Royal Australian Chemical Institute

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The Royal Australian Chemical Institute (RACI) is both the qualifying body in Australia for professional chemists and a learned society promoting the science and practice of chemistry in all its branches. [1] The RACI hosts conferences, seminars and workshops. It is the professional body for chemistry in Australia, with the ability to award the status of Chartered Chemist (CChem) to suitably qualified candidates.

Contents

History

The RACI was formed as the Australian Chemical Institute in Sydney in September 1917. The driving force was David Orme Masson, professor of chemistry at the University of Melbourne. It was incorporated under the Companies Act in New South Wales in 1923. It was given a Royal Charter in 1932, but it was not until a supplementary Royal Charter in 1953 that "Royal" was added to the title of the Institute. It moved to Melbourne in 1934. It was incorporated in Victoria in 2000. Since 1993, the Institute has had its office at 21 Vale Street, North Melbourne, VIC 3051, Australia. [2]

Affiliations

The RACI is a member of the Federation of Australian Scientific and Technological Societies (FASTS) [3] and the Federation of Asian Chemical Societies (FACS). [4]

It has branches in all states and territories in Australia and divisions for the following areas of chemistry:

In addition to the divisions having organised conferences, they have co-operated in running occasional national conventions since 1953. [2]

Membership

A member of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute is designated with the honorific affix "MRACI". [5] As the professional body for chemistry in Australia, the Institute has the ability to award the status of Chartered Chemist ("CChem") to suitably qualified candidates. Election to fellow of the Institute ("FRACI") is dependent on a position of eminence, services rendered, academic honours, experience and status, creative achievement, responsibility and contribution to chemical science, and recommendation by the RACI Assessment Committee. [6] The Institute also accepts undergraduate and postgraduate student members, associate members, school affiliate members, and industry affiliate members. [5]

Publications

Chemistry in Australia [7] is a magazine published by the RACI monthly. It contains news, reviews of books and chemical software, as well as reports and stories aimed at a broad chemical audience. It is free to read online, and also available as a hard copy for members. It was established in 1934 as the Journal and Proceedings of the Australian Chemical Institute. [2]

The Chemical Education Division publishes the Australian Journal of Education in Chemistry ( ISSN   1445-9698). [8] It was formally called Chemeda: The Australian Journal of Chemical Education. It includes articles on chemical education at all levels in schools and universities, including experiments from the Australasian Chemistry Enhanced Laboratory Learning (ACELL) Project.

Awards

The Institute makes several annual awards including:

H. G. Smith Memorial Award

The H. G. Smith Memorial Award is the premier award of the RACI. It is awarded annually to a member who has contributed most to the development of some branch of chemical science, judged by research work published or accepted for publication during the ten years (or equivalent relative to opportunity) preceding the award. The recipient is required to be a current member for a minimum of 3 years. If in the opinion of the RACI Board there is no candidate who has sufficient merit, the Board may refrain from making an award. [9] Notable recipients of the award include: [10]

Other awards

The Cornforth Medal for the most outstanding PhD thesis submitted by a member. [11] It is named after the Australian Nobel Prize in Chemistry winner, Sir John Cornforth.

The Rennie Memorial Medal for the member of less than 8 years of professional experience since completing their most recent relevant qualification who has contributed most towards the development of some branch of chemical science.

The Leighton Memorial Medal is awarded to individuals in recognition of eminent services to chemistry in Australia. [12]

The Ollé Prize for a member of the Institute who submits the "best treatise, writing or paper" on any subject relevant to the Institute's interests.

The Adrien Albert award recognises the enormous contributions made by Prof. Adrien Albert to medicinal chemistry. It is the premier award of the Medicinal Chemistry and Chemical Biology Division and is given for sustained, outstanding research in the field of medicinal or agricultural chemistry or chemical biology. The research upon which the award is made must be conducted wholly, or largely, within Australia and New Zealand.

See also

Related Research Articles

Royal Society of Chemistry UK learned society

The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences". It was formed in 1980 from the amalgamation of the Chemical Society, the Royal Institute of Chemistry, the Faraday Society, and the Society for Analytical Chemistry with a new Royal Charter and the dual role of learned society and professional body. At its inception, the Society had a combined membership of 34,000 in the UK and a further 8,000 abroad. The headquarters of the Society are at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London. It also has offices in Thomas Graham House in Cambridge where RSC Publishing is based. The Society has offices in the United States at the University City Science Center, Philadelphia, in both Beijing and Shanghai, China and Bangalore, India. The organisation carries out research, publishes journals, books and databases, as well as hosting conferences, seminars and workshops. It is the professional body for chemistry in the UK, with the ability to award the status of Chartered Chemist (CChem) and, through the Science Council the awards of Chartered Scientist (CSci), Registered Scientist (RSci) and Registered Science Technician (RScTech) to suitably qualified candidates. The designation FRSC is given to a group of elected Fellows of the society who have made major contributions to chemistry and other interface disciplines such as biological chemistry. The names of Fellows are published each year in The Times (London). Honorary Fellowship of the Society ("HonFRSC") is awarded for distinguished service in the field of chemistry.

Chartered Chemist (CChem) is a chartered status awarded by the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) in the United Kingdom, the Royal Australian Chemical Institute (RACI) in Australia, by the Ministry of Education in Italy, the Institute of Chemistry Ceylon (IChemC), Sri Lanka, and the Institute of Chartered Chemists of Nigeria in Nigeria.

Hans Charles Freeman AM, FAA was a German-born Australian bioinorganic chemist, protein crystallographer, and Professor of Inorganic Chemistry who spent most of his academic career at the University of Sydney. His best known contributions to chemistry were his work explaining the unusual structural, electrochemical, and spectroscopic properties of blue copper proteins, particularly plastocyanin. He also introduced protein crystallography to Australia and was a strong advocate for programs to ensure Australian scientists have good access to "big science" facilities. Freeman has received numerous honours, including being elected a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA) and appointed a Member of the Order of Australia (AM) by the Australian Government. He was a charismatic lecturer who voluntarily continued teaching well into his formal retirement and imbued his students with a love of science.

Adrien Albert was a leading authority in the development of medicinal chemistry in Australia. Albert also authored many important books on chemistry, including one on selective toxicity.

Lewis Norman Mander,, FAA, FRS was a New Zealand-born Australian organic chemist. He has widely explored the synthesis and chemistry of the gibberellin class of diterpenes over a 20-year period at the Australian National University (ANU). In particular, he studied the effect of these hormones on stem growth and on the reasons why plant undergo bolting during plant development. The July 2004 edition of the Australian Journal of Chemistry was dedicated to Mander on the occasion of his 65th birthday. He retired in 2002 but remained active at the ANU until 2014. In 2018 Mander was made a Companion in the General Division in the Order of Australia which "...is awarded for eminent achievement and merit of the highest degree in service to Australia or humanity at large". In an interview he gave after winning his award, Mander said that his goal was to improve the efficiency of extracting food from plants with the possibility of reducing food shortages in the future.

Martin Gerhardt Banwell, Hon.FRSNZ is an organic chemist specialising in biotransformations and natural product synthesis.

Edward Rennie Australian chemist

Edward Henry Rennie was an Australian scientist and a president of the Royal Society of South Australia.

Leonard Francis Lindoy, FAA, is an Australian chemist with interests in macrocyclic chemistry and metallo-supramolecular chemistry, and an Emeritus Professor of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Sydney and James Cook University. He moved to the University of Sydney in 1996 to take up the departmental chair in inorganic chemistry vacated by Hans Freeman.

Noel Hush Australian chemist

Noel Sydney HushAO FRS FNAS FAA FRACI FRSN was an Australian chemist at the University of Sydney.

Michelle Louise Coote FRSC FAA is an Australian polymer chemist. She has published extensively in the fields of polymer chemistry, radical chemistry and computational quantum chemistry. She is an Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellow, Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC) and Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA).

Martina Heide Stenzel is a Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of New South Wales. She is also a Royal Australian Chemical Institute (RACI) University Ambassador and an editor for the Australian Journal of Chemistry

Dr. Vicki Gardiner FRACI CChem CompIEAust is the current General Manager of the Tasmania Division of Engineers Australia.

Margaret Harding is an Australian chemist and educator who is currently Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) at The Australian National University (ANU). She is an expert in medicinal and biomolecular chemistry, with special research interests in the areas of antifreeze proteins and ligand-DNA interactions.

Anthony S. Weiss Australian biochemist

Anthony Steven Weiss PhD AM FRSC FTSE FRSN FRACI, FTERM, FBSE is a university researcher, company founder and entrepreneur. He is the leading scientist in human tropoelastin research and synthetic human elastin. He holds the McCaughey Chair in Biochemistry, heads the Charles Perkins Centre Node in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, and is Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biotechnology at the University of Sydney. His discoveries are on human elastic materials that accelerate the healing and repair of arteries, skin and 3D human tissue components. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. Weiss is on the editorial boards of the American Chemical Society Biomaterials Science and Engineering, Applied Materials Today (Elsevier), Biomaterials, Biomedical Materials, BioNanoScience (Springer) and Tissue Engineering. He is a biotechnology company founder, promoter of national and international technology development, and has received national and international awards, including the Order of Australia.

David Henry Solomon chemist

David Henry Solomon is an Australian polymer chemist. He is best known for his work in developing Living Radical Polymerization techniques, and polymer banknotes.

Denis Oswald Jordan AO FAA FRACI was an Anglo-Australian chemist with a distinguished career as a researcher and lecturer in Chemistry at both University College Nottingham (1940–53) and the University of Adelaide, where he was Angas Professor of Chemistry from 1958 to 1982. Jordan also served as president of Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering from 1958 to 1962, and Royal Australian Chemical Institute from 1978 to 1979.

Margaret Sheil

Margaret Mary Sheil is an Australian academic and the Vice Chancellor and President of Queensland University of Technology..

Mary Jean Garson is an organic chemist and academic in Australia. She currently works for the University of Queensland.

Elizabeth Joy New is an Australian chemist and Associate Professor of the School of Chemistry, University of Sydney. She won the 2018 Australian Museum 3M Eureka Prize.

Isabel Joy Bear is an Australian chemist who worked at CSIRO for over forty years. She was the first woman to be awarded the Royal Australian Chemical Institute Leighton Medal. She was inducted into the Victorian Honour Roll of Women in 2005. Bear identified several metastable zirconium sulphate hydrates, and with Dick Thomas was the first to scientifically describe "petrichor", the smell of rain on dry soil.

References

  1. Australian Science at Work RACI entry
  2. 1 2 3 Hügel, Helmut (2007). "Royal by name, real by nature: RACI at 90". Chemistry in Australia. Melbourne: Royal Australian Chemical Institute. Inc. 74 (10): 24–25.
  3. Federation of Australian Scientific and Technological Societies
  4. Federation of Asian Chemical Societies
  5. 1 2 "Membership Types". Royal Australian Chemical Institute. 2018.
  6. "RACI Fellow (FRACI)". Royal Australian Chemical Institute. 2018.
  7. "Chemistry in Australia magazine". chemaust.raci.org.au. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  8. Australian Journal of Education in Chemistry
  9. "H. G. Smith Memorial Award". raci.org.au. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  10. "Past Officers & Award Winners". raci.org.au. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  11. Cornforth Medal
  12. "Leighton Memorial Medal – The Royal Australian Chemical Institute Incorporated". raci.org.au. Retrieved 26 March 2017.