The Thomas Ranken Lyle Medal is awarded at most every two years by the Australian Academy of Science to a mathematician or physicist for his or her outstanding research accomplishments.It is named after Thomas Ranken Lyle, an Irish mathematical physicist who became a professor at the University of Melbourne. The award takes the form of a bronze medal bearing the design of the head of Thomas Lyle, as sculpted by Rayner Hoff.
The Australian Academy of Science was founded in 1954 by a group of distinguished Australians, including Australian Fellows of the Royal Society of London. The first president was Sir Mark Oliphant. The Academy is modelled after the Royal Society and operates under a Royal Charter; as such, it is an independent body, but it has government endorsement. The Academy Secretariat is in Canberra, at the Shine Dome.
A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.
A physicist is a scientist who specializes in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe. Physicists generally are interested in the root or ultimate causes of phenomena, and usually frame their understanding in mathematical terms. Physicists work across a wide range of research fields, spanning all length scales: from sub-atomic and particle physics, through biological physics, to cosmological length scales encompassing the universe as a whole. The field generally includes two types of physicists: experimental physicists who specialize in the observation of physical phenomena and the analysis of experiments, and theoretical physicists who specialize in mathematical modeling of physical systems to rationalize, explain and predict natural phenomena. Physicists can apply their knowledge towards solving practical problems or to developing new technologies.
The medal was founded by the Australian National Research Council (ANRC) in 1932,and first awarded in 1935. When the Australian Academy of Science was established in 1954, it took over the roles of the ANRC, including administration of the medal.
|1935||John Raymond Wilton|
|1941||George Henry Briggs|
|1941||Thomas Gerald Room|
|1947||John Conrad Jaeger|
|1947||David Forbes Martyn||atmospheric tides|
|1949||Keith Edward Bullen|
|1951||Thomas MacFarland Cherry|
|1953||Joseph Lade Pawsey|
|1957||Bernard Y. Mills|
|1963||Graeme Reade Anthony Ellis|
|1963||Patrick A. P. Moran|
|1966||Stuart Thomas Butler||nuclear reaction theory, plasma physics, and atmospheric tides|
|1968||George Szekeres||"a wide range of mathematical disciplines" including|
fractional iteration of functions, numerical integration, graph theory, and relativistic kinematics
|1970||Robert Hanbury Brown|
|1975||John Paul Wild||radio astronomy of the sun|
|1977||Kurt Mahler||number theory|
|1979||Edward J. Hannan||statistics of stationary processes|
|1983||Rodney J. Baxter|
|1989||Peter Gavin Hall|
|1991||Bruce H.J. McKellar|
|1993||Neville Horner Fletcher|
|1995||Chris Heyde||martingale limit theory|
|1997||Anthony W. Thomas||quarks and nucleon structure|
|2003||George Dracoulis||nuclear structure|
|2005||Anthony J. Guttmann|
|2007||Yuri Kivshar||nonlinear optics|
|2009||Victor V. Flambaum||unified field theory, parity violations, fundamental constants|
|2011||James Stanislaus Williams|
Keith Edward Bullen FAA FRS was a New Zealand-born mathematician and geophysicist. He is noted for his seismological interpretation of the deep structure of the Earth's mantle and core. He was Professor of Applied Mathematics at the University of Sydney in Australia from 1945 until 1971.
Rodney James Baxter FRS FAA is an Australian physicist, specializing in statistical mechanics. He is well known for his work in exactly solved models, in particular vertex models such as the six-vertex model and eight-vertex model, and the chiral Potts model and hard hexagon model. A recurring theme in the solution of such models, the Yang-Baxter equation, also known as the "star triangle relation", is named in his honour.
David Forbes Martyn FAA FRS was a Scottish-born Australian physicist and radiographer.
Patrick Alfred Pierce Moran FRS, commonly known as Pat Moran was an Australian statistician who made significant contributions to probability theory and its application to population and evolutionary genetics.
Ian Hugh Sloan AO is an Australian applied mathematician.
Stuart Thomas Butler was an Australian nuclear physicist who served as Director of the Australian Atomic Energy Commission from 1977 until 1982, and was noted for his contributions to theoretical physics including stripping reactions, energy loss of particles in plasma and atmospheric tides induced by absorption of solar radiation in the ozone layer.
Christopher Charles "Chris" Heyde AM was a prominent Australian statistician who did leading research in probability, stochastic processes and statistics.
Thomas Gerald Room FRS FAA was an Australian mathematician who is best known for Room squares. He was a Foundation Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science.
Edward James HannanFAA FASSA was an Australian statistician who is the co-discoverer of the Hannan–Quinn information criterion. He studied at the University of Melbourne and completed a PhD at the Australian National University under the supervision of Patrick A. P. Moran.
Sir Thomas Ranken Lyle FRS was an Irish-Australian mathematical physicist, radiologist, educator, and rugby player.
Benjamin John Eggleton FAA, FTSE, FOSA, FIEEE is the Director of The University of Sydney Nano Institute. He also currently serves as Co-Director of the NSW Smart Sensing Network (NSSN).
The Walter Boas Medal is awarded by the Australian Institute of Physics for research in Physics in Australia. It is named in memory of is named in memory of Walter Boas (1904-1982) — an eminent scientist and metallurgist who worked on the physics of metals.
Bernard Yarnton Mills AC, FRS, FAA, DSc(Eng) was an Australian engineer and a pioneer of radio astronomy in Australia, responsible for the design and implementation of the Mills Cross Telescope and the Molonglo Cross Telescope.
Michelle Yvonne Simmons, is a Scientia Professor of Quantum Physics in the Faculty of Science at the University of New South Wales and has twice been an Australian Research Council Federation Fellow and is an Australian Research Council Laureate Fellow. She is the Director of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computation & Communication Technology and is recognised internationally as a pioneer in atomic electronics. She is also editor-in-chief of npj Quantum Information, an academic journal publishing articles in the emerging field of quantum information science. On 25 January 2018, Simmons was named as the 2018 Australian of the Year for her work and dedication to quantum information science.
Yuri S. Kivshar, Australian Scientist, distinguished professor, head of Nonlinear Physics Centre of The Australian National University (ANU) and research director of The International Research Centre for Nanophotonics and Metamaterials, Australian Federation Fellow.
John Conrad Jaeger, FRS was an Australian mathematical physicist.
Nikolay Zheludev is a British scientist specializing in nanophotonics, metamaterials, nanotechnology, electrodynamics, and nonlinear optics. Nikolay Zheludev is one of the founding members of the closely interlinked fields of metamaterials and nanophotonics that emerged at the dawn of the 21st century on the crossroads of optics and nanotechnology. Nikolay’s work focus on developing new concepts in which nanoscale structuring of matter enhance and radically change its optical properties.
Eric Stephen Barnes FAA (1924–2000), was an Australian pure mathematician. He was awarded the Thomas Ranken Lyle Medal in 1959, and was Elder Professor of Mathematics at the University of Adelaide. He was elected a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science in 1954.
Sergej Flach is a theoretical physicist whose research has spanned a number of scientific fields in his career. With about 200 publications to his name, his research has been cited over 12,000 times giving him an h-index of 50 and i10-index of 149. He is a member of the American Physical Society, German Physical Society, Korean Physical Society, and New Zealand Institute of Physics. He is an editorial board member of Chaos (2016-) and was an editorial board member of Physical Review E (2009-2011).