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Thurberiphaga diffusa, Megan McCarty154.jpg
Thurberiphaga diffusa
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Noctuoidea
Family: Noctuidae
Subfamily: Acontiinae
Tribe: Chamaecleini
Genus: Hemioslaria
Barnes & Benjamin, 1924
H. pima
Binomial name
Hemioslaria pima
Barnes & Benjamin, 1924
  • Alaria diffusaBarnes, 1904
  • Thurberiphaga catalinaDyar, [1920]

Thurberiphaga is a monotypic moth genus of the family Noctuidae erected by Harrison Gray Dyar Jr. in 1920. Its only species, Thurberiphaga diffusa, was first described by William Barnes in 1904.



Thurberiphaga diffusa can be found only in southern Arizona in the United States. [1]


This moth is on wing from July to September. [1]

Life cycle

The caterpillar bores into the stem of the host plant. It is a pinkish color and is covered with rough setae. [1]

Host plants

Its only host plant is wild cotton ( Gossypium thurberi ). [2]

Related Research Articles

Lepidoptera Order of insects including moths and butterflies

Lepidoptera is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths. About 180,000 species of the Lepidoptera are described, in 126 families and 46 superfamilies, 10 percent of the total described species of living organisms. It is one of the most widespread and widely recognizable insect orders in the world. The Lepidoptera show many variations of the basic body structure that have evolved to gain advantages in lifestyle and distribution. Recent estimates suggest the order may have more species than earlier thought, and is among the four most speciose orders, along with the Hymenoptera, Diptera, and Coleoptera.

Sphingidae Family of insects

The Sphingidae are a family of moths (Lepidoptera) called sphinx moths, also colloquially known as hawk moths, with many of their caterpillars known as “hornworms”; it includes about 1,450 species. It is best represented in the tropics, but species are found in every region. They are moderate to large in size and are distinguished among moths for their agile and sustained flying ability, similar enough to that of hummingbirds as to be reliably mistaken for them. Their narrow wings and streamlined abdomens are adaptations for rapid flight. The family was named by French zoologist Pierre André Latreille in 1802.

<i>Centaurea diffusa</i> Species of flowering plant

Centaurea diffusa, also known as diffuse knapweed, white knapweed or tumble knapweed, is a member of the genus Centaurea in the family Asteraceae. This species is common throughout western North America but is not actually native to the North American continent, but to the eastern Mediterranean.

<i>Turnera diffusa</i> Species of shrub

Turnera diffusa, known as damiana, is a shrub native to southern Texas in the United States, Central America, Mexico, South America, and the Caribbean. It belongs to the family Passifloraceae.

Diamondback moth Species of moth

The diamondback moth, sometimes called the cabbage moth, is a moth species of the family Plutellidae and genus Plutella. The small, grayish-brown moth sometimes has a cream-colored band that forms a diamond along its back. The species may have originated in Europe, South Africa, or the Mediterranean region, but it has now spread worldwide.

<i>Grevillea sericea</i> Species of shrub in the family Proteaceae endemic to New South Wales, Australia

Grevillea sericea, commonly known as the pink spider flower, is a shrub endemic to New South Wales, Australia.

<i>Lophophora diffusa</i> Species of cactus

Lophophora diffusa, commonly known as false peyote, is a species of plant in the family Cactaceae and one of the only two species in the Lophophora genus. It is endemic to Mexico in the outskirts of Querétaro. This species contains zero to trace amounts of mescaline; pellotine, whose psychoactive effects are comparatively minimal, is the principal alkaloid. The species name diffusa refers to the flat tubercles that are outspread without the plant having prominent ribs.

<i>Agapeta zoegana</i> Species of moth

Agapeta zoegana is a species of moth known as the sulphur knapweed moth and the yellow-winged knapweed root moth. It is used as an agent of biological pest control against noxious knapweeds, particularly spotted knapweed and diffuse knapweed.

<i>Megalorhipida leucodactyla</i> Species of plume moth

Megalorhipida leucodactyla is a species of moth of the family Pterophoridae that has a pantropical distribution.

<i>Diphthera festiva</i> Species of moth

Diphthera festiva, the hieroglyphic moth, is a species of moth in the family Nolidae and is the only moth in its subfamily Diphtherinae. It is found in the tropical and subtropical areas of South America, Central America, North America, and the Caribbean. In North America, the species has a southeastern distribution from South Carolina west to Texas along the Gulf Coast. Strays have been recorded as far north as Michigan and Missouri. The wingspan is 37–48 mm (1.5–1.9 in). This species is occasionally considered a pest on soybeans. It was described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1775.

<i>Hippotion boerhaviae</i> Species of moth

Hippotion boerhaviae, the pale striated hawkmoth, is a moth of the family Sphingidae.

<i>Boerhavia diffusa</i> Species of flowering plant

Boerhaavia diffusa is a species of flowering plant in the four o'clock family which is commonly known as punarnava, red spiderling, spreading hogweed, or tarvine. It is taken in herbal medicine for pain relief and other uses. The leaves of Boerhaavia diffusa are often used as a green vegetable in many parts of India.

<i>Pelochrista medullana</i> Species of moth

Pelochrista medullana, the brown-winged root moth, is a moth of the family Tortricidae. It is native to central Europe, Turkey, southern Russia, Iran and China (Xinjiang). In North America, it has been introduced to Idaho, Montana, Oregon and British Columbia. Introduction in the United States was approved in 1984.

Commelina mosaic virus (CoMV) is a plant pathogenic virus in the genus Potyvirus and the virus family Potyviridae. Like other members of the Potyvirus genus, CoMV is a monopartite strand of positive-sense, single-stranded RNA surrounded by a capsid made for a single viral encoded protein. The virus is a filamentous particle that measures about 707-808 nm in length. This virus is transmitted by two species of aphids, Myzus persicae and Aphis gossypii, and by mechanical inoculation.

<i>Canscora diffusa</i> Species of plant

Canscora diffusa is a plant species in the genus Canscora. Diffutidin and diffutin are flavans, a type of flavonoid, found in C. diffusa.

<i>Pterolonche inspersa</i> Species of moth

Pterolonche inspersa, sometimes called the brown-winged knapweed root moth, is a small moth of the family Pterolonchidae.

Argyrotaenia ivana, the Ivana leafroller moth, is a species of moth of the family Tortricidae. It is found in the United States, where it has been recorded from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi and Texas.

<i>Gorteria diffusa</i> Annual plant in the daisy family from South Africa

Gorteria diffusa is a highly variable, small annual herbaceous plant or rarely a shrublet that is assigned to the daisy family. Like in almost all Asteraceae, the individual flowers are 5-merous, small and clustered in typical heads, and are surrounded by an involucre, consisting of in this case several whorls of bracts, which are merged at their base. In G. diffusa, the centre of the head is taken by relatively few male and bisexual yellow to orange disc florets, and is surrounded by one complete whorl of 5–14 infertile cream to dark orange ray florets, sometimes with a few ray florets nearer to the centre. None, some or all of them may have darker spots at their base. The fruits remain attached to their common base when ripe, and it is the entire head that breaks free from the plant. One or few seeds germinate inside the flower head which can be found at the foot of plants during their first year. The species flowers between August and October. It is called beetle daisy in English and katoog in Afrikaans. It can be found in Namibia and South Africa.

<i>Grevillea diffusa</i> Species of plant in the Proteaceae family

Grevillea diffusa is a species of plant in the protea family that is endemic to Australia.


  1. 1 2 3 Powell, Jerry A. & Opler, Paul A. (2009). Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN   978-0-520-25197-7
  2. Balaban, John and Jane (March 25, 2013). "Species Thurberiphaga diffusa - Thurberia Bollworm - Hodges#9817". BugGuide. Retrieved June 18, 2019.