Uppala

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Uppala
Hidayat Bazar, Uppala.jpg
K3 Central Mart.jpg
Near Uppala Bus Stand.jpg
From Top to bottom: Hidayath Bazar, K3 central mart, NH66 Near Bus Stand Uppala
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Uppala
Location in Kerala, India
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Uppala
Uppala (India)
Coordinates: 12°40′40″N74°54′25″E / 12.67778°N 74.90694°E / 12.67778; 74.90694 Coordinates: 12°40′40″N74°54′25″E / 12.67778°N 74.90694°E / 12.67778; 74.90694
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
Region North Malabar
District Kasaragod
Taluk Manjeshwaram
Government
  BodyMangalpady Grama Panchayat
Area
  [1]
   Town 10.2 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
  Urban
25.04 km2 (9.67 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011) [2]
   Town 22,953
  Density2,300/km2 (5,800/sq mi)
   Urban
[3]
41,212
   Taluk
268,642
   Panchayat
48,441
language
  Official Malayalam
  Regional Urdu Tulu Kannada
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
671322
Telephone code04998
Vehicle registration KL-14
Lok Sabha constituency Kasaragod
Niyamasabha constituency Manjeshwaram
Sex ratio 1096 /
Literacy91%
Climate Tropical monsoon (Köppen-Geiger)
Avg. summer temperature29.5 °C (85.1 °F)
Avg. winter temperature26 °C (79 °F) 98 kilometres (61 mi)
Precipitation 3,801 millimetres (149.6 in)

Uppala is a town and Headquarters of Manjeshwaram Taluk in Kasaragod district, Kerala, India. It is geographically located midway from Kasaragod to Mangalore. Easy geographical access and lack of major towns nearby are the key reasons for the town to develop exponentially, especially in the past decade. The population of Manjeshwaram Taluk alone was over 268,642 as of 2011. Uppala is 22 km north of Kasaragod and one of the fastest growing urban settlements in Kasaragod district. It is well known as an important trade hub in the northernmost part of Kerala state. [4]

Contents

Location

Uppala is located midway between Kasaragod and Mangalore. It is around 22 km north of Kasaragod and 24 km south of Mangalore . Uppala is located about 586 km north of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. National Highway 66, which used to be known as NH 17, passes through the town. Uppala used to be known as Kurchipalla.

Uppala is located near the Arabian sea, and has a very low elevation of nine metres. The town is densely populated near the National Highway 66.

Uppala is a major infrastructural hub in the district and is noted for jewellery shops, fast food restaurants and high residential flats which lie across the town. It is the major destination for retail shopping in the district. Many projects are active in the town. It is a major business hub in the district and also contributed for the rise in remittance in the state, in the most prevalent sectors like real estate, infrastructure, financial institutions, hospitality and healthcare.

The locals speak many languages such as Malayalam, Urdu and Tulu. It has been selected as the centre of Urdu language in the region.

Uppala is the taluk headquarters of Manjeshwaram Taluk, which was carved out from Kasaragod taluk. Uppala town belongs to Mangalpady Gram panchayat.

Geography

The geographical coordinates of Uppala are: 12° 68' 0" North, 75° 54' 0" East. [5] [6]

Uppala lies in the western coast of south India, between the Western ghats and the Arabian sea. Uppala River is also known as Kalai River, originates from the Veerakamba Hills in Karnataka. Uppala river enters Kerala through Manjeshwar thaluk(Uppala) in Kasaragod and finally ends near Uppala Gate. The length of the river is about 50 km. The Uppala River originates at about 150 m height from the sea level. Uppala river constitutes about 50 square kilometres in Kasaragod district. Hence it is the 25th largest river in kerala state.

Uppala Beach at sunset Uppala Beach 2013-12-31 13-52.jpg
Uppala Beach at sunset

Uppala's beaches include Uppala Beach,Aila beach, Moosodi Beach and fishing zone, Ayyoor-Parakkatta Beach, Ayyoor-Peringady beach and Berika Beach.

Uppala is the neighbouring town for Kumbla, Manjeshwar, Paivalike, Puttur, Vittal, Kasaragod and Mangalore.

Suburbs of the town include Cherugoli (Mangalpady), Deenar Nagar, Uppala Gate, Hanafi Bazar, Nayabazar, Moosodi, Hanuman nagar, Kondevoor, Kodibail, Songal, Kodanga, Pathwadi,Baliyoor,Mulinja, Mannamkuzhi, Bappaithotti, Manimunda, Kukkar, Kaikamba (Bombay Bazar), Turti, Bhagavathi, Kuntupuni, vikram bazar, Hidayath Bazar, Hidayath Nagar, Pachilampara, Aila, Kuntupuni, Hajimalang Road, Bekoor, Kubanoor, Kedakkar .

Climate

Uppala has a tropical climate. In most months, it receives significant rainfall. There is only a short dry season and it is not very effective. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Am. The average annual temperature in Uppala is 27.1 °C. About 5277 mm of precipitation falls annually.

The driest month is February, with 5 mm of precipitation. Most precipitation falls in July, with an average of 1560 mm.

The warmest month of the year is April, with an average high temperature of 33.8 °C. In January, the average low temperature is 22 °C. This is the lowest average temperature of the year.

The difference in precipitation between the driest month and the wettest month is 701 mm. The average high temperatures vary during the year by 11.8 °C.

Climate data for Uppala, India
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33.8
(92.8)
32
(90)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28.3
(82.9)
29
(84)
31.1
(88.0)
32.5
(90.5)
32.6
(90.7)
33.8
(92.8)
Average low °C (°F)22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75.0)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
23
(73)
22
(72)
Average rainfall mm (inches)22.2
(0.87)
5.74
(0.23)
16.54
(0.65)
56.1
(2.21)
224.5
(8.84)
1,217.4
(47.93)
1,560.2
(61.43)
1,129.4
(44.46)
571.2
(22.49)
313.2
(12.33)
125.2
(4.93)
36.4
(1.43)
5,277.6
(207.78)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)42772130313026251710210
Average relative humidity (%)68687171768385858480746971
Source: worldweatheronline.com

[7]

Demographics

As of the 2011 Indian census, Uppala census town had population of 15,498 which constitutes 7,312 males and 8,185 females. Uppala census town has an area of 5.45 km2 (2.10 sq mi) with 3,057 households. The male female sex ratio was 1119 women per 1000 men higher than state average of 1084. In Uppala, 14.03% of the population was under 6 years of age. Uppala had an average literacy of 91.2% higher than the national average of 74% and lower than state average of 94%: male literacy was 95.5% and female literacy was 87.5%. [8] People in Uppala speak many languages including Malayalam, Urdu, Tulu and Kannada.

Religions in Uppala town

source: http://www.census2011.co.in/data/town/627125-uppala-kerala.html

  Muslims (74.53%)
  Hindu (25.23%)
  Christians (0.11%)
  Jains (0.02%)
  Not stated (0.00%)
  Sikh (0.02%)
  Buddhist (0.00%)
  Other (0.09%)

Civic administration

Taluks in Kasargod Subdistricts of Kasaragod.png
Taluks in Kasargod

Uppala is a taluk headquarters of Manjeshwaram Taluk, Kasaragod. The taluk office is at Main Junction, Uppala. Other government institutes in Uppala are Village office, which is in Nayabazar, Mangalpady Panchayath office at Nayabazar, Fire and Rescue station at Ambar, Community Health Center at Nayabazar, AEO'S Office, Uppala Post office, Mangalpady Post Office, Krishi Bhavan at Ambar and veterinary hospital at Ambar.

Uppala also has K.S.E.B. on Pathwadi road, Kerala Water Authority Pump House at Cherugoli, cultural centre and library at Nayabazar, Lion's Club at Nayabazar, and Govt Kerosene Supply bunk at Ambar.

Transportation

Air

The nearest airport to Uppala is Mangalore International Airport, which is around 37 km away from the town. Kannur International Airport, which opened in late 2018 is 143 km away from the town. Other airports near Uppala are Calicut International Airport, about 225 km to the south; and Mysore Airport, around 255 km to the south east.

Road

Uppala is situated on NH-66. It has a bus station and has a minute to minute bus facility to Kasaragod and Mangalore. Uppala is well connected by road to Mangalore, Udupi, Manipal, Puttur, Kasaragod, Kannur, Calicut, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram.

Uppala-Bayar road connects Uppala with Paivalike, Bayar and leads to Kanyana, Vittal and Puttur in Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka. Uppala bus station also provides buses to Puttur via Paivalike, Uppala to Badiyadka, Heroor and many other places. Buses which moves from Mangalore to Thiruvananthapuram stops in Uppala Bus Station. There are both private and government buses. Taxi facilities are available in the town. There are a few auto sheds in the town, which have autorickshaws.

Rail

Uppala has a railway station, west from the heart of the town, where both the passenger and express trains stop. Most of the students and workers travels daily by train to Mangalore from Uppala. Uppala is connected to Mangalore, Kasaragod, Kanhangad, Kannur,Kottayam, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Trivandrum, Coimbatore, and many other towns and cities by railway.

The station was built during British India. It is historically important because of its design of construction and structure. It lies between Kumbla and Manjeshwaram railway station (10 km).

The railway station does not have basic infrastructure facilities like seating, multiple platforms, multiple tracks, better signal facilities, pure drinking water, waste management, taxi service, better language service, rest rooms, security force, complaint service, canteen, shops, better toilets (sanitation) etc.

The station's main problem is lack of train service (train stop). Only few trains stop at Uppala railway station, and express trains do not stop here, affecting thousands of daily passengers.

Sea

New Mangalore Port is the nearest seaport to Uppala, which is around 33 km to the north. The State Government have planned to construct a port capable of 275 boats in Moosodi near Manjeshwar.

Economy

Uppala is the destination for a hundred thousand shoppers in the district. The shop category mainly includes fashion, jewellery, food, and automobile.

Uppala has a few private high schools but lacks enough quality pre-degree college and degree colleges for higher studies, which forces a huge number of students to rely on the neighbouring states like Karnataka.

Uppala is also home to many multi-millionaires, but the town lacks the basic infrastructure like quality hospitals, pre-degree colleges, degree colleges, waste management systems, proper two laned road connectivity with neighbouring places, Railway ROBs, a better railway station or municipality status due to lack of vision from their government leaders.

Education and health

Hospitals

Uppala has small and old government hospital at Nayabazar. Small private hospitals like KNH Hospital at Uppala railway station road and Health Care Center has got underwhelming health infrastructure and cleanliness for present standards. Hence the people in town are forced to travel to nearby towns and cities for medical purposes, which are not in less than 20 km radius of Uppala.

Sports

The residents of Uppala play 2 major sports, Football and cricket. There are 2 major clubs in uppala namely "Citizen sports club" and "Manamkuzhi sports club. Citizen sports club is one of the oldest and well known football club in Kerala which has won many trophies and tournaments all over Kerala. Manamkuzhi sports club is also one of the oldest and well known cricket club in Kerala. The main focus of this club is to promote cricket.

Schools and education

This town also has one of the finest education centres in the district. These centres serves education for more than 20,000 students in the region. Most students here do 10th grade from these centres and favour colleges in Mangalore for their higher education.

T

Utility services

Electricity in Uppala is regulated by the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB).

prominent broadband internet service provider in the town is BSNL. the other broadband provider is Kerala Vision Cable Operators.

See also

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References

  1. https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/3201_PART_B_KASARAGOD.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  2. https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/3201_PART_B_KASARAGOD.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  3. https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/3201_PART_B_KASARAGOD.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  4. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns – Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  5. Uppala Map – Satellite Images of Uppala
  6. "Geography data of Uppala". US Military Intelligence Agency.
  7. "Climate data of Uppala as of 2022".
  8. Kerala, Directorate of Census Operations. District Census Handbook, Kasaragod (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorateof Census Operations,Kerala. p. 100,101. Retrieved 14 July 2020.