Minister for Defence (Ireland)

Last updated

Minister for Defence
Irish Government Logo.png
Leo Varadkar 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Leo Varadkar [1]

since 14 June 2017
Department of Defence
Member of Government of Ireland
Nominator Taoiseach
Appointer President
Inaugural holder Richard Mulcahy
Formation22 January 1919
Website defence.ie

The Minister for Defence (Irish : An tAire Cosanta) is the senior minister at the Department of Defence in the Government of Ireland. The current Minister for Defence is Leo Varadkar, TD. [1]

Irish language Gaelic language spoken in Ireland and by Irish people

Irish is a Goidelic language of the Celtic and Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of non-habitual speakers across the country. A speaker of the Irish language is known as a Gaeilgeoir.

Department of Defence (Ireland) Irish government department responsible for military and national defense affairs

The Department of Defence (DoD) is the department of the Government of Ireland that is responsible for preserving peace and security in Ireland. The department is led by the Minister for Defence who is assisted by one Minister of State.

Government of Ireland Ministerial cabinet exercising executive authority in the country of Ireland

The Government of Ireland is the cabinet that exercises executive authority in Ireland.

Contents

The Department of Defence headquarters are in Newbridge, County Kildare Department of Defence HQ Newbridge Co Kildare frontshot.jpg
The Department of Defence headquarters are in Newbridge, County Kildare

The Department is responsible for the Irish Defence Forces. The Ministers and Secretaries Act 1924 assigned the minister the additional title of Commander-in-Chief as the Chairman of the Council of Defence. The Defence Act 1954 removed this title, as a result of the reconstitution of the Council of Defence. The President of Ireland, a largely ceremonial role, is considered the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces. [2] In practice, the Minister acts on the President's behalf and reports to the Irish Government. The Minister for Defence is advised by the Council of Defence on the business of the Department of Defence. [3]

Defence Forces (Ireland) combined military forces of Ireland

The Defence Forces, are the military of Ireland. They encompass the Army, Air Corps, Naval Service and Reserve Defence Forces.

President of Ireland position

The President of Ireland is the head of state of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.

Since 1978, the Minister for Defence has been assisted by the junior ministerial role of Minister of State at the Department of Defence; a post currently filled by Paul Kehoe.

Minister of State at the Department of Defence ministerial post in the Department of Defence of the Government of Ireland

The Minister of State at the Department of Defence is a junior ministerial post in the Department of Defence of the Government of Ireland. The post supports the senior Minister for Defence. The position is usually, but not currently, held jointly with that of the post of Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach, who is the government Chief Whip. The Minister of State does not hold cabinet rank but does attend cabinet meetings as a "super junior" minister. The position was created on 1 January 1978, replacing the position of Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence.

Paul Kehoe Irish Fine Gael politician

Paul Kehoe is an Irish Fine Gael politician who has served as Minister of State at the Department of Defence since 2011. He has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Wexford constituency since 2002. He previously served as Government Chief Whip from 2011 to 2016.

Ministers for Defence since 1919

  Denotes Acting Minister
No.NameTerm of officeParty
1. Richard Mulcahy [4] (1st term)22 January 19191 April 1919 Sinn Féin
2. Cathal Brugha [5] 1 April 19199 January 1922 Sinn Féin
Richard Mulcahy (2nd term)10 January 192219 March 1924 Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin
3. W. T. Cosgrave (Acting)20 March 192421 November 1924 Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin
4. Peter Hughes 21 November 192423 June 1927 Cumann na nGaedheal
5. Desmond FitzGerald 23 June 19279 March 1932 Cumann na nGaedheal
6. Frank Aiken 9 March 19328 September 1939 Fianna Fáil
7. Oscar Traynor (1st term)8 September 193918 February 1948 Fianna Fáil
8. Thomas F. O'Higgins 18 February 19487 March 1951 Fine Gael
9. Seán Mac Eoin (1st term)7 March 195113 June 1951 Fine Gael
Oscar Traynor (2nd term)13 June 19512 June 1954 Fianna Fáil
Seán Mac Eoin (2nd term)2 June 195420 March 1957 Fine Gael
10. Kevin Boland 20 March 195711 October 1961 Fianna Fáil
11. Gerald Bartley 11 October 196121 April 1965 Fianna Fáil
12. Michael Hilliard 21 April 19652 July 1969 Fianna Fáil
13. Jim Gibbons 2 July 19699 May 1970 Fianna Fáil
14. Jerry Cronin 9 May 197014 March 1973 Fianna Fáil
15. Paddy Donegan 14 March 19732 December 1976 Fine Gael
16. Liam Cosgrave (Acting) [6] 2 December 197616 December 1976 Fine Gael
17. Oliver J. Flanagan 16 December 19765 July 1977 Fine Gael
18. Bobby Molloy 5 July 197711 December 1979 Fianna Fáil
19. Pádraig Faulkner 12 December 197915 October 1980 Fianna Fáil
20. Sylvester Barrett 15 October 198030 June 1981 Fianna Fáil
21. James Tully 30 June 19819 March 1982 Labour Party
22. Paddy Power 9 March 198214 December 1982 Fianna Fáil
23. Patrick Cooney 14 December 198214 February 1986 Fine Gael
24. Paddy O'Toole 14 February 198610 March 1987 Fine Gael
25. Michael J. Noonan 10 March 198712 July 1989 Fianna Fáil
26. Brian Lenihan 12 July 198931 October 1990 Fianna Fáil
27. Charles Haughey (Acting) [6] 1 November 19905 February 1991 Fianna Fáil
28. Brendan Daly 5 February 199114 November 1991 Fianna Fáil
29. Vincent Brady 14 November 199111 February 1992 Fianna Fáil
30. John Wilson 11 February 199212 January 1993 Fianna Fáil
31. David Andrews [7] (1st term)12 January 199315 December 1994 Fianna Fáil
32. Hugh Coveney [7] 15 December 199423 May 1995 Fine Gael
33. Seán Barrett [7] 23 May 199526 June 1997 Fine Gael
David Andrews (2nd term)26 June 19978 October 1997 Fianna Fáil
34. Michael Smith 8 October 199729 September 2004 Fianna Fáil
35. Willie O'Dea 29 September 200418 February 2010 Fianna Fáil
36. Brian Cowen (Acting) [6] 18 February 201023 March 2010 Fianna Fáil
37. Tony Killeen 23 March 201019 January 2011 Fianna Fáil
38. Éamon Ó Cuív [8] 20 January 20119 March 2011 Fianna Fáil
39. Alan Shatter [9] 9 March 20117 May 2014 Fine Gael
40. Enda Kenny (Acting) [6] 7 May 201411 July 2014 Fine Gael
41. Simon Coveney [10] 11 July 20146 May 2016 Fine Gael
Enda Kenny [6] 6 May 201614 June 2017 Fine Gael
42. Leo Varadkar [1] [6] 14 June 2017Incumbent Fine Gael

See also

Chief of Staff of the Defence Forces (Ireland)

The Chief of Staff of the Defence Forces (COS) is charged with the executive management of the Irish Defence Forces, and is the most senior military officer of the Army, Naval Service and Air Corps branches. The Chief of Staff is appointed by the President of Ireland, who is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces, on the recommendation of the Minister for Defence subject to the approval of the Government of Ireland. The office of the Chief of Staff consists of his personal staff, a strategic planning office and a public relations section.

The Director of Military Intelligence serves as the commanding officer of the Directorate of Military Intelligence, the intelligence section of the Irish Defence Forces, and the main foreign and domestic intelligence gathering service of Ireland. The D J2 is appointed by the Chief of Staff.

Related Research Articles

Taoiseach Head of government (Prime Minister) of Ireland

The Taoiseach is the prime minister and head of government of Ireland. The Taoiseach is appointed by the President upon the nomination of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament), and must, in order to remain in office, retain the support of a majority in the Dáil.

Commander-in-chief supreme commanding authority of a military

A commander-in-chief, sometimes also called supreme commander, is the person that exercises supreme command and control over an armed forces or a military branch. As a technical term, it refers to military competencies that reside in a country's executive leadership – a head of state or a head of government.

The 4th Dáil was elected at the 1923 general election on 27 August 1923 and first met on 19 September when the 2nd Executive Council was appointed. The 4th Dáil lasted 1,382 days.

Defence minister minister in charge of defence affairs of a state

The title Defense Minister, Minister for Defense, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defense, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states. The role of a defence minister varies considerably from country to country; in some the minister is only in charge of general budget matters and procurement of equipment; while in others the minister is also, in addition, an integral part of the operational military chain of command.

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Highest ranking military officer in the United States

The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is, by U.S. law, the highest-ranking and senior-most military officer in the United States Armed Forces and is the principal military advisor to the President, the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, and the Secretary of Defense. While the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff outranks all other commissioned officers, the Chairman is prohibited by law from having operational command authority over the armed forces; however, the Chairman does assist the President and the Secretary of Defense in exercising their command functions.

A Minister of State in Ireland is of non-Cabinet rank attached to one or more Departments of State of the Government of Ireland and assists a Minister of that Government.

Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade Irish cabinet position

The Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade is the senior minister at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in the Government of Ireland.

Minister for Justice and Equality Irish cabinet position

The Minister for Justice and Equality is the senior minister at the Department of Justice and Equality in the Government of Ireland. The Minister has overall responsibility for law and order in Ireland.

A Cabinet Secretary is usually a senior official who provides services and advice to a Cabinet of Ministers as part of the Cabinet Office. In many countries, the position can have considerably wider functions and powers, including general responsibility for the entire civil service.

The Department of the Taoiseach is the government department of the Taoiseach of Ireland. It is based in Government Buildings, the headquarters of the Government of Ireland, on Merrion Street in Dublin.

Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach

The Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach, officially styled as the Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach, is the Chief Whip of the Government of Ireland and is the most senior Minister of State in the Government of Ireland.

Ministers and Secretaries Acts

The Ministers and Secretaries Acts 1924 to 2017 is the legislation which governs the appointment of ministers to the Government of Ireland and the allocation of functions between departments of state. It is subject in particular to the provisions of Article 28 of the Constitution of Ireland. The Acts allow for the appointment of between 7 and 15 Ministers of Government across 17 Departments, and for the appointment of up to 20 junior ministers, titled Ministers of State to assist the Ministers of Government in their powers and duties.

A Department of State of Ireland is a department or ministry of the Government of Ireland. The head of such a department is called a Minister of the Government; prior to 1977 such ministers were called Ministers of State, a term now used for junior (non-cabinet) ministers. Most members of the government are Ministers of the Government, though there may occasionally be a minister without portfolio. The law regarding the departments of state and ministers of the government is based in the Constitution of Ireland, primarily in Article 28, with legislative detail in the Ministers and Secretaries Acts 1924 to 2017.

Deerfield Residence the residence in Dublin of the Ambassador of the United States to Ireland

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Ministry of Defence (India) Indian government ministry responsible for military and national defence matters

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Indian armed forces. The Ministry has the largest budget among the federal departments of India and currently maintains fourth in military expenditure, among countries of the world.

Commander-in-chief of the British Armed Forces

The commander-in-chief of the British Armed Forces, also referred to as commander in chief of the armed forces of the Crown, is a constitutional role vested in the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, who as head of state is the "Head of the Armed Forces". Long-standing constitutional convention, however, has vested de facto executive authority, by the exercise of Royal Prerogative, in the Prime Minister and the Secretary of State for Defence. The Prime Minister makes the key decisions on the use of the armed forces. The Queen however, remains the supreme authority of the military.

Ministry of Defence (Spain) Spanish government ministry responsible for military and national defense matters

The Ministry of Defence (MINISDEF) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for planning, developing and carrying out the general guidelines of the Government about the defence policy and the managing of the military administration. It is the administrative and executive body of the Spanish Armed Forces.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "List of Ministers and Ministers of State". Department of the Taoiseach. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  2. Defence Act, 1954
  3. "Statute Book - Ministers And Secretaries Act, 1924" . Retrieved 23 December 2014. the Minister for Defence [...] shall be assisted by a Council of Defence
  4. On the first occasion he served as minister Mulcahy bore the title Minister for National Defence.
  5. Brugha bore the title Secretary of State for Defence.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Also Taoiseach
  7. 1 2 3 Also Minister for the Marine
  8. Also Minister for Social Protection and (from 23 January) Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government
  9. Also Minister for Justice and Equality
  10. Also Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine