Thomas and Ruckle Road

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The Thomas and Ruckle Road, also known as Ruckles Road or Ruckels Road, was a wagon road over the Blue Mountains.

George Thomas was a stagecoach driver who came west to California in 1849, before moving to Walla Walla. [1] Colonel J. S. Ruckle arrived in Oregon in 1855 as a steam boat pilot for the Oregon Steam Navigation Company (OSN) along the Columbia River. [1] [2] Eventually Ruckle left the OSN and ran his own boat along the river. [1] The two men planned and built the road in 1864 and 1865, as well as a stage line from Walla Walla to the Idaho Mines. [1] The road ran from the northwest to the southeast, offering a more direct connection to Walla Walla, despite being longer than the Meacham Road. [1]

Stagecoach type of covered wagon

A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public coach used to carry paying passengers and light packages on journeys long enough to need a change of horses. It is strongly sprung and generally drawn by four horses.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents across a total area of about 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

Walla Walla, Washington City in Washington, United States

Walla Walla is the largest city and the county seat of Walla Walla County, Washington, United States.

The Ruckle Road, as well as others over the Blues, charged $3 to $5 per wagon. [1] Several towns were platted along the road: Summerville in 1873, and Cove sometime in the 1870s. [3] Mail was delivered over the road, causing it to bypass La Grande in favor of Union and Summerville, helping Union become elected as the county seat in 1872. [1]

Plat scale map showing the divisions of a piece of land

In the United States, a plat is a map, drawn to scale, showing the divisions of a piece of land. United States General Land Office surveyors drafted township plats of Public Lands Surveys to show the distance and bearing between section corners, sometimes including topographic or vegetation information. City, town or village plats show subdivisions into blocks with streets and alleys. Further refinement often splits blocks into individual lots, usually for the purpose of selling the described lots; this has become known as subdivision.

Summerville, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

Summerville is a city in Union County, Oregon, United States. The population was 135 at the 2010 census.

Cove, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

Cove is a city in Union County, Oregon, United States. The population was 552 at the 2010 census.

The road washed out in 1886 and was never rebuilt. [3]

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Deumling, Dietrich (May 1972). The roles of the railroad in the development of the Grande Ronde Valley (masters thesis). Flagstaff, Arizona: Northern Arizona University. pp. 13–15, 27–28. OCLC   4383986.
  2. Bancroft, Hubert Howe (1888). History of Oregon. II. p. 481.
  3. 1 2 Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon. Oregon Historical Society. p. 106. ISBN   0-87595-073-6.