Kalpetta

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Kalpetta
Civil Station complex at Kalpetta Dec 2013.jpg
Kalpetta Civil Station complex entrance in December, 2013
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Kalpetta
Location in Kerala, India
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Kalpetta
Kalpetta (India)
Coordinates: 11°37′21″N76°04′53″E / 11.622550°N 76.081252°E / 11.622550; 76.081252 Coordinates: 11°37′21″N76°04′53″E / 11.622550°N 76.081252°E / 11.622550; 76.081252
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Wayanad
Area
  Total40.74 km2 (15.73 sq mi)
Elevation
780 m (2,560 ft)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total31,580
  Density780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
673121 (Kalpetta Head PO), 673122 (Kalpetta North)
Telephone code+91 4936
Vehicle registration KL-12
Website http://www.kalpettamunicipality.in

Kalpetta is a major town and municipality in the Wayanad district, state of Kerala, India. Kalpetta is the headquarters of Wayanad district, [2] as well as the headquarters of Vythiri taluk. [3] It is a bustling town surrounded by dense coffee and tea plantations and mountains. It lies on the Kozhikode-Mysore National Highway NH 766 (formerly NH 212) at an altitude of about 780 m above sea level. Kalpetta is 72 km from Kozhikode and 140 km from Mysore.

Contents

Apart from being the administrative capital of the district, Kalpetta is also the main hub of tourism activities in Wayanad due to its central location within the district and its proximity to most visited tourist sites. There is a good number of hotels and resorts within and surrounding the city of Kalpetta.

Etymology

It is believed that the early Jain residents who migrated from Karnataka had named the place "Kalpetta". In Kannada, the words "Kal" and "Pettah" mean "deposits of stones". Rocks, large and small, are found throughout the landscape of Kalpetta. Hence this name was derived.[ citation needed ]

History

Chambra peak Heart shaped pond, Wayanad.JPG
Chambra peak

Kalpetta was under the rule of Western Ganga dynasty until AD930. Through ages this region fell into the rule of Hoysala Empire, Vijayanagara Empire, and Kingdom of Mysore. Pazhassi Raja was the next to rule the region. Kalpetta Nair administered the place as the representative for Pazhassi Raja. Mysorean invasion of Kerala made Kalpetta a part of Tipu Sultan's empire. This continued until the demise of Tipu Sultan. Along with the rest of Malabar, Kalpetta also came under British rule after Tipu Sultan's demise.[ citation needed ]

In Wayanad, the Indian independence movement started first at Kalpetta. The first political conference was held in 1921 under the leadership of Dharmaraja Iyer. K. P. Kesava Menon and A. K. Gopalan participated in this meeting. Formation of the committee of Indian National Congress also occurred around the same time. Father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi visited Kalpetta on 1934 January 14. [4]

Kalpetta became the headquarters when Wayanad district was formed on 1 November 1980. Kalpetta was still a Village Panchayath when it became district headquarters and it attained Municipality status on 1 April 1990.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census, [5] Kalpetta had a population of 31,580. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. In Kalpetta, 11% of the population is under the age of 6.

SKMJ School, Kalpetta SKMJ Higher Secondary School, Kalpatta.JPG
SKMJ School, Kalpetta
Jain Temple Jaina2.jpg
Jain Temple
Writer Kalpetta Narayanan Kalpetta Narayanan1.JPG
Writer Kalpetta Narayanan
Civil Station Civil Station complex at Kalpetta Dec 2013.jpg
Civil Station

People

Being the district headquarters, Kalpetta is home to a large number of government offices. Besides, the district level offices of Media Houses, Political Parties etc. also function out of Kalpetta. Hence a large section of the population of Kalpetta are office-goers. Like elsewhere in Kerala, Hindus, Muslims and Christians live in harmony in Kalpetta. There is a significant Jain population also in Kalpetta.

Transport

Kalpetta has very good road connectivity with the rest of Kerala and neighbouring South Indian cities. NH766 connects Kalpetta with Kozhikode and Mysore. State Highways connect Kalpetta with Ooty in Tamil Nadu and Madikeri in Karnataka. En route to Mysore on NH 766, past Wayanad district boundary, which is also the Kerala state boundary, NH 766 passes through Bandipur National Park. There is a night traffic ban imposed on this stretch from 9pm to 6am since 2009. [6] The alternate road to take is, leave NH 766 at Kalpetta and proceed to Mysore through Mananthavady, Kutta, Gonikoppal, and Hunsur.

The nearest airport is Calicut International Airport, 90  km from Kalpetta. Kannur international airport is 100 km from Kalpetta

Tourist attractions

Economy

The Wayanad dairy of Milma (Kerala Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation) is situated at Chuzhali within Kalpetta Municipal Limits. There is a Mini Industries Park promoted by Kinfra at Kalpetta. Several small scale industries function out of this Park. Tourism and hospitality industry experienced a boom in recent years. This has led to mushrooming of resorts throughout Wayanad, with the largest concentration of hotels and resorts at Kalpetta and adjoining areas within Vythiri taluk.

Education

  1. Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pookode (14 km from Kalpetta)
  2. College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences at Pookode (14  km from Kalpetta)
  3. Oriental School of Hotel Management located at Lakkidi (15  km from Kalpetta)
  4. DM WIMS Medical College located at Meppadi (15  km) is the only Medical College in Wayanad district
  5. College of Dairy Science and Technology, Pookode offers B.Tech degree course in Dairy Science & Technology
  6. DM WIMS Nursing College located at Meppadi
  7. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Kalpetta
  8. SKMJ Higher Secondary School, Kalpetta
  9. De Paul Public School, Kalpetta
  10. NSS Higher Secondary School, Kalpetta
  11. HIM UP School, Kalpetta
  12. Govt.College, Vellaramkunnu, Kalpetta.
  13. St: Joseph's Convent School, Kalpetta.
  14. Jawahar Navodaya, Kalpetta
  15. M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Kalpetta

Renowned personalities

Climate

Climate data for Kalpetta, Kerala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)27.2
(81.0)
28.8
(83.8)
30.4
(86.7)
30.4
(86.7)
29.4
(84.9)
25.9
(78.6)
24.4
(75.9)
25.1
(77.2)
26.0
(78.8)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
27.3
(81.1)
Average low °C (°F)16.7
(62.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.5
(67.1)
20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
19.7
(67.5)
19.3
(66.7)
19.4
(66.9)
19.2
(66.6)
19.4
(66.9)
18.6
(65.5)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)4
(0.2)
10
(0.4)
19
(0.7)
99
(3.9)
210
(8.3)
664
(26.1)
1,229
(48.4)
637
(25.1)
275
(10.8)
239
(9.4)
92
(3.6)
24
(0.9)
3,502
(137.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Vythiri Taluk in Kerala, India

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Transportation in Wayanad

The district capital of Wayanad is Kalpetta town. Kalpetta has very good road connectivity with the rest of Kerala and neighboring South Indian cities. National Highway 766 (India) NH766 connects Kalpetta with Kozhikode and Mysore. State Highways connect Kalpetta with Ooty in Tamil Nadu and Madikeri in Karnataka.

Educational Organizations are located mainly in Kalpetta and Sultan Battery.

Wayanad district, which is home to Edakkal Caves, has human settlement from prehistoric era. Wayanad is the sole Plateau in Kerala. The tribal dialects of Wayanad like the Ravula language and the Paniya language are closely related to Malayalam.

Tourist attractions in Wayanad

The Wayanad District of Kerala, India has a wide variety of tourist attractions ranging from religious sites to natural, and historical sites. This district is divided into three towns, Kalpetta, Sultan Bathery and Mananthavady. All Major Tourism destinations in the district are maintained by the District Tourism Promotion Council.

Krishnagiri Village Village in Kerala, India

Krishnagiri Village is a village in Wayanad District in the state of Kerala, India. It is in a rural area of Wayanad and one of the 15 villages in Sultan Bathery Tehsil. It is about 16 km (9.9 mi) from Kalpetta and 9 km (5.6 mi) from Sultan Bathery in NH766

References

  1. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. "Kalpetta". india9. Retrieved 14 October 2006.
  3. Taluks of Kerala
  4. "Kalpetta History". kalpettamunicipality. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  5. "Kalpetta Census 2011 data". censusindia. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  6. "Bandipur-road-to-be-closed-at-night". DNA India. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  7. "CLIMATE: KALPETTA", Climate-Data.org. Web: .