Thryallis

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Thryallis
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Malpighiaceae
Genus: Thryallis
Mart. 1829
Species

Thryallis is a genus in the family Malpighiaceae, of scandent shrubs and woody vines native to Brazil and adjacent Paraguay and Bolivia.

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Family is one of the eight major hierarcical taxonomic ranks in Linnaean taxonomy; it is classified between order and genus. A family may be divided into subfamilies, which are intermediate ranks between the ranks of family and genus. The official family names are Latin in origin; however, popular names are often used: for example, walnut trees and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae, but that family is commonly referred to as being the "walnut family".

Malpighiaceae family of plants

Malpighiaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. It comprises about 73 genera and 1315 species, all of which are native to the tropics and subtropics. About 80% of the genera and 90% of the species occur in the New World and the rest in the Old World.

At one time some species now assigned to Galphimia , [1] e.g., Galphimia gracilis , were referred to Thryallis, but the generic name Thryallis is now a conserved name according to the rules of the rules of Botanical Nomenclature. The genus Thryallis [2] is distinctive in the stellate hairs and scales found on the vegetative parts, and in that the limb of the petals is much wider than long, traits not found in Galphimia .

<i>Galphimia</i> genus of plants

Galphimia is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales; the name is an anagram of Malpighia.Galphimia comprises 26 species of large herbs, shrubs, and treelets. Twenty-two species occur in Mexico, one extending into Texas and one ranging to Nicaragua; four species occur in South America, south of the Amazon Basin. Galphimia gracilis is widely cultivated in warm regions throughout the world. Eight species are distinctive in that the petals become stiff and papery, and persist past the stage of fruit maturation.

<i>Galphimia gracilis</i> species of plant

Galphimia gracilis, a species in the genus Galphimia of the family Malpighiaceae, is native to eastern Mexico. It is widely cultivated in warm regions throughout the world, often under the common names gold shower or shower-of-gold, slender goldshower or sometimes thryallis. In horticultural publications, in the nursery trade, and on websites, this species is commonly but mistakenly referred to as Galphimia glauca, Galphimia brasiliensis, Thryallis glauca, Thryallis gracilis, or often in South America, Thryallis brasiliensis.

A conserved name or nomen conservandum is a scientific name that has specific nomenclatural protection. Nomen conservandum is a Latin term, meaning "a name to be conserved". The terms are often used interchangeably, such as by the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (ICN), while the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature favours the term "conserved name".

Related Research Articles

Acmanthera is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Acmanthera comprises 7 species of trees, shrubs, or subshrubs native to Brazil.

<i>Heteropterys</i> genus of plants

Heteropterys is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Heteropterys comprises over 140 species of woody vines, shrubs, and small trees found in the New World tropics and subtropics from northern Mexico and the West Indies to northern Argentina and southeastern Brazil. One widespread, mostly Caribbean species, H. leona, is also found in low wet places along the coast of West Africa from Senegal to Angola.

<i>Pterandra</i> genus of plants

Pterandra is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Pterandra comprises 15 species of trees, shrubs, and subshrubs, all but two native to South America, principally Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil; the exceptions are from Panama.

Rhynchophora is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Rhynchophora comprises 2 species of slender woody vines native to Madagascar. The distinctive 3–4-winged fruit resembles a helicopter and is unique in the family.

Peixotoa is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Peixotoa comprises 29 species of vines, shrubs, and subshrubs native to Brazil and adjacent Paraguay and Bolivia.

<i>Hiraea</i> genus of plants

Hiraea is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Hiraea comprises over 55 species of woody vines and shrubs found in diverse habitats, except very dry vegetation types, in the New World tropics and subtropics from western Mexico to Paraguay and adjacent Argentina and southeastern Brazil; it also occurs in the Lesser Antilles in Grenada and St. Lucia.

Mascagnia is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Mascagnia comprises ca. 45 species that occur from northern Mexico to northern Argentina and southeastern Brazil and in the Caribbean in diverse habitats.

<i>Stigmaphyllon</i> genus of plants

Stigmaphyllon is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Amazonvine is a common name for species in this genus.

Ectopopterys is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Ectopopterys contains only one species of woody vines native to lowland wet forests of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Excentradenia is a genus of plants in the family Malpighiaceae. Excentradenia comprises four species of woody vines native to the forests of northern South America.

Psychopterys is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Psychopterys comprises 8 species of woody vines, occasionally described as shrubs or small trees, which occur in matorral, tropical deciduous forest, and wet forest in southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize. This genus is very distinctive because of its nearly radial white corollas and eglandular sepals, which are highly unusual characteristics in the Malpighiaceae of the New World.

<i>Callaeum</i> genus of plants

Callaeum is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Callaeum comprises 11 species of woody vines and shrubs occurring from western Texas to Mexico, Central America, and South America. Two species, C. macropterum and C. septentrionale are cultivated as ornamentals in Arizona and California.

Jubelina is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Jubelina comprises 6 species of woody vines occurring in tropical wet primary and secondary forests of Central America and South America.

Bronwenia is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Bronwenia comprises 11 species of shrubs and woody vines native to Mexico, Central America, and South America.

Calcicola is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Calcicola comprises 2 species of shrubs or treelets native to Mexico.

Cottsia is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Cottsia comprises 3 species of slender twining vines native to northern Mexico and extending into Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The species of Cottsia were formerly included in Janusia, a genus of South America.

Dicella is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. Dicella includes seven species, assigned to two sections. Section Dicella comprises D. bracteosa and D. nucifera, found in southeastern Brazil and adjacent Paraguay and Argentina. Section Macropterys includes D. aciculifera, known only from Costa Rica, and D. conwayi, D. julianii, D. macroptera, and D. oliveirae, all of South America from Colombia south to about 19°S

References

  1. Anderson, C. 2007. Revision of Galphimia (Malpighiaceae). Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium 25: 1–82.
  2. Anderson, C. 1995. Revision of Thryallis (Malpighiaceae). Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium 20: 3–14.