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Wappen Rudolstadt.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Rudolstadt within Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district
Rudolstadt in SLF.png
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thuringia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 50°43′1″N11°19′39″E / 50.71694°N 11.32750°E / 50.71694; 11.32750 Coordinates: 50°43′1″N11°19′39″E / 50.71694°N 11.32750°E / 50.71694; 11.32750
Country Germany
State Thuringia
District Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
   Mayor Jörg Reichl
  Total135.17 km2 (52.19 sq mi)
195 m (640 ft)
 (2019-12-31) [1]
  Density180/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes 03672
Vehicle registration SLF, RU

Rudolstadt is a town in the German federal state Thuringia, with the Thuringian Forest to the southwest, and to Jena and Weimar to the north.


The former capital of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, the town is built along the River Saale inside a wide valley surrounded by woods. Rudolstadt was founded in 776 and has had municipal law since 1326. The town's landmark is the Castle Heidecksburg which is enthroned on a hill above the old town. The former municipality Remda-Teichel was merged into Rudolstadt in January 2019.

Rudolstadt was once well known because of the Anchor Stone Blocks of the Toy Company Richter and porcelain factories, beginning with the establishment of the Volkstedt porcelain manufacture in 1762.


Early History

There is archeological evidence of a hill fort on the Weinberg in Oberpreilipp from the time of the late Urnfield culture and the early Iron Age. [2] A Celtic settlement followed the Germanic one and the affiliation with the Duchy of Thuringia. From the 6th Century onwards, archeological records suggest Slavic settlement in the area.

The first documented mention of the placename was in 776 as Rudolfestat (Rudolf's settlement) as a gift from Charlemagne to Hersfeld Abbey [3]

Historical Population

Population graph of Rudolstadt from 1834 to 2016 Einwohnerentwicklung von Rudolstadt.svg
Population graph of Rudolstadt from 1834 to 2016

Number of Inhabitants (from 1960 as of 31 December, unless otherwise indicated):

1834 to 1960

  • 1834: 5,929
  • 1890: 1
  • 1925: 15,711
  • 1933: 16,863
  • 1939: 19,331
  • 1946: 22,100 1
  • 1950: 28,234 2
  • 1960: 27,678

1970 to 1997

  • 1970: 31,683
  • 1981: 31,547
  • 1984: 32,232
  • 1985: 32,408
  • 1994: 29,118
  • 1995: 28,691
  • 1996: 28,438
  • 1997: 28,521

1998 to 2005

  • 1998: 28,241
  • 1999: 27,996
  • 2000: 27,528
  • 2001: 26,940
  • 2002: 26,549
  • 2003: 26,010
  • 2004: 25,793
  • 2005: 25,397

2006 to 2013

  • 2006: 25,131
  • 2007: 24,650
  • 2008: 24,285
  • 2009: 24,033
  • 2010: 23,762
  • 2011: 23,998
  • 2012: 22,811
  • 2013: 22,739

since 2014

  • 2014: 22,667
  • 2015: 22,855
  • 2016: 22,704
  • 2017: 22,560
  • 2018: 22,283
Data since 1994: Thuringian Statistical Office

1 29 October
2 31 August


Rudolstadt hosts Germany's biggest folk, roots, and world music festival, TFF Rudolstadt (Tanz&FolkFest), taking place annually on the first full July weekend. [4]

Rudolstadt is twinned with Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, Ireland. [5]

Since 2012 Rudolstadt hosts Getting tough race (German wiki), Europe's hardest obstacle race.


The headquarters of the EPC Group, a global engineering and construction company, are in Rudolstadt.

Notable people from Rudolstadt

Related Research Articles

Thuringia State in Germany

Thuringia, officially the Free State of Thuringia, is a state of Germany. In central Germany, it covers 16,171 square kilometres (6,244 sq mi), being the sixth smallest of the sixteen German States. It has a population of about 2.15 million inhabitants.

Weimar Place in Thuringia, Germany

Weimar is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 kilometres southwest of Leipzig, 170 kilometres north of Nuremberg and 170 kilometres west of Dresden. Together with the neighbour cities Erfurt and Jena, it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia, with approximately 500,000 inhabitants. The city itself has a population of 65,000. Weimar is well known because of its large cultural heritage and its importance in German history.

Ilm-Kreis is a district in Thuringia, Germany. It is bounded by the city of Erfurt, the districts of Weimarer Land, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt and Hildburghausen, the city of Suhl, and the districts of Schmalkalden-Meiningen and Gotha. It is named after the river Ilm, flowing through the district.

Weimarer Land is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. Neighboring districts are the district Burgenlandkreis in Saxony-Anhalt, the district Saale-Holzland and the district-free city Jena, the district Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, Ilm-Kreis, and the district-free city Erfurt. The district-free city Weimar is completely enclosed by the district.

Bad Blankenburg Place in Thuringia, Germany

Bad Blankenburg is a spa town in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, in Thuringia, Germany. It is situated 6 km southwest of Rudolstadt, and 37 km southeast of Erfurt. It is most famous for being the location of the first kindergarten of Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel, in 1837.

Arnstadt Place in Thuringia, Germany

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Schwarzburg (municipality) Municipality in Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district, Thuringia, Germany

Schwarzburg is a municipality in the valley of the Schwarza in the district Saalfeld-Rudolstadt in Thuringia, Germany.

Ilmenau Place in Thuringia, Germany

Ilmenau is a town in Thuringia, Germany. It is the largest town within the Ilm district with a population of 36,000, while the district capital is Arnstadt. Ilmenau is located approximately 33 km south of Erfurt and 135 km north of Nuremberg within the Ilm valley at the northern edge of the Thuringian Forest at an elevation of 500 metres.

Bad Frankenhausen Place in Thuringia, Germany

Bad Frankenhausen is a spa town in the German state of Thuringia. It is located at the southern slope of the Kyffhäuser mountain range, on an artificial arm of the Wipper river, a tributary of the Unstrut. Because of the nearby Kyffhäuser monument dedicated to Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, it is nicknamed Barbarossastadt. The municipality includes the villages of Seehausen, Udersleben, Esperstedt and Ichstedt and Ringleben.

Gräfenthal Place in Thuringia, Germany

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Stadtilm Place in Thuringia, Germany

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Alkersleben Place in Thuringia, Germany

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Hohenwarte Place in Thuringia, Germany

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Lichte Ortsteil of Neuhaus am Rennweg in Thuringia, Germany

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Friedensburg Castle

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Volkstedt porcelain

Volkstedt porcelain manufactory sited in Rudolstadt, Thuringia, Germany, was the earliest porcelain manufactory in Thuringia. It was in business as Aelteste Volkstedter Porzellanmanufaktur, the "Oldest Volkstedt Porcelain Manufactory", which was integrated into the VEB Vereinigte Zierporzellanwerke Lichte, which in turn formed part of the Kombinat Feinkeramik Kahla.

The Thuringian Counts' War, or Thuringian Counts' Feud was a conflict between several ancient aristocratic families and the House of Wettin for supremacy in Thuringia. The war lasted from 1342 to 1346. The conflict is also called by various other names in English sources including War of the Thuringian Counts and Thuringian Comital War.


  1. "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften in Thüringen Gebietsstand: 31.12.2019". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). August 2020.
  2. Michael Köhler: Thüringer Burgen und befestigte vor- und frühgeschichtliche Wohnplätze. Jenzig-Verlag Köhler, Jena 2001, ISBN   3-910141-43-9, S. 270.
  3. Wolfgang Kahl, Hansjürgen Müllerott (2002), Die Vor- und Frühgeschichte Rudolstadts mit den Annalen von 775–786 bis 1503 und einem Exkurs aus der Geschichte Saalfelds (in German), Arnstadt: Thüringer-Chronik-Verlag H. E. Müllerott, p. 128, ISBN   3-910132-73-1
  4. Official website of TFF.Rudolstadt Archived 2006-02-04 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Donegal Councillor Ian McGarvey immortalised in wine". Donegal News . 29 March 2019. Archived from the original on 30 March 2019.