Kollam Municipal Corporation

Last updated

Kollam Municipal Corporation
Logo of Kollam Municipal Corporation.png
Logo of KMC
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Founded1 October 2000;22 years ago (2000-10-01)
Became Municipality in the year 1921.
Leadership
Prasanna Earnest, CPI(M)
Kollam Madhu
Structure
Seats55 councils
Kollam Municipal Corporation council after 2020 election, Dec 2020.svg
Political groups
Government
   CPI(M): 29 seats
   CPI: 10 seats
Opposition
   INC: 6 seats
   RSP: 3 seats
   BJP: 6 seats
   SDPI: 1 seat
Committees
8
  • Development standing committee
  • Education & Sports standing committee
  • Finance standing committee
  • Health standing committee
  • Public works standing committee
  • Tax appeal standing committee
  • Town planning standing committee
  • Welfare standing committee
Elections
Last election
2020 - LDF Won LDF LOGO.png
Meeting place
Kollam Municipal Corporation Office, Aug 2016.jpg
Corporation Office, Cantonment, Kollam
Website
www.kollamcorporation.gov.in
Footnotes
ISO 9001:2015 certification (May 2019) for the best Municipal administration and services. [1]

Kollam Municipal Corporation (KMC) is an ISO 9001:2015 certified civic body that governs the city of Kollam in the Indian state of Kerala. [2] [3] [4] [5] It is the fourth-largest city corporation by population in the state, and the fifth-largest by area. Constituted in 1903 it was officially recognized as a city corporation in 2000. [6] The body governs an area of 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi) centered at Kollam, with about 55 divisions and a population of 397,419. [7]

Contents

History

Kollam, known historically as Quilon, was an ancient trade hub and one of the largest port cities in Asia. [8] [9] The population density of the coastal belt of Kollam is very high compared to any other city in the state. After the constitution of Kochi, it became a corporation in 1967 as there were intense demands to upgrade the densely populated Kollam City into a City Corporation. As a result, on 1 October 2000, Kollam Municipality was upgraded to a Municipal Corporation by the Kerala Government.

The city population of Kollam increased substantially from 139,852 in 1991 to 346,013 in 2011. In 1991, the Vadakkevila, Sakthikulangara, Eravipuram and Kilikollur Panchayats were merged with Kollam City. As a result, the area run by the Municipal Corporation increased from 18.48 square kilometres (7.14 sq mi) to 58.18 square kilometres (22.46 sq mi). [10] In May 2015, Thrikkadavoor Panchayat was also merged with Kollam city, increasing the total population to 397,419, with a total area of 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi). [11] [12]

Structure

Kollam Municipal Corporation (KMC)
MayorPrasanna Earnest
Police CommissionerP. K. Madhu IPS
Deputy MayorKollam Madhu
SecretarySajeev P.K
District CollectorSmt. AFSANA PERWEEN IAS

The City Corporation of Kollam has a 55-member council headed by a mayor, who is assisted by a deputy mayor. [13] The average population of every ward is around 7,000. Each ward is represented in the Municipal Council by an elected councilor. The Kerala Municipalities (KM) Act, 1994, governs all functions in the KMC. [10] The Corporation has eight standing committees for smooth governance of the city. [14] Each of these committees is headed by an elected councilor, who serves as its chairperson. [15] [16] The standing committees are: Finance, Development, Welfare, Health and Education, Public works, Town planning, Tax appeal and Education and Sports.

Zones

Map of Kollam City Map of Kollam City, Jul 2020.png
Map of Kollam City

For ease of administration, the KMC is divided into the following seven zones, each housing a zonal office: Central Zone - 1, Central Zone - 2, Sakthikulangara Zone, Vadakkevila Zone, Kilikollur Zone, Eravipuram Zone and Thrikkadavoor Zone. [17]

Councils

The KMC consists of 55 divisions or councils spread across its seven zones.

In 2014, Mrs. Prasanna Earnest, then-mayor of Kollam was selected as the Best Lady Mayor of South India by the Rotary Club of Trivandrum Royal. [18]

Functions

Apartments built at Cantonment area in Kollam Corporation under RAY Project for providing housing in the urban places Apartments getting ready in Kollam slums, Feb 2019.jpg
Apartments built at Cantonment area in Kollam Corporation under RAY Project for providing housing in the urban places

As per the Kerala Municipal Act of 1994, the Government of Kerala transferred powers and functions to local self-governments in 1995, along with institutions, offices, and functionaries. Consequently, 18 functions are maintained by the Municipal Corporation: [10] [19]

Revenue sources

The following are the Income sources for the Corporation from the Central and State Government. [20] [21] [22]

Revenue from taxes

Following is the Tax related revenue for the corporation.

Revenue from non-tax sources

Following is the Non Tax related revenue for the corporation.

Kollam City Corporation Election history

The first local body election after Kollam municipality was upgraded to a corporation took place in 2000.

Election Result - 2020

S.No.Political Front/PartyMajor Party's symbolNumber of Corporators
1 Left Democratic Front (LDF) Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png 39
2 United Democratic Front (UDF)9
3 National Democratic Alliance (NDA) BJP election symbol.png 6
4Others No flag.svg 1

Election Result - 2015

S.No.Political Front/PartyMajor Party's symbolNumber of Corporators
1 Left Democratic Front (LDF} Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png 36
2 United Democratic Front (UDF)16
3 National Democratic Alliance (NDA) BJP election symbol.png 02
4Others No flag.svg 1

Election history

Since the incorporation of the KMC in 2000, only the LDF has been in power.

Year of election LDF UDF NDA OthersTotal seatsWinnerSource
2020 3996155 LDF Increase2.svg 3 [23]
201536162155 LDF Increase2.svg 2 [24]
201034190255 LDF Decrease2.svg 2 [25]
2005 36100652 LDF Increase2.svg 11 [26]
200025200550 LDF [27]

Mayors of Kollam

Mayors of Kollam
IncumbentFromUntilParty
Sabitha Beegam 5 October 200030 September 2005 CPI(M)
N. Padmalochanan6 October 200525 February 2010 CPI(M)
V. Rajendrababu16 March 20101 October 2010 CPI(M)
Prasanna Earnest9 November 20107 November 2014 CPI(M)
Honey Benjamin 25 November 201431 October 2015 CPI
V. Rajendrababu18 November 201520 November 2019 CPI(M)
Honey Benjamin 16 December 20194 November 2020 CPI
Prasanna Earnest27 December 2020Present CPI(M)
Source(s): [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34]

Former Municipal Chairmen of Old Quilon Municipality

Former Municipal Chairmen of Old Quilon Municipality
IncumbentFromUntil
C. Sankara Menon19211922
Barrister Padmanabhapillai19221925
M. R. Govinda Pillai19251927
M. R. Madhava Varrier19271930
Paravoor Narayana Pillai19301932
K. G. Parameswaran Pillai19321948
Palakasseri Raghavan19481952
P. R. Kochukrishna Pillai19521956
K. Kesavan Potti19561960
Sankaranarayanan Potti19601962
T. K. Divakaran 19621967
S. Abdul Rahuman Koya15 March 196729 April 1968
N. Thankappan13 May 19687 March 1980
Karumalil Sukumaran2 June 19807 May 1982
K. Thankappan28 August 198222 November 1983
C. Raghavan Pillai1 December 198329 September 1984
Gopalakrishnapillai26 October 198410 April 1985
C. V. Ananda Bose 26 April 19859 July 1987
Neelagangadharan5 August 19874 February 1988
Karumalil Sukumaran17 November 198830 September 1995
K. Thankappan4 October 19951 April 1998
Prof. N. G. Moorthy4 May 19985 October 1999
Uliyakovil Sasi29 October 199930 September 2000
Source(s): [35]

Annual budget

A budget will be presented on either January or February month of every year in Kollam Corporation. It usually envisages expenditure, revenue and surplus for that financial year.

Budget YearActual Surplus
(from last FY)
ExpenditureRevenueSurplus
2022-23NAr₹1193.41 cr₹1292.81cr₹99.40 cr [36]
2021-22₹165.41 cr₹1077.41 cr₹1124.23 cr₹46.82 cr [37]
2020-21₹117.56 cr₹336.21 cr₹384 crNA
2019-20NA₹584.74 cr₹617.13 cr₹32.38 cr [38]
2018-19NANANANA
2017-18NANANANA
2016-17NANANANA
2015-16NA₹716.17 cr₹754.88 cr₹38.71 cr [39]

Kollam Corporation projects under construction/ completed

Chinnakada Underpass and Clocktower Chinnakada Skyline, Jul 2016.jpg
Chinnakada Underpass and Clocktower

Chinnakada Underpass

Marine Aquarium under construction at Kollam Beach Marine Aquarium (UC) at Kollam Beach.jpg
Marine Aquarium under construction at Kollam Beach

The Chinnakada underpass is a public road infrastructure project for the city of Kollam, as part of the Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project. It is supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to ease traffic congestion at Chinnakada, the city CBD of Kollam. [40] The presence of an existing railway over-bridge and three close intersections with heavy traffic limits options for traffic management measures, including junction improvement. This caused the authorities to conceptualize the underpass at Chinnakada. Chinnakada is a complex junction where roads from Thiruvananthapuram, Alappuzha, Downtown, Sengottai, Ashramam (Residency Road), Kollam Beach and the City bus stand road meet.

The preliminary design prepared for the underpass by the National Transportation Planning and Research Centre (NATPAC) involved the acquisition of 0.08 hectares (0.20 acres) of government land on a temporary basis. [41] The height of the road passage above the underpass was increased to 5.5 metres (18 ft) from 5 metres (16 ft) to facilitate movement of modern container trucks through the underpass. The underpass was opened to the public at the end of May 2015. [42] [43]

Marine Aquarium at Kollam Beach

On 22 June 2014, construction work started on a marine aquarium at Kollam Beach—the first of its kind in the state of Kerala. The Harbour Engineering Department constructed the aquarium on the eastern side of the beach for the KMC. The foundation stone for the project was laid in March 2014 and it was inaugurated on 14 July 2019. The aquarium has 24 tanks worth Rs. 25 lakh, a pool with a 12,000-litre capacity, and 18 varieties of fish. The facility is open to the public in the evenings. [44] [45]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kollam</span> Metropolis in Kerala, India

Kollam, also known by its former name Quilonpronunciation , is an ancient seaport and city on the Malabar Coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea, which is a part of the Arabian Sea. It is 71 km (44 mi) north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The city is on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake and the Kallada river. It is the headquarters of the Kollam district. Kollam is the fourth largest city in Kerala and is known for cashew processing and coir manufacturing. It is the southern gateway to the Backwaters of Kerala and is a prominent tourist destination.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anchalumoodu</span> Neighbourhood in Kollam district, Kerala, India

Anchalumoodu is a town and neighbourhood of the city of Kollam, India. It is a historic town near the place, where the Peruman railway accident happened in 1988. Anchalumoodu is 8 km away from Kollam city, 26 km from Paravur and 8 km from Kundara town. College of Engineering, Perumon is very close to this place. Anchalumoodu was a part of Thrikkadavoor till 2015. In May 2015, Government of Kerala have decided to expand City Corporation of Kollam by merging Thrikkadavoor panchayath. Now Anchalumoodu along with Thrikkadavoor is a part of Kollam city.

Kureepuzha is a peninsula region in the city of Kollam, Kerala, India, located on the shore of Ashtamudi Lake. Kureepuzha is sharing borders with the village of Neeravil in the north. It is one among the 55 councils of Kollam Municipal Corporation(KMC). Kerala's only turkey farm and a regional poultry farm are at Kureepuazha. Kollam city's waste management plant is also situated at Kureepuzha.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinnakada</span> CBD & Neighbourhood in Kollam, Kerala, India

Chinnakada or Chinnakkada is considered as the heart of the city of Kollam in Kerala, India. Chinnakada is a busy junction where 5 city roads and one National highway interconnect at a traffic roundabout. The city's symbolic clock tower is located in Chinnakada. To reduce the traffic congestion in Chinnakada, Kollam Municipal Corporation constructed an underpass near to clock tower. Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA)'s Kollam sub-regional office is situated at Chinnakada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kadappakada</span> Neighbourhood in Kollam, Kerala, India

Kadappakada or Kadappakkada is a neighbourhood and important junction in the city of Kollam, in the state of Kerala, India. NH 744, that connects Kollam with Tirumangalam meets the Asramam Link Road at Kadappakada junction. Most of the times the authorities are diverting the traffic in National Highways through the Link road, if required.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andamukkam City bus stand</span>

Andamukkam City bus stand, Kollam, is one of the two bus stands in the city of Kollam in the Indian state of Kerala. Situated in the Downtown Kollam area, it is also known as Andamukkam private bus stand. The bus stand is only for private city buses and Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) ordinary bus services running to Chinnakada. It is the starting point of various city bus services connecting Chinnakada to Mayyanad, Elampalloor, Sakthikulangara, Chavara, Thoppilkadavu, Prakkulam, Kottiyam, Perumon and Kadavoor. KSRTC have plans to start an operations centre at the bus station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kollam Development Authority</span>

Kollam Development Authority (KDA) was an autonomous statutory body overseeing the development of the City of Kollam in the state of Kerala, India. KDA was the responsible body for the planning and development of the major parts of Kollam urban area which consists of the City corporation of Kollam and its surrounding areas like Eravipuram, Sakthikulangara, Neendakara, Uliyakovil, Anchalumoodu, Kottiyam etc. KDA was one of the 5 significant city development authorities in Kerala which gained in significance because of the importance of the City of Kollam as the emerging 'Port City of Kerala'.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mundakkal</span> Neighbourhood in Kollam, Kerala, India

Mundakkal, also spelled Mundackal, is an important residential area and industrial hub situated in the city of Kollam, Kerala, India. The place is considered as the capital of India's cashew processing activities. Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited(KSCDC) and Cashew Export Promotion Council of India(CEPCI) are headquartered at Mundakkal in Kollam city. It is an important tourist place in the city and a part of Downtown Kollam which gained in significance because of the presence of a flourishing beach. During 'Karkidaka Vavubali', thousands of devotees arrive on the beach to perform the Vavubali Tharpanam. Vavubali is an important ritual observed by Hindus in Kerala in the month of Karkidakam. The ritual involves people offering Bali to the departed souls. The ritual is performed by men, women, and children.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kilikollur</span> Zone & Neighbourhood in Kollam, Kerala, India

Kilikolloor, also known as Kilikollur, is a neighbourhood in Kollam district in Kerala, India. It is a center of the cashew industry in the area, and is also a hub of automobile production.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Asramam Link Road</span>

The Asramam Link Road is an important four-lane city road in Kollam in the Indian state of Kerala. This road was formerly known as Airport Road or Aerodrome Road as it was the connection road to Kollam Airport, the one and only airport in the entire Kerala coast then. The road starts from Kappalandimukku near Polayathode in the east and currently ends at KSRTC, but is ultimately planned to extend to Thoppilkadavu in the west of the city. The Rs.114 crore worth third phase of construction includes a 3 km long flyover, which would extend it from Kollam KSRTC Bus Station to Thoppilkadavu, is going on now.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thamarakulam</span> Neighbourhood in Kollam, Kerala, India

Thamarakulam or Thamarakkulam is a business centre and neighbourhood of Kollam city in Kerala, India. Thamarakulam is a part of Downtown Kollam area and is near Chinnakada. Ganapathy temple in Thamarakulam is a very famous Hindu temple and worship centre in Kollam district. Caparisoned elephants from this temple is an unavoidable thing during the celebrations of Kollam Pooram. 'Ezhunnellippu' of elephants from Thamarakulam temple is a regular ritual of Kollam Pooram. Kollam Development Authority office is situated at Thamarakulam.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinnakada Clock Tower</span>

Chinnakada Clock Tower is a landmark in Kollam City in the Indian state of Kerala. In Chinnakada, the tower lies in the heart of the city, close to Kollam Junction Railway Station. As the first clock tower in the erstwhile Travancore state, it has become a non-official emblem of the city and the major landmark of Kollam.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Economy of Kollam</span>

Kollam or Quilon is an old seaport and a city on the Laccadive Sea coast in Kerala, India, on Ashtamudi Lake. The city remains notable as the ancient commercial capital of Kerala and the southwestern Indian coast, in addition to its fame as the "Cashew Capital of the World". The Kollam Municipal Corporation has the second largest budget in Kerala in terms of revenue and expenditure.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cutchery</span> Neighbourhood in Kollam, Kerala, India

Cutchery or Taluk Cutchery or Taluk Kacheri is a neighbourhood of the city of Kollam. It is the 49th ward in Kollam Municipal Corporation. The place got the name Cutchery from a similar word in Malayalam: കച്ചേരി which means office/court. Kollam Taluk office is situated at Cutchery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transport in Kollam</span>

Transport in Kollam includes various modes of road, rail and water transportation in the city and its suburbs. State-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation buses, private buses, Indian Railways, state-owned Kerala State Water Transport Department boats & ferry, taxis and auto rickshaws are serving the city of Kollam. The city had a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. Ibn Battuta mentioned Kollam Port as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four year travels.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ayathil</span> Neighbourhood in Kollam, Kerala, India

Ayathil is a neighbourhood in Vadakkevila zone of Kollam city, Kerala, India. It is the 36th ward in Kollam Municipal Corporation. It is one of the cashew processing hubs in Kollam city. Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited has a factory there. Kollam Bypass passes through Ayathil.

Valathungal or Valathumgal is a neighbourhood and suburb of Kollam city in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the 30th ward in Kollam Municipal Corporation. Valathungal is a fairly densely populated area of the city. Eravipuram railway station is very close to Valathungal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mahatma Gandhi Park</span>

Mahatma Gandhi Park is a public park situated near Kollam Beach in the city of Kollam, Kerala, India. It is about 2 km away from Chinnakada - The city centre of 'Cashew Capital of the World'. It is one of the main centres of recreational activities in Kollam city. The park is owned by Kollam Municipal Corporation and is operated by Rural Tourism Development Company (RUTODEC), a private firm, on contract for a period of five years for maintenance. 'The Quilon Beach' five star hotel(Formerly known as Beach Orchid) is located near to this park.

Vallikeezhu or Vallikeezh is a neighbourhood situated at the northern region of Kollam city. It is about 5 km away from Chinnakada, the city centre of Kollam. Vallikeezhu is the 5th ward in Kollam Municipal Corporation council.

The 5th Kollam Municipal Corporation council election was held on 8 December 2020 and the result announced on 16 December. LDF won 39 seats, UDF fronts won 9 seats, NDA won 6 seats and others won 1 seat. CPI(M) lead LDF won the majority to rule

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