Titanacris albipes

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Titanacris albipes
Giant Purple-winged Grasshopper (Titanacris albipes) female (39701232652).jpg
Titanacris Albipes Vol.jpg
In French Guiana above, museum specimen below
Scientific classification OOjs UI icon edit-ltr.svg
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Caelifera
Family: Romaleidae
Subfamily: Romaleinae
Tribe: Tropidacrini
Genus: Titanacris
T. albipes
Binomial name
Titanacris albipes
(De Geer, 1773)

Titanacris albipes, the purple-winged grasshopper, is a large species of South American grasshopper in the family Romaleidae. [1] This species lives in the canopy of the Amazon rainforest and also extends into the Cerrado region in gallery forest. [2] It is often attracted to artificial light during the night. [2]

Adult males are generally 6.5–8 cm (2.6–3.1 in) long and females 9.5–11 cm (3.7–4.3 in) long. [2] Both sexes are primarily deep green and most of their wings are uniformly purple, which is conspicuous in flight and separates them from all other Titanacris species that have extensive red, orange-red or pink to their wings. [2]

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orthoptera</span> Order of insects including grasshoppers, crickets, wētā and locusts

Orthoptera is an order of insects that comprises the grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets, including closely related insects, such as the bush crickets or katydids and wētā. The order is subdivided into two suborders: Caelifera – grasshoppers, locusts, and close relatives; and Ensifera – crickets and close relatives.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Grasshopper</span> Common name for a group of insects

Grasshoppers are a group of insects belonging to the suborder Caelifera. They are among what is possibly the most ancient living group of chewing herbivorous insects, dating back to the early Triassic around 250 million years ago.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Caelifera</span> Suborder of insects

The Caelifera are a suborder of orthopteran insects. They include the grasshoppers and grasshopper-like insects, as well as other superfamilies classified with them: the ground-hoppers (Tetrigoidea) and pygmy mole crickets (Tridactyloidea). The latter should not be confused with the mole crickets (Gryllotalpidae), which belong to the other Orthopteran sub-order Ensifera.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Romaleidae</span> Family of grasshoppers

The Romaleidae or lubber grasshoppers are a family of grasshoppers, based on the type genus Romalea. The species in this family can be found in the Americas.

<i>Romalea</i> Genus of grasshoppers

Romalea is a genus of grasshoppers native to the Southeastern and South-central United States. As traditionally defined, it contains a single species, Romalea microptera, known commonly as the Georgia Thumper,eastern lubber grasshopper, Florida lubber, or Florida lubber grasshopper, although some recent authorities regard Taeniopoda as a junior synonym, in which case there are about a dozen Romalea species in southern United States, Mexico and Central America.

Spaniacris deserticola is a species of grasshopper in the family Romaleidae known as the Coachella Valley grasshopper and spanistic desert grasshopper. It is known from a few locations in the deserts of southern California and just across the border in Sonora, Mexico.

<i>Melanoplus femurrubrum</i> Species of grasshopper

Melanoplus femurrubrum, the red-legged grasshopper, is a species of grasshopper belonging to the genus Melanoplus. It is one of the most common grasshoppers found in Mexico, the United States, and Canada. This grasshopper is frequently used as a model organism in scientific studies, due to their abundance throughout North America and behavioral response to changes in climate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Acridoidea</span> Superfamily of grasshoppers

Acridoidea is the largest superfamily of grasshoppers in the order Orthoptera with species found on every continent except Antarctica.

<i>Taeniopoda eques</i> Species of grasshopper

Taeniopoda eques, the western horse lubber grasshopper, is a relatively large grasshopper species of the family Romaleidae found in arid and semi-arid parts of southwestern United States to central and southwestern Mexico. Most populations are identifiable by their shiny black bodies with contrasting yellow markings, but some adults are mostly yellowish, orangish or greenish. The species is unique in using its black coloration to thermoregulate and in being chemically defended. The aposematic coloration warns vertebrate predators of its unpalatability and allows the grasshopper to roost conspicuously upon shrubs.

<i>Petasida ephippigera</i> Species of grasshopper

Petasida ephippigera, the Leichhardt's grasshopper, is a relatively large, brightly coloured pyrgomorph species of grasshopper in the monotypic genus Petasida, native to the Top End region of tropical northern Australia.

<i>Phymateus</i> Genus of grasshoppers

Phymateus is a genus of fairly large grasshoppers of the family Pyrgomorphidae, native to shrubland, semi-deserts, savanna, woodland, gardens and cultivated areas in Sub-Saharan Africa, with ten species in the African mainland and two species in Madagascar. Some species have bright aposematic colours and are highly toxic.

<i>Tropidacris collaris</i> Species of grasshopper

Tropidacris collaris, the blue-winged grasshopper or violet-winged grasshopper, is a large South American species of grasshopper in the family Romaleidae. As suggested by its name, in flight the wings are usually conspicuously blue, but they can occasionally be grayish or greenish. Adult males are typically 5–7 cm (2.0–2.8 in) long and females typically 8.5–10.5 cm (3.3–4.1 in) long; the wingspan is usually about 18 cm (7 in). The gregarious and flightless nymphs are aposematically colored in black, red and yellow and are presumed to be toxic; a researcher who tasted one noted that it was very bitter, similar to a monarch butterfly.

<i>Poekilocerus pictus</i> Species of grasshopper

Poekilocerus pictus, the painted grasshopper, aak grasshopper or ak grasshopper, is a fairly large and brightly coloured species of grasshopper found in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, especially in drier regions. Both adults and nymphs are toxic; the nymphs are notorious for being able to squirt a jet of noxious liquid at up to around 30 cm (1 ft) away when grasped.

<i>Schistocerca americana</i> Species of grasshopper

Schistocerca americana is a species of grasshopper in the family Acrididae known commonly as the American grasshopper and American bird grasshopper. It is native to North America, where it occurs in the eastern United States, Mexico, and the Bahamas. Occasional, localized outbreaks of this grasshopper occur, and it is often referred to as a locust, though it lacks the true swarming form of its congener, the desert locust.

<i>Tropidacris</i> Genus of grasshoppers

Tropidacris is a Neotropical genus of grasshopper in the family Romaleidae. They are among the largest grasshoppers in the world by length and wingspan, reaching up to 14.5 cm (5.7 in) and 24 cm (9.4 in) respectively. They are variably colored in green, brown, black, reddish or yellowish, and have wings that usually are conspicuously blue or red in flight. The gregarious and flightless nymphs have bright aposematic colors and are presumed to be toxic; a researcher who tasted one noted that it was very bitter, similar to a monarch butterfly.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Romaleinae</span> Subfamily of grasshoppers

Romaleinae is a subfamily of lubber grasshoppers in the family Romaleidae, found in North and South America. More than 60 genera and 260 described species are placed in the Romaleinae.

<i>Taeniopoda</i> Genus of grasshoppers

Taeniopoda is a genus of horse lubbers, fairly large grasshoppers in the family Romaleidae that are native to southwestern United States, Mexico and Central America. There are about 12 described species in Taeniopoda. Taeniopoda is very closely related to Romalea, leading some recent authorities to consider the former a junior synonym the latter.

<i>Tropidacris cristata</i> Species of grasshopper

Tropidacris cristata, the giant red-winged grasshopper, is a widespread species of lubber grasshopper in the family Romaleidae from tropical South and Central America, and Mexico. It is among the largest grasshoppers in the world by length and wingspan, reaching up to 14.5 cm (5.7 in) and 24 cm (9.4 in) respectively. More typical adult lengths are 5.5–7 cm (2.2–2.8 in), average 6.5 cm (2.6 in), in males and 7–12 cm (2.8–4.7 in), average 11 cm (4.3 in), in females. As suggested by the common name, adult T. cristata have conspicuously red wings in flight, although the exact red hue varies. The flightless and gregarious nymphs have aposematic dark-and-yellow stripes and are presumed to be toxic.

<i>Titanacris</i> Genus of grasshoppers

Titanacris is a genus of large grasshoppers in the subfamily Romaleinae and tribe Tropidacrini. They are found from southeastern Mexico, through Central and South America, ranging south to northernmost Argentina.

<i>Aeolacris caternaultii</i> Species of grasshopper

Aeolacris caternaultii is a species of grasshopper in the family Romaleidae, first described by Joachim Francois Philiberto de Feisthamel in 1837. The species was placed in Xiphicera by Joachim Francois Philiberto de Feisthamel, but moved to Aeolacris by Samuel Hubbard Scudder.


  1. Titanacris albipes - Gwannon.com
  2. 1 2 3 4 Descamps, M.; Carbonell, C.S. (1985). "Revision of the Neotropical Arboreal Genus Titanacris (Orthoptera, Acridoidea, Romaleidae)". Annales de la Société entomologique de France. 21 (3): 259–285. doi:10.1080/21686351.1985.12278760.