Thomas W. Laqueur

Last updated
Thomas W. Laqueur
Laqueur OSA, May 2016.jpg
Laqueur at the Blinken Open Society Archives in Budapest, May 2016.
Born
Thomas Walter Laqueur

(1945-09-06) September 6, 1945 (age 74)
Alma mater Nuffield College, Oxford, Princeton University, Swarthmore College
Known for One sex two sex theory
Awards Rockefeller Fellowship, Guggenheim Fellowship [1]
Scientific career
Fields History, Sexology
Institutions University of California, Berkeley

Thomas Walter Laqueur (born September 6, 1945) is an American historian, sexologist and writer. He is the author of Solitary Sex : A Cultural History of Masturbation and Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud as well as many articles and reviews. He is the winner of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation's 2007 Distinguished Achievement Award, [2] and is currently the Helen Fawcett Distinguished Professor of History at the University of California, Berkeley, located in Berkeley, California. [1]

Historian person who studies and writes about the past

A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it. Historians are concerned with the continuous, methodical narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race; as well as the study of all history in time. If the individual is concerned with events preceding written history, the individual is a historian of prehistory. Some historians are recognized by publications or training and experience. "Historian" became a professional occupation in the late nineteenth century as research universities were emerging in Germany and elsewhere.

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation of New York City in the United States is a private foundation with five core areas of interest, and endowed with wealth accumulated by Andrew W. Mellon of the Mellon family of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is the product of the 1969 merger of the Avalon Foundation and the Old Dominion Foundation. These foundations were set up separately by Paul Mellon and Ailsa Mellon Bruce, the children of Andrew W. Mellon. It is housed in the expanded former offices of the Bollingen Foundation in New York City, another educational philanthropy supported by Paul Mellon. Elizabeth Alexander is the Foundation's president. Her predecessors have included Earl Lewis, Don Randel, William G. Bowen, John Edward Sawyer, and Nathan Pusey. In 2004, the Foundation was awarded the National Medal of Arts.

University of California, Berkeley Public university in California, USA

The University of California, Berkeley is a public research university in Berkeley, California. It was founded in 1868 and serves as the flagship campus of the ten campuses of the University of California. Berkeley has since grown to instruct over 40,000 students in approximately 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs covering numerous disciplines.

Contents

Thought

One-sex model

Laqueur wrote that there was an ancient "one-sex model", in which the woman was only described as imperfect man / human and he postulates that definitions of sex/gender were historically different and changeable. [3]

This argument has been challenged by some historians of science, notably Katharine Park and Robert A. Nye; [4] Monica Green, [5] Heinz-Jürgen Voss, [6] and Helen King, [7] who reject the suggestion that ancient descriptions show a homogenous model, the one-sex model which then mutated in the 18th century to a two-sex model. They encourage a more differentiated perception that makes clear that gender theories of natural philosophy as well as biology and medicine, are embedded and constructed in certain social contexts.

Katharine Park is a Radcliffe Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University. She specializes in the history of gender, sexuality, and the female body in medieval and Renaissance Europe, as well as categories and practices of experience and observation in the Middle Ages. She finished an MPhil in the combined historical studies of the Renaissance at the Warburg Institute, University of London in 1974 before earning a PhD in the history of science at Harvard in 1981.

Helen King (classicist) British historian

Helen King is a British classical scholar. She is Professor Emerita of Classical Studies at the Open University. She was previously Professor of the History of Classical Medicine and Head of the Department of Classics at the University of Reading.

Bibliography

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Books

  • Laqueur, Thomas (2015). The Work of the Dead: A Cultural History of Mortal Remains. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN   0-691157-78-2.
  • Laqueur, Thomas (2004). Solitary Sex: A Cultural History of Masturbation. Brooklyn: Zone Books. ISBN   1-890951-32-3.
  • Laqueur, Thomas (1990). Making Sex: Body and Gender From the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN   0-674-54349-1.
  • Gallagher, Catherine; Laqueur, Thomas (1987). The Making of the Modern Body: Sexuality and Society in the Nineteenth Century . Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN   0-520-05960-3.
  • Laqueur, Thomas (1976). Religion and Respectability: Sunday Schools and Working Class Culture, 17801850. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN   0-300-01859-2.
Princeton University Press United States historic place

Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University. Its mission is to disseminate scholarship within academia and society at large.

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The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

Selected Articles

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See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Thomas W. Laqueur Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  2. Database (n.d.). "Thomas W. Laqueur". MIT Press. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
  3. Laqueur, Thomas (1990). Making Sex: Body and Gender From the Greeks to Freud. Harvard University Press. ISBN   0-674-54349-1. 25-63.
  4. Park, Katharine; Nye, Robert A. (1991). "Destiny Is Anatomy, Review of Laqueurs Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud". The New Republic . 18. S. 53-57.
  5. Green, Monica (2010). "Bodily Essences: Bodies as Categories of Difference" in Linda Kalof, ed., A Cultural History of the Human Body, Vol. 2: In the Medieval Age. New York City: Berg Publishers.
  6. Voss, Heinz-Jürgen (2010): Making Sex Revisited: Dekonstruktion des Geschlechts aus biologisch-medizinischer Perspektive. Transcript, Bielefeld.
  7. King, Helen (2013). The one-sex body on trial: the classical and early modern evidence. London: Ashgate. ISBN   1138247626. OCLC   957681362.