Ruger 10/22

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Ruger 10/22
Ruger 10-22.jpg
Ruger 10/22
TypeRimfire semi-automatic rifle
Place of originUnited States
Service history
Used bySee Users
Wars Israeli–Palestinian conflict [1]
Production history
Designer William B. Ruger, Harry H. Sefried II [2] [3]
Designed1964 [4]
Manufacturer Sturm, Ruger & Co.
Unit cost$54.50 (1965) [5]
No. builtover 7 million (2015) [3]
Variants10/22 Carbine
10/22 Takedown
22 Charger pistol
10/22 Magnum
Specifications (Standard 10/22 carbine)
Mass5 lb (2.3 kg) [5]
Length37 in (940 mm) [5]
Barrel  length18.5 in (470 mm) [5]

Cartridge .22 Long Rifle [5]
.22 Magnum (10/22 Magnum only)
.17 HMR (10/17 only)
Action Semi-automatic
Feed system10-round rotary magazine or 25 and 15-round box magazine

The Ruger 10/22 is a series of semi-automatic rifles produced by American firearm manufacturer Sturm, Ruger & Co., chambered for the .22 Long Rifle rimfire cartridge. It uses a patented 10-round rotary magazine, though higher capacity box magazines are also available. The standard carbine version of the Ruger 10/22 has been in production continuously since 1964, [6] making it one of the most successful rimfire rifle designs in history, with numerous third party manufacturers making parts and accessories for upgrading and customization. The 10/22's aftermarket is so prolific that a complete 10/22 can be built without using any Ruger-made components.


A magnum version of the 10/22, known as the 10/22 Magnum, chambered for the .22 WMR cartridge, was made from 1998 to 2006. A .17 HMR version, the 10/17, was announced in 2004, [7] but was only listed in the catalog for two years. [8]

Uses and customization

Ruger 10/22 highly customized by Clark Custom Guns. Clear/red magazines are 40th anniversary edition. Jp498cc1022ruger.jpg
Ruger 10/22 highly customized by Clark Custom Guns. Clear/red magazines are 40th anniversary edition.
Ruger 10/22 Custom with an Butler Creek folding stock and a Millett DMS-1 rifle scope 1-4 X 24mm Ruger-1022-Custom-Tactical.jpg
Ruger 10/22 Custom with an Butler Creek folding stock and a Millett DMS-1 rifle scope 1-4 X 24mm

The 10/22 was immediately popular upon its release. It was designed as a quality adult gun with adult ergonomics and not a stereotypically cheap "youth rifle". It was styled as reminiscent of the U.S. 30 caliber M1 carbine adding to its appeal. Its easy handling characteristics, negligible recoil, and inexpensive ammunition nonetheless make it ideal for young or inexperienced shooters. It is very popular for small-game hunters and those who want an inexpensive rifle for firing inexpensive ammunition for target and plinking use. [9] This popularity has led to many after-market modifications being available to improve performance, augment the rifle's looks, or increase its magazine capacity, making the 10/22 one of the most customizable firearms ever made. [10] [11] Custom manufacturers also make "clones" of the 10/22, which are similar in design (most parts will interchange) but built to much higher specifications and costs. The 10/22 barrel uses a unique two-screw, V-block system to attach the barrel to the receiver, making removal and replacement of the barrel (which would require a gunsmith's work with most other rifles) very easy. [3] This, when combined with the simple construction of the rest of the components, means that the average person can easily replace any part in the gun with nothing more than a screwdriver, a hex key and simple punches.

Ruger 10/22 "Stainless" With an aftermarket Butler Creek Folding Stock and a TRUGLO Red Dot Sight Ruger 10-22 (2).JPG
Ruger 10/22 "Stainless" With an aftermarket Butler Creek Folding Stock and a TRUGLO Red Dot Sight


Ruger 10/22 International model, which comes with a full-length Mannlicher style stock Ruger 10 22 International.png
Ruger 10/22 International model, which comes with a full-length Mannlicher style stock

The 10/22 is available in a wide variety of configurations. In 2015, the Ruger 10/22 came in 11 different models, not counting distributor exclusives. The Carbine came in three models; the Tactical, Takedown and Target each had two models; the Sporter and Compact each had one model. The discontinued 10/22 International model was fitted with a Mannlicher stock. Standard barrel lengths are 20" in the 10/22 Rifle, 1812" in the 10/22 Carbine, and 1618" in the 10/22 Compact Rifle which is also fitted with a shorter stock. All .22 Long Rifle versions use an aluminum receiver, while the discontinued .22 Magnum version used a steel receiver with integral scope bases.

10/22 Carbine

Standard model with 18.5" barrel. Offered with hardwood or black synthetic stocks, black alloy, or stainless steel receivers and a model fitted with LaserMax laser sight.

10/22 Target

Target shooting model with heavy 20" bull barrel with no iron sights. [12]

10/22 Target Lite

Introduced in 2018 the Target Lite is similar to the Target model but with a laminate thumbhole stock.

10/22 Compact

Compact rifle with 16.12" barrel.

10/22 Sporter

A model with 18.5", alternatively 20" or 22", barrel and checkered walnut stock with sling swivels.

10/22 Tactical

A model with 16.12" fitted with a flash suppressor. Also offered with 16.12" heavy target barrel with Hogue OverMolded stock fitted with bipod.

10/22 Competition

The 10/22 Competition rifle has a hard-coat anodized, CNC-machined receiver made from heat-treated and stress relieved 6061-T6511 aluminum. The receiver incorporates a rear cleaning port and an integral, optics-ready 30 MOA Picatinny rail. The rifle also has an enhanced semi-auto chamber, BX-Trigger, heat-treated and nitrided CNC-machined match bolt, 16-1/8" cold hammer-forged bull free-floating barrel which is fluted to reduce weight and dissipate heat and is also threaded with a 1/2"-28 pattern to accommodate the included muzzle brake or other barrel accessories. [13]

50th Anniversary Rifle

In 2014 to mark the 50th anniversary of the Ruger 10/22 a contest was held to design an anniversary model. The winning design by public vote has a stainless steel 18.5" threaded barrel with flash suppressor, a lightweight black synthetic stock with interchangeable stock modules, a picatinny rail and ghost-ring adjustable rear sight.

Collector's Series

A limited-edition 50th Anniversary Collector's Series Carbine model was offered in 2014. It had a black alloy receiver with "1964-2014" special markings, 18.5" barrel, fiber optic sights, and a 25-round magazine.

Collector's Series Second Edition

In June 2015, Ruger announced a limited Second Edition of the Collector's Series 10/22 carbine. It features a dark grey version of Ruger's Modular Stock System found on the Ruger American Rimfire rifle, a protected non-glare blade front sight, ghost ring adjustable rear aperture sight, and a Picatinny rail. [14]

VLEH Target Tactical Rifle

In 2009 Ruger also announced the Target Tactical Rifle model, a hybrid of the 10/22T and Ruger M77 Hawkeye Tactical rifle. [15] V - Varmint barrel, L - Law + E - Enforcement model, H - Hogue stock.

10/22 Takedown

On March 28, 2012, Ruger introduced the 10/22 Takedown model. [16] This model disassembles into barrel and action/buttstock components easily. It is shipped in a backpack style case that has room for the rifle, ammunition, and accessories. The MSRP is higher than the basic carbine models. [17] [18] The standard Takedown model has a brushed aluminum receiver made to resemble stainless steel and 18.5" barrel with a black synthetic stock. Also offered in a black alloy receiver and 16.12" threaded barrel with a flash suppressor or with a threaded, fluted target barrel.

10/22 Takedown Lite

The Takedown Lite models are similar to the other Takedown models but has a lightweight target barrel design.

SR-22 Rifle

In 2009, Ruger released the SR-22 Rifle model, a 10/22 receiver embedded in a chassis that mimics the dimensions of an AR-15 style rifle such as their own SR-556. The SR-22 Rifle uses standard 10/22 rotary magazines, in addition to most aftermarket 10/22 magazines. [19] The positions of the magazine release, the safety and the charging handle are all more similar to a standard 10/22 than an AR-15. The SR-22 Rifle competes directly with other AR-15 style rimfire rifles such as those made by Colt and Smith & Wesson. The SR-22 rifle boasts an aluminium handguard, adjustable six position stock, and a top receiver rail. Threaded holes on the handguard provide the customization of optional attachment rails.

22 Charger Pistol

Ruger Charger. Comes with bipod. Shown with aftermarket Truglo multi-color reflexive dot scope and Ruger BX-25 extended magazine. Ruger Charger with Swift pistol scope.jpg
Ruger Charger. Comes with bipod. Shown with aftermarket Truglo multi-color reflexive dot scope and Ruger BX-25 extended magazine.

The 22 Charger pistol, first introduced in late 2007, is a pistol based on the 10/22 action. The 22 Charger originally came with a black laminated wood pistol stock with forend, a 10-inch (254 mm) matte blued heavy barrel, a bipod, and a Weaver style scope base in lieu of iron sights. Overall length is just under 20 inches (510 mm), making it quite large for a handgun. As it has an included bipod it is likely to be used from a shooting bench or table. The bipod attaches to a sling swivel on the stock fore-end and is easily removable. Due to technical features, such as the magazine being outside the pistol grip, the Charger is not legally available in some U.S. states. The 22 Charger was later discontinued. [20] [21] It was reintroduced in December 2014, with a brown laminate stock with a M16A2 style pistol grip, 10-inch threaded barrel, picatinny rail, 15-round magazine and adjustable bipod. At the same time a "Takedown" model was introduced with a green laminate stock. Both models were later offered from September 2015 with black polymer stocks.

10/22 Magnum

The 10/22 Magnum was produced from 1998–2006 and was chambered for the .22 Magnum cartridge. [22]


The 10/17 was announced in 2004 and was chambered for the .17 HMR cartridge.


Standard Ruger 10/22 Carbine, and a highly modified Ruger 10/22 Unmodified and modified Ruger 10 22 rifles.jpg
Standard Ruger 10/22 Carbine, and a highly modified Ruger 10/22
Ruger 10/22 Custom Target with a Boyds Blaster stock Ruger-1022-CTT.jpg
Ruger 10/22 Custom Target with a Boyds Blaster stock

The image on the bottom right shows two 10/22 carbines, the top one in issued form (with a 4-power magnification scope added, using the factory supplied scope base) and the bottom one in highly modified form. The modified target version includes an 18 inch bull barrel, a muzzle brake, a laminated wood silhouette style stock, and a scope with an illuminated reticle, in addition to internal modifications of the trigger group to improve the firing characteristics. See the entry on accurizing for more information on the reasons for these modifications.

A wide variety of aftermarket modification kits are offered for the 10/22, including conversions to bullpup configuration and cosmetic alterations to replicate the appearance of weapons like the M1 Carbine, Thompson submachine gun, FN P90, and AR-15.

AWC Ultra II

The integrally-suppressed AWC Ultra II AWCUltraII.jpg
The integrally-suppressed AWC Ultra II

The AWC Ultra II is a modified version of the Ruger 10/22 made by AWC Systech and has an integrally-suppressed shortened barrel. The sound suppressor encloses a ported stainless barrel and is made of 300 series stainless steel having a 1" diameter which closely resembles a bull barrel. The barrel length is 16.5" with an overall weapon length of 3412" and the weight is 6 lbs. Due to the integral suppressor, this model is a Title II weapon in the U.S. [23]

AT 10/22 QD

The AT 10/22 QD is a short-barreled modified version of the 10/22 made by Arms Tech Limited. It features a six-inch barrel, a folding stock, and is designed to accept Arms Tech's own QD-223 suppressor. It comes in at a mere 5 pounds without the suppressor. Due to its extremely short barrel, it is considered a Title II weapon in the U.S. [24]


AMT Lightning 25/22

The AMT Lightning 25/22 was a .22 LR-caliber semi-automatic rifle manufactured by Arcadia Machine & Tool (AMT). The Lightning 25/22 is functionally a clone of the Ruger 10/22 with the substitution of a larger 25-round magazine instead of the 10-round magazine used by Ruger.

Thompson/Center T/CR22

The Thompson/Center T/CR22 is a .22 LR-caliber clone of the Ruger 10/22 semi-automatic rifle manufactured by Thompson/Center Arms.

Bergara BXR

The Bergara BXR is a .22 LR-caliber clone of the Ruger 10/22 semi-automatic rifle manufactured by Bergara in Spain.


The "40th anniversary edition" BX-1CLR rotary magazine for Ruger 10/22. The clear body of the magazines shows its unusual rotary operation; the red cogwheel-like part is the rotary cartridge holder/follower. Ruger Clip.JPG
The "40th anniversary edition" BX-1CLR rotary magazine for Ruger 10/22. The clear body of the magazines shows its unusual rotary operation; the red cogwheel-like part is the rotary cartridge holder/follower.
Two aftermarket 25-round magazines attached in Jungle style. 10-22 Jungle Magazines.png
Two aftermarket 25-round magazines attached in Jungle style.

There are many types of magazines for the Ruger 10/22. The standard 10/22 ships with a black 10-round polymer rotary magazine, the BX-1. Ruger has also introduced a transparent polycarbonate version ("40th-anniversary edition") of the BX-1 called the BX-1CLR, as well as a 1-round version for training and a 5-round version for states or countries that restrict magazine capacities. In 2011–2012, Ruger came out with the BX-25, a curved 25-round box magazine with a black composite frame and steel feed lips, as well as the 15-round BX-15 box magazine for states that restrict magazine capacities. Aftermarket options include 25-, 30-, and 50-round box magazines; 50-round teardrop-shaped rotary magazines, and 50- and 110-round drum magazines.

The standard BX-1 rotary magazine stores the cartridges in a cogwheel-like holder, rather than stacked as seen in a box magazine. This allows the magazine to be very compact and fit flush into the rifle without protruding from the stock at the natural balance point for one-handed carry. The bolt of the rifle pushes a cartridge from the metal feeding lip of the magazine with each shot, allowing the next cartridge to feed into place. Due to its time-tested reliability, the rotary magazine is also used by the Ruger's American Rimfire series bolt-action rifles, as well as the 10/22-footprinted "Summit" toggle-action rifles produced by Primary Weapon Systems/Vorquartsen. Even Ruger's market competitor Savage Arms has recently adopted a detachable rotary magazine design similar to the BX-1 in its new A series (semi-automatic) and B series (bolt-action) rimfire rifles.

Not all Ruger 10/22 magazines are interchangeable. The owners manual for the 10/22 Magnum model states, "Do not attempt to use standard 10/22 magazines in the 10/22 Magnum rifles or load .22 Short, Long, or Long Rifle ammunition into the .22 Magnum. They will not function correctly and are unsafe to use in .22 Magnum rifles." It goes on to say, "Never attempt to use .22 Long Rifle ammunition in Ruger 10/22 Magnum rifle magazines. The cartridges have a smaller case diameter and can split or burst when fired in the larger magnum chamber, releasing hot powder gasses and particle fragments out of the action at high speed, possibly resulting in injury to the shooter or bystanders." [28]


See also

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