Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

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County (Principality) of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Grafschaft (Fürstentum) Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
1599–1918
Flagge Furstentumer Schwarzburg.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of the Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.svg
Coat of arms
German Empire - Schwarzburg Rudolstadt (1871).svg
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt within the German Empire
SBRU.png
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt within Thuringia
Status State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806),
State of the Confederation of the Rhine,
State of the German Confederation,
State of the North German Confederation,
State of the German Empire,
State of the Weimar Republic
CapitalRudolstadt
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical era Early modern period
 Emerged from
     Schwarzburg
1599
 Raised to Principality
1711
1918
 Merged into Thuringia
1920
Area
1905940 km2 (360 sq mi)
Population
 1905
97,000
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flagge Furstentumer Schwarzburg.svg County of Schwarzburg
Thuringia Flag of Thuringia (state).svg

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a small historic state in present-day Thuringia, Germany, with its capital at Rudolstadt.

Contents

History

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was established in 1599 in the course of a resettlement of Schwarzburg dynasty lands. Since the 11th century, the ancestral seat of the comital family had been at Schwarzburg Castle, though after 1340, for most of its existence as a polity had the capital at the larger town of Rudolstadt. In 1583 Count Günther XLI of Schwarzburg, the eldest son of Günther XL the Rich and ruler over the united Schwarzburg lands, had died without issue. He was succeeded by his younger brothers, whereby Albert VII received the territory around Rudolstadt. After their brother Count William of Schwarzburg-Frankenhausen had died in 1597, the surviving brothers Albert VII and John Günther I established the two counties of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen by the 1599 Treaty of Stadtilm.

Albert's descendants ruled as sovereign counts of the Holy Roman Empire. Count Albert Anton (1662–1710) was elevated to the rank of a Prince by Emperor Leopold I of Habsburg, it was however his son Louis Frederick I (1710–1718) who first bore the princely title, whereby Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt in 1711 became a principality under the same entity. It withstood the mediatisation and after the Empire's dissolution joined the Confederation of the Rhine in 1807 and the German Confederation in 1815.

In 1905 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt had an area of 940 km2 (360 sq mi) and a population of 97,000.

On 23 November 1918, during the German Revolution of 1918–1919 and the fall of all the German monarchies, Prince Günther Victor was the last to abdicate. The former principality became a "Free State" in 1919, that was merged into the new state of Thuringia in the next year.

Rulers of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Counts of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Princes of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Prince Gunther Victor, the last ruler of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Gunther Victor von Schwarzburg.jpg
Prince Günther Victor, the last ruler of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Heads of the princely house of Schwarzburg post-monarchy

On the death of the childless Prince Günther Victor in 1925, he was succeeded by Prince Sizzo (1860–1926), who was the son of Prince Friedrich Günther (1793–1867) from his second, morganatic marriage. Prince Sizzo was recognised as a full member of the House of Schwarzburg in 1896. He was succeeded in 1926 by his son, Prince Friedrich Günther (1901–1971).

Upon the death in 1971 of Prince Friedrich Günther, the last in the male line, his elder sister, Princess Marie Antoinette of Schwarzburg, who married Friedrich Magnus V, Count of Solms-Wildenfels, could have had a claim to the headship under semi-Salic primogeniture. [1] [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a sovereign prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.

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Marie Antoinette, Princess of Schwarzburg was the eldest child of Sizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg.

Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

Christian William I of Schwarzburg was Count and later Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Sondershausen, Arnstadt and Leutenberg. From 1681, he also carried the title of Count in Ebeleben, and from 1716 Count in Arnstadt.

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Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

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Louis Günther II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

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John Frederick, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

John Frederick, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was the ruling Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1744 to 1767.

Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1662 to 1710. He was raised to Imperial Prince in 1697, however, he chose not to accept his elevation. In 1710, he was elevated again, and this time, he accepted.

Frederick Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Frederick Anton of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was the ruling Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1718 until his death.

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Emilie Antonia of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst, was regent of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1646 to 1662.

Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1612 until his death.

Charles Günther, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Charles Günther, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a German nobleman. He was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1605 to 1612 and then the ruling Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Rudolstadt, Leutenberg, Blankenburg, Sondershausen and Arnstadt from 1612 until his death.

Louis Frederick II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

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References

  1. The House of Schwarzburg on Heraldica.org
  2. James, John Almanach de Gotha, Volume I, 2013.