Thorntree, January 2007
|Location||SC 527, in Fluitt-Nelson Memorial Park, Kingstree, South Carolina|
|Area||15.1 acres (6.1 ha)|
|Built by||Witherspoon, James|
|NRHP reference #||70000606|
|Added to NRHP||October 28, 1970|
Thorntree, also known as the Witherspoon House, is a historic plantation house located at Kingstree, Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It was built in 1749 by immigrant James Witherspoon (1700-1765), and is a two-story, five-bay, frame "I-house" dwelling with a hall and parlor plan and exterior end chimneys. It features full-length piazzas on the front and rear elevations. To preserve it, the house was moved from an inaccessible rural site to Kingstree on land donated as a memorial park, known as Fluitt-Nelson Memorial Park. The house has been restored to its 18th-century appearance and is open to the public by appointment with the Williamsburg Historical Society.
Kingstree is a city and the county seat of Williamsburg County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 3,328 at the 2010 census.
Williamsburg County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census its population was 34,423. The county seat is Kingstree. After a previous incarnation of Williamsburg County, the current county was created in 1804.
The I-house is a vernacular house type, popular in the United States from the colonial period onward. The I-house was so named in the 1930s by Fred Kniffen, a cultural geographer at Louisiana State University who was a specialist in folk architecture. He identified and analyzed the type in his 1936 study of Louisiana house types. He chose the name "I-house" because of its common occurrence in the rural farm areas of Indiana, Illinois and Iowa, all states beginning with the letter "I". He did not use the term to imply that this house type originated in, or was restricted to, those three states. It is also referred to as Plantation Plain style.
It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
Somerset Place is a former plantation near Creswell in Washington County, North Carolina, along the northern shore of Lake Phelps, and now a State Historic Site that belongs to the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources. Somerset Place operated as a plantation from 1785 until 1865. Before the end of the American Civil War, Somerset Place had become one of the Upper South's largest plantations.
The Kingstree Historic District contains forty-eight properties situated along Main Street, Academy Street, and Hampton Street in the commercial area of downtown Kingstree, South Carolina. The district includes the courthouse, public library, railroad station, and numerous commercial buildings. The district is a fine collection of nineteenth-century vernacular commercial architecture. Details such as arched doorways and windows, cast-iron columns and pilasters, decorative or corbelled brickwork and pressed tin interior ceilings are present on most of the district's buildings. The Williamsburg County Courthouse, built ca. 1823, and designed by Robert Mills, is a fine example of Roman neoclassical design with its raised first floor, pediment with lunette, and Doric columns. In 1953-54 the courthouse underwent substantial remodeling on the exterior and interior, though it still reflects much of Mill's original design. With the exception of the courthouse, most of the buildings in the district were built between 1900 and 1920 when Kingstree enjoyed prosperity as a retail and tobacco marketing center of Williamsburg County. The majority of the buildings in the district are a visible record of this twenty-year growth and the historic fabric of the area remains substantially intact. The Kingstree Historic District was listed in the National Register of Historic Places June 28, 1982.
Redcliffe Plantation State Historic Site is a state park in South Carolina, United States. Redcliffe Plantation, also known as Redcliffe, completed in 1859, is a Greek Revival plantation house located on the site that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The house was designed by the baron Louis Berckmans and was built in 1857. It was built for James Henry Hammond and was home to three generations of his descendants. His great-grandson John Shaw Billings, editor of Time, Life, and Fortune magazines, donated the estate and collections to the people of South Carolina in 1973. The same year it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
Salters is a small unincorporated community in the southwest central portion of Williamsburg County, South Carolina, United States, in the state's Low Country region. The zip code is 29590 and the area code is 843. Charleston, South Carolina and Myrtle Beach, South Carolina are within driving distance of Salters making for an enjoyable day trip to either. Forestry is the main industry in Williamsburg County. Nearby towns include Kingstree, Greeleyville, and Lane. Salters is the location of Federal Corrections Institution, Williamsburg. The Salters Plantation House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.
Hampton Plantation, also known as Hampton Plantation House and Hampton Plantation State Historic Site, is a historic plantation, now a state historic site, north of McClellanville, South Carolina. The plantation was established in 1735, and its main house exhibits one of the earliest known examples in the United States of a temple front in domestic architecture. It is also one of the state's finest examples of a wood frame Georgian plantation house. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.
Cedar Crest, also known as Cedar Crest Farms, is a Greek Revival plantation house located near Faunsdale, Alabama. It was built for Kimbrough Cassels Dubose in 1850 by Albert Prince, a slave. Dubose, born in Darlington District, South Carolina was educated at the preparatory school of Prof. Stafford who later was of the faculty of the University of Alabama. His wife was Miss Elizabeth Boykin Witherspoon also of Darlington District, South Carolina, and they had seven sons and four daughters: John Witherspoon, James Henry, Jr., Eugene, Nicholas William, Francis Marion, Lemuel Benton and Edwin Dargan-the daughters Louisa, Rosalie, Augusta and Adele. The house is one-and-a-half stories with side gables, but has been simplified. It originally had side wings, with adjoining porches across the front. These were removed in 1939, leaving the small central front portico. Another historic plantation house, Altwood, was moved from a nearby location to the Cedar Crest grounds in 1988. The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 5, 1993 as a part of the Plantation Houses of the Alabama Canebrake and Their Associated Outbuildings Multiple Property Submission.
The Salters Plantation House is a house in Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It is an important example of nineteenth century domestic architecture combining national, regional, and local architectural trends.
The McDowell Site, also known as Chesnut Mounds, Taylor Mounds, and Mulberry Plantation House, is a set of historic mounds located near Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina. The McDowell Site is among the first archaeological sites to be carefully excavated and archaeologically reported in the United States. It represents a widespread late prehistoric Indian culture known by the names of Lamar, Irene, and Pee Dee, and possibly extends into protohistoric and historic times. It probably dates between AD 1400 and AD 1700.
Mountain Shoals Plantation, also known as the James Nesbitt House, is a historic plantation house located at Enoree, Spartanburg County, South Carolina. It was built by 1837, and is a two-story, vernacular Federal style frame residence. It sits on a raised brick basement stuccoed to resemble granite and features a full-width, one-story, front porch. Also located on the property is a contributing well house and a one-story log cabin.
Colonel John Gotea Pressley House, also known as the Pressley-Hirsch-Green House and Wylma M. Green House is a historic home located at Kingstree, Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It was built in 1855, and is a 1 1/2-story, weatherboard-clad Greek Revival style frame dwelling. The front facade features a “rain porch” and a dormer with a Palladian window. It was the home of Colonel John Gotea Pressley, a prominent local attorney, judge, and Confederate regimental field officer.
Scott House, also known as the Scott-Hauenstein House, is a historic home located at Kingstree, Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It was built about 1843, and is a two-story, three bay, frame building, sheathed in weatherboard, with a side-gabled roof and brick foundation. The front façade features a "Carolina" or "rain porch." Its builder was Joseph Scott, a wealthy planter, trustee of the Kingstree Academy, and politician. It is the oldest on-site house in Kingstree.
Gamble House is a historic farmhouse located near Nesmith, Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It dates to the early-19th century, and is a small wooden dwelling set upon brick piers with a steeply pitched gable roof. It consists of a central two-story core, with later additions of small one-story wings.
McCollum-Murray House, also known as the C.E. Murray House, is a historic home located at Greeleyville, Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It was built about 1906, and is an example of transitional folk Victorian and Classical Revival residential architecture. It was originally a two-story, T-shaped dwelling. It features a wraparound one-story porch. It has a single-story rear gabled addition, with another single-story shed-roofed addition built in the 1950s. It was the home of African-American educator Dr. Charles Edward Murray.
John Calvin Wilson House is a historic home located near Indiantown, Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It was built about 1847, and is a two-story, five bay, frame central-hall plan I-house. It features a shed roofed, one-story "Carolina" or "rain porch" supported by four stuccoed brick columns. A one-story frame rear wing was added in 1939. John Calvin Wilson was a politician and a successful planter. He died at Richmond, Virginia of complications from a thigh wound sustained in the Battle of Cold Harbor.
M. F. Heller House, also known as the Arrowsmith House and Old Methodist Church Parsonage, is a historic home located at Kingstree, Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It was built about 1845 and enlarged about 1895 to a substantial two-story Late Victorian residence. It is a two-story, lateral-gabled residence, sheathed in weatherboard and set on a stuccoed brick pier foundation. It is the only antebellum residence built within the original limits of Kingstree.
New Market, also known as the McDonald-Rhodus-Lesesne House, is a historic home and national historic district located near Greeleyville, Williamsburg County, South Carolina. It encompasses 2 contributing buildings and 2 contributing sites. The house was built about 1820, and a one-story, frame extended Double Pen house over a raised brick basement. It features a typical "rain porch" on the front of the house supported by four tapered and chamfered wooden posts. Also on the property are a 1 1/2-story frame tobacco pack house, the foundation of a greenhouse, and a pecan avenue and grove.
Witherspoon-Hunter House is a historic home located at York, York County, South Carolina. It was built about 1825, and consists of a two-story, front section covered by a gable roof, with a one-story L-shaped rear annex. The house is of frame construction and rests upon a raised brick basement. It features a double-tiered front portico. Also on the property is a small brick building.
Middleton's Plantation, also known as Chisolm's Plantation and The Launch, is a historic plantation house located near Edisto Island, Charleston County, South Carolina. It was built about 1830, and is a two-story wooden house, with one-room wings. It sits on a raised arcaded brick basement. It features a small Tuscan order colonnaded porch on the land side facade and a recessed, full width, Tuscan order colonnaded porch on the water side. It was the home of Oliver Hering Middleton, son of Governor Henry Middleton of Middleton Place.
Melrose, also known as the Williamson House, is a historic plantation house located near Yanceyville, Caswell County, North Carolina. It consists of two two-story, frame blocks connected by a 1 1/2-story breezeway. The original section dated to about 1780 and is a two-story, frame single pile block with Federal style details. The later section was built about 1840, and is a two-story, frame single pile block with Greek Revival style details. The later section features a portico supported by four unfluted Doric order columns. Also on the property is an octagonal, Williamsburg-style pump house with a conical roof.
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