Thynnichthys thynnoides is a species of fish in the family Cyprinidae from mainland southeast Asia and the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.
The Cyprinidae are the family of freshwater fishes, collectively called cyprinids, that includes the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives. Also commonly called the "carp family", or "minnow family", Cyprinidae is the largest and most diverse fish family and the largest vertebrate animal family in general, with about 3,000 species of which only 1,270 remain extant, divided into about 370 genera. They range from about 12 mm to the 3-m Catlocarpio siamensis. The family belongs to the ostariophysian order Cypriniformes, of whose genera and species the cyprinids make up more than two-thirds. The family name is derived from the Ancient Greek kyprînos.
Borneo is the third-largest island in the world and the largest in Asia. At the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia, in relation to major Indonesian islands, it is located north of Java, west of Sulawesi, and east of Sumatra.
Sumatra is one of the Sunda Islands of western Indonesia. It is the largest island that is located entirely in Indonesia and the sixth-largest island in the world at 473,481 km2.
It is found in freshwater habitats.
Thynnichthys thynnoides is found in the Mekong River and Chao Phraya River.
The (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. With its strong scientific base, the IUCN Red List is recognized as the most authoritative guide to the status of biological diversity. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit.
The Chao Phraya is the major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial plain forming the centre of the country. It flows through Bangkok and then into the Gulf of Thailand.
The Central American river turtle, also known locally as the hickatee or tortuga blanca, is the only living species in the family Dermatemydidae. Its closest relatives are only known from fossils with some 19 genera described from a worldwide distribution from the Jurassic and Cretaceous. The species is currently found in the Atlantic drainages of Central America, specifically southern Mexico, Belize and Guatemala. It is a relatively large-bodied species, with historical records of 60 cm (24 in) stright carapace length and weights of 22 kg (49 lb); however, more recent records have found few individuals over 14 kg (31 lb) in Mexico or 11 kg (24 lb) in Guatemala.
The Ganges shark is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. It is often confused with the more common bull shark, which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. Unlike bull sharks, which need to migrate to salt water to reproduce, species in the genus Glyphis are true river sharks. The genus is currently considered to contain three recent species; genetic evidence has shown that both the Borneo river shark and Irrawaddy river shark should be regarded as synonyms of the Ganges shark, expanding the range of the species to Pakistan, Myanmar, Borneo, and Java. The species remains poorly known and very rare.
Kozlov's shrew is a red-toothed shrew found only at the Mekong River, Tibet, China. This shrew is listed as a data deficient species.
The Pousargues's mongoose, also known as the African tropical savannah mongoose, is a mongoose native to Central Africa. It is listed as data deficient on the IUCN Red List as little is known about its distribution and ecology.
The Adan River is a river in Washim District, Maharashtra, India and a principal tributary of the Painganga River.
The mangrove kingfisher is a kingfisher in the genus Halcyon. It is similar in appearance to the woodland kingfisher. It is found along the eastern coastline of Sub-Saharan Africa, living in woodland, along rivers, and in estuaries and mangrove. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed it as being of least concern.
The northern pipistrelle, species Pipistrellus westralis, also known as Koopman's or the mangrove pipistrelle, is a species of vesper bat found only in Australia. It is one of Australia's smallest bat species. On average, it weighs 3 g (0.11 oz).
The dark-winged trumpeter is a species of bird in the family Psophiidae. It is found in the Amazon rainforest of Brazil, but only south of the Amazon River and east of the Madeira River. The eastern range of dark-winged trumpeter extends into the lower adjacent Tocantins River drainage in the Brazilian state of Pará. As of 2012, this species is listed as a vulnerable species, with the easternmost subspecies obscura rare.
The ringed map turtle or ringed sawback is a species of turtle in the family Emydidae endemic to the southern United States.
The dragon tube-nosed fruit bat is a species of bat in the family Pteropodidae. It is found on both sides of New Guinea: West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. It is slightly smaller and very similar in appearance to N. albiventer, differing by having more profuse, dark spotting on its wing membranes, and smaller shorter canines. The similarity between the species has been a source of possible misidentifications. The records of this species from Papua New Guinea are associated with freshwater swamps and rivers.
The freshwater mullet is a species of fish in the Mugilidae family. It is endemic to South Africa.
The purple bankclimber is a rare and endangered species of freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Unionidae, the river mussels.
Boto is a Portuguese name given to several types of dolphins and river dolphins native to the Amazon and the Orinoco River tributaries. A few botos exist exclusively in fresh water, and these are often considered primitive dolphins.
The wildlife of Pakistan comprises a diverse flora and fauna in a wide range of habitats from sea level to high elevation areas in the mountains, including 177 mammal and 660 bird species. This diverse composition of the country's fauna is associated with its location in the transitional zone between two major zoogeographical regions, the Palearctic, and the Oriental.
Bagarius yarrelli, known as the giant devil catfish or goonch, is a very large species of catfish in the genus Bagarius found in rivers in South Asia. It is possibly also found in Southeast Asia, but this may involve a separate species.
Thynnichthys is a genus of cyprinid fish found in southern Asia from India to Borneo. There are currently four species in this genus.
The drill is a primate of the family Cercopithecidae, related to baboons and even more closely to mandrills.
Heuglin's gazelle or Eritrean gazelle is a species of gazelle found east of the river Nile in Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia.
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