This is a timeline of the Ilkhanate.
|1217||15 October||Hulagu Khan is born to Tolui and Sorghaghtani Beki|
|1218||autumn||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Muhammad II of Khwarezm's forces clash with a Mongol army led by Jochi and Subutai, the battle ending inconclusively|
|winter||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : A Muslim merchant delegation sent by Genghis Khan arrives at Otrar and the governor Inalchuq kills them, seizing their goods for himself; a sole survivor reaches Mongolia and alerts Genghis, who sends three more envoys to demand custody of Inalchuq - they are also killed|
|1219||fall||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Ögedei and Chagatai take Otrar and massacres its population; Genghis Khan dispatches Jochi to conquer Syr Darya and another army to conquer Fergana|
|1220||15 February||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Genghis Khan takes Bukhara and places Yelü Ahai in control of Transoxiana|
|16 March||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Genghis Khan takes Samarkand and Muhammad II of Khwarezm flees to Nishapur; Genghis Khan dispatches Jebe and Subutai to destroy the sultan|
|May||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Jebe and Subutai take Balkh and capture Muhammad II of Khwarezm's mother Terken Khatun and family in the Zagros Mountains|
|winter||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Muhammad II of Khwarezm dies|
|1221||March||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Tolui destroys Merv|
|April||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Jochi, Chagatai, and Ögedei destroy Urgench while Tolui takes Nishapur and Herat|
|spring||Battle of Parwan : Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu defeats a Mongol army led by Shikhikhutug in the Hindu Kush|
|Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Genghis Khan takes Termez|
|Siege of Bamyan (1221) : Genghis Khan takes Bamyan; Chagatai's son Mutukan dies in the process|
|November||Battle of Indus : Genghis Khan defeats Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, who swims across the Indus River and escapes|
|1231||August||Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia : Chormaqan defeats Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, who escapes only to be killed by an unknown Kurd; so ends the Khwarazmian dynasty|
|1232||Tolui is struck by sickness and dies|
|1236||Mongol invasions of Georgia : Chormaqan subjugates Georgia and Armenia|
|1242||Mongol invasions of Anatolia : Mongols take Erzurum|
|1243||26 June||Battle of Köse Dağ : Baiju defeats Kaykhusraw II and subjugates the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia|
|1244||The Ayyubid dynasty gives tribute to the Mongols|
|Badr al-Din Lu'lu' of Mosul submits to the Mongol Empire|
|1251||fall||Möngke Khan places Hulagu Khan in charge of North China|
|1252||summer||Möngke Khan charges Hulagu Khan with the invasion of taking Baghdad|
|1256||20 November||Hulagu Khan takes Alamut from the Assassins|
|Mongols defeat Kaykaus II at Aksaray and enthrone Kilij Arslan IV|
|1258||17 January||Siege of Baghdad (1258) : Hulagu Khan sends a Mongol contingent across the Tigris River which suffers a defeat against Aybak|
|18 January||Siege of Baghdad (1258) : Baiju floods the enemy camp and attacks, driving them back|
|29 January||Siege of Baghdad (1258) : Hulagu Khan lays siege to Baghdad|
|1 February||Siege of Baghdad (1258) : Mongol siege weapons breach Baghdad's Ajami tower|
|3 February||Siege of Baghdad (1258) : Mongol forces take Baghdad's walls|
|10 February||Siege of Baghdad (1258) : Al-Musta'sim, his sons, and 3,000 dignitaries surrender|
|13 February||Siege of Baghdad (1258) : Mongols sack Baghdad|
|20 February||Siege of Baghdad (1258) : Al-Musta'sim and his family are executed; so ends the first Abbasid Caliphate|
|Hulagu Khan takes the title of Ilkhan, meaning "obedient khan"|
|March||Öljei Khatun's brother Bukha-Temur sacks Wasit|
|1260||January||Siege of Aleppo (1260) : Hulagu Khan takes Aleppo from An-Nasir Yusuf; so ends the Ayyubid dynasty|
|The Principality of Antioch submits to the Mongol Empire|
|6 June||Hulagu Khan receives news of Möngke Khan's death and retreats to Ahlat|
|26 July||Battle of Ain Jalut : Qutuz of the Mamluks advance into Palestine and drive the Mongols from Gaza|
|spring||Hulagu Khan's son Yoshmut and commander Elege of the Jalayir take Mayyafaraqin and Mardin|
|August||Kitbuqa sacks Sidon|
|3 September||Battle of Ain Jalut : Qutuz of the Mamluks defeats Mongol forces under Kitbuqa and push them back to the Euphrates|
|10 December||First Battle of Homs : Baibars defeats a Mongol expedition into Syria|
|Toluid Civil War : Berke of the Golden Horde allies with Ariq Böke and declares war on Hulagu Khan|
|1261||Mosul and Cizre rebel|
|1262||summer||Rebellions in Mosul and Cizre are suppressed|
|November||Hulagu Khan kills his vizier Saif-ud-Din Bitigchi and replaces him with Shams al-Din Juvayni|
|Berke–Hulagu war : Berke of the Golden Horde allies with the Mamluks and invades Azerbaijan|
|Hulagu Khan gives Khorasan and Mazandaran to his son Abaqa and Azerbaijan to his other son Yoshmut|
|1263||13 January||Berke–Hulagu war : Berke defeats Hulagu Khan's army on the Terek River|
|1265||8 February||Hulagu Khan dies and is succeeded by his son Abaqa Khan|
|1266||Berke–Hulagu war : Berke dies in Tbilisi and is succeeded by his grandnephew Mengu-Timur|
|1270||Ghiyas-ud-din Baraq of the Chagatai Khanate invades the Ilkhanate but suffers defeat at the battle of Qara-Su near Herat|
|1271||Samagar raids Qalaat al-Madiq|
|1273||January||Yisüder, brother of Abaqa, sacks Bukhara|
|1277||15 April||Battle of Elbistan : Mamluks defeat Mongol forces at Elbistan|
|1281||29 October||Second Battle of Homs : Abaqa's brother Möngke Temur is defeated by Mamluk forces|
|1282||Abaqa dies and is succeeded by his brother Tekuder, a Muslim|
|1284||Arghun, son of Abaqa, deposes Tekuder|
|1290||Golden Horde attacks Ilkhanate but is defeated by Arghun|
|Nawrūz rebels and fails|
|1291||7 March||Arghun is murdered by the very unpleasant Taghachar of the Baarin, who then enthrones Gaykhatu, Arghun's brother|
|1294||Gaykhatu copies the Yuan dynasty and tries to introduce paper money, which fails fantastically|
|1295||Taghachar deposes Gaykhatu and enthrones Baydu|
|October||Ghazan, son of Arghun, deposes Baydu and becomes ruler; also a Muslim|
|1299||22–23 December||Battle of Wadi al-Khazandar : Ghazan defeats An-Nasir Muhammad of the Mamluks|
|1301||Ghazan makes a failed attempt to take Aleppo|
|1303||20 April||Battle of Marj al-Saffar (1303) : Mongol army under Kutlushah is defeated by the Mamluks|
|1304||11 May||Ghazan dies and is succeeded by his brother Öljaitü|
|1307||June||Ilkhanate tributizes Gilan, Ghazni, and Sistan|
|1308||winter||Öljaitü converts to Twelver Shi'ism|
|1310||Kurds and Arabs in Erbil massacre the Christian population with the Ilkhanate's permission|
|1312||Ilkhanate seizes Ghazni|
|1316||Esen Buqa–Ayurbarwada war : Conflict breaks out between the Chagatai Khanate and the Yuan dynasty and Ilkhanate|
|16 December||Öljaitü dies and is succeeded by his son Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan|
|1318||Chagataid elements rebel in Khorasan|
|Öz Beg Khan attacks the Ilkhanate|
|1319||13 July||Chupan defeats Mongol rebellions at the battle of Zanjan-Rud|
|1323||Ilkhanate makes peace with the Mamluk Sultunate|
|1335||30 November||Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan dies and Ghiyas al-Din ibn Rashid al-Din enthrones Arpa Ke'un, a descendant of Ariq Böke; effective end of the Ilkhanate|
|1336||Arpa Ke'un is defeated by 'Ali Padsah of Baghdad, who enthrones Musa|
|1337||Musa is deposed by Hasan Buzurg, who enthrones Muhammad Khan|
|1338||Muhammad Khan is deposed by Hasan Kuchak, who enthrones Jahan Temür|
|1346||Black Plague spreads to the Ilkhanate|
|1356||Shaikh Awais Jalayir sets up his own Jalairid Sultanate; so ends the Ilkhanate|
This is the timeline of the Mongol Empire from the birth of Temüjin, later Genghis Khan, to the ascension of Kublai Khan as emperor of the Yuan dynasty in 1271, though the title of Khagan continued to be used by the Yuan rulers into the Northern Yuan dynasty, a far less powerful successor entity, until 1634.
This is a timeline of the Tang dynasty, which covers a period of roughly 289 years, from 618, when the dynasty was founded, to 907, when the last Tang emperor was deposed by the warlord Zhu Wen, who established the Later Liang dynasty, inaugurating the period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms. Information on areas and events relevant to the Tang dynasty such as the Wu interregnum, when Wu Zetian established her own Zhou dynasty, and other realms such as the Sui dynasty, Tibetan Empire, Three Kingdoms of Korea, Nanzhao, Japan and steppe nomads are also included where necessary.
The siege of Lüshun was a military conflict between the Later Jin and Ming dynasty. In the summer of 1634 the Jin attacked and conquered the port city of Lüshun from Ming.
This is a timeline of the Göktürks from the origins of the Turkic Khaganate to the end of the Second Turkic Khaganate.
This is a timeline of the history of the Khitans. The Khitans were a nomadic people in northeastern Asia related to the Xianbei. Following the collapse of the Tang dynasty, they established the Liao dynasty in 916, encompassing parts of modern-day northern China, Mongolia, and North Korea. The Liao dynasty was eventually conquered by the Jin dynasty in 1125. Remnants of the Liao court led by Yelü Dashi fled westward to Central Asia where they established the Western Liao dynasty. In 1211, the Western Liao throne was usurped by a Naiman called Kuchlug. In 1218, the Mongol Empire defeated and conquered the Western Liao dynasty.
This is a timeline of the Karluks. The Kara-Khanid Khanate is also included, however it is disputed whether the Karluks or Yagmas were the dominant group within the khanate.
This is a timeline of the Jurchens.
This is a timeline of the Song dynasty (960–1279). The Song dynasty was founded by Zhao Kuangyin, posthumously known as Emperor Taizu of Song, who ended the period of division known as the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. The Song dynasty is commonly separated into two historical periods, the Northern Song (960–1127) and the Southern Song (1127–1279), divided by the loss of the north to the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234). In 1279, the Mongol Yuan dynasty conquered the Song.
This is a timeline of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907–979), which followed the collapse of the Tang dynasty in 907 AD. The Five Dynasties refer to the succession of dynasties which ruled northern China following the Tang collapse while the Ten Kingdoms, with the exception of Northern Han, ruled in southern China. This era of division ended in 979 AD with the rise of the Song dynasty under Emperor Taizu of Song, although the Song would never reconquer the northern territory lost to the Khitans, collectively known as the Sixteen Prefectures.
This is a timeline of the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368). The Yuan dynasty was founded by the Mongol warlord Kublai Khan in 1271 and conquered the Song dynasty in 1279. The Yuan dynasty lasted nearly a hundred years before a series of rebellions known as the Red Turban Rebellion resulted in its collapse in 1368 and the rise of the Ming dynasty.
This is a timeline of the Tangut people and Western Xia.
This is a timeline of Mongols prior to the Mongol Empire.
This is a timeline of the Chagatai Khanate (1226–1348) and its successor states, Moghulistan (1347–1462), Yarkent Khanate (1514–1696), and the Turpan Khanate (1462–1680).
This is a timeline of events involving the Golden Horde (1242–1502), from 1459 also known as the Great Horde.
This is a timeline of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) from the rise of the Hongwu Emperor to the rise and establishment of the Qing dynasty.
Yunnan under Ming rule saw the continuation of the tusi system instituted during the Yuan dynasty, increasing centralization, and Han migration into Yunnan.
This is a timeline of the Qing dynasty (1636–1912).
The Jurchen unification were a series of events in the late 16th and early 17th centuries that led to the unification of the Jurchen tribes under Nurhaci, a Jianzhou Jurchen leader who had an antagonistic relationship with the Ming dynasty due to their involvement in events early on in his life that led to the death of his father and grandfather. From 1583 to the early 1600s, Nurhaci led a series of military and influence campaigns that led to the unification of the majority of the Jurchen tribes. In 1616, Nurhaci established the Later Jin dynasty and ruled as its founding khan.
This is a timeline of the Xinjiang under the rule of the Qing dynasty.
This is a timeline of the Era of Fragmentation, the period of Tibetan history lasting from the death of the Tibetan Empire's last emperor, Langdarma, in 842 until Drogön Chögyal Phagpa gained control over the three provinces of Tibet in 1253 under Mongol rule.