Rail transport in Panama

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Since 2008, the only functioning railroad in Panama has been the Panama Canal Railway, operated by the Panama Canal Railway Company, successor of Panama Railway, which provides passenger and freight service between Panama City (on the Pacific coast) and Colón (on the Atlantic coast). Historically, there were also narrow gauge railroads in Chiriquí Province (Ferrocarril de Chiriquí), which were abandoned in the late 20th century. [1]

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Panama Canal Railway

Panama Canal Railway Container train arrival at Colon Panama Canal Railway - Container Train.JPG
Panama Canal Railway Container train arrival at Colon
Panama Canal Railway Passenger train in yard at Colon Panama Canal Railway - Passenger Train.JPG
Panama Canal Railway Passenger train in yard at Colon

During the first half of the 19th century, travel across the Isthmus of Panama was difficult and dangerous. The need for a more reliable interoceanic communication grew stronger after the acquisition of California by the United States. The construction of a transcontinental railroad started in 1850 and the first train from coast to coast passed on January 28, 1855. However, more than twelve thousand workers probably died during the construction.

The railway greatly assisted in the building of Panama Canal, which closely paralleled and in some places took over the rail line. Parts of the rail route were moved during the building of the canal, and considerable additions were made to the rail system. The rebuilt and improved Panama Railway beside the canal was completed in 1912.

In 1979, the United States government handed over control of the Canal Zone and railway to the government of Panama. On 19 June 1998, the government of Panama turned over control to the private Panama Canal Railway Company ("PCRC"). The Panama Railway was originally broad gauge 1,524 mm (5 ft) broad gauge, but when it was rebuilt in 2000, the gauge was changed to standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in). The route is 47.6 miles (76.6 km) long across the Isthmus of Panama from Colón (Atlantic) to Balboa (Pacific, near Panama City). [2]

As of 2015, Panama Canal Railway Company runs both passenger and freight trains between Panama City and Colón. Passenger service consists of one service in each direction Monday-Friday and the regular one way fare is US$25.

Ferrocarril de Chiriquí

Bridge of the Chiriqui Railway Scene on Chiriqui Railway, Panama.jpg
Bridge of the Chiriquí Railway

At the end of the nineteenth century, the government of Panama studied the feasibility of additional railroads. In 1910, Panama Railway was commissioned to estimate cost of a railroad from Panama City to David, Chiriquí with branches to Antón (Coclé Province) and Los Santos. The costs were however too high and the government decided to construct additional network in Chiriquí Province only. In 1914, a contract was signed for construction of a railroad David - Boquete - Concepción with a branch Dolega - Potrerillos and another short one to Puerto Pedregal. The railroad was inaugurated on April 23, 1916 with the first train from David to Boquete. (Dr. Alonso Roy)

Edwards Rail Car company reports an undated acknowledgment of their three railcars, which were delivered to Ferrocarril de Chiriquí probably in the 1920s.

After 1974, the infrastructure of Chiriquí Railroads was transferred to Ministry of Public Works (Ministerio de Obras Públicas) and operations were stopped around 1990 [3] . At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the tracks of the defunct railroads are being dismantled and reused for construction of bridges in rural areas  La Prensa February 21, 2003.

Chiriquí Land Company

Plantation tram probably on an excursion Plantation tram (31842985207).jpg
Plantation tram probably on an excursion

The Chiriquí Land Company was a United Fruit company involved in banana growing and real estate management in Panama. It also operated railroads that at their peak totaled about 300km, more than the Panama Railroad and FNC put together. [3] Their primary traffic was bananas, but it also ran public passenger and freight trains.

These were divided into two systems of similar size, both entirely narrow (3') gauge. The southern, in Chiriquí Province, was closed by 1988. [3] The northern, in Bocas del Toro Province, covered Almirante, Changuinola, Guabito and parts of Sixaola. The last-mentioned section closed in 1999, leaving only the bridge over Changuinola River. The remainder was closed between 2005 and 2008. [3] The railroad used General Electric engines ().

Trams

Two separate and distinct tram or streetcar systems operated in Panama City. The first started service on October 1, 1893, and ended during the Thousand Days' War. The second started in 1913 and operated, with reorganizations and company transferrals, until May 31, 1941. [4] There have been proposals for a tramway system to supplement the Panama City Metro, but as of 2017 no construction has taken place.

Panama City Metro

Contracts were awarded in 2010 for line 1 of the Panama Metro in Panama City, with 14 stations. Service began in April 2014, and the first phase of line two began service in 2019, bringing the total number of stations to 29.

Panama City-David railway

The government of Panama and China Tiesiju Civil Engineering Group are working to have a new high-speed railway between Panama City and David constructed, following the formalization of Panamanian-Chinese relations in June 2017. A design is planned to be ready in the second half of 2018. [5]

See also

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Trams in Panama began with an electric tramway in Panama City in 1893 and remained in service, with interruptions, until 1941. Passenger rail transport in Panama dates back to the 1850s, when the first transisthmian railroad line across Panama was beginning to be built to supply an alternate route to California in search of gold and wealth. The Panama Railroad was operating between Colón and Panama City by 1855. An attempt to build a battery operated tram network in Colón in 1910 was not successful.

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References

  1. Ediciones prensa.com BROKEN LINK Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Barrett, John (1913). "Panama Canal". HathiTrust. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Panama - Friends of Latin American Railways" . Retrieved 2017-01-11.
  4. Morrison, Allen (1 February 2008). "The Tramways of Colombia / Panama" . Retrieved 2011-05-05.
  5. "Panamá y China evaluan construcción de ferrocarril rápido". Prensa Latina (in Spanish). 25 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.