Arts of Kerala

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Position of Kerala in India India-KERALA.svg
Position of Kerala in India

The Indian state Kerala is well known for its diverse forms of performing arts. [1] [2] The various communities in Kerala contribute to its rich and colourful culture. [3] The most important traditional art forms of Kerala are Kathakali, Kalaripayattu, Koodiyattam, Theyyam, Mohiniyattam, Thullal, Padayani, Pulikali, Thiruvathirakali, Chakyarkoothu,kalaripayattu etc.


Performing arts of Kerala

Kerala Hindu Arts

Kakkarissi Nadakam - A folk art form popular in Southern Kerala kaakkaarishshinaattkN - avtrnnN.jpg
Kakkarissi Nadakam - A folk art form popular in Southern Kerala

Kerala Muslim arts

Kerala Christian arts

Margamkali performed during a Syro-Malabar Nasrani wedding.


Fine arts of Kerala

Arts promotion bodies

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Koodiyattam</span> Traditional performing art form in Kerala, India

Koodiyattam is a traditional performing art form in the state of Kerala, India. It is a combination of ancient Sanskrit theatre with elements of Koothu, an ancient performing art from the Sangam era. It is officially recognised by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ottan Thullal</span> Recite-and-dance art-form of Kerala, India

Ottan Thullal is a recite-and-dance art-form of Kerala, India. It was introduced in the eighteenth century by Kunchan Nambiar, one of the Prachina Kavithrayam. The folksy performance, often laced with humour intended at criticism of society, is accompanied by a mridangam and/or the handy idakka besides a pair of ilathalam cymbals.

The Malayali people are a Dravidian ethnolinguistic group originating from the present-day state of Kerala in India, occupying its southwestern Malabar coast. They are predominantly native speakers of the Malayalam language, one of the six Classical languages in India. The state of Kerala was created in 1956 through the States Reorganisation Act. Prior to that, since the 1800s existed the Kingdom of Cochin, the Kingdom of Travancore, Malabar District, and South Canara of the British India. The Malabar District was annexed by the British through the Third Mysore War (1790–92) from Tipu Sultan. Before that, the Malabar District was under various kingdoms including the Zamorins of Calicut, Kingdom of Tanur, Arakkal kingdom, Kolathunadu, Valluvanad, and Palakkad Rajas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kunchan Nambiar</span>

Kunchan Nambiar was a prominent Malayalam poet of the 18th century (1705-1770). Apart from being a prolific poet, Nambiar is also famous as the originator of the dance art form of Thullal, most of his works were written for use in Thullal performances. Social criticism wrapped in humor is the hallmark of his works. Nambiar is one of the foremost comedians in Malayalam.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Theyyam</span> Ritual form of worship from Kerala, India

Theyyams, also called Theyyattam, are ritual dance forms performed in northern Kerala and few parts of Karnataka. Theyyam consists of traditions, rituals and customs associated with temples and sacred groves of Malabar. It broadly encompasses Hindu ritualistic tenets. The people of the region consider Theyyam itself as a channel to a god and they thus seek blessings from Theyyam. Theyyam is a centuries-old unique art form of North Malabar. In Kasaragod and Kannur districts, this ritual art is mainly performed in the kavus (Temple) or ancestral houses of Nambiar, Thiyyar, Vaniyar and Maniyani communities.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kerala Kalamandalam</span> University in Thrissur, India

Kerala Kalamandalam, deemed to be University of Art and Culture by the Government of India, is a major center for learning Indian performing arts, especially those that developed in the Southern states of India, with the special emphasis on Kerala. It is situated in the small town of Cheruthuruthy in Thrissur, Thrissur District on the banks of the Bharathapuzha river.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mani Damodara Chakyar</span> Indian actor

Mani Damodara Chakyar is a Kutiyattam and Chakyar Koothu artist in Kerala state of south India. He is a nephew and disciple of legendary guru Nātyāchārya Vidūshakaratnam Padma Shri Māni Mādhava Chākyār. He belongs to the great Mani Chakyar tradition of Koodiyattam and Chakyar koothu.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mani Madhava Chakyar</span> Indian actor (1899–1990)

Guru Mani Madhava Chakyar (15 February 1899 – 14 January 1990) was a celebrated master performance artist and Sanskrit scholar from Kerala, India, considered to be the greatest Chakyar Koothu and Koodiyattam artist and authority of modern times. He was considered as the authority of Abhinaya and Nātyaśāstra.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chakyar koothu</span>

Chakyar Koothu is a performance art from Kerala, India. It is primarily a type of highly refined monologue where the performer narrates episodes from Hindu epics and stories from the Puranas. Sometimes, however, it is also a traditional equivalent of the modern stand-up comedy act, incorporating commentary on current socio-political events.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Culture of Kerala</span> Culture and traditions of Kerala

The culture of Kerala has developed over the past millennia, influences from other parts of India and abroad. It is defined by its antiquity and the organic continuity sustained by the Malayali people. Modern Kerala society took shape owing to migrations from different parts of India and abroad throughout Classical Antiquity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tourism in Kerala</span> Overview of tourism in Kerala, India

Kerala, a state situated on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country. Named as one of the ten paradises of the world by National Geographic Traveler, Kerala is famous especially for its ecotourism initiatives and beautiful backwaters. Its unique culture and traditions, coupled with its varied demography, have made Kerala one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. Growing at a rate of 13.31%, the tourism industry is a major contributor to the state's economy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Killikkurussimangalam</span> Village in Kerala, India

Killikkurussimangalam is a village around 8 km from nearby town Ottappalam in Palakkad district of Kerala, south India. The river Nila (Bharatapuzha) flows through the southern border of Lakkidi.


Nātyakalpadrumam is a book written by Guru Māni Mādhava Chākyār, considered the greatest exponent of Koodiyattam and Abhinaya in Kerala, about all aspects of ancient Sanskrit drama theatre tradition of Kerala—Kutiyattam. It was first published in Malayalam (1975) by Kerala Kalamandalam, with financial assistance of Sangeet Natak Academi, New Delhi. This work serves as a reference to both scholars and students. The entire book is written in the old Sanskrit text style closely following Nātyaśāstra. The structure and content of the book alike illustrate the knowledge of the author in both Sanskrit and Nātyaśāstra. The work received the Kerala Sahitya Academy Award in the year 1975. A Hindi translation has been published by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Padayani</span>

Padayani, also known Padeni, is a traditional folk dance and a ritual art from the central portion of the Indian state of Kerala. A ceremonial dance involving masks, it is an ancient ritual performed in Bhagavati temples. The dance is performed in honor of Bhadrakaali. Meaning, a 'row of warriors', Padayani is an art form that blends all music, dance, theatre, satire, facial masks, and paintings. It is part of worship of Bhadrakali and is staged in temples dedicated to the goddess from mid-December to mid-May. Padayani is unique to central Travancore, comprising the Pathanamthitta and kottayam districts of Kerala. Padayani is regarded as a remnant of the Dravidian forms of worship that existed before the advent of Brahmanism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of Kerala</span> Overview of and topical guide to Kerala

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Kerala:

Kalamandalam V. Satyabhama was an Indian classical dancer, teacher and choreographer, known for her performances and scholarship in mohiniyattam. She was awarded the Padma Shri, in 2014, for her contributions to the art and culture, by the Government of India.

Kalamandalam Sivan Namboodiri is an Indian classical theatre performer, the first person from outside chakyar community to practice Koodiyattam, from Kerala. He was awarded the Padma Shri, in 2012, for his contributions to the art of Koodiyattam, by the Government of India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parayan Thullal</span> Dance and poetic performance form prevailed in Kerala

Parayan Thullal is a dance and poetic performance form prevailed in the state of Kerala, India. This one of the three major thullal forms prevailing in Kerala. Others are Ottan Thullal and Sheethankan Thullal. Usually, it is conducted in the morning time. The Sanskrit metre Mallika is commonly used in this art form. ശരിയാണ്.. പറയാൻ വേണ്ടിയുള്ള തുള്ളലാണ് പറയൻ തുള്ളൽ പറയാൻ എന്നുള്ളത് പിന്നീട് വാമൊഴിയിലൂടെ പറയനായി. പറയുന്നത് തുള്ളുന്നത് കൊണ്ടും ഇതിനെ പറയാൻ തുള്ളൽ എന്ന് പറയാം.. കേരളത്തിലെ ഒരു വിഭാഗം ജാതിക്കാരുടെ കലാരൂപമാണ് ഇത്.. കേരളത്തിൽ മാത്രം കാണപ്പെടുന്ന നമ്പ്യാർ ആരാണ് ഇത് അവതരിപ്പിക്കുന്നത്.. നോക്കടാ നമ്മുടെ.. കുണ്ടിക നോക്കടാ... കുണ്ടിയിൽ എത്ര രോമം ഉണ്ട്.. രോമത്തിൽ എത്ര നരച്ചത് ഉണ്ട്

Nambiarath Appunni Tharakan is a Kathakali artist from Kerala, India. He work as Uduthukettal expert at aniyara of Kathakali. He received several awards including Kerala Sangeetha Nataka Akademi Award, Kerala Kalamandalam Award for Best Kathakali Aniyara Artist and Kerala Kalamandalam Mukundaraja Award.

Iyyamcode Sreedharan is a Malayalam language writer from Kerala, India. He is well known in various fields of literature such as travelogue writer, Aattakkatha writer, playwright, poet and biographer. He received several awards including Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Overall Contributions, Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for travelogue, Kerala Kalamandalam Mukundaraja Award and Kerala Kalamandalam Award for outstanding contribution in the field of literature.


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