanthoor as well at the invitation of K. Kumar (Kumarji). Kumarji or Elanthoor Gandhi, known also as Travancore Kumar, was a famous personality of the bygone era. He was a veteran freedom fighter and was among the closest of Gandhi's disciples and associates in Kerala. In his speech, Gandhi described Elanthoor as a model village. He exemplified the historic work done in the region to admit "Dalits" into temples even before the Temple Entry Proclamation. Gandhiji said in his speech, " I tender you my congratulations for having of your own initiative got rid of untouchability even before the issue of the proclamation. The proclamation now sets the steal of approval upon your work and makes your work acceptable to the whole of Travancore". Gandhi inspired everybody to build further upon the great work done. The Mahatma was undoubtedly referring to the brilliant work done by Kumarji for communal harmony, Harijan upliftment, and temple entry. His efforts in Travancore were ably supported by Pandavathu Sankara Pillai and Ennakkadu Valiya Raja, two other important personalities associated with the movement. It seems that at least Bhagavathikunnu Temple and Thevar Nadai in Elanthoor had thrown open their doors to Dalits long before the proclamation. This ignored historical fact should engage the attention of historians and the entire country. Mahadev Deasi too has praised the untiring efforts made in the region to strengthen communal solidarity and to eradicate untouchability.
After the talk, Kumarji introduced Khadar Das TP Gopala Pillai and Pulinthitta PC George to the Mahatma. Mahatmaji scribbled a message on a piece of paper for Gopala Pillai which became an inspiration to him to take to Khadi. Before leaving Elanthoor, Gandhiji named a baby handed to him by Kumarji and had milk and fruits served by Kumarji's mother.
Pathanamthitta District, is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala. The district headquarters is in the town of Pathanamthitta. There are four municipalities in Pathanamthitta: Adoor, Pandalam, Pathanamthitta and Thiruvalla.
Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, popularly known as Sree Chithira Thirunal, was the last ruling Maharaja of the Princely State of Travancore, in southern India until 1949 and later the Titular Maharajah of Travancore until 1991. Sree Chithira Thirunal was the eldest son of Junior Maharani of Travancore, H.H. Sree Padmanabhasevini Vanchidharmavardhini Rajarajeshwari Maharani Moolam Thirunal Sethu Parvathi Bayi, and Sri Pooram Nal Ravi Varma Koyi Thampuran of the Royal House of Kilimanoor. He was privately educated, and became the Maharajah of Travancore, at the age of 11, upon the death of his maternal great uncle, the then Maharajah of Travancore Sree Moolam Thirunal, on 7 August 1924.
Koyapalli Kelappan was an Indian politician, independence activist, educationist and journalist. During the Indian independence movement, he was the lead figure of Indian National Congress in Kerala and was popularly known as Kerala Gandhi. After Indian independence, he held various seats in Gandhian organizations. He is the founding member and president of the Nair Service Society and was also the founder of Kerala Kshetra Samrakshana Samiti.
The Temple Entry Proclamation was issued by Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma on November 12, 1936. The Proclamation abolished the ban on the so-called 'low caste people' or avarnas from entering Hindu temples in the Princely State of Travancore, now part of Kerala, India.
Kozhencherry is a census town in Pathanamthitta district of Central Travancore region in Kerala state, India. As of 2022 census, the population was 433,357 people in 92,825 households.
Adoor is a Municipality in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala State, India. It is the headquarters of Adoor Taluk and Adoor Revenue Division.
Chengannur is a Town Municipality in the Alappuzha district of Kerala State, India. It is located in the extreme eastern part of the Alappuzha district, on the banks of Pamba River. Chengannur is Known as The gateway of Sabarimala. Chengannur is 117 kilometres (73 mi) north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram on the MC Road. Chengannur is connected to Kollam and Kottayam by NH 183. Chengannur is noted for the Chengannur Mahadeva Temple and its Old Syrian Church of the ancient Syrian Christian community. Chengannur is also a major destination of Sabarimala pilgrims known as the Gateway of Sabarimala.
Guruvayur Satyagraha took place in (1931–32) and was a Satyagraha in the present Thrissur district, which was then part of Ponnani Taluk of Malabar district, now part of Kerala, which was an effort to allow entry for untouchables into the Guruvayur Temple. It was led by K. Kelappan, who undertook a hunger strike for 12 days until it was abandoned because of a request from Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. Mahatma Gandhi hailed it as "the miracle of modern times" and "a smriti which is peoples charter of spiritual emancipation". K. Kelappan, A.K Gopalan, P. Krishna Pillai, Mannathu Padmanabhan and N.P Damodaran Nair were the leaders of that agitation. It was a failure, For another four years, nothing much changed in Guruvayur or in the rest of the region that today constitutes the State of Kerala. It was only in 1936 that many temples in Kerala were opened for all to use.
G. Ramachandhran was a soldier for the Gandhian cause, social reformer and a teacher. With his wife, Dr. T. S. Soundram, daughter of T V Sundaram Iyengar, founder of TVS Group, he started the Gandhigram, Tamil Nadu in 1945. He authored several books. Viswabharati, Rabindranath Tagore's University, in Santhiniketan awarded him the higher title "Desikottama".
K. Ramakrishna Pillai (1878–1916) was an Indian nationalist writer, journalist, editor, and political activist. He edited Swadeshabhimani, the newspaper which became a potent weapon against the rule of the British and the erstwhile princely state of Travancore and a tool for social transformation. His criticism of the Diwan of Travancore, P. Rajagopalachari and the Maharajah led to the eventual confiscation of the newspaper. Ramakrishna Pillai was arrested and exiled from Travancore in 1910. Vrithantha Pathra Pravarthanam (1912) and Karl Marx (1912) are among his most noted works in Malayalam, Vrithantha Pathra pravarthanam being the first book on journalism in Malayalam and Karl Marx, the first ever biography of Karl Marx in any Indian language. But it has been alleged that he plagiarized the biography from an essay, Karl Marx:A Modern Rishi, by Lala Hardayal, published in 1912 March issue of the Modern Review, published from Kolkata.
Swadeshabhimani was a newspaper published in the Kingdom of Travancore, which was banned and confiscated by the Government of Travancore in 1910 due to its criticisms against the government and the Diwan of Travancore, P. Rajagopalachari.
St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry is Government aided college in Kozhencherry, Kerala state, South India. Established in 1953, it is administered by the Mar Thoma Syrian Church. Most Rev. Dr. Juhanon Mar Thoma Metropolitan and Rev. K. T. Thomas, Kurumthottickal, the veteran Minister of the Parish of Kozhencherry were involved in founding the college. Most Rev. Dr. Joseph Mar Thoma Metropolitan, the present head of the Mar Thoma Church, is the manager of the college.
Vaikom Satyagraha, from 30 March 1924 to 23 November 1925, was a nonviolent agitation for access to the prohibited public environs of the Vaikom Temple in the Kingdom of Travancore. Kingdom of Travancore was known for its rigid and oppressive caste system and hence Swami Vivekananda called Travancore a "lunatic asylum". The campaign, led by Congress leaders T. K. Madhavan, K. Kelappan and K. P. Kesava Menon, was noted for the active support and participation offered by different communities and a variety of activists.
Kandathil Eapen Mammen was an Indian freedom fighter. He was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and K. Kelappan is often referred to as the Kerala Gandhi.
Harijan Sevak Sangh is a non-profit organisation founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1932 to eradicate untouchability in India, working for Harijan or Dalit people and upliftment of Depressed Class of India. It is headquartered at Kingsway Camp in Delhi, with branches in 26 states across India.
K. Kumar (1894–1973) was an Indian orator, reformer and writer of the Indian pre-independence era. He was one of the earliest socio-political leaders to have brought Gandhi's message and the spirit of the national movement to the erstwhile Travancore State. A gifted translator, he traveled with Gandhi during his Kerala tours, interpreting his English speeches in Malayalam. He was also an Advisor to the Nehru government. Kumarji was the President of the Travancore Congress Committee and was also in charge of Gandhiji's Travancore tour more than once. He served on the AICC and on the working committee of the AICC, TC-PCC/ KPCC heading its Constructive Work Committee during crucial years of the freedom movement.(Also known as: Travancore Kumar, Elanthur Kumarji; Kumarji, Elanthur Gandhi and Kuzhikala Kumar)
M. R. Ry. Kumar Aiyappan Pillai was an Indian lawyer, politician and writer. As one of the early leaders of the Bharatiya Janata Party, he served as its vice-president and at various times as chairman and treasurer. By the time of his death aged 108, he headed the party's disciplinary committee, oversaw its charitable endowments, and had become a most respected and venerable figure in the socio-cultural arena.
Amsi Narayana Pillai was a well-known poet, journalist and freedom fighter in Kerala. Amsi Narayana Pillai's "varika varika sahajare", captured the heart of the people of Kerala, during the Indian freedom struggle. He wrote this song for the salt satyagraha from Kozhikode Vadakara to Payyanur.
Gandhi Temple built in 1974 is situated at Bhatara in Sambalpur district of the state of Odisha on the eastern coast of India. This temple is dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi. This is the first temple of India, dedicated to Gandhiji.
Epic of Travancore, Maha Dev Desai, Navjeevan Karyalaya 1937
Gandhi's speech at Elanthoor on 20 January 1937, Complete Works of Mahatma Gandhi
In the Land of K. Kumar, Keraleeya Gramangaliloode (Malayalam), Kattakkada Divakaran, SPCS 1967
9 Freedom Fighters From Kerala, www.pinklungi.com
Freedom Fighters of Kerala- Government of Kerala 1974
Kumar K, Sarva Vijnana Kosam, Government of Kerala
Keralathile Congress Prasthanam, Perunna KN Nair, Prathibha Publications 1967
Thiruvithamkoor Swatantrya Samara Charitram- C Narayana Pillai, Second Edition 2004 Page 401
Wikipedia Article on Pathanamathitta