|• Body||Nileshwar municipality|
|• Total||26.23 km2 (10.13 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Nileshwaram or Nileshwar or Neeleswaram is a municipality and a major town in Kasaragod District, state of Kerala, India.It is one of the three municipalities in Kasaragod district; the others are Kasaragod and Kanhangad. Nileshwaram is located on the estuary of Kavvayi Backwaters and Neeleshwaram River (also known as Thejaswini River). Nileshwar is referred to as the cultural capital of Kasaragod, the northernmost district, of Kerala. "The first Chief Minister of Kerala and communist leader E. M. S. Namboodiripad had contested elections to the Assembly from the Neeleswaram segment."
Neeleswaram, or Nileswaram, is the abbreviated form of Neelakanta Ishwaran. The Kolathiri Dominion emerged into independent 10 principalities in the late medieval period, i.e., Kadathanadu (Vadakara), Randathara or Poyanad (Dharmadom), Kottayam (Thalassery), Nileshwaram, Iruvazhinadu (Panoor), Kurumbranad etc., under separate royal chieftains due to the outcome of internal dissensions.Many portions of the present-day Hosdurg taluk (Kanhangad) and Vellarikundu were parts of the Nileshwaram dynasty, who were relatives to both Kolathunadu as well as Zamorin of Calicut, in the early medieval period. Nileshwaram was historically the seat of the Neeleswaram Rajahs, who belonged to the clans of the Kolathiri and Zamorins. The Nileshwar Rajahs and the Bednore Nayaks battled in this area.
The grand finale of the annual temple festival season takes place in this area, which is known for its "kavus", or sacred groves. The most famous of the sacred groves is the Mannampurathu Kavu. The town is also known for Theyyam, the ritualistic art forms. Also Nileshwar is the first town in Kerala famous for cultivating 'Chengthengu' (red dwarf coconut).
In 1918, the Rajah's High School was established, it was one of the first north Kerala schools of its kind. The school retains a letter written to the students by Mahatma Gandhi on his way in 1928 to Mangalore. It was part of a broad appeal for people to rally behind the national movement.
Nileshwar Municipality and surrounding Panchayats are administered by Nileshwar Block Panchayat. Nileshwaram is politically a part of Thrikaripur Assembly constituency under Kasaragod Loksabha constituency.
Nileshwar Municipality is composed of following 32 wards:
|Ward no.||Name||Ward no.||Name|
|1||Padinhatam kozhuval west||2||Padinhatam kozhuval east|
|17||Pallikkara I||18||Pallikkara II|
|25||Thaikadappuram south||26||Thaikadappuram centre|
|27||Thaikadappuram north||28||Thaikadappuram sea road|
Most of the people are Hindus, followed by Christians and Muslims. To a lesser extent, there are Jain and Buddhists.The name Nileshwaram is derived from the name of a temple Thaliyil Siva Temple (Neelakanteshwaran), and the culture of the town is based in large part by its temples, like Thaliyil Siva Temple, Mannam Purath Kaavu, Shri Gopalakrishna Temple and Vaikunda Temple.
Nileshwar Town is between Kochi and Mumbai on the National Highway. Private and KSRTC buses provide routes to many cities like Ernakulam, Calicut, Mangalore, Mysore and Bangalore. There are rail services at Nileshwar railway station. There are airports at Mangalore to the north and Kannur to the south.
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O' Valley or Ouchterlony Valley is a Town Panchayat in the Gudalur Taluk of The Nilgiris district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The name is a contraction of an older name after a James Ouchterlony, who established coffee plantations in the area. This panchayat area is surrounded with beautiful mountains and the waterfalls from the mountains add to the visual treat. One can enjoy by seeing cardamom, clove, pepper, tea and coffee plantations on the way to O' Valley. The place being located between Mudumalai National Park and New Amarambalam Reserved Forest, is famous for its flora and fauna. The place is surrounded by valleys, streams and water falls of which the sound is very soothing and is a mesmeric effect.
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Aingoth is a settlement in Kerala, India. It is located on the NH17 between Nileshwar and Kanhangad towns on the Cochin-Mangalore National Highway in Kasaragod District, Kanhangad Municipality.
Karindalam is a village in Kasaragod district in the state of Kerala, India.
Kinanoor is a Village situated in Hill area of Kasaragod district in the state of Kerala, India.It is situated between Nileshwar and Parappa.
Vellarikundu is a town and taluk headquarters in the Hill range of Kasaragod District in the state of Kerala. Vellarikundu is located between Odayanchal and Chittarikkal on Odayanchal-Cherupuzha Road.
Kalichanadukkam or Adukkam is a small town situated in the Kasaragod district of Kerala in India. Located between Nileshwar and Vellarikundu, it is 15 km from Nileshwaram, 25 km from Kanhangad, and 15 km from Vellarikkundu. From Kalichanadukkam junction one road is towards Kanhangad, second is towards Vellarikundu and the last road towards Nileshwar.
Periyanganam is a village in Karindalam panchayathu in Kasaragod District in the Indian state of Kerala. Neighbouring places are Kolamkulam and other side is Kumbalappally, and on opposite sides are Palanthadam and Mayyanganam. The nearest city is Nileshwar 20 km away.
Kasaragod District is the northernmost district in the southwestern Indian coastal state of Kerala. The district has a long history starting from pre-historic times to the modern period.
Perole is a census town and part of Nileshwaram Municipality in Hosdurg taluk of Kasaragod district in Kerala, India. Perole is located 1.5 km east of Nileshwaram town.