Peter Jensen (bishop)

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Peter Jensen
Archbishop of Sydney
Church Anglican Church of Australia
Province New South Wales
Diocese Sydney
Installed2001
Term ended2013
Predecessor Harry Goodhew
Successor Glenn Davies
Other posts Principal of Moore Theological College (1985–2001)
Orders
Ordination1969 (deacon)
1970 (presbyter)
Consecration29 June 2001
Personal details
Birth namePeter Frederick Jensen
Born (1943-07-11) 11 July 1943 (age 76)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
NationalityAustralian
SpouseChristine
Children5; including Rev. Dr Michael Jensen
Alma mater Moore Theological College
University of Sydney
University of London
University of Oxford

Peter Frederick Jensen (born 11 July 1943) is a retired Australian Anglican bishop, theologian and academic. From 1985 to 2001, he was Principal of Moore Theological College. From 2001 to 2013, he was the Archbishop of Sydney and Metropolitan of the Province of New South Wales in the Anglican Church of Australia. [1] He retired on his 70th birthday, 11 July 2013. [2] It was announced at the conclusion of GAFCON 3 on 22 June 2018 in Jerusalem, Israel that Archbishop Jensen will step down as General Secretary of GAFCON in early 2019 to be succeeded by Archbishop Benjamin Kwashi, former Archbishop of Jos in Nigeria. [3]

Contents

Early life and education

Jensen was born in Sydney and educated at Bellevue Hill Public School and The Scots College. [4] After completing his Leaving Certificate, Jensen studied law for two years and worked as an articled clerk before he moved into primary school teaching.[ citation needed ]

Jensen entered Moore Theological College in the late 1960s [4] and won the Hey Sharp prize for coming first in the Licentiate of Theology, the standard course of study at that time. He also has a Master of Arts degree from Sydney University, a Bachelor of Divinity degree from the University of London and a Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) degree from the University of Oxford. His 1976 master's dissertation was entitled "Calvinism and the Persecution of the Witches in England (1563–1604)" and his 1979 doctoral dissertation was entitled "The Life of Faith in the Teaching of Elizabethan Protestantism".[ citation needed ]

Ordained ministry

Jensen was ordained in the Anglican Church of Australia as a deacon in 1969 and as a priest in 1970. He was a curate at St. Barnabas, Broadway between 1969 and 1976. From 1976 to 1979, when he was studying for his DPhil at the University of Oxford, he was granted permission to officiate in the Diocese of Oxford, England. [5]

From 1973 to 1976 and 1980 to 1984, [5] he lectured in systematic and biblical theology at Moore Theological College. He was appointed Principal in 1985 and held the post until becoming a bishop in 2001. He gained a reputation as a gifted preacher [6] and was often seen at the annual Katoomba Christian Conventions.

On 5 June 2001, Jensen became the 11th Archbishop of Sydney. He was consecrated on St Peter's Day, 29 June 2001. He called upon all churches in the Sydney diocese to aim to reach 10% of their communities by 2012. He also encouraged an unprecedented increase in church planting. [7] Over the course of 2002–2008, 136 new congregations were started within the Diocese, particularly within the Northern, Western and Wollongong regions. [8] The number of candidates for ordination within the Diocese increased from 20-30 per year to 40-50 by 2008. [8]

Shortly after his appointment as Archbishop of Sydney, Jensen was accused of nepotism after nominating his brother, Phillip Jensen, as Dean of Sydney and appointing his own wife, Christine Jensen, to a lay position in a new women's ministry team. [9] However, according to a spokesperson for Jensen, his wife was the only unpaid member of this team, and the new role was "just an extension of what she's been doing for many years, as the wife of the Moore College principal and now as the wife of the archbishop". [10]

Views

Jensen has a reputation with the Australian media for being an outspoken advocate for evangelical Christianity. [1] He has spoken out on issues as diverse as abortion, [11] euthanasia [12] and embryonic stem cell research [13] as well as on industrial relations. [14] He has expressed his opposition to the ordination of women as priests, saying "the church is more like a family and, within the family, men are the spiritual guides", [15] but believes women can be appointed to the diaconate, and has ordained women as such within the Sydney diocese. [16] He is opposed to the ordination of women as bishops. [17] He has also opposed the ordination of non-celibate gay people as clergy. [18]

In late 2007, Jensen was one of the founding members of the Global Anglican Future Conference which was held in June 2008, one month prior to the Lambeth Conference. [19]

In a June 2012 opinion piece, Jensen argued that the acceptance of same-sex marriage is not "for the moral good". He also criticised the notion of "marriage equality", noting that society does not allow marriage between siblings or between adults and children. [20] He also wrote a letter to parishioners of Sydney's Anglican churches in which he quoted Bible extracts from Genesis on the nature of marriage and said that "The education of children must not be distorted by the state-imposed idea that a family can be founded on the sexual union of two men or two women as a valid alternative to that of a man and a woman." [21]

In September 2012, Jensen was a panellist on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Q&A program and was questioned about his views on several key issues involving the church and society. [22] On the question of whether women should be submissive to their husbands, Jensen focused on the vows made by the husband at the time of marriage to act towards his wife in a Christ-like manner. [22]

On the Q&A program, when questioned as to whether he supported the attitudes of the Australian Christian Lobby towards homosexuality, including a statement that it was "like smoking", Jensen said, "As far as I can see by trying to get to the facts, the lifespan of practising gays is significantly shorter than the ordinary, so-called, heterosexual man. I think that seems to be the case. Now what we need to do is to look at why this may be the case and we need to do it in a compassionate and objective way." [22] Jensen was questioned by a young homosexual Christian man who had contemplated suicide about what he would say to young people in that position. It was stated by a panel member, journalist Anna Crean, that Jensen's position was one of influence and that people, by the process of being made to feel ostracised, were subject to "self-destruction". Jensen was then offered by a youth worker in the audience the opportunity to discuss the suffering of young homosexual people resulting from comments made by Jensen and the ACL. Jensen responded that the matter was complex and that he would like to hear the facts. He said, "It's all very well to say that what I say causes this. That to my mind is ...already facile." [22] When questioned as to whether God might be responsible for a "gay gene", Jensen responded that God created and loves all people. He stated that same-sex attraction was not the important issue and that what he was talking about was the acting out of same-sex attraction. [22] Jensen was asked whether he thought that his attitudes towards gay marriage and the submission of women were contributing factors in the rise of atheism. He responded that he did not believe that there had been a rise in atheism. [22] He concluded by saying that God had revealed himself through Jesus and that through him, all people have equality. [22]

Jensen has advocated "lay administration" in which lay people could be licensed to preside at Holy Communion services. [23] [24] This reflects his view that the ministry of word and sacrament belong together and, as lay people have long been permitted to preach in the Sydney diocese, it is thought they ought to be permitted to lead communion services. [25]

Publications

Jensen has written a number of books on Christian doctrine, including At the Heart of the Universe (1991) [26] and The Revelation of God (2002). In November and December 2005 he also delivered the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Boyer Lectures on the topic "The Future of Jesus". [26] These lectures have subsequently been published as a book.

Jensen, as of 2014, is a co-editor of the Reformed Theological Review . [27] He also authored the Lenten study Power and Promise released by Anglican Press Australia in late 2014.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Rev Dr Peter Jensen: the interview". Australian Broadcasting Corporation . Archived from the original on 23 September 2009.
  2. Sydney Anglicans – Cathedral gears up for Archbishop farewell Archived 21 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine (Accessed 26 June 2013)
  3. "Foley Beach and Ben Kwashi to lead GAFCON". Anglican Ink 2018 ©. 22 June 2018. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  4. 1 2 "Profile". Sydney Anglicans. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012.
  5. 1 2 "Peter Frederick Jensen" . Crockford's Clerical Directory (online ed.). Church House Publishing . Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  6. "Contributors: Peter Jensen". ABC The Drum Unleashed. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  7. Peter Jensen (14 October 2002). The Gospel of God's Grace (Speech). Presidential Address - 1st Session of the 46th Synod. Sydney. Archived from the original on 2 November 2002. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  8. 1 2 Peter Tasker. "Mission mid-point review". Sydney Anglicans. Anglican Media Sydney. Archived from the original on 14 December 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  9. "AM - Archbishop Jensen accused of nepotism". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 18 November 2002. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  10. Burke, Kelly (18 November 2002). "The more the holier: another Jensen leads flock". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  11. Maley, Paul (9 October 2012). "Anglican Archbishop Peter Jensen decries rate of abortion". The Australian. Sydney. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  12. Powell, Russell (11 October 2010). "Sydney Synod Address 2010". Sydney Anglicans. Anglican Media Sydney. Archived from the original on 14 December 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  13. Jensen, Peter (23 March 2002). "Anglican Bishops support stem cell research ... but not at the cost of human life". News Weekly. Melbourne. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  14. Rodgers, Margaret (8 August 2005). "A Statement from Archbishop Peter Jensen on Industrial Relations reform" (Press release). Sydney: Anglican Media Sydney. Archbishop's Office. Archived from the original on 14 December 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  15. West, Andrew (December 2005). "Enough Already! Peter Jensen". The Monthly. Melbourne. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  16. Powell, Russell (5 February 2012). "Ordination reflects 'new Sydney'". Southern Cross. Sydney. Archived from the original on 14 December 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  17. "Anglican Archbishop of Sydney: Peter Jensen" Archived 18 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine , Sunday Profile, ABC, 14 October 2014.
  18. "Traditionalist Anglican bishops to meet over homosexual bishop crisis" Archived 27 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine , The Telegraph, 15 April 2012, retrieved 5 June 2012.
  19. Peter Jensen (27 December 2007). "The Global Anglican Future Conference". Sydney Anglicans. Archived from the original on 12 January 2008.
  20. "Stylish same-sex campaign glosses over real issues". The Sydney Morning Herald . Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  21. "House to debate gay marriage bills". WAtoday. 18 June 2012. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Seek and Ye Shall Submit - Q&A (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 10 September 2012. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
  23. Allan Dowthwaite (8 October 2004). "Radical change needed on Lord's Supper to save declining church". Sydney Anglican Network. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013.
  24. Barney Zwartz and Kelly Burke (9 October 2004). "Church takes dim view of lay role". The Sydney Morning Herald . Archived from the original on 19 January 2014.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  25. Peter Jensen (11 October 2004). "Theological reflection on lay administration". Sydney Anglican Network. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013.
  26. 1 2 "Peter Jensen - The Drum Opinion (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  27. "History & People". Reformed Theological Review. Reformed Theological Review. 2014. Archived from the original on 25 September 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
Anglican Communion titles
Preceded by
Harry Goodhew
Archbishop of Sydney
2001–2013
Succeeded by
Glenn Davies