Oise (river)

Last updated
Oise
Bateaux sur l'Oise by Daubigny Louvre RF1369 n1.jpg
Boats on the Oise, Charles-François Daubigny, 1865
MapOise.jpg
Location
CountriesFrance and Belgium
Physical characteristics
Source 
  location Hainaut
  elevation309 m (1,014 ft)
Mouth  
  location
Seine
  coordinates
48°59′12″N2°4′17″E / 48.98667°N 2.07139°E / 48.98667; 2.07139 (Seine-Oise) Coordinates: 48°59′12″N2°4′17″E / 48.98667°N 2.07139°E / 48.98667; 2.07139 (Seine-Oise)
Length341 km (212 mi)
Basin size17,000 km2 (6,600 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average110 m3/s (3,900 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Progression SeineEnglish Channel

The Oise ( /wɑːz/ WAHZ; French:  [waz] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a river of Belgium and France, flowing for 341 km (212 mi) [1] from its source in the Belgian province of Hainaut, south of Chimay. It crosses the border with France after about 20 km (12 mi). It flows into the Seine at Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, a north-western suburb of Paris. Its main tributary is the Aisne. It gave its name to the French departments of Oise and Val-d'Oise.

Contents

Places along the river

In France, the Oise flows through the following départements and towns:

Over the past few centuries, the Oise has played an important role as an inland shipping waterway connecting the Seine (and thus Paris) with the coastal regions of northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. With the projected construction of the Seine-Nord Europe Canal, a high-capacity water transport system currently in development, the Oise will be linked at Janville, north of Compiègne, with the high-capacity Canal Dunkerque-Escaut, east of Arleux. The Seine-Nord Europe Canal will replace the old Canal de Saint-Quentin and the current Canal du Nord, the capacity of which is far below standard. When the new Seine-Nord connection is complete, it will allow large vessels to transport goods from the Seine, and thus Paris and its surrounding area, to the ports of Dunkirk, Antwerp and Rotterdam.

Part of the overall project consists in upgrading the river Oise itself between Creil and Compiègne, a project called MAGEO (Mise au gabarit européen de l'Oise) that was put out to public consultation in 2013. Some bends need to be eased and bridges raised to meet the requirements of a class Vb inland waterway. [2]

Tributaries

The river at Hirson Hirson.jpg
The river at Hirson

Tributaries include

Right bank

Left bank

See also

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Seine–Nord Europe Canal canal

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Canal latéral à lOise Canal in northern France

The Canal latéral à l'Oise is a canal in northern France that, along with the river Oise, connects the Canal de Saint-Quentin at Chauny to the Seine at Conflans-Sainte-Honorine. See under the river Oise for the continuation of the route; the junction is made downstream of the lock at Janville 49.45750°N 2.85933°E. When a canal is latéral, it follows the course of the river it is named after but in a separate excavated channel. The route described below is the 34 km of canal parallel to the river Oise and 103.5 km of the canalised river Oise.

Canal de Saint-Quentin canal

The Canal de Saint-Quentin is a canal in northern France connecting the canalised Escaut River in Cambrai to the Canal latéral à l'Oise and Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne in Chauny.

Canal Dunkerque-Escaut architectural structure

The Canal Dunkerque-Escaut is a 189 km long series of historic canals, and the canalised river Escaut (Scheldt) that were substantially rebuilt from the mid-1950s up to ca. 1980, with some new sections, from Dunkerque to the Belgian border at Mortagne-du-Nord. Existing canals were straightened and widened; and new locks (écluses) were built, also on the river Escaut, from the junction at Bouchain to the border. The route is also known as the Liaison 'à grand gabarit'Dunkerque-Escaut. Some authors have separated the waterway into the canal proper and the canalised river Escaut, but current practice is to use the simple name throughout. The Liaison was designed for large commercial vessels up to 85m long by 11.50m wide. The entire route is being further upgraded to offer European Class Vb dimensions, for push-tows 185m by 11.50m, and motor barges up to 125m long, as part of the current EU-funded Seine-Escaut-Rhine waterway corridor investments, including the new Seine-Nord Europe Canal.

The railway from Creil to Jeumont is an important French 187-kilometre long railway line, that connects Creil, a northern suburb of Paris, to Jeumont on the Belgian border. It was opened in several stages between 1847 and 1855. The opening of the LGV Nord high speed line from Paris to Lille in 1993 has decreased its importance for passenger traffic.

The Je Sers, is a chapel-boat for boatmen, dedicated to Saint-Nicholas. It is moored at The Quai de la Republique of Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (France) and registered at the Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel.

References

  1. Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau (H---0100)".
  2. "MAGEO - Mise au gabarit européen de l'Oise entre Creil et Compiègne".