Neuburg an der Donau

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Neuburg a.d. Donau
Schloss Neuburg.jpg
Residenzschloss, the seat of Palatine Electors.
DEU Neuburg an der Donau COA.svg
Coat of arms
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Neuburg a.d. Donau
Location of Neuburg a.d. Donau within Neuburg-Schrobenhausen district
Neuburg an der Donau in ND.svg
Coordinates: 48°44′N11°11′E / 48.733°N 11.183°E / 48.733; 11.183 Coordinates: 48°44′N11°11′E / 48.733°N 11.183°E / 48.733; 11.183
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberbayern
District Neuburg-Schrobenhausen
Government
   Lord Mayor Dr. Bernhard Gmehling (CSU)
Area
  Total81.32 km2 (31.40 sq mi)
Elevation383 m (1,257 ft)
Population (2017-12-31) [1]
  Total29,608
  Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 86633
Dialling codes 08431
Vehicle registration ND
Website www.neuburg-donau.de

Neuburg an der Donau, literally Newcastle on the river Danube , is a town which is the capital of the Neuburg-Schrobenhausen district in the state of Bavaria in Germany.

Danube River in Central Europe

The Danube is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.

Neuburg-Schrobenhausen District in Bavaria, Germany

Neuburg-Schrobenhausen is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Pfaffenhofen, Aichach-Friedberg, Donau-Ries and Eichstätt, and by the city of Ingolstadt.

Bavaria State in Germany

Bavaria, officially the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Munich and Nuremberg.

Contents

Divisions

The municipality has 16 divisions:

Bergen is a village near Neuburg an der Donau, in Neuburg-Schrobenhausen, in Upper Bavaria, in Bavaria. The place is known locally as Baring. It is part of the municipality of Neuburg an der Donau.

  • Hardt
  • Heinrichsheim
  • Herrenwörth
  • Hessellohe
  • Joshofen
  • Marienheim
  • Maxweiler
  • Laisacker
  • Sehensand
  • Zell

History

Neuburg was originally an episcopal see. In the 10th century it passed to the counts of Scheyern and through them to Bavaria, being ceded to the Rhenish Palatinate at the close of a war in 1507. From 1557 to 1742 it was the capital of a small principality ruled by a cadet branch of the family of the elector palatine of the Rhine. This principality of Palatinate-Neuburg had an area of about 2,600 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi) and about 100,000 inhabitants. In 1742 it was united again with the Rhenish Palatinate, with which it passed in 1777 to Bavaria. [2]

Palatinate-Neuburg

Palatinate-Neuburg was a territory of the Holy Roman Empire, founded in 1505 by a branch of the House of Wittelsbach. Its capital was Neuburg an der Donau. Its area was about 2,750 km², with a population of some 100,000.

In 1806 in became part of firstly Altmühlkreis (its center was Eichstätt) between 1806 and 1808, later Oberdonaukreis (its center was firstly Eichstätt between 1810 and 1817, later Augsburg between 1817 and 1837). It was a rural district center in Schwaben region in 29 November 1837. On 30 June 1972, Neuburg an der Donau became a Grosse Kreisstadt (similar to a county seat) and was passed to Upper Bavaria region.

Eichstätt Place in Bavaria, Germany

Eichstätt is a town in the federal state of Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the district of Eichstätt. It is located on the Altmühl river and has a population of around 13,000. Eichstätt is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Eichstätt.

Augsburg Place in Bavaria, Germany

Augsburg is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is a university town and regional seat of the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben. Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg. It is the third-largest city in Bavaria with a population of 300,000 inhabitants, with 885,000 in its metropolitan area.

Swabia (Bavaria) Regierungsbezirk in Bavaria, Germany

Swabia is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.

Main sights

Hofkirche Hofkircheneuburgdonau.JPG
Hofkirche

Neuburg an der Donau has a defensive wall around the old town. The old town contains some well worth seeing institutions and happenings, such as the 'Birdland Jazz Club Neuburg', one of the best locations for jazz auditions in Germany.

Defensive wall Fortification used to protect an area from potential aggressors

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors. In ancient to modern times, they were used to enclose settlements. Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls, although there were also walls, such as the Great Wall of China, Walls of Benin, Hadrian's Wall, Anastasian Wall, the Cyclopean Wall Rajgir and the metaphorical Atlantic Wall, which extended far beyond the borders of a city and were used to enclose regions or mark territorial boundaries. In mountainous terrain, defensive walls such as letzis were used in combination with castles to seal valleys from potential attack. Beyond their defensive utility, many walls also had important symbolic functions – representing the status and independence of the communities they embraced.

The Renaissance Ducal Palace (Pfalz-Neuburger Residenzschloss), Neuburg Castle, which was built 1530-45 under Otto Henry, Elector Palatine and took on its present-day form during the reign of Philip William, Elector Palatine, today houses several museums including a Baroque gallery of the Bavarian State Picture Collection and the Archäologie-Museum Schloss Neuburg an der Donau (Neuburg an der Donau Castle Archaeology Museum), a branch of the Bavarian State Archaeological Collection.

Renaissance architecture architectural style

Renaissance architecture is the European architecture of the period between the early 14th and early 16th centuries in different regions, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture. Stylistically, Renaissance architecture followed Gothic architecture and was succeeded by Baroque architecture. Developed first in Florence, with Filippo Brunelleschi as one of its innovators, the Renaissance style quickly spread to other Italian cities. The style was carried to France, Germany, England, Russia and other parts of Europe at different dates and with varying degrees of impact.

Neuburg Castle (Bavaria) castle

The Neuburg Castle is a palace in Neuburg an der Donau, Upper Bavaria.

Otto Henry, Elector Palatine Count Palatine of Neuburg and Elector Palatine

Otto-Henry, Elector Palatine, a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty was Count Palatine of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1505 to 1559 and prince elector of the Palatinate from 1556 to 1559. He was a son of Rupert, Count Palatine, third son of Philip, Elector Palatine; and of Elizabeth of Bavaria-Landshut, daughter of George of Bavaria.

Other main sights include the late Renaissance court church Hofkirche (1607/08 built by Josef Heintz), the Town Hall (1603/09), the rococo Provinzialbibliothek (Provincial Library, 1731/32) and the baroque churches of St. Peter (1641/46) and St. Ursula (1700/01). Grünau is a renaissance hunting lodge of Elector Otto Henry, which is situated 7 km further east (built from 1530 onwards).

Partner cities

Neuburg an der Donau is twinned with:

Neuburg an der Donau is linked with:

Neuburg an der Donau was part of the 1998 summit of worldwide cities named "New Castle" with:

Flag of England.svg Newcastle-under-Lyme England

Flag of Switzerland.svg Neuchâtel Switzerland

Flag of France.svg Neufchâteau France

Flag of the United States.svg New Castle, Indiana USA

Flag of the United States.svg New Castle, Pennsylvania USA

Flag of the United States.svg New Castle, Delaware USA

Flag of England.svg Newcastle upon Tyne England

Flag of Japan.svg Shinshiro Japan

Flag of South Africa.svg Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Electoral Palatinate historical territory of the Holy Roman Empire

The County Palatine of the Rhine, later the Electorate of the Palatinate or simply Electoral Palatinate, was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire administered by the Count Palatine of the Rhine. Its rulers served as prince-electors (Kurfürsten) from time immemorial, were noted as such in a papal letter of 1261, and were confirmed as electors by the Golden Bull of 1356.

House of Wittelsbach German noble family

The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.

Palatinate (region) geographic region

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Upper Bavaria Regierungsbezirk in Bavaria, Germany

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Upper Palatinate Regierungsbezirk in Bavaria, Germany

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Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine Elector Palatine, Duke of Jülich and Berg and Count Palatine of Neuburg

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Prince-Bishopric of Eichstätt

The Prince-Bishopric of Eichstätt was a small ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire. Centered on the town of Eichstätt, it was located in the present-day state of Bavaria, somewhat to the west of Regensburg, to the north of Neuburg an der Donau and Ingolstadt, to the south of Nuremberg, and to the southeast of Ansbach.

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War of the Succession of Landshut conflict

The War of the Succession of Landshut resulted from a dispute between the duchies of Bavaria-Munich and Bavaria-Landshut (Bayern-Landshut). An earlier agreement between the different Wittelsbach lines, the Treaty of Pavia (1329), concerned the law of succession and stated that if one branch should become extinct in the male line then the other would inherit. This agreement disregarded imperial law, which stipulated that the Holy Roman Emperor should inherit should a line fail.

Palatine Lion

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References

  1. "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). September 2018.
  2. Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Neuburg". Encyclopædia Britannica . 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 423.