Oachira

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Oachira
Dakshina kashi
town
India Kerala location map.svg
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Oachira
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Oachira
Oachira (India)
Coordinates: 9°8′0″N76°30′0″E / 9.13333°N 76.50000°E / 9.13333; 76.50000 Coordinates: 9°8′0″N76°30′0″E / 9.13333°N 76.50000°E / 9.13333; 76.50000
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
690547
Telephone code0476
Vehicle registration KL-02& KL23
Nearest cityKollam City (32 km), karunagappally town,Kayamkulam city
Lok Sabha Constituency Alappuzha
Legislative Assembly Karunagapally (Kollam District)
Climate good weather all seasons (Köppen)
Free food for the pilgrim is distributed from here ooccirr anndaan mndirN.jpg
Free food for the pilgrim is distributed from here
Omkaram Guest House Omkaram guest house.jpg
Omkaram Guest House
Sacred Bull being worshipped ooccirr kaall .jpg
Sacred Bull being worshipped
Gigantic effigies of Lord Shiva's vehicle Nandi, portrayed in white and red colours. Ochira kala.jpg
Gigantic effigies of Lord Shiva's vehicle Nandi, portrayed in white and red colours.

Oachira or Ochira (Ōcciṟa) is an ancient temple town located 32 km away from Kollam city in Karunagappally taluk, Kollam district in Kerala, India.

Contents

Temple town

Oachira is one of the famous sacred places of Kerala and in India. [1] Oachira is on the border of Kollam and Allappuzha Districts, next to the National Highway 66 (NH 66). It is a very ancient pilgrimage center that is centered on the ParaBrahma Temple (that is dedicated to the Para Brahman (or Param Brahman) or Ohmkaram, the Universal Consciousness), which covers thirty-six acres of land. Oachira North Muslim Masjid is another historical monument near Oachira town.

Festivals

The major annual festivals are Oachira Kali or Oachirakali (held on the first and second of Midhunam, i.e., June–July) and the twelve-day Panthrandu Vilakku (twelve lamp festival), which is held in November/December. Oachira Kali is celebrated in commemoration of the battle of Kayamkulam, fought between Marthanda Varma, the Maharaja of Travancore and the Raja of Kayamkulam, on the plains of Oachira. [2] It is a mock fight enacted between groups of men dressed as warriors on the padanilam (battlefield). They perform a martial dance standing in knee-deep water, brandishing swords and shields, and splashing water in every direction. A big cattle fair is also held as part of the festival.

Yet another festival celebrated in Oachira Temple is the "Irupathiyettam Onam" (Thiruvonum in the month of Kanni, second month of Malayalam Calendar). It is considered the Onam of cows and bulls and is celebrated on Thiruvonam. These concepts are related to the agricultural prosperity of Onattukara.

Panthrandu vilakku (12 Lamps) festival

The "Panthrandu vilakku" festival celebrated at Oachira Parabrahma Temple is considered as the most reputed festivals of this temple. In the month of Vrishchikam, or Vrishchika Masam, is the fourth month in a traditional Malayalam calendar and is a highly auspicious month.Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple opens on the day for the two-month-long annual pilgrimage season. [3] The first twelve days are celebrated as "Panthrantu vilakku"."Panthrandu vilakku" is being observed in temples with great fervour and enthusiasm to commemorate the ‘Ten Avatars of Lord Vishnu’ [4] The Panthrandu vilakku celebrated at Oachira Parabrahma Temple is considered as the most reputed one [4] At Ochira Para brahma temple, during "Panthrantu vilakku" pilgrims reside in hundreds of small huts for twelve days in the premises of temple following religious rituals. Thousands of people stays near a temple premises for a period of twelve days .This tradition is one of its kind in Kerala .Lakhs of people visit the temple during this period. There are various religious programs and meetings are being conducted during this period. Days are filled with speeches of Eminent scholars, religious leaders and political leaders. In the night cultural programmes of veteran artists are conducted. For pilgrims these days will be truly rejuvenating experience.

There is no sanctorum in Oachira Temple. The statues of the deities are placed below large banyan trees; the Prasadam is holy mud from the temple, which supposedly has medicinal value.

The temple has a rich tradition of religious harmony, which is open to people of all religion and faith. The main offering of the temple is 'Annadanam'-offering food to the poor.

Accommodation

The temple administration manages two guest houses. Recently built guest house 'Omkaram' has 102 rooms with all modern amenities to cater to the needs of pilgrims.

Celebrities

Cartoonist Shankar hails from near Oachira. The government of Kerala paid a tribute to him, in the form of a museum near his birthplace Oachira. Kerala Lalithakala Akademi was behind the ambitious project, which costs an estimated initial cost of Rs. 3. 5 crore which spreads over 15,000 sq.ft. of land.

Access

To reach Oachira, by air, the nearest airports are Trivandrum International Airport, which is 98 km away, and Cochin International Airport, which is 135 km away. By rail, the nearest station is Ochira railway station, just 1.5 km from town and Kayamkulam Junction is just 7 km away, all major express trains having stop here and It is also near NH 66. Oachira is the gateway to Matha Amruthananda Mayi Devi Asramam (HQ) at Vallikkavu, which is just 3 km away.

Education

RVSM Higher Secondary School, situated at Prayar is the oldest and biggest educational institution in and around Oachira. Started in 1909, this school was elevated as a higher secondary school and boasts a lower primary division too. Students gaining entry at the LKG can complete their pre-university exams (now known as +2) and attend the graduation courses of universities. Oachira Govt. Higher Secondary School is another educational institution. Pragathi Hindi Vidyalay is another Hindi college in the region.

Places near Oachira

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Oachira Temple

Oachira Temple is an ancient temple located in Oachira in Kollam district in the South Indian state of Kerala. According to the Puranas, this temple is one of the famous sacred places of Kerala and India. Oachira is on the border of Kollam and Allappuzha districts, next to the National Highway 66. This temple is known "DakshinaKashi"(SouthaKashi).This very ancient pilgrimage center is centered on the ParaBrahma temple, and covers thirty-six acres of land.

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Padanilam Parabrahma Temple

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Vethalan Kavu Mahadeva Temple Hindu temple in Kerala, India

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Panakkattodil Devi Temple is a Hindu temple in Chavara Thekkumbhagom village in Kollam district of the Indian state of Kerala. Primary deity of this temple is Durga. The temple is managed by the Travancore Devaswom Board, Kerala. The Thalappoli in 'Meda Bharani' and the annual festival during the months of April and May are popular.

Ochira railway station is an 'NSG 6 category' railway station, situated near the city of Kollam in Kollam district of Kerala. Ochira railway station is situated at the borders of Kollam district. It falls under the Thiruvananthapuram railway division of the Southern Railway zone, Indian Railways. The railway station is situated between Karunagappalli and Kayamkulam. The nearest important major rail head is Kollam Junction railway station. The other major railway stations near Ochira are Kayamkulam Junction railway station and Karunagappalli railway station.

Alumpeedika is a small village/hamlet of Oachira in the Kollam district of Kerala, India. It comes under Clappana Panchayath and belongs to South Kerala division. It is located 31 km North of the district headquarters, Kollam, 1 km from Oachira, and 101 km from the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. Nearby towns include Kayamkulam, Oachira, and Karunagappalli. Alumpeedika is near the border of the Kollam and Alappuzha districts. It is near to Arabian Sea.

Oachira Grama Panchayat is a gram panchayat located in Karunagappally taluk, Kollam district, Kerala, India. This panchayat was established in 1953.

Oachirakali (festival) Battle reenactment in Kerala

Oachira Kali is a festival that takes place in June in Oachira, Kerala, India. It is a mock battle between two groups, to the sound of drums, in a waterlogged field called padanilam at the Oachira Temple. Oachira Kali is celebrated in commemoration of the battle of Kayamkulam, fought between the Maharaja of Travancore Marthanda Varma and the Raja of Kayamkulam on the plains of Oachira Temple. The Padanilam or battlefield is a paddy field adjacent to the famous Oachira Parabrahma temple and the festivities are part of a ritual associated with the shrine.

References

  1. "Fairs and Festivals". Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 3 March 2007.
  2. "Home - Government of Kerala, India". kerala.gov.in.
  3. "Vrischika Masam 2020 – Malayalam Vrishchikam Month in Kerala in 2020".
  4. 1 2 "Panthrandu Vilakku". www.ayyappaseva.org.