Tielt

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Tielt
Belfry of Tielt (DSCF0059).jpg
Belfry of Tielt and town hall
TieltVlag.gif
Flag
Tielt wapen.svg
Coat of arms
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Tielt
Location in Belgium
Location of Tielt in West Flanders
TieltLocatie.png
Coordinates: 51°00′N03°19′E / 51.000°N 3.317°E / 51.000; 3.317 Coordinates: 51°00′N03°19′E / 51.000°N 3.317°E / 51.000; 3.317
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province West Flanders
Arrondissement Tielt
Government
  MayorEls Derammelaere (Open VLD)
  Governing party/ies CD&V, N-VA
Area
  Total68.50 km2 (26.45 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total20,422
  Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Postal codes
8700
Area codes 051
Website www.tielt.be

Tielt (Dutch pronunciation: [tilt] ) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders. The municipality comprises the city of Tielt proper and the villages of Aarsele, Kanegem, and Schuiferskapelle.

Contents

History

Townhall of Tielt Stadhuis Tielt (DSCF0061).jpg
Townhall of Tielt

Some traces of Gallo-Roman occupation have been found in this area. The region was invaded by the Viking Rikiwulf of the Wulfing dynasty in 880 AD, who built Rikiwulfinga-haim, which survives as the Rijkegem-kouter today. The first written mention of Tiletum, dates from 1105, when Baldric of Noyon, Bishop of Tournai, awarded the right of presentment for the parish church to the chapter of St Salvator in Harelbeke. [2] In 1245, Margaret of Constantinople, Countess of Flanders gave the city its charter and decided to found a hospital here. A few years later, a market place and cloth hall were built as well. Like neighbouring Roeselare, Tielt was made part of the Kortrijk province of Flanders. In the 13th and 14th century, the economy of most Flemish cities was based on the cloth industry, while the rural areas lived on the products of agriculture.

In 1393, Philip the Bold decided to hold an annual fair in Tielt, which resulted in the city becoming the booming centre of the flax industry until the end of the 16th century. The following decades, however, were hard on Tielt as it suffered two major fires and a couple of epidemics, including the plague. Tielt also went through a severe famine at the end of the 17th century. From about 1700 until the Belgian Revolution of 1830, the city prospered again, this time as a regional center for the construction industry.

During World War I, the city became the headquarters for the German army. The bombing of the Second World War was a lot more destructive. Most of the city centre had to be rebuilt. Today Tielt is a typical province town, which offers commercial, medical and educational services to the surrounding region.

Economy

Industries:

Media:

Sights

Sint-Pieterskerk Sint-Pieterskerk, Tielt (DSCF0047).jpg
Sint-Pieterskerk
Market square and Halletoren Belforttielt 28-10-2008 17-45-13.JPG
Market square and Halletoren

Festivities

Every year, on the first week-end of July, the city celebrates the Europafeesten (feast of Europe). This is the occasion for a braderie (a street clearance sale), street theatre, a blues festival, fireworks and expanded café terraces for further merriment.

People born in Tielt

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Tielt is twinned with:

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References

  1. "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. K. Maddens, "Schenking van het altaar van Tielt aan het Sint-Salvatorskapittel van Harelbeke, 1105", in Doorheen de nationale geschiedenis (Brussels, 1980), pp. 15-17.