The Last Dragon

Last updated

The Last Dragon
The Last Dragon (1985).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Michael Schultz
Written byLouis Venosta
Produced by
Cinematography James A. Contner
Edited byChristopher Holmes
Music byBruce Miller
Misha Segal
Distributed by TriStar Pictures
Release date
  • March 22, 1985 (1985-03-22)
Running time
107 minutes [1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$10 million [2] [3]
Box office$33 million [2]

The Last Dragon (sometimes listed as Berry Gordy's The Last Dragon) is a 1985 American martial arts comedy film produced by Rupert Hitzig for Berry Gordy and directed by Michael Schultz. [4] The film stars Taimak, Vanity, Julius Carry, Christopher Murney, Keshia Knight Pulliam, and Faith Prince. Choreography was created by Lester Wilson and Lawrence Leritz.


It was released in theatres by TriStar Pictures on March 22, 1985. The film was a financial success despite a mixed reception by critics, [2] [5] and is considered a cult classic.


Set in New York City, the movie follows a martial artist named Leroy Green (also known as "Bruce Leeroy"), who has dreams of becoming a great martial artist like his idol Bruce Lee. His master explains that he has reached the final level of martial arts accomplishment known as "The Last Dragon." Martial artists who reach this final level are said to be able to concentrate such mystical energy into their hands that they begin to glow. Only a true martial arts master would be able to exhibit "The Glow" over his entire body. Leroy doesn't fully understand and, in possession of a medal supposedly belonging to Bruce Lee, Leroy embarks upon a spiritual journey to find Master Sum Dum Goy, whom his master claims can help Leroy unlock the power of "The Glow."

Another martial artist, Sho'nuff (also known as "The Shogun of Harlem") sees Leroy as the only obstacle to being acknowledged as the true master of martial arts. Leroy refuses to fight him and a furious Sho'nuff vows that he will defeat Leroy. Sho'nuff and his gang later break in and assault Johnny Yu, one of the students at Leroy's martial arts school, demanding that Leroy bow before Sho'nuff. Finally, Sho'nuff and his gang attempt to send a message to Leroy by destroying the Green family pizza restaurant.

Meanwhile, video arcade mogul Eddie Arkadian sends his men to kidnap 7th Heaven VJ Laura Charles in the hopes of getting his girlfriend Angela Viracco's new music video featured on her show. The kidnap attempt is thwarted by Leroy who easily fends off the thugs. He loses his medal during the struggle, which Laura recovers. Later, Leroy witnesses Laura being kidnapped by Arkadian's brutish henchman Rock. A clue left behind reveals that the kidnappers work for Eddie Arkadian Productions.

Laura refuses to promote Angela's video on her program, but as Arkadian's men prepare to coerce her by force, Leroy suddenly bursts into the room clothed as a Ninja and rescues Laura once again. Back at her apartment, Laura gratefully returns Leroy's medal. Consumed with vengeance, Arkadian hires Sho'nuff to defeat Leroy and takes control of the 7th Heaven studio, capturing Laura and Leroy's younger brother, Richie, who has snuck in hoping to woo Laura.

Posing as a pizza delivery man, Leroy manages to infiltrate the assumed lair of Master Sum Dum Goy within a fortune cookie factory, but is shocked to discover that the "Master" is only a computer churning out cookie fortunes. Leroy consults his former master for answers, but his master suggests that Leroy has known the answers all along.

Not wanting anyone to get hurt in the process of achieving her stardom, Angela leaves Arkadian and asks Johnny to warn Leroy about his plan. As Leroy returns to 7th Heaven, he is ambushed by an army of violent thugs hired by Arkadian. Leroy's students, led by Johnny, charge into the studio to even the odds. Using Laura as bait, Eddie lures Leroy to a dilapidated building where he finally faces off against Sho'nuff. During the battle, Sho'nuff reveals his ability to use "The Glow," his hands pulsating with a red aura, and beats Leroy viciously before attempting to force him to acknowledge Sho'nuff as "The Master." As recent events flash before Leroy's eyes, he realizes that his former Master was correct and that everything he needed to achieve the "Final Level" was within him all along. His entire body bathed in the sublime golden light of "The Glow," Leroy uses his newfound power to defeat Sho'nuff.

Arkadian appears and fires a single bullet which Leroy catches between his teeth before detaining Arkadian for the police. Laura and Leroy are reunited at the studio where the two kiss.



Vanity had just left Purple Rain . Gordy signed her to a four-picture contract. [6]

The Last Dragon began production in New York City locations on April 16, 1984. [3] This was the first acting role for Taimak, a then-19-year-old black belt who learned to act on the set of this picture. Reyes, martial artist and actor, made his film debut at the age of twelve in this film. Carry, in the role of Sho'nuff, trained in martial arts for the film. Gordy was frequently on the set and had many of his Motown artists visit. Producer Suzanne de Passe was very hands on with the project.[ clarification needed ] Billy Blanks was at one point considered for the role of Leroy Green as was Wesley Snipes, Mario Van Peebles, Laurence Fishburne and even Denzel Washington.

Notable film locations include the Harlem Karate Institute of Grandmaster Ernest Hyman, Japanese Goju-Ryu, in Harlem, New York City where the Dojo and workout scenes were filmed. The Victory Theater on 42nd Street, which was an adult movie theatre, was used for the scene where Sho'nuff interrupts the viewing of Enter the Dragon . Ron Van Clief choreographed the fight for this scene in which Carry performed his own stunts. Bernstein's-on-Essex, a kosher Chinese restaurant used in the film with its decor intact.


The film has a soundtrack of the same name. [7] [ citation needed ] The music was supervised by executive producer Gordy. Featured in this film is a DeBarge song, "Rhythm of the Night," written by Diane Warren. The song reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #1 on the Billboard R&B charts. The film's Richard Perry-produced title theme was nominated for Worst "Original" Song at the 1985 Golden Raspberry Awards, as was Vanity's song "7th Heaven." A song that was not featured but still benefited from critical acclaim was "Upset Stomach," written and performed by Stevie Wonder. It also marked the return of Willie Hutch to Motown with the song "The Glow." Charlene performed the song "Fire" for the soundtrack.

The score was composed by Segal. The love theme song called "First Time on a Ferris Wheel" was also composed by Segal and performed by Smokey Robinson and Syreeta.


The film's total gross is reported as $33 million against a production budget of $10 million. [2] It received a mixed response from critics. Based upon 20 reviews, it boasts a 55% critics approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, and an 86% audience score based on over 10,000 user ratings. The site's consensus is reads: "The Last Dragon is a flamboyant genre mashup brimming with style, romance, and an infectious fondness for kung fu, but audiences may find the tonal whiplash more goofy than endearing." [8]

Neil Gaiman reviewed The Last Dragon for Imagine magazine, and stated that "Will black Kung Fu whiz 'Bruce' Leroy find The Master, defeat wicked Eddie Arcadian, beat Sho-Nuff ('The Shogun of Harlem'), rescue the lovely Laura (Vanity), outsmart the jive-talking Chinese fortune-cookie people, and learn how to get down and boogie? Very probably." [9]

In 2002, a paper in the Journal of Asian American Studies applauded the strong character development of the black hero, who reverses the stereotype of the typical Asian in an action film. The hero, while learning from an Asian Zen master, learns to use his internal strength and aura to overcome obstacles. [10]

The season 3 finale of Insecure involved Molly surprising Issa by taking her to an outdoor screening of The Last Dragon.

The 2011 song "Sexy and I Know It" by LMFAO features a verse that states "And like Bruce Leeroy, I got the glow" in reference to the protagonist achieving the Glow at the end of the film. [11]

The 2018 film Sorry to Bother You features Tessa Thompson's character Detroit reenacting dialogue from the film as part of a performance art piece.

Rapper Busta Rhymes dresses as Sho'Nuff in the music video for the 1997 hip hop song "Dangerous".

Wrestler Naomi revealed her "Feel the Glow" tagline is inspired by The Last Dragon, as she stated in an interview: "I was always inspired by the story of Bruce Leeroy and how he didn’t initially believe in himself but the Glow and the power was in him the whole time," Naomi said. "He just needed to believe it. It reminded me of so many spaces I've been in where I was 'the only' and felt like I needed to adapt to what everyone else was doing instead of just walking to the beat of my own drum." [12]

UFC mixed martial artist Alex Caceres chose the nickname "Bruce Leeroy" to pay homage to the movie and its lead character.

On the Vinnie Paz song "Nosebleed", rapper R.A. the Rugged Man says "I'm Bruce Leroy, you're Eddie Arcadian," referencing the hero and the villain in the film.

In an episode of the adult animated series Lazor Wulf , the title character expresses his gratitude towards the film and its cast.

In the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn, there is a pizzeria named "Daddy Greens", which pays homage to the main character.

In "Natural History", the eighth episode of the sixth season of the TV show How I Met Your Mother, Barney stands up and shouts, "Who's the Master Leroy!" after it is revealed that his story was true.

On the 2020 song "I'm a Joestar", Open Mike Eagle says "He got a glow like Sho'Nuff from Last Dragon".

In the 2020 film Raya and the Last Dragon Sisu, the titular dragon, declares that she has the glow as an apparent homage.

Related Research Articles

Bruce Lee Chinese American actor, martial artist (1940–1973)

Lee Jun-fan, better known as Bruce Lee, was a Hong Kong American martial artist, actor, director, martial arts instructor and philosopher. He was the founder of Jeet Kune Do, a hybrid martial arts philosophy drawing from different combat disciplines that is often credited with paving the way for modern mixed martial arts (MMA). Lee is considered by commentators, critics, media, and other martial artists to be the most influential martial artist of all time and a pop culture icon of the 20th century, who bridged the gap between East and West. He is credited with helping to change the way Asians were presented in American films.

Edwin Starr Musical artist

Edwin Starr was an American singer and songwriter. Starr was famous for his Norman Whitfield-produced Motown singles of the 1970s, most notably the number-one hit "War".

Berry Gordy American Music Executive, Record Producer

Berry Gordy III, known professionally as Berry Gordy Jr., is an American record executive, record producer, songwriter, film producer and television producer. He is best known as the founder of the Motown record label and its subsidiaries, which was the highest-earning African-American business for decades.

<i>Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story</i> 1993 film by Rob Cohen

Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story is a 1993 American biographical drama film that was directed and co-written by Rob Cohen, and stars Jason Scott Lee, Lauren Holly, Nancy Kwan and Robert Wagner. The film follows the life of actor and martial artist Bruce Lee (Jason) from his relocation to the United States from Hong Kong to his career as a martial arts teacher, and then as a television and film actor. It also focuses on the relationship between Bruce and his wife Linda Lee Cadwell, and the racism to which Bruce was subjected.

Richard Dragon

Richard Dragon is a fictional comic book character created by Dennis O'Neil and James R. Berry in the novel Kung Fu Master, Richard Dragon: Dragon's Fists (1974) under the pseudonym "Jim Dennis". O'Neil later adapted the character for DC Comics in the comic book Richard Dragon, Kung Fu Fighter.

The Game of Death is an incomplete Hong Kong martial arts film, filmed between August and October 1972, directed, written, produced by and starring Bruce Lee, in his final film project. Lee died during the making of the film. Over 100 minutes of footage was shot prior to his death, which was later misplaced in the Golden Harvest archives. The remaining footage has since been released with Lee's original Cantonese and English dialogue, with John Little dubbing Lee's Hai Tien character as part of the documentary entitled Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey. Much of the footage that was shot is from what was to be the climax of the film.

Bruce Li is a Taiwanese actor, martial artist and Bruce Lee imitator who starred in martial arts films from the Bruceploitation movement.

Jim Kelly (martial artist) American athlete, actor, and martial artist

James Milton Kelly was an American athlete, martial artist, and actor. After winning several karate championships, Kelly rose to fame in the early 1970s appearing in various action films within the martial arts and blaxploitation genres. Kelly played opposite Bruce Lee in 1973's Enter the Dragon, and had lead roles in 1974's Black Belt Jones as the title character and Three the Hard Way as Mister Keyes. Kelly died of cancer on June 29, 2013 at age 67.

Taimak American actor

Taimak Guarriello, known mononymously as Taimak, is an American martial artist, actor, and stuntman, known for his lead role as Leroy Green in the 1985 martial arts comedy film The Last Dragon.

Linda Lee Cadwell American teacher, martial artist and writer; widow of Bruce Lee

Linda Lee Cadwell is an American teacher, martial artist, and writer. She is the author of the Bruce Lee biography Bruce Lee: The Man Only I Knew, upon which the film Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story is based, as well as the founder, a former trustee of, and an unpaid advisor of the Bruce Lee Foundation. Lee Cadwell is the widow of martial arts master and actor Bruce Lee (1940–1973) and the mother of actor Brandon Lee (1965–1993) and actress Shannon Lee.

Sho' Nuff is a slang expression meaning "sure enough", as expressed in African American Vernacular English. It was widely used in blues music, sometimes as an interjection.

<i>All Directions</i> 1972 studio album by The Temptations

All Directions is a 1972 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label, produced by Norman Whitfield. It reached number two on the Billboard 200, making it the band's most successful non-collaborative album on the chart, and became their twelfth album to reach number one on the Top R&B Albums chart.

Michael Jai White American actor

Michael Jai White is an American actor, director and martial artist. He was the first African American to portray a major comic book superhero in a major motion picture, having starred as Al Simmons, the protagonist in the 1997 film Spawn. White appeared as Marcus Williams in the Tyler Perry films Why Did I Get Married? and Why Did I Get Married Too?, and starred as the character on the TBS/OWN comedy-drama television series Tyler Perry's For Better or Worse. White portrayed Jax Briggs in Mortal Kombat: Legacy and the Cyborg Seth in Universal Soldier: The Return. He portrayed boxer Mike Tyson in the 1995 HBO television movie Tyson. He also played the title role in the blaxploitation parody film Black Dynamite, as well as the animated series of the same name.

<i>Anthology</i> (The Temptations album) 1973 greatest hits album by The Temptations

Anthology: The Temptations is one of three greatest hits collections released by Motown Records covering the work of soul/R&B group The Temptations. The initial release was a vinyl three-LP set issued on August 23, 1973, which covered the group's work up to that point. A compact disc double album version was issued in 1986, including five additional tracks recorded between 1973 and 1984. The third and final version of Anthology, also a 2-CD release, was issued on May 23, 1995, with a further re-tooled track listing. In 2003, the album was ranked number 398 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time; the list's 2012 edition had it ranked 400th, while on the 2020 edition it was ranked at number 371.

Bruce Leung

Bruce Leung Siu-lung is hong kong martial artist and actor who has appeared in many Hong Kong martial arts movies. He often appeared billed as "Bruce Leung", "Bruce Liang", "Bruce Leong", or "Bruce Leung Siu-lung", and is thus generally grouped among the Bruce Lee clones that sprang up after Lee's death in the subgenre known as Bruceploitation.

Julius Carry American actor

Julius John Carry III was an American actor. He made his acting debut in the 1979 film Disco Godfather starring Rudy Ray Moore. He played Sho'Nuff in the martial art The Last Dragon. He also acted in the films World Gone Wild and The Fish That Saved Pittsburgh.

Bruce Leroy may refer to:

<i>The Last Dragon</i> (soundtrack) 1985 soundtrack album by Various Artists

The Last Dragon: Original Soundtrack Album is a soundtrack album for the 1985 movie The Last Dragon starring Taimak, Julius Carry, Vanity and Christopher Murney. The music soundtrack album was supervised by executive producer Berry Gordy, the founder of Motown Records.

"7th Heaven" is a 1985 song by American-Canadian pop and R&B singer-actress Vanity. The track was released as a promotional single to support the 1985 soundtrack to the film, The Last Dragon, starring Vanity, Taimak, and Julius J. Carry III.

<i>Birth of the Dragon</i> 2016 film directed by George Nolfi

Birth of the Dragon is a 2016 American martial arts action film directed by George Nolfi and written by Christopher Wilkinson and Stephen J. Rivele. The film stars Philip Ng, Xia Yu, and Billy Magnussen. The film is a fictional account on the supposedly true story revolving around the young martial artist Bruce Lee, who challenged kung fu master Wong Jack-man in 1965 in San Francisco. Principal photography began in Vancouver, Canada on November 17, 2015. It was selected to be screened in the Special Presentations section at the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival, and was released on August 25, 2017, by Blumhouse Tilt and WWE Studios.


  2. 1 2 3 4 "The Last Dragon". Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  3. 1 2 DiMauro, Phil (November 6, 1985). "Schlutz Lensed 'Groove' In 26 Days For $3,000,000". Variety . p. 7.
  4. "The Last Dragon". TCM database. Turner Classic Movies . Retrieved February 16, 2016.
  5. "The Last Dragon". Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  6. 'I have big dreams of my own' Vanity, formerly D.D. Winters, has left Prince to do it her way Lacey, Liam. The Globe and Mail; Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]Dec 20, 1984: E.1.
  7. Niu, W.; Sternberg, R. (2002). "Contemporary Studies on the Concept of Creativity: the East and the West". Journal of Creative Behavior . 36 (4): 269–288. doi:10.1002/j.2162-6057.2002.tb01069.x.
  8. The Last Dragon (1985) , retrieved August 16, 2021
  9. Gaiman, Neil (September 1985). "Fantasy Media". Imagine (review). TSR Hobbies (UK), Ltd. (30): 48.
  10. Ongiri, A. A. (2002). "'He wanted to be just like Bruce Lee': African Americans, Kung Fu Theater and Cultural Exchange at the Margins". Journal of Asian American Studies . 5 (1): 31–40. doi:10.1353/jaas.2002.0009. S2CID   144327946.
  11. LMFAO – Sexy and I Know It , retrieved October 3, 2020