|Minister for Defence|
|Department of Defence|
|Member of||Government of Ireland|
|Inaugural holder||Richard Mulcahy|
|Formation||22 January 1919|
The Minister for Defence (Irish : An tAire Cosanta) is the senior minister at the Department of Defence in the Government of Ireland. The current Minister for Defence is Leo Varadkar, TD.
Irish is a Goidelic language of the Celtic and Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of non-habitual speakers across the country. A speaker of the Irish language is known as a Gaeilgeoir.
The Department of Defence (DoD) is the department of the Government of Ireland that is responsible for preserving peace and security in Ireland. The department is led by the Minister for Defence who is assisted by one Minister of State.
The Government of Ireland is the cabinet that exercises executive authority in Ireland.
The Department is responsible for the Irish Defence Forces. The Ministers and Secretaries Act 1924 assigned the minister the additional title of Commander-in-Chief as the Chairman of the Council of Defence. The Defence Act 1954 removed this title, as a result of the reconstitution of the Council of Defence. The President of Ireland, a largely ceremonial role, is considered the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces.In practice, the Minister acts on the President's behalf and reports to the Irish Government. The Minister for Defence is advised by the Council of Defence on the business of the Department of Defence.
The Defence Forces, are the military of Ireland. They encompass the Army, Air Corps, Naval Service and Reserve Defence Forces.
The President of Ireland is the head of state of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.
Since 1978, the Minister for Defence has been assisted by the junior ministerial role of Minister of State at the Department of Defence; a post currently filled by Paul Kehoe.
The Minister of State at the Department of Defence is a junior ministerial post in the Department of Defence of the Government of Ireland. The post supports the senior Minister for Defence. The position is usually, but not currently, held jointly with that of the post of Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach, who is the government Chief Whip. The Minister of State does not hold cabinet rank but does attend cabinet meetings as a "super junior" minister. The position was created on 1 January 1978, replacing the position of Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence.
Paul Kehoe is an Irish Fine Gael politician who has served as Minister of State at the Department of Defence since 2011. He has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Wexford constituency since 2002. He previously served as Government Chief Whip from 2011 to 2016.
|No.||Name||Term of office||Party|
|1.||Richard Mulcahy (1st term)||22 January 1919||1 April 1919||Sinn Féin|
|2.||Cathal Brugha||1 April 1919||9 January 1922||Sinn Féin|
|Richard Mulcahy (2nd term)||10 January 1922||19 March 1924||Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin|
|3.||W. T. Cosgrave (Acting)||20 March 1924||21 November 1924||Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin|
|4.||Peter Hughes||21 November 1924||23 June 1927||Cumann na nGaedheal|
|5.||Desmond FitzGerald||23 June 1927||9 March 1932||Cumann na nGaedheal|
|6.||Frank Aiken||9 March 1932||8 September 1939||Fianna Fáil|
|7.||Oscar Traynor (1st term)||8 September 1939||18 February 1948||Fianna Fáil|
|8.||Thomas F. O'Higgins||18 February 1948||7 March 1951||Fine Gael|
|9.||Seán Mac Eoin (1st term)||7 March 1951||13 June 1951||Fine Gael|
|Oscar Traynor (2nd term)||13 June 1951||2 June 1954||Fianna Fáil|
|Seán Mac Eoin (2nd term)||2 June 1954||20 March 1957||Fine Gael|
|10.||Kevin Boland||20 March 1957||11 October 1961||Fianna Fáil|
|11.||Gerald Bartley||11 October 1961||21 April 1965||Fianna Fáil|
|12.||Michael Hilliard||21 April 1965||2 July 1969||Fianna Fáil|
|13.||Jim Gibbons||2 July 1969||9 May 1970||Fianna Fáil|
|14.||Jerry Cronin||9 May 1970||14 March 1973||Fianna Fáil|
|15.||Paddy Donegan||14 March 1973||2 December 1976||Fine Gael|
|16.||Liam Cosgrave (Acting)||2 December 1976||16 December 1976||Fine Gael|
|17.||Oliver J. Flanagan||16 December 1976||5 July 1977||Fine Gael|
|18.||Bobby Molloy||5 July 1977||11 December 1979||Fianna Fáil|
|19.||Pádraig Faulkner||12 December 1979||15 October 1980||Fianna Fáil|
|20.||Sylvester Barrett||15 October 1980||30 June 1981||Fianna Fáil|
|21.||James Tully||30 June 1981||9 March 1982||Labour Party|
|22.||Paddy Power||9 March 1982||14 December 1982||Fianna Fáil|
|23.||Patrick Cooney||14 December 1982||14 February 1986||Fine Gael|
|24.||Paddy O'Toole||14 February 1986||10 March 1987||Fine Gael|
|25.||Michael J. Noonan||10 March 1987||12 July 1989||Fianna Fáil|
|26.||Brian Lenihan||12 July 1989||31 October 1990||Fianna Fáil|
|27.||Charles Haughey (Acting)||1 November 1990||5 February 1991||Fianna Fáil|
|28.||Brendan Daly||5 February 1991||14 November 1991||Fianna Fáil|
|29.||Vincent Brady||14 November 1991||11 February 1992||Fianna Fáil|
|30.||John Wilson||11 February 1992||12 January 1993||Fianna Fáil|
|31.||David Andrews (1st term)||12 January 1993||15 December 1994||Fianna Fáil|
|32.||Hugh Coveney||15 December 1994||23 May 1995||Fine Gael|
|33.||Seán Barrett||23 May 1995||26 June 1997||Fine Gael|
|David Andrews (2nd term)||26 June 1997||8 October 1997||Fianna Fáil|
|34.||Michael Smith||8 October 1997||29 September 2004||Fianna Fáil|
|35.||Willie O'Dea||29 September 2004||18 February 2010||Fianna Fáil|
|36.||Brian Cowen (Acting)||18 February 2010||23 March 2010||Fianna Fáil|
|37.||Tony Killeen||23 March 2010||19 January 2011||Fianna Fáil|
|38.||Éamon Ó Cuív||20 January 2011||9 March 2011||Fianna Fáil|
|39.||Alan Shatter||9 March 2011||7 May 2014||Fine Gael|
|40.||Enda Kenny (Acting)||7 May 2014||11 July 2014||Fine Gael|
|41.||Simon Coveney||11 July 2014||6 May 2016||Fine Gael|
|Enda Kenny||6 May 2016||14 June 2017||Fine Gael|
|42.||Leo Varadkar||14 June 2017||Incumbent||Fine Gael|
The Chief of Staff of the Defence Forces (COS) is charged with the executive management of the Irish Defence Forces, and is the most senior military officer of the Army, Naval Service and Air Corps branches. The Chief of Staff is appointed by the President of Ireland, who is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces, on the recommendation of the Minister for Defence subject to the approval of the Government of Ireland. The office of the Chief of Staff consists of his personal staff, a strategic planning office and a public relations section.
The Director of Military Intelligence serves as the commanding officer of the Directorate of Military Intelligence, the intelligence section of the Irish Defence Forces, and the main foreign and domestic intelligence gathering service of Ireland. The D J2 is appointed by the Chief of Staff.
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A commander-in-chief, sometimes also called supreme commander, is the person that exercises supreme command and control over an armed forces or a military branch. As a technical term, it refers to military competencies that reside in a country's executive leadership – a head of state or a head of government.
The 4th Dáil was elected at the 1923 general election on 27 August 1923 and first met on 19 September when the 2nd Executive Council was appointed. The 4th Dáil lasted 1,382 days.
The title Defense Minister, Minister for Defense, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defense, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states. The role of a defence minister varies considerably from country to country; in some the minister is only in charge of general budget matters and procurement of equipment; while in others the minister is also, in addition, an integral part of the operational military chain of command.
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) is, by U.S. law, the highest-ranking and senior-most military officer in the United States Armed Forces and is the principal military advisor to the President, the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, and the Secretary of Defense. While the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff outranks all other commissioned officers, the Chairman is prohibited by law from having operational command authority over the armed forces; however, the Chairman does assist the President and the Secretary of Defense in exercising their command functions.
A Minister of State in Ireland is of non-Cabinet rank attached to one or more Departments of State of the Government of Ireland and assists a Minister of that Government.
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A Cabinet Secretary is usually a senior official who provides services and advice to a Cabinet of Ministers as part of the Cabinet Office. In many countries, the position can have considerably wider functions and powers, including general responsibility for the entire civil service.
The Department of the Taoiseach is the government department of the Taoiseach of Ireland. It is based in Government Buildings, the headquarters of the Government of Ireland, on Merrion Street in Dublin.
The Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach, officially styled as the Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach, is the Chief Whip of the Government of Ireland and is the most senior Minister of State in the Government of Ireland.
The Ministers and Secretaries Acts 1924 to 2017 is the legislation which governs the appointment of ministers to the Government of Ireland and the allocation of functions between departments of state. It is subject in particular to the provisions of Article 28 of the Constitution of Ireland. The Acts allow for the appointment of between 7 and 15 Ministers of Government across 17 Departments, and for the appointment of up to 20 junior ministers, titled Ministers of State to assist the Ministers of Government in their powers and duties.
A Department of State of Ireland is a department or ministry of the Government of Ireland. The head of such a department is called a Minister of the Government; prior to 1977 such ministers were called Ministers of State, a term now used for junior (non-cabinet) ministers. Most members of the government are Ministers of the Government, though there may occasionally be a minister without portfolio. The law regarding the departments of state and ministers of the government is based in the Constitution of Ireland, primarily in Article 28, with legislative detail in the Ministers and Secretaries Acts 1924 to 2017.
The Deerfield Residence is the official residence of the United States Ambassador to Ireland.
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The commander-in-chief of the British Armed Forces, also referred to as commander in chief of the armed forces of the Crown, is a constitutional role vested in the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, who as head of state is the "Head of the Armed Forces". Long-standing constitutional convention, however, has vested de facto executive authority, by the exercise of Royal Prerogative, in the Prime Minister and the Secretary of State for Defence. The Prime Minister makes the key decisions on the use of the armed forces. The Queen however, remains the supreme authority of the military.
The Ministry of Defence (MINISDEF) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for planning, developing and carrying out the general guidelines of the Government about the defence policy and the managing of the military administration. It is the administrative and executive body of the Spanish Armed Forces.
the Minister for Defence [...] shall be assisted by a Council of Defence