Title 8 of the United States Code

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Title 8 of the United States Code codifies statutes relating to aliens and nationality in the United States Code. [1]


Chapters 1-11

Chapter 12: Immigration and Nationality

Subchapter I: General Provisions

Section 1101: Definitions
Section 1102: Diplomatic and semidiplomatic immunities
Section 1103: Powers and duties of the Secretary, the Under Secretary, and the Attorney General
Section 1104: Powers and duties of Secretary of State
Section 1105: Liaison with internal security officers; data exchange
Section 1105a: Employment authorization for battered spouses of certain nonimmigrants
Section 1106 is repealed.
Section 1107: Additional report

Subchapter II: Immigration

Part I: Selection System

Section 1151: Worldwide level of immigration
Section 1151a is repealed
Section 1152: Numerical limitations on individual foreign states
Section 1153: Allocation of immigrant visas
Section 1154: Procedure for granting immigrant status
Section 1155: Revocation of approval of petitions; effective date
Section 1156: Unused immigrant visas
Section 1157: Annual admission of refugees and admission of emergency situation refugees
Section 1158: Asylum
Section 1159: Adjustment of status of refugees
Section 1160: Special agricultural workers
Section 1161 is repealed.

Part II: Admission Qualifications for Aliens; Travel Control of Citizens and Aliens

Section 1181: Admission of immigrants into the United States
Section 1182: Inadmissible aliens
Section 1182a is repealed.
Section 1182d: Denial of visas to confiscators of American property
Section 1182e: Denial of entry into United States of foreign nationals engaged in establishment or enforcement of forced abortion or sterilization policy
Section 1182f: Denial of entry into United States of Chinese and other nationals engaged in coerced organ or bodily tissue transplantation
Section 1183: Admission of aliens on giving bond or undertaking; return upon permanent departure
Section 1183a: Requirements for sponsor’s affidavit of support
Section 1184: Admission of nonimmigrants
Section 1184a: Philippine Traders as nonimmigrants
Section 1185: Travel control of citizens and aliens
Section 1186 is transferred.
Section 1186a: Conditional permanent resident status for certain alien spouses and sons and daughters
Section 1186b: Conditional permanent resident status for certain alien entrepreneurs, spouses, and children
Section 1187: Visa waiver program for certain visitors
Section 1187a: Provision of assistance to non-program countries
Section 1188: Admission of temporary H–2A workers
Section 1189: Designation of foreign terrorist organizations

Part III: Issuance of Entry Documents

Section 1201: Issuance of visas
Section 1201a is repealed.
Section 1202: Application for visas
Section 1203: Reentry permit
Section 1204: Immediate relative and special immigrant visas
Section 1205 is repealed.

Part IV: Inspection, Apprehension, Examination, Exclusion, and Removal

Section 1221: Lists of alien and citizen passengers arriving and departing
Section 1222: Detention of aliens for physical and mental examination
Section 1223: Entry through or from foreign territory and adjacent islands
Section 1224: Designation of ports of entry for aliens arriving by aircraft
Section 1225: Inspection by immigration officers; expedited removal of inadmissible arriving aliens; referral for hearing
Section 1225a: Preinspection at foreign airports
Section 1226: Apprehension and detention of aliens
Section 1226a: Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas corpus; judicial review
Section 1227: Deportable aliens
Section 1228: Expedited removal of aliens convicted of committing aggravated felonies
Section 1229: Initiation of removal proceedings
Section 1229a: Removal proceedings
Section 1229b: Cancellation of removal; adjustment of status
Section 1229c: Voluntary departure
Section 1230: Records of admission
Section 1231: Detention and removal of aliens ordered removed
Section 1232: Enhancing efforts to combat the trafficking of children

Part V: Adjustment and Change of Status

Section 1251 is transferred.
Section 1251a is repealed.
Section 1252: Judicial review of orders of removal
Section 1252a is transferred.
Section 1252b is repealed.
Section 1252c: Authorizing State and local law enforcement officials to arrest and detain certain illegal aliens
Section 1253: Penalties related to removal
Section 1254 is repealed.
Section 1254a: Temporary protected status
Section 1254b: Collection of fees under temporary protected status program
Section 1255: Adjustment of status of nonimmigrant to that of person admitted for permanent residence
Section 1255a: Adjustment of status of certain entrants before January 1, 1982, to that of person admitted for lawful residence
Section 1255b: Adjustment of status of certain nonimmigrants to that of persons admitted for permanent residence
Section 1256: Rescission of adjustment of status; effect upon naturalized citizen
Section 1257: Adjustment of status of certain resident aliens to nonimmigrant status; exceptions
Section 1258: Change of nonimmigrant classification
Section 1259: Record of admission for permanent residence in the case of certain aliens who entered the United States prior to January 1, 1972
Section 1260: Removal of aliens falling into distress

Part VI: Special Provisions Relating to Alien Crewmen

Section 1281: Alien crewmen
Section 1282: Conditional permits to land temporarily
Section 1283: Hospital treatment of alien crewmen afflicted with certain diseases
Section 1284: Control of alien crewmen
Section 1285: Employment on passenger vessels of aliens afflicted with certain disabilities
Section 1286: Discharge of alien crewmen; penalties
Section 1287: Alien crewmen brought into the United States with intent to evade immigration laws; penalties
Section 1288: Limitations on performance of longshore work by alien crewmen

Part VII: Registration of Aliens

Section 1301: Alien seeking entry; contents
Section 1302: Registration of aliens
Section 1303: Registration of special groups
Section 1304: Forms for registration and fingerprinting
Section 1305: Notices of change of address
Section 1306: Penalties

Part VIII: General Penalty Provisions

Section 1321: Prevention of unauthorized landing of aliens
Section 1322: Bringing in aliens subject to denial of admission on a health-related ground; persons liable; clearance papers; exceptions; "person" defined
Section 1323: Unlawful bringing of aliens into United States
Section 1324: Bringing in and harboring certain aliens
Section 1324a: Unlawful employment of aliens
Section 1324b: Unfair immigration-related employment practices
Section 1324c: Penalties for document fraud
Section 1324d: Civil penalties for failure to depart
Section 1325: Improper entry by alien
Section 1326: Reentry of removed aliens
Section 1327: Aiding or assisting certain aliens to enter
Section 1328: Importation of alien for immoral purpose
Section 1329: Jurisdiction of district courts
Section 1330: Collection of penalties and expenses

Part IX: Miscellaneous

Section 1351: Nonimmigrant visa fees
Section 1352: Printing of reentry permits and blank forms of manifest and crew lists; sale to public
Section 1353: Travel expenses and expense of transporting remains of officers and employees dying outside of United States
Section 1353a: Officers and employees; overtime services; extra compensation; length of working day
Section 1353b: Extra compensation; payment
Section 1353c: Immigration officials; service in foreign contiguous territory
Section 1353d: Disposition of money received as extra compensation
Section 1354: Applicability to members of the Armed Forces
Section 1355: Disposal of privileges at immigrant stations; rentals; retail sale; disposition of receipts
Section 1356: Disposition of moneys collected under the provisions of this subchapter
Section 1357: Powers of immigration officers and employees
Section 1358: Local jurisdiction over immigrant stations
Section 1359: Application to American Indians born in Canada
Section 1360: Establishment of central file; information from other departments and agencies
Section 1361: Burden of proof upon alien
Section 1362: Right to counsel
Section 1363: Deposit of and interest on cash received to secure immigration bonds
Section 1363a: Undercover investigation authority
Section 1363b is repealed.
Section 1364: Triennial comprehensive report on immigration
Section 1365: Reimbursement of States for costs of incarcerating illegal aliens and certain Cuban nationals
Section 1365a: Integrated entry and exit data system
Section 1365b: Biometric entry and exit data system
Section 1366: Annual report on criminal aliens
Section 1367: Penalties for disclosure of information
Section 1368: Increase in INS detention facilities; report on detention space
Section 1369: Treatment of expenses subject to emergency medical services exception
Section 1370: Reimbursement of States and localities for emergency ambulance services
Section 1371: Reports
Section 1372: Program to collect information relating to nonimmigrant foreign students and other exchange program participants
Section 1373: Communication between government agencies and the Immigration and Naturalization Service
Section 1374: Information regarding female genital mutilation
Section 1375 is repealed.
Section 1375a: Domestic violence information and resources for immigrants and regulation of international marriage brokers
Section 1375b: Protections for domestic workers and other nonimmigrants
Section 1375c: Protections, remedies, and limitations on issuance for A–3 and G–5 visas
Section 1376: Data on nonimmigrant overstay rates
Section 1377: Collection of data on detained asylum seekers
Section 1378: Collection of data on other detained aliens
Section 1379: Technology standard to confirm identity
Section 1380: Maintenance of statistics by the Department of Homeland Security
Section 1381: Secretary of Labor report
Section 1382: Acceptance and administration of gifts for immigration integration grants program

Subchapter III: Nationality and Naturalization

Subchapter IV: Refugee and Assistance

Subchapter V: Alien Terrorist Removal Procedure

Chapters 13-15

Related Research Articles

Green card Lawful permanent residency in the USA

A green card, known officially as a Permanent Resident Card, is a document issued to immigrants to the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) as evidence that the bearer has been granted the privilege of residing permanently. Individuals with green cards are known as Lawful Permanent Residents (LPR) or green card holders. There are an estimated 13.2 million green card holders of whom 8.9 million are eligible for citizenship of the United States. Approximately 65,000 of them serve in the U.S. Armed Forces.

Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 act of congress that amended the Immigration and Nationality Act

The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, Division C of Pub.L. 104–208, 110 Stat. 3009-546, enacted September 30, 1996, made major changes to the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of the United States, which the bill's proponents argued was mainly because of the rapidly-growing undocumented immigrant population in the country. "These IIRIRA changes became effective on April 1, 1997."

Deportation of Cambodian refugees from the United States refers to the refoulment of Cambodian-Americans convicted of a common crime in the United States. The overwhelming majority of these individuals in removal proceedings were admitted to the United States in the 1980s with their refugee family members after escaping from the Cambodian genocide, and have continuously spent decades in the United States as legal immigrants.

Waiver of inadmissibility under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) is a legal remedy available to every person found to be "removable" from the United States. It is statutorily linked to cancellation of removal, which is another form of relief under the INA that effectively operates parallel to waiver of inadmissibility.

TN status or TN visa is a special non-immigrant classification in the United States that offers expedited work authorization to a citizen of Canada or a national of Mexico, created as a result of provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement that mandate simplified entry and employment permission for certain professionals from each of the three NAFTA member states in the other member states.

The E-3 visa is a United States visa for which only citizens of Australia are eligible. It was created by an Act of the United States Congress as a result of the Australia–United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA), although it is not formally a part of the AUSFTA. The legislation creating the E-3 visa was signed into law by U.S. President George W. Bush on May 11, 2005. It is widely believed to have grown out of the negotiation of a trade deal between the US and Australia.

Parole (United States immigration)

Parole in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of the United States generally refers to any alien who is under the supervision of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Any alien who is inadmissible to the United States may apply for advance parole, which is also known as "humanitarian parole," and when granted allows the alien to stay in the country until the document expires. Humanitarian parole is granted only in exceptional circumstances and on a case-by-case basis at the discretion of the DHS.

The USA PATRIOT Act was passed by the United States Congress in 2001 as a response to the September 11, 2001 attacks. It has ten titles, each containing numerous sections. Title IV: Protecting the Border aims to prevent terrorism in the USA through immigration regulations. The provisions of the title generally increase the difficulty of entering the country for those known to have, or suspected of having, terrorist intent.

Visa policy of the United States Policy on permits required to enter the United States and its unincorporated territories

The visa policy of the United States deals with the requirements which a foreign national wishing to enter the United States must meet to obtain a visa, which is a permit to travel to, enter, and remain in the United States. Visitors to the United States must obtain a visa from one of the United States diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa-exempt countries or Visa Waiver Program countries. The same rules apply to Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands while different rules apply to Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and American Samoa.

The Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act was a United States Senate bill introduced in the 109th Congress (2005–2006) by Sen. Arlen Specter [PA] on April 7, 2006. Co-sponsors, who signed on the same day, were Sen. Chuck Hagel [NE], Sen. Mel Martínez [FL], Sen. John McCain [AZ], Sen. Ted Kennedy [MA], Sen. Lindsey Graham [SC], and Sen. Sam Brownback [KS].

Employment authorization document

A Form I-766 employment authorization document or EAD card, known popularly as a work permit, is a document issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) that provides temporary employment authorization to noncitizens in the United States.

Adjustment of status in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of the United States refers to the legal process of conferring permanent residency upon any alien who is a refugee, asylum seeker, nonpermanent resident, conditional entrant, parolee, and so forth.

Cancellation of removal is a provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of the United States that allows some aliens who are in removal proceedings, who have lived in the United States for a long period of time and meet certain other conditions, to apply to remain in the United States and have the removal proceedings terminated. Cancellation of removal was crafted by the U.S. Congress to replace "suspension of deportation," a similar form of relief available prior to April 1, 1997.

The Security Through Regularized Immigration and a Vibrant Economy Act of 2007 or STRIVE Act of 2007 is proposed United States legislation designed to address the problem of illegal immigration, introduced into the United States House of Representatives. Its supporters claim it would toughen border security, increase enforcement of and criminal penalties for illegal immigration, and establish an employment verification system to identify illegal aliens working in the United States. It would also establish new programs for both illegal aliens and new immigrant workers to achieve legal citizenship. Critics allege that the bill would turn law enforcement agencies into social welfare agencies as it would not allow CBP to detain illegal immigrants that are eligible for Z-visas and would grant amnesty to millions of illegal aliens with very few restrictions.

B visa one of a category of non-immigrant visas issued by the United States government to foreign citizens seeking entry for a temporary period.

A B visa is one of a category of non-immigrant visas issued by the United States government to foreign citizens seeking entry for a temporary period. The two types of B visa are the B-1 visa, issued to those seeking entry for business purposes, and the B-2 visa, issued to those seeking entry for tourism or other non-business purposes. In practice, the two visa categories are usually combined together and issued as a "B-1/B-2 visa" valid for a temporary visit for either business or pleasure, or a combination of the two. Citizens of certain countries do not usually need to obtain a visa for these purposes.

The Office of Immigration Statistics (OIS) is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security under the Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans.

Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013

The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013 was a proposed immigration reform bill introduced by Sen. Charles Schumer (D-NY) in the United States Senate and co-sponsored by the other seven members of the "Gang of Eight", a bipartisan group of U.S. Senators who wrote and negotiated the bill. It was introduced into the Senate of the 113th United States Congress on April 16, 2013.

The Legal Immigration Family Equity Act of 2000, also known as the LIFE Act and as the Legal Immigration and Family Equity Act, along with its Amendments, made some changes to laws surrounding immigration for family members of United States citizens and Lawful Permanent Residents, as well as people eligible for employment-based immigrant visas, in the direction of making it easier for family members and immigrant workers to move to and adjust status within the United States. It was passed on December 21, 2000.

Voluntary departure in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) of the United States is a legal remedy available to certain aliens who have been placed in removal proceedings by the former U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) or the now Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

The H-1A visa was a visa that was previously available to foreign nationals seeking temporary employment in the United States. These visas were made available to foreign nurses coming into the United States to perform services as a registered nurse in areas with a shortage of health professionals as determined by the Department of Labor. The creation of this visa was prompted by the nursing shortage.


  1. "United States Code". Office of the Law Revision Counsel . Retrieved November 21, 2015.