Teffont Evias

Last updated

Teffont Evias
Teffont Evias - geograph.org.uk - 1134969.jpg
Church and Manor House, Teffont Evias
Wiltshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Teffont Evias
Location within Wiltshire
OS grid reference ST993312
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP3
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°04′54″N2°00′54″W / 51.0816°N 2.015°W / 51.0816; -2.015 Coordinates: 51°04′54″N2°00′54″W / 51.0816°N 2.015°W / 51.0816; -2.015

Teffont Evias, also Teffont Ewyas, past alternative spellings including Tevont Evias, is a small village and former civil parish in the south of Wiltshire, England. Edric Holmes described the village as "most delightfully situated", [1] and Maurice Hewlett included Teffont in his list of the half dozen most beautiful villages in England. [2] The present buildings are mostly of local stone, and several are thatched. With their immediate environs the older buildings are protected as a site of special building restraint.

Contents

The civil parish came to an end in 1934 and was combined with neighbouring Teffont Magna to form a united Teffont. [3]

Location

Teffont Evias lies six miles (10 km) south-west of Wilton and eight miles (13 km) from the cathedral city of Salisbury, in the valley of the River Nadder. [4]

Geology

Fossil fish, Purbeck beds, Blackfurlong, DF7 1769 Fossil fish, Purbeck beds, Blackfurlong, DF7 1769.jpg
Fossil fish, Purbeck beds, Blackfurlong, DF7 1769

The Purbeck Limestone underlies almost all of the parish, with a ridge of Cretaceous Upper Greensand. The Teffont Evias Quarry / Lane Cutting is protected as a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest. Fossils include some of the best Purbeck fish, with crocodile, turtle, and insect remains. [5] The Chilmark Quarries extend under Teffont and some of the disused entrances are within Teffont parish.

In the 13th century, Teffont Evias's quarries of Purbeck limestone at the southern end of the former parish were the source of much of the freestone used in the building of Salisbury Cathedral. [6]

History

A silver stater of the pre-Roman Durotriges tribe has been found in Teffont [7] which may have been near the boundary of Durotrigian territory. The modern name derives from "Teo", an old Germanic word meaning a boundary, and the Late Latin word "fontana", meaning a spring of water. [8] The perennial stream rises at Spring Head at the north end of Teffont Magna, and flows some 2.5 km south to its debouchment into the River Nadder.

Enamelled Roman trumpet brooch, Upper Holt, Teffont Evias Enamelled trumpet brooch, Upper Holt, DF7 1786.jpg
Enamelled Roman trumpet brooch, Upper Holt, Teffont Evias

Early Saxon remains have not been found to the west of the stream, and the original boundary may have separated the Romano-British from the Anglo-Saxons. [9] The "Ewyas" element derives from Ewyas Harold in Herefordshire's Golden Valley, the main seat of Teffont's lord at the time of Domesday Book. From Saxon times the village has been generally on the valley bottom along the course of the stream; the Teffont Archaeology Project has found remains of Roman settlement, possibly a sacred site, on higher ground. [10]

The River Nadder at the site of Teffont Mill River Nadder at Teffont Mill.jpg
The River Nadder at the site of Teffont Mill

For administration, including punishment of misconduct, the village formed part of Dunworth Hundred; in 1502 its tithingman was presented to the hundred court for not carrying a staff as precedent required. [11]

According to Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870–1872):

TEFFONT-EVIAS, a parish in Tisbury district, Wilts; 1¼ mile W of Dinton r. station, and 6½ W of Wilton. It has a post-office, of the name of Teffont, under Salisbury. Acres, 742. Rated property, £1,177. Pop., 163. Houses, 32. The property is all in one estate. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Salisbury. Value, £240.* Patron, W. F. De Salis, Esq. The church is good. [12]

Buildings

Teffont Manor in 1870 Teffont Manor.jpg
Teffont Manor in 1870

These are scattered along the valley of the south-flowing stream and the road, in irregular clumps giving views of the woods and fields. The manor house (listed grade II) [13] and its adjoining church date largely from the 15th century, with significant embellishments and extensions especially in the 19th century. [3] There are several workers' cottages in vernacular styles, some with carved dates in the 1600s. A few other more substantial dwellings show later work, mostly from the 19th century. The Old Rectory, built in 1842, was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott.

The church

The Church of England parish church is called St Michael's [14] Sir Walter Raleigh mentions the church of "Tevont Evias" in his Discoverie of Guiana (1596), in connexion with the Ley family. [15] The chancel contains a notable monument in the form of three horizontal male figures, representing 16th century members of the Ley family, which owned the manor of Teffont Evias from 1545 until 1652. [6] The church's parish registers survive in the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre for the following dates: Christenings 1684–1991, Marriages 1701–1994, burials 1683–1991. [4]

In 1914 the Reverend Sir Douglas Edward Scott, 7th Baronet, was appointed as the parish's rector. Shortly afterwards he was declared bankrupt and his rectorship terminated. [16] Four years later, he was convicted of bigamy, and imprisoned. [16]

Governance

The ancient parish of Teffont Evias formed part of the Dunworth hundred of Wiltshire. [3]

The village of Teffont Evias is now part of the parish of Teffont, which has a parish council and is in the area of the Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for almost all significant local government functions. Until 2010 it formed part of the Salisbury parliamentary constituency, from then, part of the South West Wiltshire parliamentary constituency and the serving Member of Parliament is Andrew Murrison.

Proprietors of the Manor

In 1522 the estate was inherited by Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury; in 1540 he was attainted by act of parliament and executed for treason, sorcery, and offences forbidden by the Buggery Act 1533. [17]

The Ley family owned the manor of Teffont Evias from 1545 until 1652, when they sold it to the Ash family. [3]

Emily-Harriet Mayne (1816-96), Mrs Fane De Salis from 1859, was the eldest daughter of John Thomas Mayne, FRS (1818), of Teffont Evias (1792-1843) by Sarah Fulcher (died 1871), daughter of John Start of Halstead, Essex. Emily was in charge of Teffont from 1852 to 1896. This portrait was made by Camille Silvy, on 30 April 1861, when Emily was 44 or 45. Emily-Harriet Mayne (1816-96), Mrs Fane De Salis from 1859.jpg
Emily-Harriet Mayne (1816–96), Mrs Fane De Salis from 1859, was the eldest daughter of John Thomas Mayne, FRS (1818), of Teffont Evias (1792–1843) by Sarah Fulcher (died 1871), daughter of John Start of Halstead, Essex. Emily was in charge of Teffont from 1852 to 1896. This portrait was made by Camille Silvy, on 30 April 1861, when Emily was 44 or 45.

Since 1679, the estate of Teffont Evias has passed in the same local family, the Maynes (to 1907) and the Keatinges (to the present). Christopher Mayne (1655–1701), descendant of a prosperous though plebeian Exeter family, bought it in 1679 for £12,000 and moved there in 1692. The manor passed to his descendant John Thomas Mayne, FRS, FSA, (1792–1843), of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple (2 Harcourt Buildings). A Gentleman well versed in various branches of natural knowledge, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on 29 January 1818. In response to the severe distress of the labouring population and the ensuing riots, he became an "indefatigable reformer", circulating a petition for parliamentary reform and reduced expenditure which was signed by over 14,000 inhabitants of the county, and presented to Parliament on 10 February 1831. [18] With friends he enlarged Teffont Evias Church and gave it its present tower and steeple, and he extended and remodelled the Manor house. [3] He also improved his family tree; he included in it connections (which he could not document) to two West Country clergymen, the Catholic (now Saint) Cuthbert Mayne and the Anglican Jasper Mayne, and he spent many days researching and copying the documents of the aristocratic, extinct Mayne family of Kent, then claiming them (and some of their portraits, still in Teffont) as his own ancestors. [19]

From 1852 until her death in 1896 J. T. Mayne's eldest daughter Emily, and her husband, William Fane De Salis, were in command. They built the present service court and water tower of the Manor house. Their marriage was childless, so on Emily's death in 1896 the house and estate passed on to her next unmarried sister Margaret (d.1905), then to the youngest sister Ellen-Flora (1829–1907), Mrs. Maurice Keatinge, and thence to Ellen's eldest son Richard Keatinge. He sold it to his younger brothers Maurice Walter and Gerald Francis (1872–1965), [20] who shared the advowson of the benefice of Teffont Evias with the patrons of the church of Dinton. [21] Maurice died childless and Gerald passed the estate to his son Edgar in 1947. In 1957 the advowson was transferred to the Bishop of Salisbury.

Notable people

In the church is this Tarsia panel by Baron Henry de Triqueti (1803-1874), dated 1863, photo circa 1870. (Marriage of Triqueti as described in the New Monthly Magazine, 1834: 'At the Hotel of His Excellency Earl Granville, in Paris, by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Luscombe, Henry de Triqueti, son of the Baronne de Salis de Triqueti, to Julia Philippina, youngest daughter of the late Rev. Edward Foster, Chaplain of the British Embassy at the Court of France. ) Tarsia panel.jpg
In the church is this Tarsia panel by Baron Henry de Triqueti (1803–1874), dated 1863, photo circa 1870. (Marriage of Triqueti as described in the New Monthly Magazine, 1834: 'At the Hotel of His Excellency Earl Granville, in Paris, by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Luscombe, Henry de Triqueti, son of the Baronne de Salis de Triqueti, to Julia Philippina, youngest daughter of the late Rev. Edward Foster, Chaplain of the British Embassy at the Court of France. )

Related Research Articles

Amesbury Human settlement in England

Amesbury is a town and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. It is most famous for the prehistoric monument of Stonehenge which is in its parish, and for the discovery of the Amesbury Archer—dubbed the King of Stonehenge in the press—in 2002. It has been confirmed by archaeologists that it is the oldest continuously occupied settlement in the United Kingdom, having been first settled around 8820 BC.

Hungerford Human settlement in England

Hungerford is a historic market town and civil parish in Berkshire, England, 8 miles (13 km) west of Newbury, 9 miles (14 km) east of Marlborough, 27 miles (43 km) northeast of Salisbury and 60 miles west of London. The Kennet and Avon Canal passes through the town from the west alongside the River Dun, a major tributary of the River Kennet. The confluence with the Kennet is to the north of the centre whence canal and river both continue east. Amenities include schools, shops, cafés, restaurants, and facilities for the main national sports. The railway station is a minor stop on the London to Exeter Line.

Dinton, Buckinghamshire Human settlement in England

Dinton is a village in Buckinghamshire, England. It is in the south of the district of Aylesbury Vale on the ancient turnpike leading from Aylesbury to Thame. It is within the civil parish of Dinton with Ford and Upton. The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'Dunna's estate'. In the Domesday Book of 1086 it was listed as Danitone.

Farleigh Hungerford Human settlement in England

Farleigh Hungerford is a village within the civil parish of Norton St Philip in the Mendip district, in Somerset, England, 9 miles southeast of Bath, 3½ miles west of Trowbridge on A366, in the valley of the River Frome.

Peter Bellinger Brodie was an English geologist and churchman, the son of the conveyancer Peter Bellinger Brodie and nephew of Sir Benjamin C. Brodie. He was born in London in 1815. While residing with his father at Lincoln's Inn Fields, he gained some knowledge of natural history and an interest in fossils from visits to the museum of the Royal College of Surgeons, at a time when William Clift was curator. Through the influence of Clift he was elected a fellow of the Geological Society early in 1834.

Heytesbury Human settlement in England

Heytesbury is a village and a civil parish in Wiltshire, England. The village lies on the north bank of the Wylye, about 3 12 miles (5.6 km) southeast of the town of Warminster.

Ansty, Wiltshire Human settlement in England

Ansty is a small village and civil parish in southwest Wiltshire, England, about 6 miles (10 km) east of Shaftesbury. The village is just north of the A30 road between Shaftesbury and Salisbury. The parish includes the hamlet of Ansty Coombe.

Boyton, Wiltshire Human settlement in England

Boyton is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. It lies in the Wylye Valley within Salisbury Plain, about 6 miles (10 km) southeast of Warminster and 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Salisbury. The parish includes the village of Corton.

Dinton, Wiltshire Human settlement in England

Dinton is a village, civil parish and former manor in Wiltshire, England, in the Nadder valley on the B3089 road about 8 miles (13 km) west of Salisbury. The population was 696 at the 2011 census. The civil parish encompasses the small village of Baverstock, about 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Dinton village.

Bramshaw Human settlement in England

Bramshaw is a small village and civil parish in Hampshire, England. It lies just inside the New Forest. The name Bramshaw means Bramble Wood. Until 1895, Bramshaw was divided into two parts, one half in Wiltshire, and one half in Hampshire. The village of Bramshaw is stretched out for several miles along the B3079 road, with the church to the north, the hamlet of Brook to the south and Stock's Cross at its centre.

Teffont Evias Quarry and Lane Cutting is a 3.6 hectare geological Site of Special Scientific Interest at Teffont Evias in Wiltshire, England, notified in 1989. It consists of two parts, Teffont Evias Quarry, and Teffont Evias Lane Cutting. Forest trees are currently growing on both sites, but there are small accessible exposures on the sides of quarry and roadway cuttings.

Wiltshire Victoria County History

The Wiltshire Victoria County History, properly called The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire but commonly referred to as VCH Wiltshire, is an encyclopaedic history of the county of Wiltshire in England. It forms part of the overall Victoria County History of England founded in 1899 in honour of Queen Victoria. With eighteen volumes published in the series, it is now the most substantial of the Victoria County Histories.

Ferne House Country house in Wiltshire, England

Ferne House is a country house in the parish of Donhead St Andrew in Wiltshire, England, owned by Viscount Rothermere.

Farleigh Hungerford Castle medieval castle in Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, England

Farleigh Hungerford Castle, sometimes called Farleigh Castle or Farley Castle, is a medieval castle in Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, England. The castle was built in two phases: the inner court was constructed between 1377 and 1383 by Sir Thomas Hungerford, who made his fortune as steward to John of Gaunt. The castle was built to a quadrangular design, already slightly old-fashioned, on the site of an existing manor house overlooking the River Frome. A deer park was attached to the castle, requiring the destruction of the nearby village. Sir Thomas’s son, Sir Walter Hungerford, a knight and leading courtier to Henry V, became rich during the Hundred Years War with France and extended the castle with an additional, outer court, enclosing the parish church in the process. By Walter's death in 1449, the substantial castle was richly appointed, and its chapel decorated with murals.

Major Sir Edgar Mayne Keatinge CBE was an English farmer, soldier and Conservative Party politician. He is best known for having served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bury St Edmunds from 1944 to 1945, after a high-profile by-election. He disliked the name Edgar and preferred to introduce himself as "Mike". An obituarist describes him as "a simple and loyal man who had, for a brief period, endured a significant role in national life; and discharged his duty with honour".

Fisherton Delamere Human settlement in England

Fisherton Delamere, also spelt Fisherton de la Mere and Fisherton Delamare, is a small village and former civil parish on the River Wylye, Wiltshire, England.

Teffont Magna Human settlement in England

Teffont Magna, sometimes called Upper Teffont, is a small village in the south of Wiltshire, England.

Matthew Ley (1545–1636) was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1597 to 1614.

Teffont Civil parish in Wiltshire, England

Teffont is a civil parish in the south of Wiltshire, England, consisting of the villages of Teffont Magna and Teffont Evias. It is in the Nadder valley, about 10 miles (16 km) west of Salisbury. The population taken at the 2011 census was 248.

Alys Fane Trotter was an Irish poet and artist.

References

Conservatory front of Teffont Manor, late nineteenth century. Conservatory front of Teffont Manor, Teffont Evias, late nineteenth century.jpg
Conservatory front of Teffont Manor, late nineteenth century.
A faun by Henri de Triqueti, in Emily Mayne/Mrs William Fane de Salis' collection. Triqueti Fawn.jpg
A faun by Henri de Triqueti, in Emily Mayne/Mrs William Fane de Salis' collection.
  1. Wanderings in Wessex. An Exploration of the Southern Realm from Itchen to Otter. page 249. London: Robert Scott. 1922, no ISBN. https://www.gutenberg.org/files/11410/11410.txt accessed 29 March 2014
  2. Poorhouse to Paradise. By Lyall Ford. p3. Taipan Press, Queensland, 2001. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=VIA17Vecpq8C&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3#v=onepage&q&f=false accessed 29 March 2014
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 'Parishes: Teffont Evias', in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 13: South-west Wiltshire: Chalke and Dunworth hundreds (1987), pp. 185–195. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  4. 1 2 Teffont Evias at genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  5. Needham John E. (2011) Forests of the Dinosaurs. Wiltshire's Jurassic Finale. s.v. Teffont. ISBN   978-1-906978-01-3, Hobnob Press, East Knoyle
  6. 1 2 Sylvanus Urban, wd., The Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle (1830), p. 105 online at books.google.com
  7. https://finds.org.uk/database/artefacts/record/id/737410 accessed 26 February 2017
  8. Margaret Gelling. Latin loan-words in Old English place names. Anglo-Saxon England. 6. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-521-03863-8.
  9. Bruce Eagles, in Roman Wiltshire and After: Papers in Honour of Ken Annable, ed. Peter Ellis. Publisher: Wiltshire Archaeological & Natural History Society. Date September 2001. ISBN   0-947723-08-0, ISBN   978-0-947723-08-8
  10. Teffont Archaeology Project 2012 http://www.teffont.org.uk/the-site/roman-settlement-site/ accessed 8 June 2012
  11. Jane Freeman and Janet H Stevenson, 'Dunworth hundred', in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 13, South-West Wiltshire: Chalke and Dunworth Hundreds, ed. D A Crowley (London, 1987), pp. 89–92 http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/wilts/vol13/pp89-92 [accessed 27 March 2015].
  12. Teffont Evias at visionofbritain.org.uk
  13. Teffont Manor with Two Attached Follies, Teffont. British Listed Buildings. Data from English Heritage. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-320397-flats-1-2-and-3-with-two-attached-follie accessed 6 January 2014
  14. Teffont Evias St Michael at achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 9 November 2010.
  15. Joyce Lorimer, ed., Sir Walter Ralegh's Discoverie of Guiana, p. 308 online at books.google.com
  16. 1 2 Allen, Peter (10 June 2011). Great Barr Observer: 8.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. Parliament Roll, 31 & 32 Henry VIII, m. 42. In Harrison, William Jerome (1891). "Hungerford, Walter (1503–1540)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 28. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 259–261.
  18. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1820–1832, ed. D.R. Fisher, 2009. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1820-1832/constituencies/wiltshire
  19. Soldiers, Saints, and Scallywags. David Gore. Wiltshire Family History Society 1997, http://issuu.com/wiltshirefhs/docs/65_-_april_1997, pp.15–18. Published by the author, 2009. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=2_ZstVBZSfIC&lpg=PA1&pg=PA72 accessed 18 March 2014
  20. Audrey McBain and Lynette Nelson, The Bounding Spring (Black Horse Press, 2003, ISBN   1-904377-26-2)
  21. 'Teffont Magna', in A History of the County of Wiltshire , Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), pp. 74–78, accessed 7 July 2011.
  22. New Monthly Magazine, London, 1834
  23. Anthony Wood, Athenae Oxoniensis, vol. 2 (1692), p. 487 online
  24. Samuel Lewis, A topographical dictionary of England, vol. 4 (1835), p. 282
  25. Lesley Bates. Three-year story of village where 'much has happened'. Salisbury Journal. 4 March 2004. page 31.
Recent (2009) photograph of the eastern end of St. Michael's church showing a countly armorial of circa 1870. Manor chapel Salis arms.jpg
Recent (2009) photograph of the eastern end of St. Michael's church showing a countly armorial of circa 1870.
Detail of a portrait of Count William Fane De Salis by Ouless, 1880. WilliamFaneDeSalisbyWilliamOuless(detail).jpg
Detail of a portrait of Count William Fane De Salis by Ouless, 1880.

Further reading

Church and corner of the manor house, circa 1870, (from an album belonging to Emily Fane De Salis) Teffont Manor and church.jpg
Church and corner of the manor house, circa 1870, (from an album belonging to Emily Fane De Salis)

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Teffont Evias at Wikimedia Commons