List of law schools in Canada

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This is a list of law schools and law faculties in Canada .

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Canada is mostly a common law jurisdiction. However, the province of Quebec uses the civil law system for private law matters.

Generally, entry into law programs in Canada is based primarily on a combination of the student's previous grades as well as, for English-language common-law programs, their score on the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). Factors such as specialized degrees, work experience, community involvement, personal character, extracurricular activities and references are sometimes taken into account, for which the Universities of Calgary, Windsor and McGill's holistic law school admissions are well known, but the LSAT remains far more determinative of admission than comparable standardized tests for other disciplines, such as the MCAT or GMAT. Quebec law schools, including the dual-curriculum, bilingual McGill University Faculty of Law, do not require applicants to write the LSAT, although any scores are generally taken into account; nor do the French-language common-law programs at the Université de Moncton École de droit and University of Ottawa Faculty of Law.

All of Canada's law schools are affiliated with public universities, and are thus public institutions. This practice has been held to have helped reduce disparities in the quality of students and instruction as between the schools.[ citation needed ] Since there is a limited number of positions in each law school's annual admissions, entry to all Canadian law schools is intensely competitive: most law schools receive far more applicants than they can accommodate. Most schools focus on their respective regions, and many graduates remain in the region in which the school is located, though the relatively uniform quality of the law schools affords greater geographic mobility to graduates.

After completing the Juris Doctor, LL.B., or B.C.L. , students must article for about a year (in Quebec, the six-month stage is the equivalent to articling); this can be a challenge for those with lower grades, as there are often a shortage of articling positions, and completion of articles is required to be able to practice law in Canada. Articling involves on-the-job training, at a lower introductory salary, under the supervision of a lawyer licensed by the Provincial Bar who has been practising for a minimum of 5 years. After ten to sixteen months of articling and call to the bar, lawyers are free to practice in their own right: many are hired by the same lawyer or firm for which they articled, while some choose to begin independent practices or accept positions with different employers. Others may leave the private practice of law to work in government or industry as a lawyer or in a law-related position.

Schools teaching common law

SchoolProvince (city)DegreeTypeFounded
Dalhousie University, Schulich School of Law Nova Scotia (Halifax)J.D.Public1883
Lakehead University, Bora Laskin Faculty of Law Ontario (Thunder Bay)J.D.Public2013
McGill University, Faculty of Law Quebec (Montreal)J.D.Public1848 (LL.B. since 1968, J.D. since 2019)
Queen's University, Faculty of Law Ontario (Kingston)J.D.Public1957
Thompson Rivers University, Faculty of Law British Columbia (Kamloops)J.D.Public2011
Ryerson University, Faculty of Law Ontario (Toronto)J.D.Public2019
University of Alberta, Faculty of Law Alberta (Edmonton)J.D.Public1912
University of British Columbia, Peter A. Allard School of Law British Columbia (Vancouver)J.D.Public1945
University of Calgary, Faculty of Law Alberta (Calgary)J.D.Public1976
University of Manitoba, Robson Hall Faculty of Law Manitoba (Winnipeg)J.D.Public1914
University of New Brunswick, Faculty of Law New Brunswick (Fredericton)J.D.Public1892
University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law Ontario (Ottawa)J.D.Public1953
University of Saskatchewan, College of Law Saskatchewan (Saskatoon)J.D.Public1912
University of Toronto, Faculty of Law Ontario (Toronto)J.D.Public1949
University of Victoria, Faculty of Law British Columbia (Victoria)J.D.Public1975
University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Law Ontario (London)J.D.Public1959
University of Windsor, Faculty of Law Ontario (Windsor)J.D.Public1967
Université de Moncton, École de droit New Brunswick (Moncton)J.D.Public1978
Université de Montréal, Faculté de droit Quebec (Montreal)J.D.Public2011
York University, Osgoode Hall Law School Ontario (Toronto)J.D.Public1889

Schools teaching civil law

SchoolProvince (city)DegreeTypeFounded
Université Laval, Faculté de droit Québec (Quebec City)LL.B.Public1852
McGill University, Faculty of Law Québec (Montréal)B.C.L.Public1848
Université de Montréal, Faculté de droit Québec (Montréal)LL.B.Public1892
Université d'Ottawa, Faculté de droit Ontario (Ottawa)LL.L.Public1953
Université du Québec à Montréal, Faculté de science politique et de droit Québec (Montréal)LL.B.Public1969
Université de Sherbrooke, Faculté de droit Québec (Sherbrooke)LL.B.Public1954

See also

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References

  1. "Programme de droit canadien". University of Ottawa. Dec 20, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-09-11.
  2. "National Program at U of Ottawa". University of Ottawa. June 24, 2006.